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Archaeological Collections 

Relating to the 
History and Antiquities of the County 

published by the 







The Council of the Surrey Arch^ological Society 
desires it to be distinctly understood that it is not 
responsible for any statement or opinions expressed 
in the Collections ; the Authors of the several 
communications being alone accountable for the same. 



Report of Proceedings 


List of Members .... 

XXX vii 

Societies, etc., in Union 


Libraries ..... 

. Ix 

Rules of the Society . . . . 


Articles : 

West Humble Chapel, by Edwin Hart, F.S.A., and Hugh 

Braun, F.S.A., A.R.I.B.A i 

The Dispossessed Religious in Surrey, by Geoffrey 

Baskerville ....... 12 

Brass Chandeliers in Surrey Churches, by Wilfrid Hooper, 

LL.D., F.S.A 29 

The Vachcry Ironworks, by Ernest Straker, F.S.A. . 48 

'William Belitha, A Trustee for Georgia, by H. B. Fant 52 

A Mediaeval Pottery at Ashtead, by Sheppard Frere . 58 
Tlie Rate Book of the Parish of Cheam from 1730 to 1753, by 

Charles J. Marshall, F.R.LB.A. [retired) . . 67 
The Funeral Helmet of Sir Thomas Vincent in Stoke 

D'Abernon Church, by James G. Mann, F.S.A. . 84 

Notes : 

The Farnham Prehistoric Museum . . . .88 

Slate Artefacts . . . . . . . .88 

Bronze Age Hone ....... 90 

A Neo B Sherd from Badshot Long-Barrow ... 90 

Neolithic Pottery from Badshot Long-Barrow . . 90 

An Early Bronze Age Burial at Epsom College . . 92 

A Late Bronze Age Hoard from Banstead ... 95 
The London-Lewes Roman Road . . . . .98 

Supposed Roman Road in Ewell ..... 98 



Notes — continued. page 

The Sites of Two more Thirtccnth-Ccntury Pottcr\' Kilns 
at Cheam .... 

Brass in Lumlc}- Chapel, Cheam . 
Shere ...... 

Wren Font in Kingston Parish Church 

Additions to List of Transcripts of Surrey 

Extracts from the Diary of William Bray . . . 103 

Woodcuts from Russell's " Guildford " . . . . 104 

• 99 

. 102 

. 102 

Parish Registers 103 

Reviews and Notices ....... 108 

Additions to Surrey Museums . . . . .119 

Obituary : 

Arthur Bonner, F.S.A. ...... 122 

Lord Farrer of Abinger, F.S.A. ..... 123 

Index . . . . . . . . . . 126 


West Humble Chapel : page 

Plate I. Tlie Ruined Chapel, West Humble facing i 

Plate n. West Humble Chapel, from S.E. ] . . . 

West Humble Chapel, from N.Ej -^''^'"" 
Plan of West Humble Chapel ... 8 

Brass Chandeliers in Surrey Churches : 

Plate HI. Chiddingfold Church 1 ^^^^-^^^ ^3 

Holy Trinity Church, GuildfordJ 

Plate IV. Godalming Church 
Leatherhead Church 
Chandeher and Pendant in Lingfield 

> facing 39 

The Vachery Ironworks : 

Site of Vachery Ironworks .... 50 

A Medieval Pottery at Ashtead : 

Fig. I. Sketch Map of Ashtead Pottery Site . 59 

Fig. 2. Plan of Nos. 14-15 Newton Wood Road . 59 

Fig. 3. Section of Drain Trench showing Mediaeval 

Pottery Layer 60 

Fig. 4. Mediaeval Cooking Pots and Jugs . . 61 

Fig. 5. Mediaeval Pottery 63 

Fig. 6. Mediaeval Jug Handles .... 65 

The Funer.\l Helmet of Sir Thomas Vincent in Stoke 
D'Abernon Church : 

Plate V. Funeral Helmet showing Fragment in Crest in 

Position .... fici)ig 84 

Notes : 

Slate Artefacts from Frensham District . . . .89 

Neolithic Pottery from Badshot Long-Barrow . . 91 

Fig. I. Early Bronze Age Burial at Epsom College. 92 



Notes — continued. 
Plate VI. 

S.W. Corner-i 
S.E. Corner J 


Fig. 2 
Fig. 3 

Fig. 4 

Plate VII. Late Bronze Age Hoard from Banstead facing 

Fig. I. Site of Bronze Age Hoard at Banstead 

Fig. 2. Piece of Bronze " Cake " from Cul- 

gaith House ...... 

Woodcuts from Russell's " Guildford " : 

1. Guildford Castle 

2. Castle Arch . 

3. Abbot's Hospital . 

4. Crown Inn 

5. George Abbot's Birthplace 

6. Baker's Ancient Market House 

7. Original Front of Stent Clarke, Booksellers 








On i8th May an afternoon meeting, conducted by Mr. Kenneth 
A. Ryde, was held at Croydon. The party assembled at Whitgift 
Hospital, where the chief points of interest were inspected and 
explained, including the Quadrangle, Chapel, Common Hall and 
the curious panelled apartments of the Warden. The Old Palace, 
which is now used as a girls' school, was next visited by kind per- 
mission of the Sister-in-Charge. This was formerly the manor 
house of the Archbishops of Canterbury, the lords of the manor 
of Croydon, the majority of whom resided here at times till the 
middle of the eighteenth century. In the Great Hall, now admirably 
restored, Mr. Ryde gave an interesting address on the history and 
vicissitudes of the building. Other parts visited were the Guard 
Room, Long Gallery and the fine fifteenth-century Chapel. 

On 15TH June a whole-day excursion out of the County was 
held at Penshurst and Tonbridge. The party collected at Penshurst 
Place which by kind permission of Lord de LTsle was, with the 
wonderful gardens, opened to view during the morning. From here 
the party proceeded to Tonbridge for lunch, and assembled again 
in the afternoon at Tonbridge Castle, which was shown and ex- 
plained by Mr. J. W. Little, F.R.LB.A., who afterwards conducted 
those present to the Parish Church, the ancient Port Reeve's House 
and other old buildings of interest in the town. By kind invitation 
of Mr. and Mrs. Little tea was taken in their delightful garden 
at " The Cedars ". 

On 20TH July the annual whole-day excursion was held at 
Bisley, Chobham and neighbourhood. At the old Parish Church 
of St. John the Baptist, Bisley, the party was welcomed by the 
Rector, Rev. C. M. Horley, and the building was described by Mr. 
C. D. Hawley, F.R.LB.A. After lunch at Bagshot, Caesar's Camp, 
Easthampstead, was visited and Dr. \^'illiams Freeman gave an 
illuminating address on the history and nature of this important 
earthwork. Brook Place, Chobham, a fine example of a seven- 
teenth-century house, was next visited by courtesy of the owner, 



Major A. Harris, D.S.O., and Mr. Hawley spoke on the features 
of interest both external and internal. Tea was provided at the 
White Hart Inn and Old King's Head Inn, Chobham. 

On 28th September an afternoon excursion was held at Guild- 
ford to inspect the Castle and the repairs which are being carried 
out to the Keep. Mr. Strickland gave a short account of the 
history of the Castle and Mr. J. W. Hipwood, the Borough Surveyor, 
who kindly attended in the absence of a representative from 
H.M. Office of Works, explained the repairs which are being executed 
by the Corporation under the guidance of that Department, and 
answered various questions. The party then went over the Keep 
and grounds, and later adjourned for tea to the Astolat Tea Rooms 
by kind invitation of Colonel J. A. C. Younger. 


On 4TH February members and friends assembled at W^hyteleafe 
Station and proceeded by omnibus and cars to the north-west 
corner of Titsey Park, under the leadership of Mr. Edwin Hart, 
F.S.A. Here they alighted and walked down the old road skirting 
the west side of the Park to Lodge Farm, and thence by bridle 
tracks to Limpsfield Common, where they rejoined the conveyances 
and drove to Crowhurst. Crowhurst Place was inspected by kind 
permission of Sir Charles Craven. After lunch at Felbridge the 
party drove to Holtye Common (Sussex) and on arriving there 
was conducted by Mr. I. D. Margary, F.S.A. , to the portion of 
Roman Road recently uncovered by him. This was followed by a 
visit to Old Surrey Hall, a fine moated dwelling on the County 
border containing work of the fifteenth and seventeenth centuries. 
The meeting closed with tea at Felbridge. 

On i8th February the party with Mr. Hart as leader assembled 
at Worth (Sussex), and after inspecting the famous Saxon church 
drove via Crawley to Chennels Brook Farm, where a Norman 
motte and bailey and another earthwork known as The Castle 
were visited under the guidance of Mr. S. E. Winbolt. After lunch 
at Ockley a visit was paid to the little medieval chapel of Oakwood 
and the party then proceeded to Dorking for tea, calling at Capel 
on the way to see the parish church. 

On 4TH March Mr. Hart again acted as leader. The party 
assembled at Abinger Hatch and viewed Abinger Church and the 
Norman motte close by, proceeding thence by coach to Holmbury 
St. Mary, and Rudgwick Church (Sussex) which was described by 


Mr. Secretan. After lunch at Buck's Green, visits were paid to 
Wanford Mill and to Swaynes, the residence of Mr. Secretan. On 
the return journey a halt was made at Ewhurst to inspect the 
church. The site of the Roman brickworks discovered in this 
neighbourhood by the Cranleigh School Archaeological Society in 
1936, and the line of Stane Street, were described by members of 
that Society who afterwards conducted the party along a section of 
the Roman road and thence to the Roman temple on Farley Heath. 

On I 8th March the fourth walk, an excursion into Hampshire, 
was led by Mrs. Gibson. The party first visited St. Swithun's 
Church, Nateley Scures, between Hook and Basingstoke, a very 
small late Norman building with an apse, and then drove to Andwell 
Farm, where there are remains of a twelfth-century Priory which 
on its suppression at the beginning of the fifteenth century passed 
to Winchester College. From Andwell the route lay by field-paths 
and the bed of the derelict Basingstoke Canal to St. Stephen's, 
Up Nateley, another small Norman church, and then by the canal 
towpath and bridle roads to the Greywell woods where the canal 
enters a tunnel. After lunch a third small Norman church, St. 
Mary's, Greywell,' was visited. This has a remarkable sixteenth- 
century screen with a rood loft used as a gallery until the altera- 
tions of 1870. The party then drove to Lodge Farm, North Warn- 
borough, where Mr. Parsons, the owner, showed them the remains 
of a Roman villa excavated by the late Miss Liddell, and the 
collection of objects found on the site. The outing ended with 
tea at the George Inn, Odiham. 

The Spring Meeting was held in the City of London on loth 
March. The party assembled at the Grocers' Hall, Princes Street, 
at 2.30 p.m., and was welcomed by the Clerk, Mr. L. Hickman 
Barnes, who gave a most interesting account of the building and of 
the history of the Company. The Church of St. Stephen, Walbrook, 
one of Wren's masterpieces, was next visited. Here the party was 
received by the Rector, Rev. Charles Clark, who described the 
building and its fittings and answered a number of questions. The 
meeting terminated with tea at a cafe opposite the Church. 

The Eighty-Fourth Annual General Meeting was held on 
April 22nd at the Guildhall, Guildford, by kind permission of His 
Worship the Mayor, Alderman Tribe, and was presided over by 
the President of the Society, the Right Hon. the Earl of Onslow, 
F.S.A. The Minutes of the last Annual General Meeting were 
read and approved and the Accounts and Report of the Council for 
the year ended December 31st, 1938, were presented. 


Report of the Council 

for the year ending December 31s/, 1938. 

The Council of the Surrey Arch^ological Society has much 
pleasure in presenting its Eighty-fourth Annual Report 
together with Cash Account and Statement of Assets and 
Liabilities for the Year 1938. 

Publications. — Volume XLVI for 1938 of the Surrey ArchcBO- 
logical Collections was issued to Members in January, 1939. It 
contains the following articles : The Road in Surrey, by the Presi- 
dent, Lord Onslow ; Martin Tupper and Farley Heath, by R. G. 
Goodchild ; Extracts from the Diary of William Bray, the Surrey 
Historian, 1756-1800, with a foreword by F. Edmund Bray ; The 
Funeral Surcoat in Stoke D'Abernon Church, by Mary Antrobus 
and L. B. Ellis ; The Early Archdeacons of Surrey, by A. L. Browne ; 
Tranchet Axes of South-Western Surrey, by W. F. Rankine ; List 
of Transcripts of Surrey Parish Registers, showing those that have 
been printed, or copied in Manuscript or Typescript, compiled by 
B. Campbell Cooke. The volume was edited by Mr. J. A. Giuseppi, 
whom the Council desires to congratulate on his election as a Fellow 
of the Society of Antiquaries. 

Archceological Survey of Farnham and District. — ^The esti- 
mated expense of this Survey proved to be higher than antici- 
pated and this rendered it impossible to publish the volume during 
the year. It is now in the press and will be published during 1939 
as the annual volume. It is hoped to issue the next ordinary 
volume early in 1940. 

Prospectus. — The Council has brought out a new edition of 
the Society's prospectus and has also issued a card giving short 
particulars of the Society and the terms and advantages of member- 
ship which is suitable for display in libraries and other public 
institutions. Copies can be obtained from the Hon. Secretary. 

Rocqiie's Map of Sumy. — The Society has on hand a large 
number of the reproduction of this fine map which was issued in 
1931. The Council has decided to offer these to members at the 
greatly reduced price of 5s., or, carriage paid, 6s., a copy for not 
exceeding 4 copies per member. 

Excursions. -^A programme of five whole-day Saturday excur- 
sions was carried out during the Spring, of which the first three 
were conducted by Mr. Edwin Hart, F.S.A., the fourth by the Hon. 


Secretary, and the last by Dr. J. H. Gibson. An account of these 
meetings is contained in the Report of Proceedings for 1938 pre- 
fixed to Volume XLVI of the Collections. 

On March i6th the ordinarj^ Spring Meeting was held at Green- 
wich, when visits were paid to the National Maritime Museum and 
the Queen's House. 

On May i8th an afternoon meeting was held at Croydon. 

On June 15th a whole-day excursion out of the County was held 
at Penshurst and Tonbridge. 

On July 2oth the annual whole-day excursion was held at Bisley, 
Chobham and neighbourhood. 

On September 28th an afternoon excursion was held at Guildford 
to inspect the Castle and the repairs which are being carried out 
to the Keep. 

The Council extends its thanks to the organizers and conductors 
of the excursions held during the year and to all others whose help 
and co-operation contributed to the success of these meetings. 

The Council is much obliged to Mr. J. Wilson-Haffenden for the 
reports of this yearns excursions which he has contributed to the 
Surrey Times, Croydon Advertiser and Surrey Mirror. This service, 
which was rendered gratuitously, has given valuable publicity to 
the work of the Society. 

Excavations. — Roman Site at Tilford. The arrangements which 
had been made for the excavation of a Roman site near Tilford, 
to the seuth-east of Farnham, had, at the request of the owners of 
the site and for reasons of health, to be discontinued a few days 
before work was to have commenced. In these circumstances it 
was not possible to arrange for work at any other site to take its 
place and the money granted for this work has been returned to 
the Excavation Fund. 

Farnham Mesolithic Site. Work on the mesolithic dwelling site 
at Farnham was continued during 1938, under the direction of 
Dr. and Mrs. J. G. D. Clark with the co-operation of Mr. W. F. 
Rankine, the discoverer, and others. A grant from this Society 
and from the Percy Sladen Trust provided the necessary fund for 
this work. 

As is noted in the Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society (1938, 
Vol. IV, p. 316), the following were the main results of this work : 
A fourth dwelling pit (irregularly oval in form, 9 yds. long, 5 yds. 
wide and with a maximum depth of i yd.) was cleared, and found 
to contain upwards of 12,000 worked flints and 4,000 crackled 
flints. Attention was, however, chiefly directed to the filling of 
a neighbouring swallow-hole with a view to establishing some 


stratigraphical relationship between the mesohthic material and 
stray indications (flints and a few sherds) of Neolithic " B " occupa- 
tion of the site. Sand filling the upper part of the swallow-hole 
was found to contain a fhnt industry comparable in every way to 
that of the dwelling pits — microliths, axes, scrapers, burins, etc. 
The Neo. " B " scatter on the other hand was subsequent to the 
sand filling. Iron Age pottery was found at the same level and 
was overlaid by old plough-soil, in turn capped by modern humus. 

Museum.- — The Society's representatives on the Museum Com- 
mittee are Lord Farrer, F.S.A., Lieut. -General Sir Alfred Bingley, 
K.C.LE., C.B., Miss D. M. King-Church and Mr. A. W. G. Lowther, 

Among the accessions during the year are : 

A very interesting series of framed prints relating to Guildford 
and neighbourhood, presented by Major R. A. Godwin-Austen and 
the Trustees of the Godwin-Austen Estates. 

Two very fine pastel portraits by John Russell, R.A. (a native 
of Guildford), painted in 1801, and representing Mrs. Langstone 
and her sister, Mrs. Barber, have been presented by the executors 
of the late Sir Cyril Cobb, K.B.E., M.V.O., M.P. 

A Collection of Paleoliths from Farnham has been acquired from, 
and a collection of flint arrow-heads, scrapers, knives, etc., from 
Shere, Albury, Abinger and Blackheath, has been presented by, the 
Rev. H. P. B. Chubb. 

Library. — The British Archaeological Association and the Dorset 
Natural History and Archaeological Society have been added to 
the list of societies with which publications are exchanged. Owing 
to pressure on our shelf-space it has been necessary to discontinue 
exchanges with American and foreign societies. 

Besides the usual volumes received in exchange from other 
Societies, the following, amongst others, have been presented to 
the Library : Sketches of Oxted and Limpsficld, by Arthur Keen ; 
The Place Names of Hertfordshire, by J. E. B. Gover, A. Mawer 
and F. M. Stenton ; The Civil War in Hampshire, 1642-45, and 
The Story of Basing House, by the Rev. G. N. Godwin ; Companion 
into Surrey, by L. Collison-Morley ; History of St. Peter's Church, 
Petersham, by Chas. D. Warren. 

Muniment Room. — Accessions during the year consist mostly 
of individual deeds. The Godwin-Austen Collection is now com- 
pletely catalogued and is full of interest. 

Council. — Under Rule IV the following members of the Council 
retire and are ineligible for re-election for the ensuing year : 


R. L. Atkinson, M.C., Dr. W. E. St. L. Finn}-, J.P., F.S.A., Hilary 
Jenkinson, F.S.A., W. J. Pickering, T. Gatton Swayne and J. R. 
Warburton, F.S.A. The Council recommends the election of the 
following members : Lt.-Col. H. F. Bidder, D.S.O., F.S.A. , R. H. G. 
Leveson-Gower, C. D. Havvle}-, F.R.I.B.A., Francis E. Bray, Mrs. 
J. H. Gibson, J. P., and W. Scott Henderson. 

Mr. CD. Hawley was co-opted b}- the Council for one year under 
Rule n'. Sir John Marshall, who was elected at the Annual 
Meeting, has, it is regretted, felt obliged to resign for reasons of 
health. In his place Mr. J. Wilson-Haffenden has been co-opted 
by the Council for the remainder of his period of election. 

The Council recommends that Mr. Hilary Jenkinson, F.S.A., be 
elected a A'ice-President in recognition of his long and valuable 
services to the Societ}'. The Council also recommends that Miss 
M. Giuseppi and Mr. J. A. Giuseppi, F.S.A., be elected joint 
Honorar}' Editors. 

Waynflete's TmvER, Esher. — In November, through the 
efforts of Mr. C. D. Hawley, an option was acquired for the purchase 
of this building with the adjacent land, and the Council appointed 
a Committee with power to act. An appeal for funds has since 
been issued and was circulated to members with Volume XLVI of the 
Collections. The option expires on May 7th, 1939, and the Council 
sincerely hopes that the appeal will meet with a prompt and liberal 
response so that this historic property may be preserved as an 
ancient monument. The sum required for purchase and repair is 
about ;^2,ooo. Mr. A. R. Cotton, the Honorary Treasurer of the 
Societ}', is honorary treasurer of the fund, while Mr. Hawley is 
honorary secretary of the Committee. 

Finance and Membership. — The financial position of the 
Society is sound. The amount received in subscriptions is the 
highest in the history of the Society and the assets stand at a higher 
figure than they have hitherto reached. There are 36 subscriptions 
in arrear. It would save a great deal of trouble, both to Members 
and the Treasurer, if subscriptions were paid bv means of bankers' 
order where this is not at present done. 

During the year there have been 11 deaths and 33 resignations, 
while 69 new members have been enrolled, bringing the total 
membership to 727. The highest number previously recorded was 
700 in 1936. The Life Members number 44. 















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The Report and Accounts were adopted. Lord Onslow was 
re-elected President. Mr. Hilary Jenkinson, F.S.A., was elected a 
Vice-President in recognition of his long and valuable services to 
the Society. The new members recommended to serve on the 
Council under Rule IV were elected : Mr. A. R. Cotton, F.S.A., was 
re-elected Hon. Treasurer, and Dr. W. Hooper, F.S.A., was re- 
elected Hon. Secretary ; Miss M. Giuseppi and Mr. J. A. Giuseppi, 
F.S.A., were elected Joint Hon. Editors, and Mr. R. W. Strickland, 
Hon. Excursions Secretary ; and the Hon. Auditors, Mr. R. J. 
Sadleir and Lt.-Col. L. A. Allen, D.S.O., were re-elected. 

The President in his address referred to the Society's appeal 
for funds for the preservation of Waynfiete's Tower, Esher, and 
to the copies of Rocque's Map of Surrey held by the Society, which 
members could now obtain at a low price. He complimented 
Guildford Corporation on the steps it took to preserve the old 
buildings in the Borough, and in reference to the suggestion which 
he made last year that part of the property purchased by the Cor- 
poration should be used as a bird sanctuary and folk museum he 
said that the cost of such a museum had proved too great, but 
the bird sanctuary had been established. 

At the close of the Annual Meeting a Special General Meeting 
was held at which the following amendments to the rules were 
adopted : Rule VI, — Add the following words : "Any Member 
intending to resign must signify this intention in writing before 
1st January, otherwise he will be liable to pay his subscription for 
the current year." Rule VII, line 5, delete the words " two years " 
and substitute therefor the words " one year ". 

Afterwards the Corporation plate was shown and tea was served 
at Abbot's Hospital by permission of the Governors. 

After tea, Mr. Walter Bacon gave an address on Waynfiete's 
Tower, Esher. 

On April 29TH Mrs. Gibson led the sixth walk, the party driving 
from Aldershot to Shoelands, between Scale and Puttenham, to 
view the site of medieval buildings in course of excavation by the 
Society under the direction of Miss Kenyon, in a field belonging to 
Mr. Thornton of Hampton Lodge, and thence walking over Putten- 
ham Common to Cutmill. A stop was made at the highest point 
of the Common to inspect Hillbury, a small Romano-British camp. 
After lunch at Elstead, the party drove round to the Bourne Mill 
near Farnham and walked along the footpath by the Wey through 
Moor Park, the former residence of Sir William Temple, the patron 
of Swift, passing Stella's Cottage and Mother Ludlam's Cave, and 



traversing the woods behind the ruins of Waverley Abbey. From 
there another river path was followed to Tilford where tea was 

On 17TH May an afternoon meeting took place at Esher and 
Thames Ditton under the guidance of Mr. C. D. Hawley, F.R.I.B.A. 
The party assembled at Waynflete's Tower, formerly the gate- 
house of Esher Place, which was erected between 1470 and 1480 
by William of Waynflete, bishop of Winchester. The Tower pos- 
sesses many features of interest which were explained by Mr. 
Hawley ; special attention being drawn to the brick spiral staircase, 
one of the finest examples of its kind extant. The old parish church 
of St. George was next visited and was described by Rev. H. E. 
Hone, the Rector. After tea at the Bear Hotel, the party left 
by coach for Thames Ditton, where the parish church of St. Nicholas 
was shown by Rev. G. W. Russell, the Vicar. 

On 14TH June a whole-day excursion out of the County was 
held at Chichester under the direction of Mr. Strickland, the Hon. 
Excursions Secretary. The party was met at the station by Mr. 
Alderman Aylmore, J. P., and conducted through the town to Priory 
Park, where some time was spent in inspecting the Guildhall which 
originally formed the choir of the chapel of the Grey Friars. The 
building is now used as a museum and contains many objects 
found locally, including an interesting collection of the Roman 
period which was explained by Mr. Llewellyn Williams. After 
lunch the party re-assembled in the nave of the Cathedral, where 
the Rev. R. S. Haslehurst met and conducted it on a tour round 
the Cathedral and precincts. The party next proceeded to the 
Palace by invitation of the Bishop and Mrs. Bell and inspected the 
Private Chapel and Old Kitchen and the remains of the City Wall 
to be seen in the Grounds. After tea visits were made to St. 
Mary's Hospital, the Crypt, and some other places of historical 
interest in the City. The meeting terminated at the Council House 
with an exhibition of the ancient mace, plate and charters, which 
were shown by Mr. Alderman Aylmore. 

On 27TH July the annual whole-day excursion in the County 
was held at Farnham and Frensham. In the morning a large 
party assembled at Frensham Church, where a paper was read by 
Dr. Finny. The Society's visit was arranged in connection with 
the celebration of the 700th anniversary of the present Church, 
which was founded in 1239. I^ the afternoon the party visited 
Farnham Castle by invitation of the Bishop of Guildford and was 
shown round by Mr. Harold Falkner, F.R.I.B.A. At 4 p.m. tea 


was served in the garden of The Grange by permission of General 
Sir Edward and Lady Perceval. After tea the party divided into 
two companies and these were conducted by Mr. Falkner and Mr. 
Borelli on visits to various old houses of interest in Farnham, 
including No. lo Castle Street, Sandford House and Wilmer House. 

The Saturday walking excursions which usually take place in 
the Spring, commenced this season in December. 

On 2ND December Dr. Hooper led a party from Redhill Station 
over Wray Common and through Gatton Park to Reigate Hill. In 
the afternoon the walk was continued by the Pilgrims' Way to 
Colley Hill and then down to Reigate Heath, where the barrows 
and the old windmill used as a -church, were inspected. The 
party proceeded over the Park into Reigate, where tea was taken. 

On i6th December a party of members and friends assembled 
at Gomshall and, conducted by Dr. Hooper, walked to Hackhurst 
Downs to view the modern diversion of the Pilgrims' Way at 
Colekitchen Combe, and from there proceeded via Broomy Downs, 
Raikes Lane and field paths to Abinger Hatch, passing on the 
way the site of the Roman Villa discovered in 1877. In the after- 
noon Abinger Church was inspected and the party ascended the 
motte in the grounds of Abinger Manor by permission of the owner. 
The path by Raikes Farm and Paddington Farm was followed to 
Abinger Hammer, where the outing concluded with tea. 

The cordial thanks of the Society are tendered to the organizers 
and conductors of the excursions held during 1938 and 1939 and 
to all other members and friends who in a variety of ways con- 
tributed to their success. 


On 27TH January a small number assembled at Richmond Station 
and under the direction of Mr. A. Cecil Piper, the Borough Librarian, 
visited the Parish Church, the Old Palace and Richmond Green 
and thence walked along the towing path by the Thames to inspect 
Petersham Old Church, noted for its picturesque interior. The 
outing was seriously marred by bad weather and after lunch the 
programme had to be curtailed and those remaining returned to 
Richmond by road. 

On lOTH February a walk from Epsom to Burford Bridge via 
Headley was conducted by Capt. T. G. C. Coggin. The portion of 
Stane Street from Tyrrell's Wood to Juniper Hall was examined 
and reasons for its departure from alignment were suggested. At 


Mickleham, Miss Mac Andrew showed the party an interesting 
natural phenomenon of recent occurrence consisting of a large 
hole that had suddenly formed in the ground near the Church and 
carried with it a tree growing on the spot. Tea at Burford Bridge 
completed an enjoyable day's outing. 

On 24TH February a party of 30 under the direction of Mr. 
T. E. C. Walker met at Cobham Church, where an address was 
given by the Vicar, the Rev. J. du V. Brunton. The Church Stile 
House was next visited by kind permission of our member, Mr. 
G. C. Audsley, and the party then proceeded by Anvil (Hamwell) 
Lane to Pains Hill Bridge, possibly the meeting-place of the Hun- 
dred Court of Elmbridge. After noting Matthew Arnold's house 
the party walked through Pains Hill Park (by kind permission 
of Mrs. E. Combe) to Red Hill, noting the fine lead statuary, the 
tallest cedar in the British Isles, the grotto, the water wheel, and 
the ornamental tower. After proceeding along Chatley Lane the 
party turned on to Chatley Heath to view the exterior of the 
semaphore tower, the best preserved of those built a few years after 
the Battle of Waterloo to link London with Portsmouth. Old 
Lane (in the Middle Ages also called Stony Lane) was later followed 
along the boundary of Cobham and Ockham, and it was suggested 
that this was part of a Romanized road from Farley Heath across 
the Thames, between Shere and Effingham known as London Lane. 
After lunch the party walked to Ockham Church, and through 
Ockham Park to Ripley Church. Mr. R. N. Bloxam described 
both buildings, and some of the domestic architecture on the route. 

On 30TH March, Mr. A. E. P. Collins conducted an excursion 
from Chilworth. The party assembled at the Station and walked 
by way of Blackheath to Farley, where the site of the Roman 
Temple, which has recently been excavated afresh by the Society, 
was studied, and Mr. Collins gave an explanatory address. Mr. 
Goodchild also attended and spoke at this point. After lunch at 
Farley Green the party walked via Blackheath and Postford Farm 
to Chilworth Manor. The outside of the house (part seventeenth 
century) and the beautiful grounds were inspected by permission 
of Mr. Mildmay, who welcomed the company. 

On Saturday, April 13TH, over 20 members met at Fleet Station, 
Hants, and led by Mrs. Gibson walked across country to Farnham. 
The first point of interest was the site of " the bridge called Flete- 
brige between the two ponds," over which passed the northerly 
branch of the Maulth Way. In 1567 the head of the lesser pond 
was carried away in a great storm and permission was given to 


convert the site into meadow. The water of the greater pond still 
runs under the bridge to Fleet Mill. Crossing the railway at 
Bramshot Bridge the party reached the side of the pond and for 
some distance followed the Gelvert Stream which brings down the 
water from Bourley. They then walked along the towpath of 
the Basingstoke Canal to Norris Bridge and by the southern branch 
of the Maulth Way to The Foresters' Inn, where a halt was made 
for lunch. In the afternoon the party crossed Tweseldown race- 
course and entering the Bourley Woods climbed the northern 
escarpment of Beacon Hill. This beacon was one of a series crossing 
Hampshire to Portsdown and must have been visible from the 
Beacon Hill by Burghclere and from the spurs of the Chilterns. 
Continuing along the plateau the round barrows at Heath Brow 
were passed. Here some years ago Canon O'Farrell found chipping 
floors rich in flint implements and flakes about a foot below the 
surface surrounding the barrows in blown sand covering gravel 
rubble. The industry is noteworthy in being purely mesolithic. 
Dr. Gibson met the party at the Bishop's Bank which forms the 
boundary between Hampshire and Surrey and spoke of the great 
gatherings in the twelfth century on the Blackheath field, when 
the two hundreds assembled " as well the freemen as the bond- 
men " at the two Views of Frank-pledge, " to perform that which 
the law required " of the services which they owed to the manor 
of Farnham. He also spoke of the Giffards who held Itchell from 
the middle of the thirteenth century to the time of EHzabeth 
and in 1500 were Keepers of the old park and chase of Farnham. 
The way down to Farnham lay across the old park to its southern 
boundary which is marked by a ploughbank forming the line of 
the Celtic track between the Harroway and the Pilgrims' Way. 

The Eighty-Fifth Annual General Meeting was held on 
April 27th in the Lecture Hall of the Public Library and Museum, 
Kingston-upon-Thames, by kind invitation of His Worship the 
Mayor, Sir Edward Scales, and was presided over by the President 
of the Society, the Right Hon. the Earl of Onslow, F.S.A. The 
Minutes of the last Annual General Meeting and Special General 
Meeting were read and approved and the Accounts and Report of 
the Council for the year ended December 31st, 1939, were presented. 


Report of the Council 

for the year ending December 3is^, 1939- 

The Council of the Surrey Arch^ological Society has much 
pleasure in presenting its Eighty-Fifth Annual Report together 
with Cash Account and Statement of Assets and Liabilities 
FOR the Year 1939. 

Publications.— Volume XLVI of the Surrey Arckctologkal 
Collections was issued to Members in January, as mentioned in 
last year's Report. The special volume entitled A Survey of the 
Prehistory of the Farnham District was issued in August as the 
volume for the year. The volume, which was ably edited by 
Mr. A. W. G. Lowther, F.S.A., assisted by Miss Giuseppi, is divided 
into three sections. Part I, entitled " Geology and Palaeohthic 
Studies," is the work of Dr. Kenneth P. Oakley. In Part II, 
Mr. W. F. Rankine writes on the MesoHthic and Neohthic sites 
and material of the region, while Messrs. Alexander Keiller, F.S.A., 
and Stuart Piggott, F.S.A., describe the excavation of the Badshot 
Long Barrow. In Part III Mr. Lowther deals with the Bronze and 
Iron Ages and the Roman and Saxon periods. The Farnham dis- 
trict has long been famous for the wealth and range of its archaeo- 
logical material, but though much has appeared in scattered writ- 
ings no attempt had previously been made to treat it, and the 
geological problems involved fully. The want is now supplied by 
the present monograph and the Society may justly congratulate 
itself and the writers concerned on this notable contribution to 
scientific archaeology. 

The Society has a limited stock of surplus copies of the work 
which may be purchased by members at 21s. each. 

Survey of Domestic Architecture. — Mr. Hawley has com- 
pleted the Survey for a number of parishes, and it is hoped to 
publish the results when conditions permit. 

War Records. — The Council has decided to co-operate with the 
Surrey County Council and Surrey Records Society with a view to 
collect and preserve local records relating to the present war. 

Waynflete's Tower, Esher. — The appeal for funds mentioned in 
last year's Annual Report did not meet with an adequate response. 
The Council hopes, however, that it may be possible after the war 
to renew the efforts for securing this building. Measured drawings 


of the building have been prepared by Mr. J. W. L. Forge, a member 
of the Society. 

Excursions. — A series of six whole-day Saturday excursions was 
carried out during the Spring, of which the first three were conducted 
by Mr. Edwin Hart, F.S.A., the fourth and last by Mrs. Gibson, 
and the fifth by Mr. Combridge. An account of these meetings will 
appear in the Report of Proceedings for 1939. 

On March loth the ordinary Spring Meeting was held in London, 
when visits were paid to the Grocers' Hall and St. Stephen's, 

On May 17th an afternoon meeting took place at Esher and 
Thames Ditton. 

On June 14th the annual whole-day meeting out of the County 
was held at Chichester, and on July 27th the annual whole-day 
meeting in the County was held at Farnham and Frensham. 

The Autumn excursion which was arranged to take place in 
September at Guildford and Loseley had to be cancelled owing to 
the outbreak of war. 

Two walking excursions were carried out on December 2nd and 
i6th in response to numerous requests that these walks should this 
year commence in the Winter instead of the Spring, as hitherto. 
These were conducted by the Hon. Secretary in the neighbourhoods 
of Reigate and Abinger, respectively. 

Excavations. — During 1939 excavations were carried on at a 
number of sites in Surrey. At three of these (Carshalton, Farley 
Heath and Scale) the work was financed by grants from the Society, 
while at four other sites (" Purberry Shot," Ewell ; Nonsuch Park, 
Ewell ; Ashtead and Walton-on-the-Hill) important work was 
carried out by entirely volunteer labour. 

I. Carshalton. Work on the Iron Age Camp in the grounds of 
Queen Mary's Hospital, in continuation of the work done in 1937, 
was carried on for a fortnight in April. The object in view was 
the investigation of the defences on the East side of the Camp 
immediately opposite the part explored in 1937. It was antici- 
pated that the results would show that similar conditions had 
existed on both sides of the hill (Stag Hill) at the date when the 
camp was in occupation. The work showed, on the contrary, that 
this was not so, and that instead of the simple V-shaped ditch 
(11 ft. wide and 8 ft. deep) found elsewhere, there had been a large 
area of swamp or marsh. 

Iron Age pottery was recovered from a depth of 12 ft., where it 
was separated by a 2-ft. layer of sterile yellow clay silt from a 
stony layer containing pieces of Roman pottery. Above this was 


a thick layer of dark (mottled red-brown) clay silt, completely 
sterile apart from an occasional burnt flint or very small scrap of 
well-washed pottery, both Roman and Iron Age. It was clear that 
this was a water-laid silt, which had formed fairly slowly, as the 
ground subsided, reaching, in the lower part of our section, a thick- 
ness of 5 ft. The whole of this had accumulated since about 
A.D. 100, but it contained no mediaeval pottery, as did the overlying 
layers of sandy " hill- wash." 

A report on the whole of the work at this site will appear in a 
future volume of the Collections. 

2. Farley Heath. Three weeks' work at the site of the Roman 
Temple on Farley Heath was undertaken during July, the excava- 
tions being under the joint direction of Messrs. R. Goodchild and 
A. W. G. Lowther. A full report on this work is now in prepara- 
tion. Briefly it can be stated that the results obtained fully justi- 
fied the undertaking, since it proved possible to recover the full 
plan of the Temple and that of the major part of its enclosure (or 
temenos) walls. It has been possible to produce an accurate plan 
of the structures, in spite of the disappearance of most of the 
masonry, through finding the debris-filled trenches (or " ghost 
walls ") which show the positions once occupied by the foundations 
of these walls. 

Miss Heath gave much valuable help in the work, and it is due to 
her efforts that the Temple site has now been turfed and levelled 
and the line of the walls marked b}/ permanent curbing. To mark 
the site further it is hoped to erect a stone pillar with a suitable 

3. Scale (near Farnham). The discovery, early in the year, of 
foundations on land belonging to Mr. E. Thornton of Hampton Park, 
Scale, was communicated to the Society by the Secretary of the 
Royal Archaeological Institute. The site was inspected by Mr. 
Rankine and Mr. Lowther, who reported that the foundations were 
clearly of Early Mediaeval date, as was supported by considerable 
fragments of associated pottery. Arrangements were made by 
Miss Kathleen Kenyon, F.S.A., Secretary of the Institute of Archae- 
ology of London University, for excavating the site, the Society 
providing a grant of £15 towards the work, and Mr. Thornton 
supplying the labour and giving every possible facility. 

An Interim Report on the work has been received from Mr. J. H. 
Money of King's College, Cambridge, under whom it was carried 
out. Briefly, the foundations of two buildings of different periods 
and differently orientated but each of considerable size, were 
found lying one above the other. A considerable quantity of 
mediaeval pottery associated with these structures has still to be 


examined before the date of the structures can be settled. Mr. 
Money states that no research has as yet been done on the records 
connected with the site. From the excavation, it appears that the 
buildings were not ecclesiastical in the strict sense, though there is 
no reason to preclude the theory that they were connected with a 
reUgious establishment. Remains of a brick kiln and a screen wall 
were found a short distance to the south of the buildings. Further 
work on the site is desirable, and may, it is hoped, be possible. 

4. " Purberry Shot," Ewell. The erection of a block of flats on 
this site disclosed the presence of Roman pottery in considerable 
quantity. Excavations were permitted and were carried out, solely 
with voluntary help, over a period of about six months. The area 
explored, about half an acre, proved to be of exceptional interest. 
A quantity of material of Iron Age " A " date was found in the 
western part of the site lying at a depth of from 2 to 3 ft. This was, 
at one point, sealed by the remains of a floor of a hut on which 
were some pieces of Claudian and pre-Claudian pottery, while a 
well-preserved iron key, of " latch-lifter " type, was found at the 
same level. 

Towards the front of the site, an oven, built of a mixture of clay 
and chalk, termed " cob," was found below the metalling of a 
Roman road, the upper part of the oven having been broken in 
when the road was laid above it. A well, also underlying the road, 
had been filled up when the road was constructed. This well was 
cleared to a depth of 42 ft. and a large amount of pottery and some 
interesting objects, including an iron razor, were obtained from the 
filling material. 

It seems likely that the hut is contemporary with the oven and 
the well, and that all are either just before or just after the Claudian 
invasion. The road can be dated c. a.d. 2.00. The oven has been 
removed entire for exhibition. The well, provided with a new 
superstructure, has been retained as a feature of the site. 

5. Nonsuch Park, Ewell. The construction of a new road through 
this park was observed, by Mr. S. S. Frere, to have exposed some 
Iron Age pottery, associated with pot-boilers in what had clearly 
been a series of shallow pits (for storage purposes) of a type common 
to the period. Mr. Frere was able to carry out a limited amount of 
excavation, and obtained a selection of pottery which has an 
important bearing on the study of the Iron Age of Surrey. 

It is hoped that further work at this site may be possible. 

6. Ashtead. Building work close to the railway line, west of 
Ashtead Station, disclosed a mass of medieeval pottery indicating 
the former presence of a thirteenth-century kiln. This site was 
found and investigated by Mr. Frere, who will be contributing a 


report on it to the Collections. The pottery has been examined 
by Mr. G. C. Dunning, F.S.A. 

7. W alton-on-the-Hill. As is recorded in the Report for the year 
1915 (Vol. XXIX, S.A.C., xi) during the digging of mihtary trenches 
on land in Sandilands Road, Walton-on-the-Hill (between that 
village and Tadworth Station), Roman structures, indicating the 
presence of a large building, were encountered. No excavations 
were then carried out ; the site was filled in, and, since that date, 
has been partially built upon. A recent change in ownership, and 
the kind consent of the present owner, has enabled excavations to 
be undertaken, which, at the time of writing, are still in progress. 
A full report on this work will appear in due course, but, at present, 
it can be stated that a large building, showing evidence of several 
periods of reconstruction, is being uncovered and planned, and 
that associated material, coins and pottery, show that it was in 
occupation throughout the Roman period. 

In concluding this part of the Report the Council would stress the 
fact that as a result of the construction of air-raid trenches and 
shelters that has been going on in all parts of the County, quite as 
many, if not more, finds are being made — and passing unrecorded — 
as in peace time. 

Muniment Room. — Gifts to the Society during 1939 include : 
(i) five deeds relating to Bramley and Shalford, seventeenth cen- 
tury, presented by Messrs. Barlow, Norris and Jenkins, Solicitors, 
Guildford : (2) Notes and Materials for " The Story of Stoughton," 
presented by the Executors of the late Rev. H. J. Birkett, M.A., 
former Rector of Stoughton, Guildford. 

The British Records Association has presented two boxes of 
documents relating to West Surrey. 

The Rev. J. Purvis, F.S.A. , having accepted a living in Yorkshire, 
was unable to continue his work as Archivist. His resignation was 
received with much regret. He will long be remembered for the 
labour and expert knowledge he expended on the work, especially 
in the early years of the Muniment Room. 

Mr. and Mrs. F. E. Box of Guildford have kindly consented to 
help Miss King-Church in the supervision of the Room when 

Library and Museum. — Lord Farrer, F.S.A., Lieut. -General Sir 
Alfred Bingley, K.C.I.E., C.B., Miss D. M. King-Church and Mr. 
A. W. G. Lowther, F.S.A., have continued to serve as the Society's 
representatives on the Museum Committee. 

A list of accessions to the Library and Museum during the year 
will appear in Volume XLVII of the Collections. 


Council. — Under Rule IV the following members of the Council 
retire and are ineligible for re-election for the ensuing year : B. 
Campbell Cooke, L. C. E. Currie, Edwin Hart, F.S.A., Miss K. M. 
Kenyon, F.S.A., Archdeacon Newill and T. E. C. Walker. The 
Council recommends the election of the following members : 
R. L. Atkinson, M.C., Dr. W. E. St. L. Finny, J.P., F.S.A., W. J. 
Pickering, T. Gatton Swayne, J. R. Warburton, F.S.A., and 
B. W. Kissan. 

The Council deeply deplores the loss of Mr. Arthur Bonner, 
F.S.A., a Vice-President and for many years the Hon. Treasurer 
of the Society, whose death occurred on July nth. A Memoir of 
him will appear in the annual volume for 1940. 

Finance. — The publication of two Volumes in the past year has 
seriously reduced the Council's Bank balance, the special volume for 
Farnham costing approximately as much as two ordinary volumes 
of the Collections. The Council's investments are shown at their 
market value on December 31st, 1939, instead of at cost, and 
although this shows a reduction of upwards of ;;r90 in the assets, it 
gives the true position of the Society's financial state. 

Owing to the war many subscriptions are in arrear, but it is hoped 
that these will be paid with those for the current year. 

Membership. — The membership of the Society is now 778. 

During the year 58 members have been elected : 10 ordinary 
members have died and 24 have resigned. Three life members have 

The Report and Accounts were adopted. Lord Onslow was 
re-elected President. The new members recommended to serve on 
the Council under Rule IV were elected : Mr. A. R. Cotton, F.S.A. 
was re-elected Hon. Treasurer, and Dr. W. Hooper was re-elected 
Hon. Secretary ; Miss M. Giuseppi and Mr. J. A. Giuseppi, F.S.A. 
were re-elected Joint Hon. Editors, and Mr. R. W. Strickland, Hon. 
Excursions Secretary. Lt.-Col. L. A. Allen, D.S.O., and Mr. G. O. 
Jackson were elected Hon. Auditors. 

The President moved a hearty vote of thanks to the Mayor 
for his kindness in inviting the Society to meet at Kingston and 
for the use of the Lecture Hall and Art Gallery, which was carried 
unanimously and acknowledged by the Mayor. In the course of 
his remarks the President referred to the loss which the Society 
had recently suffered by the death of Lord Farrer, one of the Vice- 
Presidents, and moved that an expression of condolence and sym- 
pathy be sent to the widow and family. This was passed in silence, 




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the audience standing as a mark of respect. He also referred 
sympathetically to the death in July last of Mr. Arthur Bonner, 
another Vice-President. On the invitation of the President, Mr. 
Strickland gave an account of the excursions arrangements and 
said it would be necessary to make a small charge to those requiring 
programmes of further excursions during the year to meet the cost 
of postage and printing. He proposed a charge of 6d. to each 
applicant for future programmes. This was approved, as was a 
further proposal that notice of this requirement should be sent to 
all members. A cordial vote of thanks to Dr. Finny for the arrange- 
ments he had made for the meeting was passed unanimously. 

At the close of the Annual Meeting a Special General Meeting 
was held at which an amendment to add the following words to 
Rule VI was adopted : " The Council may, if it thinks fit, remit 
the entrance fee of any Member who is under the age of 21 years at 
the date of his nomination." 

Tea was then served in the Art Gallery, and at 4.40 p.m. Dr. 
Finny gave an address in the Lecture Hall entitled " The Church 
of the Coronations at Kingston," illustrated by lantern slides. 
Later, he conducted a party to places of interest in the Market 

Prior to the Annual Meeting, the officers and members of the 
Councils of the Society and the Surrey Record Society and the 
members of the local Library and Museum Committees were kindly 
entertained to lunch by Dr. Finny at the Griffin Hotel, Kingston. 
Mr. A. W. Clapham, President of the Society of Antiquaries, was 
also present at the luncheon and meetings. 



The Right Honourable the EARL OF ONSLOW. P.C, F.S.A. 

Vice-Presiden ts. 

The Most Hon. the MARQUESS OF CREWE, K.G., P.C, F.S.A., 

D.C.L., LL.D. 

The Right Hon. the EARL OF MIDLETON, P.C. K.P. 



The Right Reverend The BISHOP OF GUILDFORD. 






Council : 

G. C. B. POULTER, F.S.A.(Scot.). 


Miss K. M. KENYON, F.S.A. 











Lt.-Col. H. F. BIDDER, D.S.O., F.S.A. 




Mrs. F. GIBSON, J.P. 



Dr. W. E. ST. L. FINNY, M.D., J.P., F.S.A. 





Trustees — 

The Right Hon. the EARL OF ONSLOW, P.C, F.S.A. 

Honorary Treasurer — • 

A. R. COTTON, M.B.E., F.S.A., 
32, High Street, Sutton. 

Honorary Secretary — 

Loxwood, Ridgeway Road, Redhill. 

Joint Honorary Editors — 

72, Burlington Avenue, Kew Gardens. 

Cahir House, Thames Ditton. 

Honorary Excursions Secretary — 


Hemmings Bank, Ightham, Kent. 

Bankers — 

C(jcks Biddulph Branch, 16, Whitehall, London, S.W.i. 

Librarian and Curator — 

Castle Arch, Guildford. 


Honorary Local Secretaries — 

Albury Miss O. M. Heath. 

Aldershot J. H. Gibson, M.D. 

AsHTEAD A. R. Cotton, F.S.A. 

Banstead and Kings- 
wood J. Wilson-Haffenden. 

Betchworth The Rev. E. H. Kennedy. 

Bletchingley Edwin Hart, F.S.A. 

Camberley Reginald Davies. 

CoBHAM T. E. C. Walker. 

Chipstead Major A. Talbot Smith. 

Cranleigh Lt.-Gen. Sir Alfred Bingley, K.C.I. E., 


Croydon W. C. Berwick Sayers. 

Dorking E. L. Selligk. 

EgHAM J. H. W. PiLCHER, B.C.L., J.P. 

Epsom D. A. Burl. 

EwELL Cloudesley S. Willis. 

Farnham Harold Falkner, F.R.I.B.A. 

Godalming C. H. Parry, J.P. 


Holmbury St. Mary ...A. E. P. Collins. 
Kingston-upon-Thames .W. E. St. L. Finny, M.D., J. P., F.S.A. 
KiNGSwooD & Banstead. J. Wilson-Haffenden. 

Leatherhead A. W. G. Lowther, F.S.A. A.R.I. B. A. 

Merstham Ll. E. Williams, F.R.I.B.A. 

Mitcham Miss M. Farewell Jones. 

Reigate Wilfrid Hooper, LL.D., F.S.A. 

Richmond A. Cecil Piper. 

Send and Ripley Capt. C. M. H. Pearce, F.S.A. 

Shere C. H. Grinling. 

SuRBiTON W. Bacon. 

Weybridge Eric Gardner, M.B., F.S.A. 



Corrected to ^oth April, 1941. 

Copies of Rules, etc., may be had on application to the Honorary Secretary. 

Any Member Intending to resign must signify this intention In writing before 
1st January, ottierwise tie will be liable to pay his subscription for the 
current year. 

// is particularly requested that speedy intimation of any change of residence, 
or errors in addresses, may be sent to the Honorary Secretary. 

The date preceding each name indicates the year in which the name first 

appears in the List of Members. 

This * denotes Life Compounders. 
This t denotes rejoined. 

1925 Adams, W. A.. Lulworth, 60, Red Down Road, Coulsdon. 
1939 Adeney, E. S., Birch Lawn, Ruxley, Claygate, Surrey. 
1910 Alcock, Miss E., Forest Vieu), East Grinstead, Sussex. 
1916 Allden, Samuel, Headley Lodge, Ockford Road, Godalming. 
1932 Allen, Charles J., F.R.B.S., Yew Tree Cottage, Farley Green, 

1932 Allen, Lt.-Col. L. A., D.S.O., Royal Automobile Club, 

S.W. I. 

1937 Allom, Lionel E. S., Suffolk House, Laurence Pountney Hill, 

E.G. 4. 

1933 Ames, Mrs. G. H., Vallis, St. Matthew's Avenue, Surbiton. 
1933 Ames, Miss P., Vallis, St. Matthew's Avenue, Surbiton. 
1904 Anderson, Major Rupert D., O.B.E., Waverley Abbey, 

1935 Angier, Mrs. E. A. V., Hayburn, Church Grove, Hampton 

1938 Antrobus, P. K., Prestbury, Oxted. 

1922 Armitage, Norman C, M.A.. 11, Old Square, Lincoln's Inn, 

W.C. 2. 
1935 Armitage, Mrs. N. C, Hertslets, Claygate, Surrey. 
1927 Armytage-Moore, C, Winterfold House, Cranleigh. 



1940 Ashby, Miss E. M., Krakenholm, St. Catherines, Guildford. 

1917 Ashcombe, The Right Hon. Lord, Denhies, Dorking. 
*I927 Asher, Mrs. W. C, Round Oak, Weyhridge. 

1914 Athenaeum Club, 107, Pall Mall, S.W. i. 
1912 Atkinson, R. L., M.C., M.A., i, Oakley Square, N.W. i. 
♦1910 Attlee, Miss W. M., Caradoc, Little Stretton, Church Stretton. 
1939 Audsley, George C, Church Stile House, Cobham, Surrey. 
1939 Audsley, Marguerite, Mrs., Church Stile House, Cobham, Surrey. 

1928 Aukland, D., County Hall, Kingston-upon-Thames. 
1933 Austin, Rev. E. J., The Rectory, Ashtead. 

1931 Ayres, F. R., Dunstable, The Mount, Guildford. 

1939 Babcock, Mrs. V. A., Gledhow Wood, The Chase, Kingswood. 

1932 Bacon, E., La Boheme, Hurst Grove, Walton-on-Thames. 

1922 Bacon, Walter, Waveney, Derby Road, Surbiton. 

1935 Badcock, Paul, F.R.I. B. A., Fairmile Lane, Cobham. 

1925 Baden-Fuller, Frank, 22, Belvedere Grove, Wimbledon, 

S.W. 19. 

1940 Bagshaw, C. E., Pitt Place, Epsom. 

♦1929 Baily, Miss, 69, Fountain Court, Buckingham Palace Road, 
S.W. I. 

1936 Baker, H. T., Lower Stoneacres, Frensham. 

1932 Baker-Brown, Brig.-Gen., Melrose, Mulgrave Road, Sutton. 
*I925 Ballantyne, Horatio, Copt Hill Court, Copt Hill Lane, Burgh 


1918 Bamber, Mrs., 27, Craven Terrace, Lancaster Gate, W. 2. 

1929 Bamfield, Mrs. K. P., Purser's Piece, Peaslake, Guildford. 
1939 Banks, Mrs., Blackdown Border, Haslemere. 

1929 Bannerman, Capt. R. R. Bruce, M.C., F.S.A.(Scot.), 19, 
Dornton Road, South Croydon. 

1923 Barclay, Lieut. -Col. R. W., J.P., D.L., Bury Hill, Dorking. 
1929 Bargman, D. C, Handycot, Calvert Road, Dorking. 

1903 Barlow, C. J., Western Down, Guildown Road, Guildford. 
1912 Barnes, Sir G. S., Fox Holm, Cobham, Surrey. 
1903 Bashall, John, M.A., Sandy Cross, Scale Lane, Farnham. 
1902 Bates, Ernest, A.R.LB.A., Winton Croft, Purley Downs Road, 

Pur ley. 
1922 Bateson, Miss F., Burgate, Godalming. 
1891 Battersea Public Library, Lavender Hill, S.W. 11. 

1933 Baxter, E. A., 39, Carlton Crescent, North Cheam. 

1934 Beale, Mrs. Dorothy, Lake House, Byfleet, Surrey. 

1926 Beaver, Hugh, Luxford, Crowborough, Sussex. 

1921 Beddington, Carshalton, and Wallington Archaeological 
Society (J. Kirsop Webb, Hon. Sec, West Lodge, Carshalton). 


1936 Bee, A. R. W., Heather Hills, West Chobham. 

1939 Beer, F. Tidbury, Broseley, Longfield Drive, Amersham. 

1926 Beeton, Sir Mayson, Highlands, Seven Hills Road, Walton-on- 

1926 Beeton, Lady, Highlands, Seven Hills Road, Walton-on- 

1926 Beeton, Mrs. Stanley, Corbie Wood, St. George's Hill, Wey- 

T926 Bell, Mrs. Maud C, The Cottage, Lingfield. 
♦1902 Bell, W. A, Juxon, Pendell Court, Bletchingley, Redhill. 

1936 Benger, B. B., Biirntwood, Headley Road, Leather head. 

1937 Benger, Mrs., Burntwood, Headley Road, Leatherhead. 

1936 Bermondsey Public Library, Spa Road, S.E. 16. 
♦1903 Berry, Frederick J., Limpsfield, Oxted, Surrey. 

1916 Bevill-Champion, Frederic George, Northcote House, Grymes 

Hill, Stapleton, New York State, U.S.A. 
1909 Bidder, Lieut.-Col, H. F., D.S.O,, F.S.A., 7, Sussex Mansions, 

S.W. 7. 

1938 Billinghurst, W. B., Ways End, Abbotswood, Guildford. 

1923 Bingley, Lieut. -Gen. Sir Alfred H., K.C.LE., C.B., The 

Causey, Cranleigh. 
1915 Binney, Mrs. E. A., Leyton Lodge, Denmark Road, Carshalton. 

1908 Bird, Rev. G. S., Sandjord House, Farnham, Surrey. 

1939 Birmingham, City of. Public Libraries, Reference Library, 


1932 Bishop, Miss L. L E., The Old Rectory, Stoke-d'Abernon. 
1934 Blackburne, C. L, Weydown Hatch, Haslemere. 

1925 Blacking, W. H. B., 21, The Close, Salisbury. 

1925 Bloxam, R. N., Ripley Llouse, Ripley. 

1937 Bonn, Sir Max Julius, K.B.E., Upper Ifold, Dunsfold. 

1936 Boorman, S. S., J. P., Birchley, West Clandon. 

1931 Booth, Mrs. N., Hatch Hill House, Churt, Farnham, Surrey. 
*I936 Borelli, C. E., 35 & 36, The Borough, Farnham. 
1931 Borrett, Allen C, 24, Palace Road, East Molesey. 

1933 Borrett, Mrs. A. C, 24, Palace Road, East Molesey. 
1920 Bosanquet, Rev. B. H., Churi Vicarage, near Farnham. 
1919 Boston Public Library, U.S.A., c/o Bernard Quaritch, 11, 

Grafton Street, W. i. 

1937 Bourne, C. I., 14, Yorke Road, Reigate. 

1909 Bouverie, Hon. Stuart Pleydell, High Barn, Godalming. 
1933 Bower, Miss C. M. C, Cloverlea, Bramley, Surrey. 

1898 Bowyer, Percy A., Ashmonnt, 68, Richmond Road, Worthing, 

1924 Box, D. E. Hazel, 21, Farnham Road, Guildford. 

1926 Box, Frank E., Stirling, Epsom Road, Guildford. 


1922 Boxall, Miss Hilda, Averill Lodge, Gloucester Road, Kingston 


1939 Boyling, Neville D., 38, Red Down Road, Coulsdon. 
1921 Brandreth, Mrs., Heathcroft, Weyhridge. 

1934 Branston, Miss B., Coniston, Haslemere, Surrey. 
1931 Bray, F. Edmund, Netley Park, Gomshall, Guildford. 
1926 Bray, Francis E., Woodham Grange, Horsell, Woking. 
1931 Bray, Mrs. F. E., Woodham Grange, Horsell, Woking. 

1940 Breckin, Mrs. W., Hayling, Cedars Avenue, Commonside East, 

Mitch am. 

1923 Bremner, Mrs., Melrose, Landscape Road, Warlingham. 
1 910 Brighton Public Library, Brighton. 

1936 Bromhead, H. L., 22, Stanley Road, Sutton, 

1936 Bromhead, Mrs., 22, Stanley Road, Sutton. 

1937 Brown, Rev. A. L., M.A., Wonersh, nr. Guildford. 

1938 Brown-Fisher, S., Crossways, Wanborough Lane, Cranleigh. 
1938 Brown-Fisher, Mrs., Crossways, Wanborough Lane, Cranleigh. 

1934 Buckle, A. Stewart, 115, Farnborough Road, Farnhorough, 


1938 Bucknill, Hon. Mr. Justice Alfred, High Corner, Ashtead, 


1920 Burl, D. A., Little Gables, 20, The Parade, Epsom. 
1937 Burton, S. D., Ravenscourt, Ladbroke Road, Redhill. 
1902 Butler, Hubert A., Crab Hill, South Nutfield, Surrey. 
1892 Butler, Miss M., The Fishponds, Surbiton Hill. 

1921 Butler, Wm., Percy House, West End, Esher. 

1939 Cargill, Miss M., Brockhurst Farm, Alfold, Surrey. 

1935 Carlisle, Miss F. M., Grange Cottage, Kingston Road, EwelL 
♦1892 Carpenter, Miss, Waldronhurst Hotel, Croydon. 

1931 Carter, H. E., 57, Jerningham Road, New Cross, S.E. 14. 
♦1926 Cawdor, Countess, Frensham Hall, Shottermill, Haslemere. 

1920 Chadwyck-Healey, Sir Gerald, Bart.,49A, Pall Mall.S.W. i. 
*I924 Chamberlain, J. A., 27, Gilkes Crescent, S.E. 21. 

1930 Champernowne, Mrs. E. M., Drydown, Shere, Guildford. 

1929 Chance, Miss M. Meryon, Moore's Orchard, Cobham. 

1936 Chapman, Col. E. H., Meadshaw, Hilltop Lane, Merstham. 

1922 Chapman, James, Banstead Place, Banstead. 

1935 Charlwood, S. C, B.A., F.R.G.S., 8, St. John's Terrace Rd., 
Earlsiwod, Redhill. 

1906 Charterhouse School Library, Godalming. 

1934 Cheesman, G. W., Mark Merrow, Ridgeway, Guildford. 

1934 Cheesman, Mrs. G, W., Mark Merrow, Ridgeway, Guild- 


1915 Chicago, 111., Newbury Library, c/o Messrs. Stevens & Brown, 

28, Little Russell Street, W.C. i, 
1923 Child, S. A., The Crossways, Cohham, Surrey. 

1934 Chitty, Rev. G. J., M.A., The Rectory, Worplesdon. 

1919 Chubb, Rev. H. P. B., Hatchford Parsonage, Cohham, Surrey. 
1910 Clark, C. S. Gordon, Logmore, Westcott, Dorking. 
1939 Clark, Miss Sylvia M., J. P., Cloonagh, Buckland, Betch- 

1939 Clark, Miss Jessie E., Cloonagh, Buckland, Betchworth. 

1940 Clark, F. S., New Inn, Worplesdon, Surrey. 
1936 Clarke, F. G., Goudhurst, ChaH Lane, Dorking. 

1921 Clay, Lt.-Col. Ernest C, Barry Hall, Great Walsingham, 

1928 Cleveland Public Library, 325, Superior Avenue, N.E., Ohio, 

U.S.A. {c/o Messrs. Hy. Sotheran, Ltd., 43, Piccadilly, 


1938 Close, Miss K. D., Pollards Wood, Limpsfield, Surrey. 
1909 Cocks, Walter, 21, Baker Street, Weybridge. 

1940 Coffey, Rev. L., Friary, Chilworth, Surrey. 

1930 Coggin, Capt. T. G. C, 114, Carshalton Park Road, Car- 

1932 Coggin, Mrs., 114, Carshalton Park Road, Carshalton. 

1935 Collins, A. E. P., Wayside, Wonham Way, Gomshall. 

1939 Colhnson, Miss E. M. H., 34, Downton Avenue, S.W. 2. 

1936 Collison-Morley, L., Nostra, Shamley Green, nr. Guildford. 
♦1894 Colman, Sir Jeremiah, Bart., J.P., Gallon Park, Gatton. 
•j-1939 Colwill, Miss C, LL.B., i Pump Court, Temple, E.G. 4. 

1937 Colyer, Harold G., Brendon, Chesham Road, Guildford. 

1931 Combridge, J. T., M.A., 58, Fengates Road, Redhill. 
1912 Constitutional Club, The, Northumberland Avenue, W.C. 2, 
1927 Cooke, B. Campbell, 9, Heath Rise, Kersfield Road, Putney, 

S.W. 15. 

1930 Cooksey, Rev. Father W., P.P., H.C.F., The Presbytery, 

1891 Cooper, Mrs. T. S., Chaleshurst, Chiddingfold, Godalming. 

1903 Cooper, Wilbraham V., 42, Gloucester Place, W. 1. 

1939 Coorer, Herbert G., Oakdene Cottage, Oakdene Road, Godalm- 

1926 Copenhagen Royal Library, c/o Francis Edwards, 83a, High 
Street, Marylebone, W. 1. 

1925 Corfield, Dr. Carruthers, Broadmark Place, Rustington, 

1919 Cornell University Library, c/o Messrs. E. G. Allen & Son, 
Ltd., 14, Grape Street, W.C. 2. 


1926 Cotton, A. R., M.B.E., F.S.A. (Hon. Treasurer), Inward 

Shaw, Park Lane, Ashtead. 
1930 Cotton, Mrs. A. R., Inward Shaw, Park Lane, Ashtead. 

1927 Cottrell, Mrs. F. M., Dunedin, Giggs Hill, Thames Ditton. 

1937 Court -Treatt, Mrs., The Mill House, Elstead, Surrey. 
1904 Cox, George Percy, Stone House, Godalming. 

1929 Cox, Percy, The Cottage, Windmill End, Ewell. 

1936 Cranleigh School Archaeological Society, Cranleigh. 
1926 Crawley, J. P., 9, Hartley Way, Purley, Surrey. 

1940 Cresswell, Rev. C. L., Three Barrows Place, Elstead, Surrey. 

1938 Crewdson, B., Red Lane Farm, Limpsfield. 

1933 Crewe, The Most Hon. the Marquess of, K.G., P.C, F.S.A. , 
D.C.L., LL.D., West Horsley Place, West Horsley. 

1937 Croke, A. E., Sussex Lodge, High Street, Guildford. 

1926 Crosfield, Miss M. C, F.G.S., Greensand, 78, Doods Road, 


1927 Cross, Miss D. L., Windlecote, Worplesdon Hill, Woking. 
*igoy Crosse, Miss Kathleen M., The Yew House, Caterham Valley, 

1932 Crowter, G. C, Milton Cottage, Sandy Lane, Old Oxted. 
1892 Croydon Free Public Library (W. C. Berwick Sayers, 

Librarian), Croydon. 

1914 Currie, L. C. E., Pardons, Warwicks Bench, Guildford. 
1920 Curtis, George, Meadow View, Chiddingfold , Godalming. 
1925 Curtis, Henry, F.R.C.S., King's Bench Walk, Temple, E.C. 4. 

1935 Cushnie, G. S. B., F.C.LS., Clumber, Chase Lane, Haslemere. 

1939 D'Abernon, Viscountess, The Manor House, Stoke D'Ahernon, 

1937 Dalley, Mrs., 24, Lansdowne Road, Aldershot. 

1932 Dalley, H. G., 24, Lansdowne Road, Aldershot. 

1933 Dashper, Miss L. M., Greylands, London Road, Guildford. 

1930 Davidson-Houston, Mrs. C, Little Glen, Butlers Dene, 


1940 Davies, W. E., 7, Whitethorne Gardens, East Croydon. 
1918 Davies, Reginald, Heaiherbaiik, Church Hill, Camberley. 

1936 Davis, B. F., 128, Widmore Road, Bromley, Kent. 

1937 Davy, E. B., 3, Battersea Rise, S.W. 11. 

1932 Day, C. T., 57, Surbiton Road, Kingston-on-Thames. 
1932 Day, Mrs. C. T., 57, Surbiton Road, Kingston-on-Thames. 

1 91 5 Detroit, Michigan, Public Library, c/o Messrs. Stevens & 

Brown, 28 Little Russell Street, W.C. i. 

1937 Devereux, Thomas, Elmhurst, 25, Tamworth Park, Mitcham. 

1938 Dobson, C. G., 47, Anne Boleyn's Walk, Cheam. 


1935 Dolby, Mrs. E., Sandiacre, Lr. Bourne, Farnham, Surrey. 
1935 Dorling, Rev. E. E., M.A., F.S.A., 72, Alexandra Road, 

1932 Duncan, Charles M., J. P., Green Loaning, The Chase, Reigate. 
1937 Duncan, Captain Nigel, Coldrey, Bentley, Hants. 
-L()2>7 Duncan, Mrs. Nigel, Coldrey, Bentley, Hants. 

1930 Eagles, Mrs. V. H., Longhouse, Hurtmore, Godalming. 

1940 Earl, E. A., 7, Somers Road, Reigate. 

1925 Eason, Edward William, 20, Kew Green, Richmond. 

1922 Ebbisham, Rt. Hon. Lord, G.B-E., F.S.A., 41, Upper Brook 

Street, London, W. i. 
1939 Edwards, H. C, 65, Church Street, Epsom. 
1924 Edwards, William C, 3, Victoria Road, Clapham, S.W. 4. 
1935 Egerton, Miss B. H., Hatchford End, Cohham. 
1930 Egerton, Major G. W., Godstone Place, Godstone. 
1934 Ellis, Dr. F. H., Patchways, Avenue Road, Cranleigh. 
1906 Ellis, Stanley, 29, Chertsey Street, Guildford. 
1914 Elwin, Miss, Inglefield, Milford Heath, Surrey. 
*I932 Ely, Milton, Highlands, Brighton Road, Sutton. 
1939 English, Ernest E., 2, Towers Walk, Weyhridge, Surrey. 
1939 Epsom & Ewell Borough Council, c/o The Librarian, Public 

Library, Ewell Court, Ewell. 
1928 Evans, Miss B. C, Holly House, Rose Hill, Dorking. 

1939 Evans, Miss E. M., Wanborough Cottage, Cranleigh. 
1937 Evans, H. G., Wanborough Cottage, Cranleigh. 

1930 Evans, John, Sandway, Upper Rose Hill, Dorking. 

1927 Eve, Cecil G. W., F.R.I.B.A., 16, Hanover Square, W. i. 

1931 Evershed, W. L., F.S.I., Eversheds, 31, Roseacre Gardens, 

Chilworih, Guildford. 
1937 Ewen, Miss Margery, Cowal, Foley Road, Claygate. 

1930 Fagg, C. C, I, Campden Road, South Croydon. 

1910 Falkner, Harold, F.R.I.B.A., 24, West Street, Farnham. 

1931 Falkner, V. M., 63, Elmfield Avenue, Teddington. 

1937 Fanshawe, Brigadier-General L. R., C.B.E., D.S.O., Merlon's 

Field, Beavers, Farnham. 

1940 Faraday, Lawrence B., 77, Hampstead Way, N.W. 11. 
1939 Farie, Miss Alice S., Longdown, Lower Bourne, Farnham. 
1939 Farmer, James A., C.C, White Lodge, Forty-foot Road, 


1938 Fearon, Mrs. E. G., 25, Prince of Wales Terrace, W. 8. 
1912 Fearon, J. G., Fearon House, Holborn Viaduct, E.C. i. 
1931 Fearon, P. V., Russets, Barnett Wood Lane, Ashtead. 


1934 Ferard, Miss B., Karamea, Fortyfoot Road, Leatherhead. 
1892 Finny, W. E. St. Lawrence, M.D., J.P., F.S.A., 41, Liverpool 
Road, Kingston Hill, Surrey. 

1932 Finny, Mrs. W. E. St. L., J.P., 41, Liverpool Road, Kingston 

Hill, Surrey. 

1933 Forge, James W. L., Green Gables, Cavendish Road, Weybridge. 

1933 Forrest, Joseph E., Ehorum, Shere. 

1932 Fox, Lady, Four Elms, Rhiwhina, Cardiff. 

1937 Frederick, R. R., 3, Worple Road, Epsom 

1905 Freeman, George H., 9, Alexandra Road, Kingston Hill. 

1938 Frere, S. S., The College, Epsom. 

1921 Fry, Sir William, D.L., F.R.G.S., Nevin, Hook Heath, 


1934 Gabriel, Mrs. E. M., Threeways, Worplesdon. 
1937 Gage, Mrs., Rake Manor, Milford. 

♦1909 Gardner, Eric, M.B., F.S.A., Portmore House, Weybridge. 
1919 Gardner, Mrs. Eric, Portmore House, Weybridge. 

1934 Gardner, Mrs. S. E. M., Abbey House, Chertsey. 

1936 Garmonsway, G. N., M.A., Abermaid, The Green, Ewell. 

1939 Geach, Dr. R. Neville, Virginia Lawn, Egerton Road, Wey- 


1935 Gere, Mrs. D. B., Bews, Mayford, Surrey. 

1936 Gibbs, John Arthur, M.A., Goddards, Abinger Common, 

1927 Gibson, E. Morris, Great Halfpenny, Cheam, Surrey. 
1911 Gibson, J. H,, M.D., The White House, Aldershot. 
1932 Gibson, Mrs. J. H., J. P., The White House, Aldershot. 
1939 Gibson, Mrs. Lonsdale, Homewood, South Godstone, Surrey. 

1936 Gill, R. C, LL.B., 133, Palewell Park, East Sheen, S.W. 14 

1937 Giuseppi, J. A., F.S.A. (Joint Hon. Editor), Cahir House, 

Station Road, Thames Ditton. 
*i897 Giuseppi, M, S., LS.O., F.S.A. , 72, Burlington Avenue, Keiv 

1932 Giuseppi, Miss M. (Joint Hon. Editor), 72, Burlington Avenue, 

Kew Gardens. 
1908 Glyn, Rev. A. P., East Clandon Rectory, Guildford. 

1922 Godward, Alfred, Birthorpe, Woodcote Park Road, Epsom. 
1935 Goldsmiths' Librarian, University of London Library, 

Bloomsbury, W.C.i. 

1938 Goodall, A. J. C. R., 68, Purley Downs Road, Pur ley. 
1937 Goodchild, Richard G., Woodlands, The Great Quarry, 

1937 Gordon, Adam, Tilford, Surrey. 


1924 Gosling, G. B., M.A., F.S.A., Kiln Field, Puttenhatn, Guildford. 
1920 Gossage, W. H., M.D., 11, London Street, Chertsey. 

1930 Graham, James, C.B.E., Heathside, Limpsfield. 

1931 Gray, H. E. C, Marsham, Leatherhead Road, Ashtead. 
1933 Gray, Rev. Philip, Albury, Guildford. 

1933 Gray, Mrs. Rosa, Tudor House, High St., Henfield, Sussex. 

1936 Gray-Hill, Dr. N., Queen Mary's Hospital for Children, 


1937 Green, A. C. Case, Toftrees, Heathfield Drive, Redhill. 
1937 Green, Miss P. M., Ways End, Camherley. 

1929 Greenwood, Col. C. F. H.,'C.B., D.S.O., O.B.E., T.D., 

Mendips, 30 Langley Avenue, Surhiton. 
1926 Greer, F. W., Pay son's Croft, Woldingham. 
1939 Grenside, Mrs. C. B., Sunnyhrae, Hindhead. 

1926 Grenside, Mrs. Ralph, Loh's Wood, Weybridge. 

1930 Grinling, C. H., 71, Rectory Place, Woohvich, S.E. 18. 

1924 Grisdale, Miss K. P., Esgairs, Horsell, Woking. 

1925 Grist, Charles J., M.A., F.R.G.S., Avalon, Smallfield, nr. 

1898 Guildford Institute, Guildford. 

1927 Guildford, Rt. Rev. Bishop of, Farnham Castle, Surrey. 
1905 Giinther, H. A., M.B., Hampton Wick, Kingston-on-Thames. 

1931 Hall, Mrs. P. L,, 126, Belgrave Road, London, S.W. i. 
♦1927 Halsey, Sir Laurence E., Gooserye, Worplesdon, nr. Guildford. 
1903 Hammersmith Public Libraries, Carnegie (Central) Library, 
Hammersmith, W. 6. 

1935 Hanham, L. L., Burley Orchard, Chertsey. 

1909 Harding, Sir Edward J., M.A., 10, Chelsea Court, S.W. 3. 
1901 Hart, Edwin, F.S.A., i, Christchurch Gardens, Epsom. 
1925 Hart, Mrs. Turton, i, Christchurch Gardens, Epsom. 
1922 Hart, J, H., Hillway, Ditchling, Sussex. 
1931 Hart, John M., Woodhall, St. George's Hill, Weybridge. 

1916 Harvard University Library, c/o E. G. Allen & Son, Ltd., 

14, Grape Street, W.C. 2. 

1917 Haslemere Natural History Society, Educational Museum, 


1928 Hasluck, P. P. H., Mead House, Westcott, near Dorking. 
*I9I9 Hawkins, L. M., M.A., Dynevor Lodge, Bedford. 

1933 Hawley, C. D., F.R.LB.A., The Palace Hotel, Southport. 
*i933 Hazeldine, F. J., Barnfield, South Godstone. 

1933 Hazleton, Miss R., Inglefield, Milford Heath, Godalming. 

1936 Hearnshaw, F. J. C, Emeritus Professor, Hammerwood, Oxted. 


1912 Heath, Miss O. M., Albury, near Guildford. 
1939 Henderson, Mrs. K. M., Cleardown Corner, Round Hill, 

1933 Henderson, W. Scott, LL.B., F.S.A., The Grange, Walton-on- 

1907 HeiTon, G. F., Cheam Lodge, 3, Dorset Road, Bexhill. 
*I934 Herron, Miss L. C, Newdigate Place, Newdigate. 
1939 Hewett, Mrs. Rose Emily, Pixham Mill House, Dorking. 
1922 Hewson, Mrs. V. E., Green End Cottage, Witley, Surrey. 
1936 Hewson, Miss Margaret, Green End Cottage, Witley. 

1938 Hicks, Mrs. Freda, Lucas Green Manor, West End, Chohham. 

1930 Hill, F. Rowland, 8, Hart Street, Crippiegate, E.C. 2. 
1922 Hills, W. P., 90, Wellesley Road, Croydon. 

1935 Hobart, P. C. S., Brigadier, Burdensholt Farm, Worpiesdon. 

1935 Hodgins, R. C, 39, High Street, Godalming. 

1934 Hogg, A. H. A., The Pines, Tadworth. 

1936 Holmes, J. M., 118, Dora Road, Wimbledon, S.W. 19 

1934 Holmes, T, B., The White Cottage, Shamley Green. 

f 1939 Home, Major Gordon, Foxbury, Hambledon, nr. Godalming. 

1939 Hoole, Miss E. M., C.A., 16, Bute Gardens West, Wallington. 
1933 Hooper, Miss Hilda J., 97, Gleneldon Road, Streatham, 


1932 Hooper, Miss M, M,, Loxwood, Ridgeway Road, Redhill. 
1921 Hooper, Wilfrid, LL.D., F.S.A. (Hon. Secretary), Loxwood, 

Ridgeway Road, Redhill. 
1909 Home, Sir Edgar, Bart., no. Mount Street, W. i. 

1931 Houlder, H. F., Hoath Meadow, Church Hill, Merstham. 
1931 Houlder, Mrs. H. F., Hoath Meadow, Church Hill, Merstham. 
1901 Hovenden, E. C, i, The Waldrons, Croydon. 

1940 Howard, John, 177, Ban stead Road, Carshalton. 

1930 Hudson, Rev. R. H., The Bourne, Farnham. 

1915 Hughes, A. E., J. P., F.R.I.B.A., Farleigh, Claremont Lane, 

1931 Hutton, Mrs. G. M., Squintz, The Fairway, Merrow, Guildford. 

1924 Imrie, G. B., Clare Hill, Esher. 

1935 Institute of Historical Research, University of London, 

W.C. I. 
1909 Iveagh, The Right Hon. the Earl of, C.M.G., Pyrford Court, 

1933 Jabez-Smith, Jabez, Winshields, Ashley Road, Walton-on- 

1940 Jackson, G. O., Mayles, Cobham, Surrey. 


1915 Jameson-Tumer, Mrs., 22, Lovelace Gardens, Surhiton. 
1909 Janson, Mrs. E. C, Newdigate Place, Newdigate, Dorking. 
1934 Jarvis, L. I., Wight on, Epsom Road, Ewell. 

1939 Jeal, E. G., Firsend, Purberry Grove, Ewell. 

♦1924 Jell, G. C, Grasslands, The Ridge, Woldingham, Surrey. 
♦1908 Jenkinson, Hilary, M.A., F.S.A., Arun House, Horsham. 

1919 Jennings, Gilbert D., J. P., Tangley Cottage, Horsell, Woking. 

1919 Jennings, Reginald A. V., Tangley Cottage, Horsell, Woking. 
♦1910 Jillard, H. P., Oak Hill, Enton Green, Godalming. 

1925 Johnson, A. W., Waveney, Si. Mary's Road, Ditton Hill. 

1930 Johnson, Mrs. A, W., Waveney, St. Mary's Road, Ditton Hill. 

1925 Johnston, George D., 10, Old Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 2. 

1919 Jones, Miss A. Horatia, Weydown House, Haslemere. 

1933 Jones, Miss A. Farewell, A.R.I.B.A., Brenley, Commonside, 


1940 Jones, E. H. Landel, LL.D., Ways End, Torrells Corner, 

Peaslake, Gomshall. 

1922 Jones, Miss M. F. Farewell, Brenley, Commonside, Mitcham. 
1930 Jupp, C. S., Netherbury, Cobham. 

1914 Keep, A. P., The Hut, Holmwood. 

1912 Kelly, A, L., Hockley Lands, Worplesdon. 

1930 Kempster, Mrs. J. W., Chalk Hill, Guildown, Guildford. 

1938 Kenning, Mrs. H., Brook, Albury, Surrey. 

1911 Kensington Public Library (Wm. Wadley, Chief Librarian), 

Kensington High Street, W. 8. 
1937 Kent, Miss P. A. M., 23, Courtfield Gardens, S.W. 5. 
1932 Kent, Miss R. E., Neh House, Old Oxted. 

1934 Kenyon, Miss K. M., M.A., F.S.A., Kirkstead, Godstone, 

1937 King, E. J. W., F.A.L.P.A., 167, High Street, Guildford. 
1930 King-Church, Miss D. M., Wonwron, Albury Heath, Guildford. 
1932 King-Church, Miss M., Wonwron, Albury Heath, Guildford. 
1901 Kingston-upon-Thames Public Library. 
11928 Kirkham, Mrs. C. G. S., Oak House, 25, Grove Road, Surbiton. 

1923 Knocker, Capt. H. W., F.S.A., Rysted House, Westerham, Kent. 

1932 Lambert, H. Uvedale, South Park Farm, Bletchingley. 

1939 Langham, E. W., Over Compton, Waverley Lane, Farnham. 
1914 Lapidge, M. H., 31, Lower Teddington Road, Hampton Wick. 
1936 Lawrence, Mrs. E. A., Woodcroft, Merrow. 

1936 Lawrence, Mrs. E. L., Common Mead, Chiddingfold. 
1923 Lawson, H. P., Brock Hill, Horsell, Woking. 


1929 Leaning, Mrs. F. E., 51, Brockwell Court, Brixton Hill, S.W. 2. 

1925 Lees, Miss E. M. L., 26, Cecil Road, Cheam, Sutton. 

1937 Legg, Rev., D. G., Send, nr. Woking. 

1919 Le Marchant, H. C, Chobham Place, Woking. 

1933 Leslie, The Hon. J. W., Combe Court, Chiddingfold. 
♦1924 Lethaby, Major T., The Old Rectory House, Wimbledon 
1906 Leveson-Gower, Charles, Titsey Place, Limpsfield. 
1927 Leveson-Gower, R. H. G., Titsey Place, Limpsfield. 

1938 Lightfoot, Miss F. M., Hartford House, Blackwater, Hants. 
1940 Lindner, A. F. H., M.A.(Oxon.), Cobbolds Farm, Tickners 

Heath, Alfold, Surrey. 
♦1938 Lindner, A. F. H., M.A., 140, Copse Hill, Wimbledon, S.W. 19. 

1920 List, Mrs. A. M., North Lodge, Portsmouth Road, Guildford. 
1895 Livett, Rev. Canon G. M., B.A., F.S.A., Stoneleigh, Old 

Dover Road, Canterbury. 

1939 Lloyd, Chas. W., B.A., 15, St. Swithins Lane, B.C. 4. 
1898 Lloyds Bank Ltd., Guildford. 

1865 London, The Corporation of, Guildhall Library, B.C. 2. 
1889 London Library, St. James's Square, S.W. i. 
1938 Lowe, Miss C. B. M., 14, Ross Court, Putney Heath, S.W. 15. 
1938 Lowe, Mrs. Manley, c/o Retired Services Club, Pendell Court, 

Bletchingley . 
1927 Lowther, A. W. G., F.S.A., A.R.I.B.A., The Old Quarry, Ash- 

1935 Lunn, Harvey M., Guilden Morden, W. Horsley, Surrey. 

1937 Lyne, Arthur K., Silver How, Cliftonville, Dorking. 

1938 MacAndrew, a. G., Shackleford House, Bashing, Godalming. 
*I9I2 MacAndrew, Miss, Juniper Hall, Dorking. 

1940 Mackie, J. M., Lavenham, Leatherhcad Rd., Leatherhead. 

1930 Mackintosh, L. P. F., c/o National Provincial Bank, South- 

1910 Manchester, John Rylands Library. 
1927 Margary, L D., M.A., F.S.A., Yew Lodge, East Grinstead, 


1935 Margetson, John, Westhangar, Godalming. 
1938 Marks, Julian D., Snoxhall, Cranleigh. 

1932 Marsh, Miss F., Anderida, S. Holmwood, Dorking. 
1938 Marsh, M. P., 55, Mayland Road, Thornton Heath. 

1926 Marshall, C. J., F.R.I. B.A., Balvaird, Burdon Lane, Cheam. 
1912 Marshall, Mrs. Dendy, Chinthurst Lodge, Guildford. 

1936 Marshall, Sir John, K.C.LE., Litt.D., F.S.A., Avondale, 

Sydney Road, Guildford. 


1928 Marson, Miss K. M., Innisfree, Alhury Road, Guildjord. 

1939 Martin, Major-Gen. J. F., C.B., C.M.G., C.B.E., Waverley 

Cottage, Fleet, Hants. 
1928 Mason, A. J., 112, Drakefield Road, Tooting Common, 

S.W. -L-j. 
1935 Master, Capt. C. E. Hoskins, Barrow Green Court, Oxted. 

1935 Master, Mrs. C. E. Hoskins, Barrow Green Court, Oxted. 
1928 Masters, T. O., 20, Longdown Lane, Ewell. 

1936 Mathews, Mrs, E. J., Oatlands Park Hotel, Weybridge. 

1937 Mayne, A. J., O.B.E., M.I.E.E., Little Barn, Runfold, Nr. 

1931 Medlicott, S. T., 58, Castelnau, Barnes, S.W. 13. 

1911 Mellersh, Miss E., Matteryes, Hambledon, Godalming. 
1925 Mellersh, Miss E. M., Matteryes, Hambledon, Godalming. 
1935 Merriman, H. A., High Street, Guildford. 

1934 Metcalf, A., 7, Laburnham Road, Epsom. 

1938 Metropolitan Borough of Paddington, Public Library, 

Porchester Road, W.2. 
1930 Michigan, University of. General Library, Ann Arbor, Mich., 

U.S.A. (per Hy. Sotheran, Ltd., 43, Piccadilly, W. 1). 
1922 Midleton, The Right Hon. the Earl of, K.P., Peperharow, 

♦1936 Miller, H. Eric, Old House, Ewhurst Green. 
1930 Millett, S. C, 210, East 68th Street, New York City. 
1906 Milne, J. Grafton, 23, Belsyce Court, Woodstock Road, 

1933 Milner, Miss Nora, 57, Ashley Road, Epsom. 
1891 Minet Public Library, Knatchbull Road, Camberwell, S.E. 5. 

1937 Money, E. D., Biickstone Farm, Chobham. 

1935 Montefiore, C. J. G., Hopedene, Holmbury St. Mary, 


1940 Mooney, D. J., Effingham, nr. Leatherhead. 

1938 Moore, H. W., F.S.A., Gurneys, Tyrrells Road, Leatherhead. 
1938 Moore, H. L., Chequers End, Upper Rosehill, Dorking. 

1933 Morley, E. L., Glebe Cottage, Weybridge. 

1934 Morris, A. J., 9, Southwark St., S.E. i. 

1912 Morris, J. E., B.A., Mount Pleasant, Totnes, Devon. 

1930 Morrish, Mrs. C. L., c/o Morrish, Grant & Co., 33, Lawrence 

Lane, Cheapside, E.G. 2. 
1922 Morrish, H. G., Grays, Haslemere. 
1937 Morrish, H. J., 43, Linkfield Street, Redhill. 
1919 Morrish, Ralph S., F.S.A., Uplands, CobJiam. 
1922 Mott, Harold F., Broome Cottage, Betchworth. 
11939 Mould, Mrs. P. G., Ryburn Gorse, Tilford, Surrey. 



1929 Moulton, Mrs. S. P., Bushey Cottage, 33, Windmill Lane, 

1932 Mourilyan, D. C. F., Firle, Sugden Road, Thames Ditton. 
1910 Moysey, Miss E. L., Pitcroft, Guildford. 

1939 Mulley, Miss Hilda, B.A., The Red Cottage, Moores Road, 

1931 Munro, Mrs. J. Y., Btmt's End, Leigh, near Reigate. 

1 914 Musgrave, Miss F., Olivers, Hascombe, Godalming. 
1938 Musson, Sydney, 5, Theobalds Road, W.C. i. 

1938 Musson, Mrs. S., 5, Theobalds Road, W.C. i. 

1939 Nash, Saml. G., 70, Orchard Close, Fetcham, Leatherhead. 

1937 Nathan, The Rt. Hon. Lord, Old Kiln, Churt, Farnham. 

1936 Nation, Norman, Clevedon, Stomer Road, Guildford. 

1928 Nevill, Humphry, North Road, Clevedon, Auckland, New 

1933 Nevill, W. H., Courtleet, Burwood Park, Walton-on-Thames. 

1928 Ne Vinson, J. L., Morland, Cobham. 

1939 New England, Library of. Historical Genealogical Society, 

Boston, Mass, U.S.A. 
1917 Newill, Ven. Archdeacon E. J., Trevelyan, Cranky Road, 


1915 New York Public Library, c/o Messrs. Stevens & Brown, 

28, Little Russell Street, W.C. 1. 
1926 Nichols, J. F., M.C., M.A., Ph.D., F.S.A., F.R.Hist.Soc, 105, 
College Road, Isleworth, Middlesex. 

1938 Nicholson, R. P., C.M.G., Tallboys, Abinger Hammer, 


1937 Nightingale, Mrs. J. L., M.B.O.U., 31, West Street, Reigate. 
1933 Norman, W. H., M.B.E., Wifley, Salisbury Avenue, Cheam. 

1929 North, Harold G., Weywards, Godalming. 

1935 Norton, T. G., Stonards Cottage, Shamley Green, Guildford. 

1936 Oakden, Sir Ralph, C.S.I. , O.B.E., Stowford House, Pit Farm 

Road, Guildford. 

1930 Oddy, A. E., 21, Upper Wimpole Street, London, W. i. 
♦1908 Oke, Alfred W., B.A.. LL.M., F.S.A., 32, Denmark Villas, 

Hove, Brighton. 

1938 Ollive, Miss Winifred, Maycot, Woodland Way, Kingswood. 
1910 Onslow, The Right Hon. the Earl of. P.C, G.B.E.. F.S.A., 

Clandon Park, Guildford. 
1921 Onslow, The Countess of, Clandon Park, Guildford. 

1939 Osborne, Miss D. A., The Holt, Ashtead. 

1936 Owen, Mrs. D. M. C, Millfield, Stoke-d' Abernon. 


1924 Owen, Mrs. Guy, Northfield, Alhury, Guildford. 

1932 Oxted and Limpsfield Association for the Protection of the 

Amenities, Station Road West, Oxted. 

1938 Padfield, Mrs. Ella J., 30, College Road, Epsom, Surrey. 
1898 Page, G. F., J.P., F.S.I. , F.A.I. , Coombe- Barton, Kingston- 

1940 Paget, C. G., 39, Chatsworth Road, Croydon. 
1927 Paine, W. F., Ashtead Close, Godalming. 
1938 Palmer, G. H., F.S.A., 18, Beauchanip Road, East Molesey. 
1940 Parker, Miss A. C, 17, Bury Place, W.C. 1. 

1937 Parker, Mrs. D. A., Utworth Manor, Cranleigh. 

1923 Parker, F. K., The Ridgeway, Cranleigh, Surrey. 

1924 Parkes, Miss Joan, The Gables, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking. 

1936 Partridge, E., Chilhrook, Cobham. 

1903 Parry, C. H., J. P., Birdhurst, PepcrJiaroiv Road, Godalming. 

1938 Patrick, Major H. C, Gimnda, Compton Lane, Farnham, 

1907 Patrick, W. T., J.P., Treverward, Nightingale Road, Guild- 

1937 Patterson, J. A., Weydown, Firgrove Hill, Farnham. 

1922 Pearce, Capt. C. M. H., F.S.A., Ripley Court, Ripley, Woking. 

1914 Peele, Miss A. H., Chi'ldown Hall, Chertsey. 

1936 Phillips, J. H. O., M.A., B.Sc, Park View, Beaufort Rd.. 


1938 Phillips, R. L. v., Oakroyd, Eyhurst Close, Kingswood, Surrey. 
1935 Phillips, R. P., Martens, Oatlands Drive, Walton. 

1918 Phillips, W. H., 141, South Croxted Road, S.E. 21. 

1931 Pickering, W. J., 86, Alexandra Road, Epsom. 
•1931 Pierce, E. A., Knowle Hill Cottage, Cobham, Surrey. 

1920 Pilcher, J. H. W., B.C.L., J. P., Sandylands, Englefield 
♦1904 Pinckard, G. H., J. P., M.A., Queenshill, Sunningdale. 

1927 Pinder, R. W., Grenofen, 13, Aldershot Road, Guildford. 

1931 Pitman, Miss H., 10, Pewley Hill, Guildford. 

1938 Plant, Chas., 285, Putney Bridge Road, S.W. 15. 

1915 Plews, Miss, 18, Newton Court, Church Street, Kensington, 

W. 8. 

1939 Plummer, Sidney H., Longmead, The Hildens, Westcott, 


1937 Pointer, H. W., M.A., Woodlands, Grosvenor Road, Godalming. 

1933 Potter, Mrs. Grayson, Plesaunce, Mark Way, Godalming. 

1938 Poulter, G. C. B., F.S.A.(Scot.), Collingwood Place, Camber- 

ley, Surrey. 


^1928 Powell, H. A., Pilgrim Wood, Littleton Cross, Guildford. 

1927 Powell, Miss M, J., Surrey County Library, County Education 

Office, Milner Road, Kingston-upon-Thames. 
1897 Price, W. E., Heather Hills, West Chohham. 
i.()'i'2 Price-Hughes, Miss C, Redlands, Shalford, near Guildford. 

1928 Prickett, F. F., Junior Carlton Club, Pall Mall, S.W. i. 

1929 Pridie, Rev. J. R., M.A., c/o Westminster Bank, Bloomsbury. 

W.C. I. 
1925 P5rwell, J. A., Four Winds, Banstead Road, Cuddington, Ewell, 

1933 QucKETT, Mrs., Ridgefield, Horsell Park, Woking. 

1938 Rackham, Bernard, C. B., F.S.A., Afton, Poyle Road, Guild- 

1936 Raffety, F. W., J. P., Hazelbridge House, Chiddingfold. 
1938 Rahbula, E. A. R., M.C., O.B.E., F.S.A., Atholl Lodge, 74, 

Storeys Way, Cambridge. 

1938 Randall, C. F. M., Elingaion, Reigate Hill, Reigate. 

1935 Rankine, W. Francis, F.S.A.(Scot.), School House, Badshot 

Lea, Farnham, Surrey. 
1909 Ratcliff, S. C, I.S.O., M.A., Shaddongate, Avenue Road, 

1927 Rawnsley, Mrs. W., Lesslands, Godalming. 

1932 Readhead, Mrs., Great House, Hambledon. 

1 91 5 Reading Public Libraries, Central Library, Reading. 

1902 Reform Club, per The Librarian, Pall Mall, S.W. i. 

♦1899 Rendall, Rev. Gerald H., Lit.D., Dedham House, Dedham, 

1920 Richards, F, L., A.M.LC.E., Penryn, 10, Kingsway, Woking. 

1924 Richardson, Mrs. A. M. Baird, The Rectory, Kingham, Oxford. 

1937 Richardson, E. F., Botolph House, Botolph, Claydon, Bletchley, 

1891 Richmond Public Library, Surrey (A. C. Piper, Librarian). 

1939 Ritson, Thomas T., Oakroyd, The Chase, Kingswood, Surrey. 
1939 Ritson, Mrs. W. A., Oakroyd, The Chase, Kingswood, Surrey. 
1937 Ripzam, H., Hazels, Wallis Wood, Surrey. 

1936 Roberts, Mrs. M. L., 24A, High Street, Ewell. 

1933 Robo, Rev. E., Catholic Church, Farnham. 

♦1906 Robson, P. A., F.R.LB.A., 18, St. Stephens House, Victoria 
Embankment, S.W.i. 
1924 Rogers, H. Mordaunt, 50, Belgrave Road, Westminster, S.W. 1. 
1932 Rolston, G. R., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., Crofts, Haslemere. 
1899 Roscoe, Miss, Tyrellswood, West Horsley, Leatherhead. 
1932 Rowan-Hamilton, Mrs., Slyfield Manor, Stoke-d'Abernon. 


1933 Rowntree, Arthur, Furze Hill, The Sands, Farnham. 

1924 Rudolf, Mrs. E. W., South Lodge, Chipstead, Coulsdon. 

1932 Ruffer, Miss V., 15, Pembridge Place, W. 2. 

1939 Russell, Miss M. C, Foxhurrow Hill, Bramley, Guildford. 
♦1938 Ruston, E. T., M.B., Curlew Hope, Mayfield Road, Wey- 
1908 Rutson, Mrs., The Manor House, Byfleet. 
1938 Ryde, E. H. N., Poundfield House, Old Woking. 

1937 Salmon, T. C. M., 21, Uxbridge'Road, Kingston-upon-Thames. 
1923 Sanders, R. M. D., Buckland Court, Betchworth. 

♦1938 Sanderson, Chas., West Garth, High Trees Road, Reigate. 

1925 Sapirstein, Nathan, Quarry Street, Guildford. 

1933 Sassoon, David C, Wildcroft Manor, Flat 12a, Putney Heath, 

S.W. 15. 
♦1923 Saunders, Miss M. A., 5^ Ann's, Wray Park Road, Reigate. 
1923 Saunders, William, J. P., Heath Lodge, St. Georges Avenue, 
Wey bridge. 

1938 Savill, A. G., Ardniore, Walpole Avenue, Chipstead, Surrey. 
1927 Sayers, Berwick W. C, Public Library, Croydon. 

1931 Scears, Ernest, The Old Cottage, Sandcross Lane, South Park, 

1931 Schove, A. P., Oak Lodge, West Wickham, Kent. 

1938 Scott, A. A., Laneside West field, Hoe Lane, Abinger. 

1935 Scott, Miss A. M., All Saints', Cottage Hawley, near Camberley. 
*i924 Scott, Miss Eva, The Mount, Shere, Guildford. 

♦1927 Scott, R. B., 6, Alan Road, Wimbledon, S.W. 19. 
*I920 Secretan, Spencer D., Swaines, Rudgwick, Horsham. 
1906 Sellar, Mrs., Lockner Holt, Chilworth, Guildford. 

1936 Sellick, E. L., Southmead, Westcot Road, Dorking. 

1939 Seward, R. W., Fairview, Woldingham, Surrey. 

1940 Sexton, C. E., Cofield House, London Road, Redhill. 
♦1910 Shallcrass, Jasper, Kifri, Tadworth Street, Tadworth, 


1937 Shearman, Philip, B.A., i, Calverleigh Road, Stoneleigh, 


1938 Shears, Miss Evelyn J., 9, Uxbridge Road, Kingston-on- 

1936 Shotter, Mrs., Knip Hill, Cobham. 
1899 Sieveking, A. Forbes, F.S.A., Norfolk Court Hotel, 7, Belsize 

Grove, N.W. 3. 
1922 Simpson, H., Ennerdale, Cedar Road, Sutton. 
1927 Singleton, W. E., LL.B., 37, Essex Street, Strand, W.C. 2. 
1938 Sirrell, Wilfrid, 165, Grove Road, Mitcham. 



1932 Skinner, Mrs, M. Montagu, Inglewood, Station Road, 

Bramley, Surrey. 
1930 Slingsby, F. Hugh, M.C., B.A., Peppercombe, Bessels Green, 
Sevenoaks, Kent. 

1933 Slingsby, Mrs. F. H., Peppercombe, Bessels Green, Sevenoaks, 


1934 Smallpiece, F. Wm., Manor House, Puttenham. 

1926 Smith, Mrs. A. Hamilton, 2, Balfour Road, Weybridge. 

1929 Smith, Major A. Talbot, Flint Cottage, Chipstead. 

1921 Smith, Miss B. I., 37, 5^. James Road, Surbiton. 

1922 Smith, C. W., LL.M., Tilstock, 45, Sandy Lane, Cheam. 

1938 Smithcr, Hy., 42, Doivning Street, Farnham, Surrey. 

1939 South-Eastern Society of Architects, c/o G. M. Kingsford, 

A.R.I.B.A., Littlewood, Echo Pit Road, Guildford. 
1937 Southwark Public Library, Southwark, London, S.E. i. 

1927 Sowerbutts, J. A., M.C., Mus.B., Norleigh, York Road, 


1937 Sparkes, Charles P., C.B.E., Ormesdalc, Dorking. 

1938 Spence, Miss M. A., 11, Grove Road, Surbiton. 
1926 Spens, Miss E. M., Hornbeams, Worplesdon. 

1933 Spottiswoode, Miss M. E., 9, Onslow Gardens, S.W. 7. 

1930 Spottiswoode, Miss T., 9, Onsloiv Gardens, S.W. 7. 
1937 Stafford, Mrs., Tilford, Farnham, Surrey. 

1939 Stallard, Lt.-Col. H. G. F., Redhearn, Churt, nr. Farnham. 
♦1927 Standfield, F., 64, Regent's Park Road, N.W. i. 

1933 Standfield, Mrs. F., 64, Regent's Park Road, N.W. i. 
*i90i Stebbing, W. P. D., J.P., F.S.A., FiveWays, Upper Deal, Kent. 

1937 Stedman, Eustace A., Old House, Tisbury, Wilts. 

1939 Stevens, Miss K. C, Burton Cottage, King's Road, Upper Hale, 

1918 Stevens, Leonard R., F.C.A., Weycote, Byfleet. 
1880 Stevens, J. William, F.S.L, A.R.LB.A., Lyncombe, Alleyn 

Park, Dulwich, S.E. 21. 

1938 Stocken, H. E. W., Woodside Cottage, Oak End Way, West 

1938 Stockings, R. B., i, 5^. Andrew's Square, Surbiton. 
1930 Stone, Miss E. A., Oakhurst, Headley, Hants. 
1930 Stoneham, R. D., Bookham Lodge, Cobham, 

1938 Stroud, G. J., Walditch, Smallfield, Horley. 

1926 Straker, Ernest, F. S. A., Friarsmead, Pilgrims Way, Reigate. 

1939 Strange, F. W., 14, Northcote Avenue, Surbiton. 

1937 Streatham Antiquarian and Natural History Society, H. W. 
Bromhead, Hon. Secretary, 28, Conyers Road, Streatham, 
S.W. 16. 


1902 Streatham Public LihTa.ry, High Street, Streatham, S.W. 16. 
1929 Street, Major C. T., Kettlebury, Churt, Farnham. 

1929 Street, Mrs. C. T., Kettlebury, Churt, Farnham. 

1924 Strickland, R. W. (Hon. Excursions Sec), Hemmings Bank, 

Ightham, Kent. 
1936 Strong, G. R., Nimrod, Downsivay, Merrow. 
1934 Summers, R. F. H., Littie Garth, 75, Manor Road North, 


1922 Sutherland, His Grace the Duke of, Sutton Place, near 


1930 Sutthery-Pope, Miss M., Oakhurst, Headley, Hants. 
1913 Swanton, E. W., Museum House, Haslemere. 

1920 Swayne, T. Gatton, Northdoivn, Warwicks Bench, Guildford. 

1931 Sykes, P. D., 4, Rose Hill, Dorking. 

1939 Tarr, F. W., School House, Stoke St. Gregory, Somerset. 

1934 Tassie, James, Wayside, Old Woking Road, West By fleet. 

1930 Taylor, G. Wills, 33, Alexandra Road, Epsom. 
1936 Thairlwall, Frederick, Fengates House, Redhill. 

1923 Thompson, Miss E. R., Perry Hill Cottage, Worplesdon. 
1938 Thompson, Mrs. Kathleen, Wheeler's Farm, Pyrford, Wokifig. 
1928 Thompson, F. Longstreth, Summerhill, Riddlesdown Road, 

Pur ley. 
1936 Thompson, Miss Winifred A., Perry Hill Cottage, Worplesdon. 

1931 Thorpe, T. S. C, 149, High Street, Guildford. 

1935 Tovey, Duncan, The Old Post House, Worplesdon. 
1931 Townend, M. V., Meadow House, Haslemere. 

1930 Trier, E., Fairlaivn, West Horsley. 

1934 Tringham, J. W. G., Chobham Ridges, The Maultway, Cam- 

1931 Tringham, Mrs., Chobham Ridges, The Maultway, Camberley, 


1931 Tringham, Miss D., Chobham Ridges, The Maultway, Camber- 
ley, Surrey. 

1931 Tringham, Rev. Canon, Longcross Vicarage, Chertsey. 

1936 University Library, Lund, Sweden. 

1938 University of Ilhnois Library, Urbana, Illinois, U.S.A. 

1902 Vaillant, Rev. Wilfrid B., M.A., 31, Harrington Road, 
S.W. 7. 

1940 Vander Byl, Capt. A. M., Elsen Cottage, Camberley. 
1926 Van Lessen, Mrs. D. M., East Manor, Bramley. 
1923 Vawdrey, R. W., The Crossways, Limpsfield. 


1916 Victoria and Albert Museum Library, 5. Kensington, S.W. 7. 
1925 Victoria Public Library, Melbourne, Australia, c/o Messrs. 

Hy. Sotheran Ltd., 43, Piccadilly, W. 1. 
1936 Villasante, Julian M., LL.D., Northcote, West Horsley. 
1939 K. Vitterhets. Historie. Och. Ankitvitersakakademiens 

Bibliotek, Storgarten 71, Stockholm, Sweden 

1925 Wade, Thomas S., Lucks Green Cottage, Cranleigh. 

1922 Waine, G. W., Timherhill Road, Caterham Valley, Surrey. 

1919 Waldy, J. B., White Place, Cranleigh. 

1903 Walford Brothers, 69, Southampton Row, W.C. i. 

1921 Walker, A. Hope, M,D., The Common, Cranleigh. 

1923 Walker, R. F., M.D., Willow Pool, Effingham. 

1926 Walker, T. E. C, Spring Grove, Cohham. 

1930 Wallace, C, Walcot, Bramhledown Road, Wallington. 
1930 Walters, J. H., Woodstock, Chinthurst Lane, Shalford. 
1913 Walton, Frank W., Lime Cottage, Clay gate, Surrey. 
1889 Wandsworth Public Library, West Hill, Wandsworth, 

S.W. 18. 
1926 Warburton, J. R., F.S.A., Arley, Rydens Road, Walton-on- 


1922 Ward, H. S., Normanhurst, Albion Road, Sutton. 

1938 Ward, Miss O. L, 6, Quain Mansions, Queens Club Gardens, 
W. 14. 

1920 Ward, W. E., 9, Grove Park, Denmark Hill, S.E. 5. 

1936 Watkins, H. F., Newnham, H or sell Park, Woking. 

1938 Watson, Ingram E., L.D.S., R.C.S., Granville House, Rcdhill. 
1922 Watts, W. W., F.S.A., 64, East Sheen Avenue, Mortlake, 

S.W. 14. 
1941 Waymont, Roy, Tudor Croft, Lower Road, Fetcham, Surrey. 

1937 Weaver, Miss M. W., Westwick, Warwick's Bench, Guild- 


1937 Weeding, Miss Daphne, Kingthorpe, Addlestone, Surrey. 
1930 Weekes, Miss E, H., Woodmancourt, Godalming. 

1932 Weiss, Mrs. E. S., Easedale, Woodway, Merrow. 
1926 West, Mrs. Jane Barbara, Hatch Field, West Horsley. 

1938 Weston, H. S. M., Ivydene, Chelsham Common, Whytcleafe, 

1938 Whealler, Miss Joan, Kingswood Lodge, Warlingham. 
1934 Wheatley, Wm., M.A., 4, Castle Gate, Richmond, Surrey. 
1938 Wheston, Frank, South Lodge, Brockham Green, Betchworth. 
1938 Whitakcr, Ronald E., Redroof, Sandown Road, Esher. 
1922 Whitburn, A. Stuart, A.R.I.B.A., Elmcroft, Claremont 

Avenue, Woking. 


1922 White, Augustus, 8, Great Winchester Street, E.G. 2. 

1933 Whitehead, Lady Evelyn Wynn, Little Orchard, Elm Drive, 

1931 Whitmore, Mrs. H. L., Tenchleys Park, Limpsfield. 

1938 Wickham-Jones, Keith, Evanscroft, Howard Road, Goulsdon. 

1938 Wilkinson, Mrs. K. A., Tile House, Pewley Hill, Guild- 

1938 Willcocks, Roger, Lea House, Birds Hill Drive, Oxshott. 
1928 Williams, Llewellyn E., A.R.LB.A., Ghicksands, Church 

Hill, Merstham. 
11925 Williamson, Dr. G. C, J.P., Mount Manor House, Mount 
Street, Guildford. 

1923 Willis, Cloudesley S,, 9, High Street, Ewell, Surrey. 
1926 Willis, Mrs. R. L., 9, High Street, Ewell, Surrey. 

1937 Willoughby, C. A., Stagbury Dene, Chipstead Valley, Chip- 

stead, Surrey. 
1930 Wilson-Haffenden, J., Home Wood, Ey hurst Close, Kingswood, 

1939 Wilson, F. R., Two Bridges, Bowes Road, Walton-on-Thanies. 
1933 Wilson, Miss Hutton, The Old House, Sandy Lane, Bletch- 


1933 Wilson, Lt.-Col. J. S., O.B.E., 10, Springfield Road, Wall- 

1933 Wilson, Miss M., Cumnor, Wonham Way, Gomshall. 

1930 Wiltshire, R. G., Longhouse Lodge, Ermyn Way, Leather- 

1903 Wimbledon Free Library, S.W. 19. 

1923 Winbolt, S. E., Aclea, Horsham, Sussex. 

1926 Winchester, Rt. Rev. Bishop of, Winchester. 

1938 Winters, Miss E. D. M., 7, Broomfield Road, Kew. 

1915 Wisconsin, U.S.A., State Historical Society of, Madison, 
Wisconsin, U.S.A. 

1933 Wiseman, R. A., B.A., Northview, The Mount, Fetcham, 


1940 Wood, Brian, Vincents Shaw, Chipstead, Surrey. 

1941 Wood, Miss K. L., Greenways, Sutton, Abinger, Surrey. 
1919 Wood, Mrs. Malcolm, Westcroft, Carshalton. 

1919 Wood, Miss M. W. Malcolm, Westcroft, Carshalton. 
1938 Wood, R. M., Flint Cottage, Boxhill, Dorking. 

1936 Woodcock, Dr. Henry C, M.B.E., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., Cope 

Hill, Peaslake, Guildford. 

1934 Woods, Miss E. M. C, Glebe Lodge, Shalford Road, Guildford. 

1937 Woods, Frank, 30, Chase Road, Epsom. 

1922 Worsley, C. F., 36, St. Stephen's Gardens, Twickenham. 


1932 Wraith, Miss E. M. D., Loneoaks, Churchill Road, Guildford. 
1932 Wright, Miss M. J., Abbots Trace, Abbotswood, Guildford. 

1911 Yale University Library, U.S.A., c/o Messrs. E. G. Allen 6- 
Son, Ltd., 14, Grape Street, W.C. 2. 



Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch^ological Society. Roland 

Austin, 24, Parkend Road, Gloucester. 
British • ARCH.giOLOGicAL Association, ii, Chandos Street, 

Cavendish Square, W.i. 
Buckinghamshire Architectural and Arch^ological Society. 

The Curator and Librarian, Bucks County Museum, Aylesbury. 
Cambridge Antiquarian Society. Museum of Archaeology and 

Ethnography, Cambridge. 
Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire Arch^ological Society. 

J. R. Garrood, M.D., Alconbury Hill, Huntingdon. 
Chester Architectural and Arch^ological Society. H. C. 

Wickham, 13, St. John Street, Chester. 
Cornwall, Royal Institution of. The Museum, Truro. 
Derbyshire Arch^ological Society. St. Mary's Bridge Chapel 

House, Derby. 
Dorset Natural History and Arch.cological Society. County 

Museum, Dorchester. 
East Hertfordshire Arch-TiOLOGIcal Society. The Museum, 

East Riding Antiquarian Society. The Museum, Hull. 
Essex Arch^ological Society. The Castle, Colchester. 
Hampshire Field Club. Frank Warren, Staple Gardens, Win- 
Ireland, The Royal Society of Antiquaries of. 63, Merrion 

Square, Dubhn. 
Kent Arch^ological Society. The Museum, Maidstone. 
Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society. R. Wardman, 

53, Massie Street, Cheadle, Cheshire. 
Leicestershire Archaeological Society. The Guildhall, Leices- 
London, The Society of Antiquaries of. Burlington House, 

Piccadilly, W. i. 
London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. Bishopsgate 

Institute, E.C. 2. 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, The Society of Antiquaries of. The 

Library, The Castle, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Norfolk and Norwich Arch^ological Society. Guildhall Hill, 




Oxford Architectural and Historical Society. Ashmolean 

Museum, Oxford. 
Powys-Land Club. Powys-Land Museum, Welshpool. 
Royal Arch^ological Institute, Lancaster House, St. James's, 

S.W. I. 
Royal Historical Society, 96, Cheyne Walk, 
Royal Institute of British Architects, 9, Conduit Street, W. i. 
St. Albans Architectural and Arch^ological Society. C. E . 

Jones, F.S.A., Warners, Russell Avenue, St. Albans. 
Scotland, The Society of Antiquaries of. National Museum of 

Antiquities, Queen Street, Edinburgh. 
Shropshire Arch^ological and Natural History Society. 

Public Library and Museum, Shrewsbury. 
Societe Jersiaise. Le Musee, St. Helier, Jersey. 
Somerset Arch^ological and Natural History Society. The 

Museum, Taunton. 
Suffolk Institute of Archeology. The Athenaeum, Bury St. 

Sussex Archeological Society. Barbican House, Lewes. 
Thoresby Society, c/o The Librarian, Brotherton Library, The 

University, Leeds 2. 
Wiltshire Archeological and Natural History Society. 

The Museum, Devizes. 
Worcestershire Arch.-eological Society. E. A. F. Keen, 

F.L.A. Victoria Institute, Worcester. 
Yorkshire Archeological Society. E. W. Crossley, F.S.A., 

The Library, 10, Park Place, Leeds. 


which receive publications. 

The Bodleian, Oxford. 

The British Museum. 

Cambridge University Library, Cambridge. 

Trinity College Library, Dublin. 

National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth. 

The Library, Public Record Office, Chancery Lane, W.C. 

The National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh. 


I, — The Society shall be called The Surrey Arch^ological 

IL — The objects of this Society shall be — 

1. To collect and publish the best information on the Ancient 
Arts and Monuments of the County : including Prehistoric 
Antiquities ; Architecture, Civil, Ecclesiastical, and Military ; 
Sculpture ; Paintings on Walls, Wood, or Glass ; History and 
Antiquities, comprising Manors, Manorial Rights, Privileges, 
and Customs ; Heraldry and Genealogy ; Costume ; Numis- 
matics ; Ceramics ; Ecclesiastical History and Endowments ; 
and Charitable Foundations, Records, etc. ; and all other 
matters comprised under the head of Archaeology. 

2. To procure careful observations and preservation of 
antiquities discovered in the progress of works such as Rail- 
ways, Foundations of Buildings, etc. 

3. To encourage individuals or public bodies in making 
researches and excavations, and afford them suggestions and 

4. To oppose and prevent, as far as may be practicable, any 
injuries with which Monuments of every description may, 
from time to time, be threatened ; and to collect accurate 
drawings, plans, and descriptions thereof. 

HI. — The Society shall consist of Members and Honorary 
Members, Individuals, Societies or Institutions. 

IV. — The affairs of the Society shall be conducted by a Council of 
Management to consist of the President, Vice-Presidents, Treasurer, 
Secretary or Secretaries and Editor, who shall be elected annually ; 
and of twenty-four members, six of whom shall be elected each 
year for a period of four years and shall then retire and be ineUgible 
for re-election till after a lapse of one year. In addition to these 
the Council may co-opt annually for a period of one year not more 
than six additional members. The Council may, upon the death 
or resignation of an elected member, co-opt another member in 
his place for the unexpired portion of his period of membership. 
Three members of the Council, exclusive of the Secretary or Secre- 
taries, shall form a quorum. All offices shall be honorary. 

V. — The names of candidates for Membership shall, on the 
written nomination of a Member, be submitted to the Council for 



VI. — Each Member shall pay an Annual Subscription of Ten 
Shillings, to be due on the ist of January in each year, in advance, 
and an Entrance Fee of Ten Shillings, or £8 in lieu thereof, as 
a composition for life. Societies and Institutions shall not be 
entitled to pay a composition. The Council may, if it thinks fit, 
remit the entrance fee of any Member who is under the age of 
21 years at the date of his nomination. Any Member intending 
to resign must signify this intention in writing before ist January, 
otherwise he will be Hable to pay his subscription for the current 

VII. — The Subscriptions of Members shall entitle them to one 
copy of all publications issued by direction of the Council during 
their Membership ; and no publication shall be issued to Members 
whose Subscriptions are in arrear. Members whose subscriptions 
are upwards of one year in arrear may, after due notice, be removed 
from the List of Members. 

VIII. — ^All payments to be made to the Treasurer, to the account 
of the Society, at such Banking-house as the Society may direct ; 
and no cheque shall be drawn except by order of the Council ; and 
every cheque shall be signed by the Treasurer on behalf of the 

IX. — The Lord-Lieutenant of the County, all Members of the 
House of Peers residing in or who are Landed Proprietors in the 
County ; also all Members of the House of Commons representing 
the County or its Boroughs ; the High Sheriff of the County for 
the time being ; the Chairman of the Surrey County Council, and such 
other persons as the Council may determine, shall be invited to 
become Vice-Presidents, if Members of the Society. 

X.— Persons eminent for their services to Archaeology or Anti- 
quarian Research shall be eligible to be associated to the Society 
as Honorary Members, and be elected at a General Meeting ; and 
no person shall be nominated to this class without the sanction of 
the Council. 

XL — An Annual General Meeting shall be held at such date, 
time and place as the Council shall appoint, to receive and consider 
the Report and Accounts of the Council on the state of the Society, 
and to elect the Officers for the ensuing twelve months. 

XIL— There shall be also such other General Meetings in each 
year for the reading of papers and other business, to be held at 
such times and places as the Council may direct. 

XIIL— The Council may at any time call a Special General 
Meeting, and they shall at all times be bound to do so on the written 

RULES. Ixiii 

requisition of Ten Members, specifying the nature of the business 
to be transacted. Notice of the time and place of such Meeting 
shall be sent to the Members at least fourteen days previously, 
mentioning the subject to be brought forward ; and no other 
subject shall be discussed at such Meeting. 

XIV. — The Council shall meet for the transaction of business 
connected with the management of the Society on such days as 
the Council shall from time to time direct. 

XV. — At every Meeting of the Society, or of the Council, the resolu- 
tions of the majority present shall be binding, and at such Meetings 
the Chairman shall have a casting vote, independently of his vote 
as a Member of the Society or of the Council, as the case may be. 

XVI.^ — The Council shall be empowered to appoint Local Secre- 
taries in such places in the County as may appear desirable. 

XVII. — Honorary Members and Local Secretaries shall have all 
the privileges of Members except that of voting. 

XVIII. — ^The whole effects and property of the Society shall be 
under the control and management of the Council, who shall be at 
liberty to purchase books, casts, or other articles, or to exchange 
or dispose of duplicates thereof. 

XIX.— The Council shall have the power of publishing such 
papers and engravings as may be deemed worthy of being printed, 
together with a Report of the Proceedings of the Society, to be 
issued in the form of an Annual Volume. 

XX. — The sum of five pounds out of the composition of each 
Life Member, and so much of the surplus of the income as the 
Council may direct (after providing for the current expenses, 
printing the Annual Volume, etc.), shall be invested in Government 
Securities, as the Council may deem most expedient ; the interest 
only to be available for current disbursements ; and no portion 
shall be withdrawn without the sanction of a General Meeting. 

XXI. — Two Members shall be annually appointed to audit the 
accounts of the Society, and to report thereon at the Annual 
General Meeting. 

XXII. — No religious or political discussions shall be permitted 
a:t Meetings of the Society, nor topics of a similar nature admitted 
in the Society's publications. 

XXIIL— No change shall be made in the Rules of the Society 
except at a Special General Meeting. 

XXIV. — The Trustees of the Society for all purposes shall be 
the President and Treasurer for the time being. 


I. — The Library shall be open for the use of Members daily, with 
the exception of Sundays and the usual general holidays. 

2. — Members whose Annual Subscriptions shall not be more than 
three months in arrear may borrow out of the Library 
any number of printed volumes not exceeding three, and 
may exchange any such volumes as often as they please, 
provided they do not have more than three volumes in 
their possession at any one time. 

3. — All applications for the loan of books shall be made either 
by writing to the Librarian, Castle Arch, Guildford, who 
will leave the volumes at the Library to be called for, or 
personally to the Caretaker at the Library, to whom a 
signed receipt shall be given. 

4. — A Library Delivery Book shall be kept, in which shall be 
entered the title of every book borrowed, the name of 
the borrower, and the time of borrowing. 

g, — No book lent out of the Library shall be retained for a longer 
period than two months. 

6. — Members borrowing any book from the Library shall be 
responsible to the Society for its safety and good con- 
dition from the time of its leaving the Library to its 
return ; and in the case of loss or damage, he shall replace 
the same or make it good. 

7.— Persons not being Members of the Society may be admitted 
to the Library to consult printed books, on the intro- 
duction personal or in writing of a Member, who shall be 
responsible for the care and safety of any books so con- 
sulted by the person he introduces. 

8.— Every book taken from the shelves by a Member or person 
introduced by a Member, must be returned to the place 
from which it was removed. 

9. — Persons not being Members of the Society may on occasion 
be allowed to borrow books of the Society, but only with 
the special permission of the Council or Library Com- 
10. — Folios, and such other volumes as the Council shall from time 
to time decide, may not be removed from the premises 

of the Society. 



D d 

i~i o 



U 'I 

2 ! 

3 I 


[facing page i 







Historical Note. 

By Edwin Hart, F.S.A. 

HIS ruined building was brought prominently to the 
notice of our Society in 1937 by the public-spirited 
action taken by Lord Ashcombe and the Cubitt Estates in 
offering the ruin and its plot of ground, free of cost, to any 
public body that would undertake its preservation. The 
Ancient Monuments Department of the Office of Works and 
the County Council both thought it was unsuitable for their 
purposes and it was then put before our Society and our late 
Hon. Secretary, Mr. Nevill, asked me to inspect and make a 
report on it to him for submission to our Council. Much 
doubt had been previously entertained as to whether it had 
ever been a Chapel, and it seemed clear that unless that fact 
could be established there would be insufficient ground for 
recommending its repair and preservation. Mr. Blake (whose 
sister lives opposite the ruin and who had known it for many 
years) told me the prevalent view was rather against the 
Chapel theory, but he was good enough to suggest that if its 
religious authenticity could be proved he thought that Mr. 
Wood, the Chairman of the Box Hill Preservation Committee, 
would be the right man to approach for local support. 

We cannot be too grateful to Mr. Wood and to Lady 
Lawrence, who co-operated with him, for the immediate and 
very generous help they provided. It is due to this aid and 
a moderate grant from our Society's funds that at a cost of 
over £100 most of the Chapel site has been excavated, the 



ruins cleared of heavy growth of ivy and trees and restored to 
a safe condition under the able and sympathetic supervision 
of Mr. Hugh Braun, F.S.A., A.R.I.B.A. The site has also 
been fenced and, through Mr. Wood's kind efforts, the ruin 
taken over by the National Trust. A large number of our 
members were able to visit the spot during one of our Spring 
excursions in 1938. 

As regards its history I was soon able to assemble sufficient 
evidence from Surrey Books to satisfy our Council, beyond 
doubt, that the building had long been known as a Chapel, 
and its ecclesiastical character was also firmly established by 
Mr. Braun' s discoveries as to the ruin itself and the burials 
close to it. It is actually included as such in our own Schedule 
of Antiquities over twenty years ago. 

It has not, however, been possible yet to ascertain why or 
by whom it was originally built, nor whether it eventually 
passed under the care and ownership of the Priory of Merton 
or that of Reigate. Nor is it known of which of the various 
sub-manors of Mickleham it was ultimately part. 

It seems clear however from the Victoria County History that 
even before the Conquest there were two estates in Mickleham — 
Norbury was held by Oswald under the Confessor and in 1086 
by Richard of Tonbridge, and never passed to either Priory ; 
in 1200 when the Chapel was built and till about 1300 it was 
held by the Dammartin family. Although Norbury is directly 
north of West Humble there is nothing to show that the 
Chapel Farm or the Chapel ever formed a part of it. Chapel 
Farm belonged apparently to Merton and West Humble 
Manor to Reigate, and we can assume the Chapel itself was 
in one of these estates. 

The main estate in Mickleham was in 1086 the property of 
Odo and was held by Ansfrig under the Confessor. A family 
of " de Mickleham ' ' were holding it under Henry I and at 
least until Edward I, and a grandson John still held it until 
1332. We are therefore led to assume that the Chapel of 
1200 was built on land belonging to the de Mickleham family, 
and by them, for the benefit of their tenants south of the Mole, 
who would be frequently cut off from Mickleham Parish 
Church, especially as regards burials. 

Reigate Priory (then only a Hospital) in 1253 obtained a 


tenement in Mickleham from Robert de Wateville, and in 
1344 the Priory had a grant from John de Mickleham which 
included the advowson of Mickleham Church. 

These possessions became known as the Manor of West 
Humble and were still held by the Priory at the Dissolution — 
but there is no proof that they included the Chapel, and they 
certainly did not include Chapel Farm on the opposite side 
of the Lane, for that belonged to'Merton. 

In 3 John, Merton had a grant from Walter de Polesdon in 
Fetcham and Polesdene. This land seems later to have been 
known as the Manor of Polesden Lacy, and included Chapel 
Farm until the Dissolution, but here again we find no proof 
that the Chapel itself was in this Manor. 

The whole question of the boundaries of Manors and estates 
in Mickleham became still more confused and of little local 
importance owing to the fact that a family of Stydolf gradually 
absorbed all the south-western part at least of Mickleham, 
including Norbury, West Humble, and Polesden Lacy, and, 
we must assume, the site of the Chapel also. 

It appears that John de Mickleham in 1332 conveyed the 
Manor of Mickleham (except Fridley and apparently West 
Humble) to Roger Apperdele, whose grandson John was out- 
lawed in 1366, and soon after (43 E. Ill) the King granted the 
same lands to William, Bishop of Winchester. The Bishop 
and various clerks, by gift or sale from him, held until 1431. 
Thomas Stydolf married Isabel (probably a great grand- 
daughter of Ralph Wymeldon who had purchased a part in 
1464) and himself purchased the other part in 1535. 

As to Norbury, this part of Mickleham passed from the 
Dammartin family to William Husee, who held in 1314 under 
De Clare, and he had license for an oratory between 1323 and 
1333. This oratory, however, was probably at his own house 
of Norbury (our Chapel is of 1200). Apparently William 
Wymeldon married the heiress of Husee and so Norbury 
passed with her great granddaughter to Thomas Stydolf. 

As to Fridley, John de Mickleham in 1336 granted this part 
of his Manor to his son-in-law John Dewey. It later passed to 
the family of Wydewson (who, according to V.C.H., presented it 
to the living in 1492, although as stated above the advowson 
had been given in 1334 to Reigate Priory). Fridley never 


passed to the Stydolfs, and Juniper Hall, part of it, now 
belongs to our Member Miss MacAndrew. 

As to West Humble, Reigate Priory had leased this 
(in 1515 ?) to Thomas Stydolf early in the sixteenth century 
for 99 years, and subject to this it passed with other Priory 
Estates to the Howard family at the Dissolution. V.C.H. 
states the lease must have been renewed, as rent was still paid 
in 1684. Polesden Lacy was granted at the Dissolution to 
Mr. Sackvile by purchase, and included farms called " Capel- 
land and Bowett's." All this part was sold to another Stydolf 
in 1564, and the Manor, if not the farms, also remained with 
the Stydolfs until 1734. 

Although Reigate Priory seems to have obtained its West 
Humble lands from De Wateville and John de Mickleham, the 
latter of whom succeeded to Odo's share of the Parish, yet, 
according to Manning and Bray, the Priory holdings belonged 
to the Honor of Clare, and were therefore originally lands of 
Richard of Tonbridge in the same way as Norbury ; this would 
well agree with their situation west of the Mole. It is possible 
that the de Mickleham family took over part of the de Clare 
portion as well as Odo's. 

Mr. Braun has referred in his report to the position of the 
Chapel and Chapel Farm on an ancient way, and the possible 
pilgrim use. Salmon (1736) refers (p. 99) to the old church or 
chapel near West Humble Street, and suggests service may 
have been here " for that populous Hamlet, perhaps a Parish 
in the Saxon times," but he makes no reference to pilgrims. 
He also records (p. 89) Roman coins found at Bagden Farm, a 
little to the west. I cannot find any mention of West Humble 
in Aubrey. Manning and Bray make no reference to pilgrims 
in their account of West Humble and the Chapel. 

The Promenade round Dorking, published by John Warren, 
1823, mentions West Humble, but not the Chapel or pilgrims, 
but (p. 245) usefully records that the Mole near here had such a 
rapid current and such depth that a boat was upset and 
several gentlemen drowned. This fact is useful as supporting 
the suggestion that the Chapel was built owing to the difficulty 
at certain times of getting across the river to the Parish Church. 

The Garden of Surrey, &c., by W. Thome, 1829 (pub. Dorking), 
has a plan showing West Humble and the Chapel and (p. 35) 


refers to Chapel Farm and the Chapel ruins. It records that a 
former proprietor of Norbury had a dream respecting the ruins 
which caused him to dig about them and to find pieces of old 
armour, coins, and other antiquities, but there again is no 
reference to pilgrims. 

A Handbook of Dorking, pub. John Rowe, 1855, has a good 
plan showing West Humble and .Bagden Farm and (p. 84) 
shows a good view of Pray Bridge in Fridley Meadows, men- 
tioned as the " way to West Humble," and leading at once 
" into the Street " a short distance from Camilla Lacey. This 
book reproduces the plan of the Mole from Manning and Bray, 
and marks the buildings of Chapel Farm and the Chapel without 
further notes. 

Dorking, G. J. S. Bright, 1876 (p. 65), has a chapter headed 
" Pilgrim's Walk " and suggests that pilgrims would gather 
from various parts near Guildford and proceed east by Ran- 
more Common and Chapel Farm. The Chapel is mentioned 
in a footnote. 

Bygone Surrey, by Clinch and Kershaw, 1895, has a chapter 
on Ancient Roads and Ways and (p. 87) mentions the Pilgrim's 
Way and suggests that a branch might have come from Glou- 
cester, Oxford and Reading, and proceeded by the Bookhams 
and Effingham to West Humble Street and Burford. 

Our own Collections contain two papers on this subject in 
recent years by Dr. Hooper and myself, but these deal princi- 
pally with the more direct east and west track below the south 
face of the Downs which crosses the Mole where the Pip brook 
joins it and keeps low on the south slopes to St. Catherine's 
Chapel or Guildford. An alternative, but less direct, route 
leaves this other way just north of the main bridge over the 
Mole on the Reigate side of Dorking and is easily traceable to 
a more northern ford leading direct to West Humble Street 
and Ranmore Common. 

As regards the evidence of Surrey Maps on the Chapel : 

Rocque shows ' ' West Humble Street ' ' and ' ' Old Chapel 

Kitchin, Thirty Miles round London, 1773, West Humble 
Street, and again in 1764. 

Edwards, Companion, 1787, West Humble Street and Ruins 
of the old Chapel. 


Gary, 1794, West Humble Street. 

Faden, 25 Miles round London, 1802, West Humble Street. 

Ordnance Map, 1816, West Humble Street and Chapel Farm. 

Smith, 1804, West Humble Street. 

Stockdale, 1805, West Humble Street. 

The antiquity of the use of the word Street should be 
noted. It is often found in old villages, and may perhaps 
suggest that some metalling had been used to improve the old 

A Report on the Exploration conducted by the 
Box Hill Committee of the National Trust in 
THE Winter of 1937-38. 

By Hugh Braun. F.S.A., A. R.I. B. A. 

Beneath the southern escarpment of the North Downs 
passes the ancient route known to-day as the " Pilgrims' 
Way." At the foot of Box Hill above Dorking the Way 
crosses the River Mole or Emlyn Stream by a ford situated 
about 350 yards SSW. of Burford Lodge, climbing thence up 
a westwards-thrusting coombe, apparently known at one time 
as Polesden. After leaving the ford, the track is first known 
as Adlers Lane, but after about three-quarters of a mile, when 
it has reached the site of the hamlet of West Humble, it becomes 
Chapel Lane. 

West Humble appears to have been at one time an outlying 
hamlet of Mickelham, in which parish it is still situated. To- 
day, however, the population has shifted half a mile eastwards 
towards the river and the modern main road, and all that is 
left on the old site is a large farm and the ruins of the chapel. 
The evidence suggests that this building was erected sometime 
towards the end of the twelfth century as a chapel-of-ease to 
Mickelham church, which stands in its village on the opposite 
bank of the river. Communication between the village and 
West Humble was at one time effected by means of a wooden 
bridge, known as the " Praybridge," which stood approxim- 
ately where the railway bridge now crosses the river by Fredley 

West Humble Chapel is a small building, consisting of nave 



■ _T»_ ' _ J., k "^* 

West Humble Chapel, from the S.E. 

jacing page 6] 

West Humble Chapel, from the N.E. 


and chancel only, and built of flint with some stone dressings. 
Not all the angles were quoined in freestone. 

The dimensions are almost exactly identical with those of 
the parish church of Wisley, situated seven or eight miles 
away to the north-west. 

The plan shows that the village " pole " of sixteen feet in 
length was used in the setting-out of the building, as the nave 
is, at its west end, of this width and thirty-two feet in length. 
The chancel is sixteen feet long and about twelve feet wide. 
The walling is from three feet to three feet six inches in thick- 
ness, the gable walls being thicker than those at the sides of 
the building. 

On the south side, the chancel sets in fifteen inches from the 
nave, but on the opposite side this break is omitted, the whole 
of the north wall of the building being skewed so as to make 
up for the different widths of chancel and nave. It would 
seem possible that this distortion was deliberately planned in 
order to allow for a subsequent enlargement of the chapel by 
building a north aisle along both nave and chancel. 

The nave has a circular west window, and a small single- 
light window, possibly a late insertion, remains in the gable 
above it. The chancel had a single-light east window, the 
site of which may be seen. The west gable is complete, and 
shows the roof to have been pitched at about fifty degrees to 
the horizontal. 

Four of the freestone quoins remain at the lower part of 
the south-east angle of the nave, and these stones show Norman 
axed tooling. The pitch of the roof is somewhat acute for a 
Norman building, and the proportions of both nave and chancel 
suggest the longer, thirteenth-century, type of plan rather 
than the more squat plans of the earlier twelfth-century 
chapels in the south of England. The circular window is a 
late-twelfth-century feature, and everything seems to point to 
the latter part of the century as the period of the foundation 
of the chapel. 

The hamlet which it served may have been wiped out by 
the Black Death, or, more probably, depopulated during the 
agrarian troubles of the latter part of the fifteenth century and 
the early years of the next. Either for this reason, or because 
of the dissolution of the monastery which was its patron, the 



chapel appears to have become desecrated at some period soon 
after the year 1500. The chancel was allowed to fall to ruin, 
but the nave was kept in use, probably eventually as a farm 
building, until comparatively recent times. 

Last year, the enclosure now represented by the fenced 
garden about the chapel was a wilderness of vegetation of all 
descriptions, including some large trees growing in the ruins 
themselves. The west gable and the remains of the east wall 
were completely covered in ivy, and hardly recognizable as 
masonry structures. The tiles on the south side of the nave 
roof had slid to the foot of the wall and formed a mound which 
had eventually buried the lower portions of that wall, after 
the upper part of it had been removed for road metal. 

The clearance of the ivy, and those trees which were growing 
on the site of the walls, was a difficult operation. Some of the 
trees which had taken root on the site of the chancel were of 
considerable age and size, and the removal of their huge boles 
gave the excavators a good deal of trouble. 

The ivy was found to have done much damage to the inner 
face of the upper part of the west gable, and some of the flint- 
work at this point had to be rebuilt. 

The north part of the east gable had been so much weakened 
by the ivy that it was about to fall, and it was therefore found 
necessary to rebuild the north-east angle of the chancel to 
provide it with support. 

The clearance of the interior of the chapel exposed no floor 
other than late mud floors in the nave which appeared to have 
belonged to the period when this was in use as a farm building. 
The interior of the chancel had been completely churned up 
by the tree-roots, one of which occupied the site of the altar. 

The south side of the chapel was found to have been erected 
directly upon the chalk, but the ground fell away rapidly 
towards the bottom of the coombe, and the interior of the 
building seems to have been filled-in to level it. A trench cut 
across the site from north to south showed that the whole of 
the area to the north of the chapel was made-up ground. 

Much of the middle part of the north wall of the nave had 
disappeared without trace, and with it the site of the original 
doorway. The site of the chancel arch, however, was clearly 
discoverable, although its actual span could not be determined. 


The remains of the north wall being limited to its founda- 
tions only, and these having to be buried when the interior of 
the chapel was levelled for turfing, the sites of this wall and of 
the responds of the chancel arch were marked out in flints lain 
on the surface of the ground. The site of the doorway not 
being discoverable, the wall at that point has been shown 
continuous, it being considered undesirable to guess at the 
position of the entrance, although this could in fact be fairly 
accurately decided by analogy with other chapels of the same 

The area to the north of the chapel has been cleared of 
vegetation, roughly levelled, turfed over, and provided with 
a few small trees to give a little aesthetic interest to the site, 
which has been enclosed with a new fence. 

The exposure of the outer face of the south walls of nave 
and chancel necessitated the cutting of a sort of ha-ha, the 
slope of which has been planted with primroses. 

The cutting of this trench unfortunately disturbed three 
skeletons, which were discovered lying close to the south wall 
of the chancel, and were obviously, from their attitude and 
position relative to the chapel, ordinary interments connected 
with it. The erection of the fence at the east end of the site 
disclosed the presence there of three more. 

The mound formed by the fallen roofing material of the 
south side of the chancel contained a silver penny of Henry 
VIII, minted in London between the years 1544 and 1547. 
These pennies were actually de-monetized in 1561, but prob- 
ably ceased to be in common circulation well before this year. 

The soil immediately above the interments at this point 
contained a number of pieces of pottery, a report on which 
appeared in Vol. XLVI of S.A.C. A small fragment of a 
Ballarmine was found in the disturbed soil outside the north 
wall, near to the site of the north door. A number of pieces 
of window-glass were found from time to time scattered about 
the ruins, but they were too damaged for investigation into 
their antiquity. 

Much still remains to be done in connection with the con- 
solidation and repointing of the newly exposed walling, and 
it is hoped to effect these repairs from time to time as occasion 
occurs. But a great deal has already been achieved by the 


Box Hill Committee, and much credit is due to their employee, 
Mr. Miles, for the care and interest which he always showed 
while the work was in progress under his charge. 

Thanks are also due to Mr. Donald Bargman, of Dorking, 
who was frequently in attendance at the site, and supervised 
the difficult repairs to the east and west walls. 

It is pleasant thus to record the rescue of an ancient building 
from desecration and neglect. It is to be hoped that it will 
not again be suffered to fall into such condition. Moreover, 
it is to be greatly desired that the surroundings of West Humble 
Chapel may not be spoilt by the erection of unsuitable build- 
ings. . . . Or, indeed, of any buildings at all in the field 
immediately to the east of the chapel, where, it is known, so 
many of its one-time worshippers have been sleeping through 
the centuries in the peaceful soil of their lovely valley. 




WHAT happened to the inmates of the monasteries after 
the suppression of their houses ? Their fate is not 
so difficult to ascertain as we have been led to believe ; indeed, 
in many counties it is possible to trace, from official docu- 
ments, the complete history of their later careers. Unluckily 
the most important of these documents are not available for 
Surrey. For example, the reports of the pension commis- 
sioners of 1552 and 1569 are missing : so is that which Bishop 
Gardiner must have sent to the Crown in 1555, which would 
have told us the number of former religious who had taken to 
themselves wives. The consequence of these losses is that 
these notes must be of a somewhat desultory nature, while 
the sources for them are necessarily very miscellaneous. ^ 

So far as the pension system is concerned, a sharp distinction 
must be drawn between the poorer houses which were sup- 
pressed under the Act of 1536 and the larger, which surrendered 
between that date and 1540. In Surrey, the Cistercian abbey 
of Waverley and the Augustinian priories of Reigate and 
Tandridge went under the Act of 1536. Their heads alone 
got a pension : the other religious were expected to go into 
surviving houses of their " religion " or to take " capacities," 
i.e., dispensations to serve as secular clergymen ; these were 
given by the Archbishop of Canterbury and confirmed by the 
Crown. So we find two at least of the monks of Waverley 

1 For further information about the subjects touched on in this 
introduction and especially the pension system, I venture to refer 
readers to my English Monks and the Suppression of the Monasteries 
(1937). Chapter 10. Some of the suggestions contained in this book 
are supplemented or corrected in an important article by Mr. A. G. 
Dickens in a recent (July 1940) number of the English Historical 
Review, pp. 384, ff. 



on the surrender (and pension) list of Beaulieu and two of the 
Reigate canons in London houses of their order. When the 
richer houses surrendered all the inmates got pensions and 
"capacities," nor were the pensions the "pittances" which 
sentimentalist writers have represented them to be. Moreover, 
they could be supplemented in all manner of ways. The 
Surrey Chantry Certificates of 1548 show that it was possible 
for the former religious to have two pensions. ^ It will be 
observed, too, that nearly all the former religious in Surrey 
were holding both livings and pensions. Financial necessity 
had caused this to be done with increasing frequency even 
before the Suppression. ^ The sale or transference of advow- 
sons or next presentations had been extensively practised by 
patrons, lay and ecclesiastical, for many years. When the 
suppression of the monasteries was impending the religious 
used this means of insuring themselves against the future 
and transference of next presentations to friends or relations 
of the religious was extensively carried on.^ That so many of 
the livings held by former monks and canons had been in the 
gift of their former houses was obviously not a matter of chance. 

Friends and relations of the religious were also apt to benefit 
considerably by leases granted on favourable terms to them.* 
Abbot Cordrey of Chertsey had a violent quarrel with his 
monks on this very question \^ while the leases granted during 
the last years of Merton priory deserve close study.® The records 
of the Augmentation Office, especially the conventual leases, 
would furnish a vast store of information on a subject which 
has hardly been tapped. 

Finally, a further study of wills may be urged. ^ That of 
Abbot Cordrey (below) bears out his reputation for extrava- 

^ See below under Merton and Newark. 

2 Thus Abbot Cordrey of Chertsey held the Vicarage of Egham in 
commendam with his Abbey : Prior Lingfield of Tandridge, the Rectory 
of Oxted : Canon Rose of Newark, the Rectory of Wield. 

^ See below under Bermondse}^ and Merton for how Richard Gale 
and George Curzon obtained their livings. 

* I have shown in detail in my Monks (pp. 197-200) how a former 
canon of Merton put this into practice after he had become Prior of 

''L.P., IX, No. 736. 

^ See Records of Merton by Major Heales for details. 

' Especially the local ones proved in the Court of the Archdeacon of 


gance and self-indulgence which we know from other sources, 
while that of Prior Man of Sheen shows that he lived in hopes of 
seeing his house restored (though he did not rejoin it when 
Queen Mary fulfilled his desire). 


* Shows pensioner still on pension list of 1556. P.R.O, 
Augmentation Office, Misc. books, vol. 31. 

L.P. = Calendar of Letters and Papers of Henry VIII. 

Misc. = P.R.O. Augmentation Office, Miscellanea bundle 26. 
(Accounts of Geo. Wright, receiver for Berks., 
Bucks., etc., 1548-49). 

Visitations. Lincoln (in diocesan registry). Winchester do., 
but Bishop Gardiner's Visitation of 1541 is 
printed in Mr. Chitty's edition (Canterbury 
and York Society) of his register, pp. 174 ff. 

(i) Benedictine Monks. 


Surrendered 6 July, 1537, and all monks transferred to 
Bisham, Berks., which surrendered 19 June, 1538. 
Pension List of Bisham, L.P., XIV (i), p. 596. 


I. John Cordrey [or Corderoy]. Elected 1529. £66 13. 4. 
Also Vicar of Egham, 1532, died 1541. Next 
institution 10 December, 1541, by grant of late Abbot 
and Convent of Chertsey ; on his death. 

For his Will dated 21 November, 1541 [sic], see 
Appendix, infra. 
*2. William Walter. 
*3. Lawrence Hodgson. 
*4. Thomas Potter. £^. 

One of this name Vicar of Newport Pagnell, Bucks., 

*5- John Rolfe. 

In 1540 and 1543 (Bishop of Lincoln's Visitations), 
Curate of North Church, Herts., with Pension from 


In 1548, Rector of Millbrook, Beds., with Pension 
from Bisham. Misc. Rector from 1544. Next insti- 
tution on death, 1557. 
6. John Church. 
*y. Edimrd Stevenson. 

One of this name incumbent of the Chantry or 
free Chapel of Brambletye, Sussex, in 1543, and Vicar 
of Willingdon, Sussex, 1559 ; died 1561. 
8. John Buttes. 
*g. John Mylist. 

In 1548 he was serving cure of Laleham, Middlesex. 
Misc. Instituted Vicar of Chertsey, 18 January, 
1559-60. Next institution, 1576. 
*io. William Roke. 

in May, 154S, he was dwelling at Hambleden, 
Bucks. In November, 1548, with Mr. Lovelace at 
Hurley, Berks. Vicar of Hurley, 1552. Died 1558. 
Will dated i September , 1558, to be buried in church 
porch. See F. Wethered, History of Hurley, p. 8y. 

[The Lovelace family built a house on the site of 
Hurley Priory — cell to Westminster Abbey.] 

11. Robert Knight. 

1548 Misc. (No place.) 

12. Anthony Symonson. 

13. John Walter. 

Presumably J. W., priest of Warfield, Berks. Will 
proved 1545. 

14. Ralph Wachett. 

Pension £3 6. 8. In 1548, dwelling at Wands- 
worth, Surrey. Misc. 

He is presumably the Ralph Laose or Lawes, 
instituted to the Vicarage of Curry Rivell, Somerset, 
1556, on the presentation of John Cordrey, to whom 
the presentation had been assigned in 1538 by Abbot 
Cordrey of Bisham (it had been a Bisham living). 
The next Vicar died in 1577. 

15. William Riigys. 

In 1548, he was dwelling at Midgham, Berks. Alisc. 
Midgham was a Chapelry of Thatcham, and he was 
presumably Curate in Charge. 


Besides the above : — 
Thomas Hore. 

Former Prior of Cardigan/ Cell to Chertsey. 
Was in November, 1549. (Misc.) dwelling at White 
Waltham, Berks. (Formerly a Chertsey living. The 
list of its incumbents seems to be incomplete.) 

(2) Cluniac Monks. 


Surrender i January, 1537/8. 

Pension List of 22 April, 1538. L.P., XIII (i). No. 521. 

*i. Robert Warton alias Purefoy or Parfew. 

S.T.B. Abbot from 1525. Consecrated Bishop of 
S. Asaph, 2 July, 1536, translated to Hereford, 1554 ; 
died 22 September, 1557. 

He held the Abbey in commendam with his bishopric 
and at the surrender had a pension of £3;^^. 6. 8, 
which he was still holding in 1556. 
*2. Richard Gile or Gele. Prior. £10. 

Rector of Bermondsey, 1543, on the presentation 
of John Gele and others under a grant by the late 
Abbot and Convent of Bermondsey. Next institution, 
16 March, 1553-54, de jure vac. This expression in 
Marian registers usually means deprived for marriage. 

In 1562 he is described as unmarried. But he 
would have had to shed his wife to get another living 
in Mary's reign. 

Vicar of Camber well, 1556-77. 

In the C.C.C.C. Parker certificates he is described 
as A.M., non-resident, living in County [sic] of Col- 
chester. He must have been Rector of Layer 
Marney, Essex, from 1554 to his death in 1577, 
3. Thomas Gainshoroiigh. 

Prior of Derby. (Cell to Bermondsey.) £y. 

^ For his evidence about that quaint object of superstition, the 
taper of Cardigan, see Wright, Letters relating to the Suppression of the 
Monasteries, pp. 186 and 187. 


4. Thomas Gele. 

S.T.B., Oxon (1520). £6. 

Vicar of Halstead, Essex, 1540, died 1557. Warden 
of S. Mary Magdalene's Hospital, Colchester, Decem- 
ber, 1557. Rector of S. Leonard's, Colchester, April- 
July, 1557. 
*5- John Kynder. 

Sub Prior. £6. 

Rector of Walton-on-the-Hill, Surrey, 1562. Next 
institution, 1573. 
*6. Peter Luke. 

Chanter. £6. 

Perhaps Peter Lucas, Rector of Chevening, Kent, 
1558 ; died 1561. 
*7- John Cuibert. £6. 

A John Cutler was Rector of the former Bermondsey 
living of S. George, Southwark, 1564-91. 
8. Thomas Rokeley or Ratcliff. £$. 6. 8. 
*9. William Paynter. £$ 6. 8. 

Register N. of the Dean and Chapter of Canterbury 
shows that he ' ' formerly monk of Bermondsey ' ' was 
deprived for marriage of the curacy of Leigh, Kent, 
in 1554. Presumably he is the W. P., Rector of 
Upper Halstow, Kent, 1560 ; died 1577. 
*io. Thomas Stanbank. £5. 6. 8. 

Rector of High Laver, Essex, 1542 ; died 1566, 
and buried there. 

The C.C.C.C. certificates of 1560 show that he had 
a letter of plurality dated 1539. Where his second 
living was I don't know. 

11. Stephen Fellowe. £5. 6. 8. 

12. John Coy or Qiioy. £2. 

13. John Marshall. 13s. 4^. 

(3) Cistercian Monks. 

Granted to Sir William Fitzwilliam, 20 July, 1536. 

William Alyng or Alynger. Abbot. [Date of succession 
unrecorded, but it must be 1533 when Abbot Browning was 
transferred to Beaulieu.] After the suppression he seems to 



have retired to Oxford, where he became Provisor (Head) of 
the Cistercian College of S. Bernard. His will (dated 26 
September, 1539, proved 5 January, 1539-40) is summarised 
in Stevenson and Salter's Early History of S. John's College, 
Oxford, p. 37. His property, including a virginal, was mostly 
let to scholars of S. Bernard's College and he desired to be 
buried at S. Mary Magdalene's Church, Oxford. Probably he 
may be identified with the William Alyng, instituted to the 
Rectory of Yoxall, Staffordshire, 22 February, 1538-39 (died 
1539) on the presentation of Sir William Hollys, Kt. 

It does not seem possible to obtain a complete list or even 
the number of the monks of Waverley at the suppression. 
The following names were taken by Mr. Baigent from the 
ordination lists in Bishop Foxe's register at Winchester : 

1. Roger Gardiner, ordained 1508. 

2. William Peddar, ordained 1508. 

3. John Hede, ordained 1511. 

4. John Parker, ordained 151 1. 

Presumably curate (in charge) of Wanborough (a 
Waverley living) in 1541 : paid by the Lord Privy Seal 
{i.e.. Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, now Earl of Southampton). 

5. William Baitill, ordained deacon, 1527. 

6. John Hau'thorne, ordained priest, 19 September, 1528. 

Curate of Waverley, 1541, paid by Lord Southamp- 
ton. Rector of East Clandon, Surre}/, 1545 and 
buried there 8 January, 1570-71. In the C.C.C.C. 
return of 1562, he is described as unmarried, but the 
parish register shows that he married 30 June, 1564, 
and that his son, John, was baptized 3 October, 1568. 

7. John Carpenter, ordained sub-deacon, 1521. 

8. Robert Effingham, ordained deacon, 1522. 

9. John Fairclongh, ordained priest, 1518. 

10. John Kery, ordained priest, 1518. 

On the suppression of Waverley, he was transferred 
to Beaulieu, from which he had a pension of £5 in 
1538. Probably Curate of Puttenham, Surrey, in 
1541, and of Lasham, Hants, in 1551 and 1555. 

11. Simon Skerwhitt, ordained 1514. 

Query the Simon Hacker of the Beaulieu pension list. 


12. Nicholas Barnard, ordained sub-deacon, 23 September, 


Vicar of Boldre, Hants, 1540, died 1555, and 

Incumbent of the Free Chapel of South Baddesley, 

Hants, 1543, till its suppression in 1548. 

(4) Carthusian Monks. 


Surrender 15 March, 1539 (E- M. Thompson, Carthusian 
Order in England, p. 447, from Augmentation Office. Deeds 
of Surrender, No. 270.) 

Pension List, 10 October, 1539. [Ihid., p. 488, from Aug- 
mentation Office Misc. books 234, f. 3 b. Cf. also Letters and 
Papers of Henry VIII. , XX (i) No. 557 (1545) ; XXI (2) No. 

775 (1546)-) 

1. Henry Man, Prior, S.T.P., Oxon, 1539. Pension 

£137. 6. 8. 

Dean of Chester, 1541-46. 

Bishop of Man, 1546, died 19 October, 1556, and 
buried in accordance with his will (below) in S. 
Andrew's, Undershaft, London. 

Rector of Sibson, Leics., from ? to death ; formerly 
a Sheen living. 

Vicar of Thurcaston, Leics., 1555 (by assignment 
of the Prior and Convent of Sheen to John Edmonds, 
Esq., and others). 

According to Machyn's diary he was married. Will 
dated 18 October, 1556, proved i February, 1556-57. 
[Printed in appendix : infra.] 

2. Th. Gold. 

3. Th. Hynds, or Hyndehy. 

4. Th. Smith, ist half-year only in 1546. 

5. Henry Ball. Marked nil in 1544. 

6. Thomas Calton. 

7. Thomas Lowe. Monk of New Sheen under Mary. 

E. M. Thompson, op. cit., pp. 503 and 506. 

8. Robert Marshall. Monk of New Sheen under Mary. 

E. M. Thompson, op. cit., pp. 443, 444. 

9. George Hornby, Rector of Chignal, Essex, 1544, resigned 



10. Edmund Fleetwood, Proctor. £l^. 6. 8. 

Rector of Woolpit, Suffolk, 1554 ; died 1556. 

11. Robert Horsley. Marked nil in 1546. 

12. Richard Tyldesley. 

13. Th. Manfield. 

14. Robert Chaff en. Marked nil in 1545. 

15. John Pysaunt. 

Vicar of Bexley, Kent, 1542 ; resigned 1554. 

Vicar of Thaxted, Essex, 1546-65. 

Rector of Lachingdon, Essex, 1562 ; died 1565. 

Dean of Booking, from 1564 to death. 

Vicar of Stansted Montfichet, Essex, 1551-63. 

16. John Bromley. 

17. Robert Thurlby. Monk of New Sheen ; died at Bruges, 

1558. E. M. Thompson, op. cit., pp. 503 and 506. 

18. John Clement. 

19. William Wood. 

20. William Rylbery or Kylbery. Marked nil in 1545. 

21. John Crabiree. Pension of £8. 

L.P., XIII (2), No. 1196. 

(5) AuGUSTiNiAN Canons. 


Surrender 16 April, 1538. L.P., XIII (i). No. 779. 
Pension List, 9 May, 1538. L.P., XIII (i). No. 963. 
*i. John Ramsay alias Bowlle, S.T.B., Oxon, 1522. 

Prior from 1530. 200 Marks and messuage called 
Prior's House, in London. 

Canon of Windsor, 1557, died 15 August, 1558, and 
buried at Windsor. 

Le Neve, Fasti III, 395. 
*2. John Debenham. Sub-Prior. £8. 

Occurs Canon 1520-30 (infirmarian). In 1548 the 
Surrey Chantry Certificates show that he was in- 
cumbent of the Free Chapel of S. Mary Magdalene, 
Kingston-on-Thames, aged 53. 

The Lincoln Diocese Pension return of 1554-55 

( = P.R.O. Exchequer loi — ) shows that he was 



then living at Taplow, Bucks., with two pensions — £8 
from Merton and £5 from the Free Chapel. 

3. Thomas Colson alias Godmanchester . 

Occurs Canon 1530. (Sacrist.) ^^6. 13. 4. 

4. John Cuddington. £6 13. 4. 

Occurs Curate (in charge) of Merton in Bishop 
Gardiner's visitation of 1541. 

He is probably to be identified with the John 
Mantill, curate there in 1562, and married ; buried 
at Merton, 10 March, 1568-69. The Alicia Mantill 
buried there 31 May, 1571, was presumably his 

5. Richard Todd alias Windsor. £6. 13. 4. 

Occurs 1530. 

6. George Curzon alias Albyn. £6. 13. 4. 

The register of Archbishop Cranmer shows that he 
was instituted Rector of Taplow, Bucks., 8 December, 
1551, on the presentation of Thomas Curzon, Esq., 
and others by grant of the late Prior and Convent of 

In 1554 he was reported as unmarried. 

By his Will, dated 23 December, 1556, he desired 
to be buried in Taplow Church (Browne Willis MSS., 
XIV, 60.) 

7. John Hayward. £6. 13. 4. 

8. Richard Benese. £6. 13. 4. B. Can. L., Oxon, 1519. 

Prebendary of Farrendon in Lincoln Cathedral, 
1542 ; died 1546. 

Precentor of Hereford Cathedral, 1538 to death. 

Rector of Beddington, Surrey, 1540 ; resigned 1543. 

Rector of All Hallows, Honey Lane, London, 
(presented by Crown), 1540 ; resigned 1545. 

Rector of Long Ditton, Surrey, 1542, on the pre- 
sentation of Henry Williams, S.T.B., by grant of the 
late Prior and Convent of Merton. He held this 
living till his death. 

Rector of Long Leadenham, Lines., 1542 (presented 
by Crown) to death. 

Rector of Pyworthy, Devon, 1539 (presented by 
Crown) to death. 


There is an inadequate account of him in the 
Dictionary of National Biography. He was the author 
of a book on land surveying. 

Will dated 3 November, 1543, and proved in the 
prerogative court of Canterbury 20 October, 1548, 
" soul to God my Redeemer (only) bequest of 13/4 
to a priest to say trental of masses for me." To be 
buried in Long Ditton Churchyard. 
9. Thomas Mitchell. £6. 13. 4. 

10. Edmund Honybee. £6. 13. 4. 

Presumably alias Downham or Dowman of the 
1530 Election. 

An Edmund Dorman was Vicar of Chalfont St. 
Peter, Bucks., 1559 to his death in 1568. 

11. John Merevale. £6. 13. 4. 

Presumably the J. M., Vicar of Hurstbourne Tarrant, 
Hants., for a few months in 1546 till his death. 
*I2. John Saling. £6. 13. 4. 

He was alias Greenwood, as the Norwich depriva- 
tion and pension return for 1555 shows (printed in 
English Historical Review for 1933, cf. pp. 62 and 119). 

In that year he was living at Orford, Suffolk, on a 
pension of £6. 13. 4, divorced from his wife. He 
had been chantry priest of Orford from 1545 to the 
suppression of the Chantry in 1548. 

A John Greenwood was Rector of Polstead, Suffolk, 
from 1548, deprived for marriage 1554, restored 1559, 
buried as M agister Greenwood, 30 December, 1570. 
He may be the same man, though they are entered 
as different persons in the Deprivation List [supra), 
pp. 62 and 63. 
*I3. Robert Knight. £6. 13. 4. 

One of this name. Vicar of Buxted, Sussex, 1559- 

? 1575- 
14. John Page, Scholar at Oxford. £6. 13. 4. 

*I5. Thomas Paynell. £10. 

He succeeded Richard Benese supra in the Rectory 

of All Hallows, Honey Lane, 1545, and since he was 

still Rector in 1560, according to the C.C.C.C. returns, 

he presumably held the living till his death. Will 


dated lo March, 1559-60, proved 22 March, 1563-64, 
printed in North Country Wills (Surtees Society), II, 

His will shows he was also Rector of Cottingham, 
Yorks (date of institution unrecorded). His printed 
works, chiefly translations, are recorded under his 
name in the Dictionary of National Biography. 


Pension Lists of January, 1539. L.P., XIII (2), No. 1196 ; 
XIV (i), No. 68. 

*i. Richard Lipscomhe. Prior from 1538. £40. 

Rector of Eversley, Hants. Compounded for first 
fruits, 18 February, 1552-53. Next institution on 
his death, 24 January, 1555-56. 
*2. William Thetcher or Techer. £6. 

In 1541 visitation occurs Curate (in charge) of 
Pyrford (Chapelry of Woking, a Newark living). 
*3- John Rose has for pension a Church appropriate to the 

This was Wield, Hants., of which he is described 
as curate in the 1541 and 1545 visitations. Another 
name in that of 1555. A Latin bible now in the 
library of Keble College, Oxford, was given to him 
by Prior John Grave of Newark, 3 October, 1538, 
(Evidently a death-bed gift.) 

[A John Rose was Vicar of Ditchling, Sussex, for 
a few months till his death in 1552, but the Newark 
Canon is still on the pension list of 1556.] 
4, William Blundell. £5. 6. 8. 

Occurs curate of Ripley, Surrey (Chapelry of Send, 
a Newark living), in 1541. 
*5. Nicholas White. £s. 6. 8. 

Occurs curate of West Molesey (Chapelry of 
Walton-on-Thames) in the 1541 visitation. One of 
this name was Vicar of Peasemore, Berks., 1545-51. 
*6. Richard Wode or Ode. 

Occurs 1548 as Stipendiary of Ripley, " having 
small learning ' ' according to the Surrey Chantry 


certificates {Surrey Archceological Collections, Vol. 

He was instituted to the Vicarage of Chobham, 
Surrey, on the presentation of the Queen, i8 May, 
1560 (Register of Archbishop Parker (Canterbury and 
York Society), p. 206). But Thomas Brodhurst was 
Vicar in 1561 (see the Surrey lists in Vol. XLV of these 
Collections), so Wood may never have got possession. 
*7. Thomas Snelling. £^. 6. 8. 

In the 1548 Chantry Certificates {see above) he is 
described as incumbent of John Stopham's Chantry 
in Frimley Church (Chapelry of Ash). 

He got a pension of £5 from this Chantry as well 
as that from Newark, both of which he was enjoying 
in 1556. 
*8. John Martin. £5. 6. 8. 

One of this name was Vicar of Puttenham, 1549-54. 
9. Thomas Garland. £5. 6. 8, 


Suppressed 26 July, 1536. L.P., IX, 798. 

List of Canons from Election of 28 November, i$^o, from Wolsey's 

Register at Winchester. 

1. John Lymden. 

Prior from 1530. Formerly Canon of S. Mary 
Overie, South wark. 

2. Robert Kanam. 

Probably transferred to S. Bartholomew, Smithfield, 
and to be identified with the Robert Kenham of its 
pension list. 

3. Richard Dowtie. 

4. Thomas Kendall. 

Transferred to S. Mary Overie infra. 

5. Robert Aires. 

A brass, now lost, indicated that he was buried in 
Reigate Church (year missing), Surrey ArchcBological 
Collections, Vol. XXXII, p. 67 (1919). 


Southwark (S. Mary Overie). 

Surrender 27 October, 1539. L.P., XIV (2), No. 401. 

*i. Bartholomew Fowle alias Liftsted. £100 and house in 

Formerly Canon of Leeds, Kent. 
Occurs Sub-Prior 15 10. 
Prior by 1526. 
*2. Thomas Hendon alias London. £8. 

Presumably the T. H., Rector of Staplehurst, Kent, 
1554-59 (when the deprived Rector of 1554 was 

Foxe in the Acts and Monuments gives him a bad 
character as a persecutor of the gospellers. 
3. William Godwin. £8. 
♦4. John Morpeth. £6. 

Died 1563 according to Harleian MS. 604, folio 
195b. This pension return of 1567 shows that he 
had been confused with a monk of Bardney, Lines., 
of a similar name. 
*5. Stephen Byssater. £6. 

Presumably alias London, ordained sub-deacon 
6 June, 1528. Reg. Foxe. 
William Man. £6. 
Edmund Alston. £6. 
John Drynker. £6. 
'9. Thomas Littleworth. £6. 

10. Robert Goodman. £6. 

11. Thomas Kendall. £6. 

Transferred from Reigate Priory in 1536. 
A Thomas Kensell was Vicar of Carisbrooke, Isle 
of Wight, 1543 ; died 1558. 

12. Alyn Blande. £6. 

Suppressed 1536. 

John Lyngfield alias Huntley. £1^. 

(Prior from 1525, formerly Canon of S. Mary 



He was already holding the Rectory of Oxted, 
Surrey, and had a licence from the Crown (papal dis- 
pensations having been abolished by now) to accept 
this living and to hold it with the priory whose income 
was not adequate to meet its necessary expenses and 
hospitality. L.P., VII, No. 761, Grant 19, 10 May, 
1534. Instituted 26 July, 1534, on presentation of 
Katherine Burgh, widow. 

The next rector paid his first fruits, 17 September, 


Occurs Rector of Woodmansterne, Surrey (formerly 
a S. Mary Overie living) in Bishop Gardiner's visitation 
of 1541. Next name 1555. 

John Huntley was Prebendary of Gloucester from 
1541. {L.P., XVI, p. 572) to ? 1556. [The suc- 
cession of the early prebendaries of Gloucester is 
very confused.] 


(i) Dominicans of Guildford. 

For the reasons I have given in Monks, p. 239, it is far more 
difficult to follow their later careers than it is in the case of 
the pensioned religious. 

Surrender 10 October, 1538. L.P., XIII (2), No. 1580. 
William Cohden, Prior. 
William Dale. 
Robert Merlon or Morton. 
Philip Stafford. 
John Hyom. 
John Fort. 
Thomas Hopkins. 

(2) Observant Franciscans of Sheen. 

Dispersed and distributed among the conventual houses in 
1534 ; therefore there is no Surrender List. I have no informa- 
tion about them. 

John Lawrence, Cromwell's spy and correspondent in 1532, 
is the only name I find. L.P., V and VI, passim. 




Will of John Cordray P.C.C. May 154 

. . . Esham county " of Sotherey " A will not regi 

dated:— 21 November. 1541 [sic]. tered or proved 

I bequeath my soul to Almighty God, my Maker and [Very torn.] 
Redeemer and my body to be buried where it shall please God 
to appoint it. 

All my goods in the said town of Egham and all my debts 
I bequeath to William Godman and John Mylton, of Egham, 
husbandmen, to pay my debts and to give the overplus in 
charity to poor people. 

In witness whereof I, the said John Cordray, have caused 
this my present will to be written. 

Witnesses : — John Oskyn, Edmund Sawnders, John Haddon. 

20 May, 1 54 1, [sic] John Godman renounced executorship. 
27 June, 1542, [sic] John Mylton, the other executor, also 

P.C.C.4 Wrastk 

Will of Henry Manne, D.D. 
parson of the parish church of Sybsdon 
and Thurcaston, Leics., 
dated : — 18 October, 3 cS- 4 Philip 6- Mary [1556] 

I bequeath to my cousin, Henry Manne, being in the Isle [Abstract.] 
of Manne, in the custody of Richard Radcliffe, Receiver of 
the Revenues of the Peele there, /40, towards his bringing up 
in learning. 

To my cousin, Elizabeth Rogers, late of Chester, £(>. 13. 4. 

To Sir John Holford, my chaplain, 40s. 

To my servant, Thomas Dobson, £b 13. 4. 

To my servant, James Hopwood, £^. 

To my chief servant in husbandry, Edward [space left 
blank], I OS. 

To each of my maid servants, 105. 

To Sir Williain Chorleton, parson of Wytherley, my violet 
" ingreyned gowne " faced with double tawney sarcenet with 
a preaching hood appertaining to the same, and forgive him 
28s. he owes me. 

To my servant, Ralph Langley, £20. 

To the high altar of Sybesdon Church, 40s. 

To my tenants in Sybesdon parish 6s. Sd. each, and to my 
godchildren there, i2d. each. 

To the repair of the parish church of St. Andrew Under- 
shaft, London, £^, on condition the church wardens suffer my 
corpse to be buried in that church and that they shall lay over 
the grave a marble stone to be engraved for memorial of my 
name and departure, if I die in the city of London, and I give 
to the poor of that parish £6. 13. 4. 


To the House of Shene " yf it shalbe hereafter erected 
ageyne " all my books remaining in Manne and Sybesdon. 

To my servant, Henry Sale, 20s., and to his wife, ids. 

To William Draper and my cousin, his wife, 405. 

To Thomas Dent and my cousin, his wife, 405. 

To William Manne, student in Oxford, 5 marks, and to 
Andrew Manne, his father, 40s. 

To Michael Purfrey, Esq., half a dozen of my new silver 

To Richard Whetill, the elder, £5, for the costs and charges 
I have put him to. 

Residuary legatees : — my cousin, Henry Manne. 

Executors : — Sir William Dewsenapp, parson of Drayton 
and Mr. William Bailey, of Coventry, draper, to the 
latter I give a scarlet gown and to the former my long 
gown faced with fitches and my tawney velvet doublet. 

Witnesses : — Richard Whetill, Christr. Langton, William 
Heyward, grocer, Edward Ryley, parson of St. Andrew 
Undershaft, Margaret Kyrton, widow, John Yate, 
servant to Richard Whetill, and Edmond Bright, 

Proved : — i February, i556(-7), by the executors named in 
the will. 

Notes to this Will. 

The institution books for the diocese of Lincoln at this 
period are defective and there seems no record of the testator's 
institution to Sibson rectory. Perhaps he obtained it in the 
same way as he obtained Thurcaston (see above). 

William Chorlton was Rector of Witherley (Leics.), from 
1552 and resigned 1556. This had also been a Sheen living. 
The executor, William Dewsnapp, was Rector of Fenny 
Drayton, Leics. (a former Sheen living), 1553, resigned 1568 ; 
succeeded the testator as Rector of Sibson, 1556, and died 


Henry Man's wish for the restoration of Sheen Charterhouse 

was in course of fulfilment when his will was made. See Miss 
Thompson's Carthusian Order in England, Chapter VIII, for 
details. Note, however, only three of the original Sheen 
monks rejoined. 

There is nothing in the will to suggest that Man had been 
married, but he may have been a widower. At any rate he 
would have had to shed his wife before being instituted to 
the Leicestershire living in Mary's reign. 




7. Introductory Remarks. 

THE chandelier as an article of church furniture has been 
strangely neglected by the antiquary. While all things 
else within the building from the bells and communion plate 
to the collecting-box have been the subject of intensive study 
and a voluminous literature the church spider, though cer- 
tainly not the least comely or conspicuous item of the contents, 
has for reasons hard to seek eluded all but the. most cursory 
attention. Even the name "spider," admirably descriptive 
though it is, has not yet reached the dictionaries in this sense, 
and conveys nothing to the ordinary church-goer. Church 
guide-books and parish histories, when they do not ignore 
these objects entirely, dismiss them with a few brief and not 
always well-informed remarks. The same neglect is observ- 
able, respecting Surrey at least, in the county histories, though 
Surrey churches compare very favourably with those of other 
counties as regards the number and interest of the old chande- 
liers which they still retain. Aubrey's History ^ notices three 
chandeliers among the " remarkables " to be seen in the 
churches described in that work. Mention of these was added 
by Rawlinson, the editor, but he omitted others that are known 
to have been in existence before 1719, though at that date the 
total number must have been inconsiderable and brass chande- 
liers of the vase type, which in the course of the next fifty 
years were to become the prevailing mode, had not yet made 
their appearance. Manning and Bray's work ^ which was 

^ The Natural History and Antiquities of Surrey, 5 vols., 1719. 
2 3 vols., 1804-14, 



published nearly a century later completely ignored them, 
and they are very seldom mentioned in the tables of bene- 
factions displayed in numerous parish churches. 

In the Victoria History of the county, Mr. P. M. Johnston 
made an abortive effort to compile a list of churches possessing 
chandeliers which after naming St. Mary Overie and East 
Horsley — a mistake for West Horsley — breaks off abruptly.^ 
This failure is not made good in the later volumes, which 
contain only a few sporadic references to chandeliers in the 
descriptions of church interiors. 

The present century has seen a marked revival of interest 
in the treasures of our parish churches accompanied by greater 
regard for their care and preservation. Chandeliers in com- 
mon with other church goods have benefited from this improved 
attitude. Despite antiquarian apathy and the remarkable 
dearth of published material — two of the factors which have 
so long retarded their study — they have recovered some of their 
old favour through appreciation of their ornamental qualities. 
Evidence of this is to be seen in the large number of churches 
in different parts of the country which have in recent years 
been fitted with fresh examples, usually small and of the globe 
type. These additions, however, while they give a welcome 
touch of brightness to many church interiors cannot for a 
moment compare in beauty and individuality with English 
examples of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The 
majority follow a few stereotyped forms and clearly betray their 
foreign origin. 

Interest in the study of these fittings has lately been aroused 
by a timely article from the pen of Mr. C. C. Oman.^ This not 
only forms a valuable introduction to the subject, but is the 
first attempt to treat it adequately and systematically. Mr. 
Oman divides the history of the brass chandelier into three 
periods, but the two main periods both historically and from 
the point of view of style are the Gothic or pre-Reformation 
and the Renaissance or post-Reformation. It is with the 
Renaissance chandeliers of Mr. Oman's third period, which 
extended from 1675 to 1800, that the present article is mainly 

1 II, 444. 

2 " English Brass Chandeliers" (Vol. 93, ArchcBological Journal 

(1936), 263-82). 


concerned after devoting a few words to their Gothic proto- 

Very few examples of this early type have come down to us 
and their number was never large to judge from the evidence 
supplied by the Edwardian inventories of church goods, which 
nevertheless seem to show that instances were not unknown 
in Surrey. Branches of latten and brass figure in the inven- 
tories of several Surrey churches, but the character of these 
is not always easy to determine. The word " branch " was 
in the sixteenth century used at times in the sense of a single 
arm. Thus Ashtead Church possessed " ij lattyn candel- 
styckes wyth v brawnches a pece." ^ On the other hand, a 
distinction seems to have been drawn between a candlestick 
and a branch in cases where these are entered as independent 
items, and ' ' branch ' ' is confined to one or two units. Effing- 
ham Church, for instance, possessed " in brasyn candlestykes 
vj," "one laten branche," "in laten sokettes xij." ^ It is 
clear that in this instance the branch was not a candlestick 
but a separate light holder to which possibly the twelve sockets 
belonged. In two other cases branches are specified in a way 
that leaves even less room for doubt ; Addington Church 
besides the customary candlesticks had " a braunche of laten 
for V candiles," while St. Giles', Camberwell, had " ij 
branchys of latyn eche off them V bowllys belongyng to them," 
which were probably identical with the " ij braunches of latten 
eche of them V flowers " mentioned in the slightly later list 
of 1558.^ It is difficult to conceive what these two examples 
could have been if not chandeliers in the modern sense, though 
Gothic in form. 

Following the Reformation a new type of brass chandelier 
was evolved which held the field for nearly two hundred years 
and reached its most mature form towards the end of the 
seventeenth century. This is known as the globe type, its 
chief feature being a globe from which arises a baluster-like 
stem varying in height according to the number of tiers of 
branches. The branches are hooked on to flanges round the 
stem or are slotted in and fastened by pins. The stem in 

1 2i5.^.C.,36. ^ 21 S.A.C., 51. 

^ ^S.A.C.,6^ ; 21 S.^.C, 42, 43. 


ecclesiastical examples commonly ends above in a symbolic 
feature such as a dove or cherub head.^ 

The globe chandelier originated in the Low Countries and 
hence arose the fashion which still persists in some quarters of 
indiscriminately classing all specimens of this type as Dutch 
or Flemish. Mr. Oman advances grounds for thinking that 
only a small proportion of those made after 1700 are foreign 
and that numbers of those " made between 1675 and 1700 are 
almost certainly of English manufacture." ^ The fashion may 
be partly due to the habit of underrating English workmanship 
of past ages, though the native chandeliers are generally 
speaking more graceful and artistic than those of foreign 

In the second quarter of the eighteenth century another 
type of chandelier made its appearance and rapidly grew in 
popularity till in the second half of that century it largely 
superseded the globe type. This fresh pattern, which is not 
inaptly styled by Mr. Oman the vase-shaped, has a lower globe 
often more or less flattened, from which arises a stem in a 
manner resembling the neck of a vase. The branches, unlike 
those of the preceding type, spring from the globe and where 
there is more than one tier from similar bulbar excrescences 
above. In the earlier examples the branches are often hooked 
to loops or eyes attached to the globe, but in later ones they 
are bolted or screwed into the globe. The usual finial is the 
flame emblem. Later models were enriched with ornament, 
used sparingly however and confined to certain members. 
Other features of the two types are noted in the list which 
follows these remarks. 

In. the nineteenth century the Renaissance chandelier fell on 
evil times and fared badly at the hands in particular of the 
Gothic restorers and the gas-fitters. The restorers perversely 
regarded everything of a Renaissance character as incongruous 
and out of place in a medieval building. Under their mis- 
guided influence many chandeliers were ejected outright or 
were taken down and consigned to the tower, while of those 
allowed to remain the majority were transferred from their 
rightful place in the nave to the chancel or some other part 

^ See Plate IV, for an example at Godalming. 
^ 93 Archl. Jo., 270. 


of the church where they attracted little notice. In the gas- 
light era another purge occurred. Numbers were displaced 
by ugly Victorian coronas and other tasteless fittings or were 
seriously mutilated by conversion irfto gaseliers, a purpose for 
which they were not adapted. At Battersea, for instance, in 
1877 the centenary of the church was celebrated by the intro- 
duction of improved gas fittings and the ejection of a fine 
eighteenth-century chandelier which had been presented 
exactly a century before. 

The gift of a chandelier to one's parish church was a favourite 
form of benefaction in the eighteenth century, and this was 
the usual mode of acquisition. Nevertheless, when Mr. Oman 
asserts that " nearly all chandeliers in churches are gifts " 
and that the price was beyond what a parish could ordinarily 
afford,^ his statements are too sweeping to be applied to 
Surrey, if not to other counties. The two eighteenth-century 
chandeliers in Holy Trinity, Guildford, and the one at Leather- 
head were provided by public subscription, the one formerly 
in Ewell church was provided out of a church rate and those 
in Godalming and Chobham churches, which bear the names 
of the churchwardens, were probably paid for out of a rate. 
The comparative scarcity of examples furnished out of parish 
funds is probably due not to the cost but to the reluctance of 
churchwardens, who were usually elected for one year only, 
to incur expenditure that was not essential or called for by 
the vestry. A chandelier ranked among the ornaments of a 
church and as such its cost could properly be met out of a 
church rate and was well within the means of most town and 
many country parishes. The price of a good chandelier might 
in fact be less than the cost of re-casting a single bell and far 
less than the expense that often had to be faced in repairing 
the structure. 

It is probably safe to assume that all or the great majority 
of the Surrey chandeliers of the third period and English 
design were of London make. Efforts to identify the actual 
makers are generally fruitless for the reason that with the 
exception of certain founders in the west of England they 
did not sign their works. Documentary evidence throwing 
light on the origin of the large majority is necessarily lacking 

1 93 Archl. Jo., 276. 



since these were gifts of private donors. Churchwardens' 
accounts may sometimes mention a chandelier that was 
purchased out of parish funds, but even then the name of the 
vendor is not always given and his name when mentioned may 
prove to be that of a dealer and not the maker. In only one 
case, that of the Ewell example, has it been possible to trace 
the maker with any approach to certainty. 

II. List of Brass Chandeliers in Surrey Parish 


The following list is confined to the churches of the old 
Surrey parishes and does not include those which represent 
parishes formed after 1800. It contains particulars of all 
existing chandeliers with a very few unimportant exceptions, 
and notes of those that formerly existed so far as I have been 
able to trace them. Doubtless the number of former examples 
could be extended by a careful search through unpublished 
churchwardens' accounts and old views of church interiors, 
though pictorial sources have not been neglected and I have 
derived much help from the extra-illustrated copy of Manning 
and Bray's History in the British Museum and, on a smaller 
scale, from another in the Croydon Public Library. 

The list shows that Surrey possesses twenty chandeliers of 
the third period (1675-1800) which still adorn the churches 
where they were originally installed, and that it once possessed 
nineteen further examples which all belonged probably to the 
same period. But this part of the list is necessarily incomplete 
and probably represents not more than half the full number 
of those that have at different times been sacrificed to the 
vagaries of fashion. 

The words " globe " and " vase " where printed in italics 
denote a chandelier of one or other of those types. 

Battersea (St. Mary). 

Former. The old church possessed ' ' two brass branches ' ' 
which it was decided to retain at the demolition in 1775. One 
of these was sold, 1778-9, for ^^4. 13. 4. In July 1777, a few 
months prior to the opening of the new church, an anonymous 
donor promised to give a " chandelier branch." A fine brass 
chandelier with two tiers of branches — probably this gift — 


hung in the nave till 1877, when in celebration of the centenary, 
the lighting arrangements were altered and it was turned out.^ 

Betchworth (St. Michael and All Angels). 

Existing. In south chapel of chancel small highly decorative 
globe with one tier of six branches and a tier of scrolls above. 
The globe is formed of open metal bands curved laterally on 
either side to describe an ogee bend. This, according to a 
local pamphlet, is " Flemish work of the seventeenth century." 
It appears to be a modern addition to the church. 

Bermondsey (St. Mary Magdalen). 

Existing. In nave two globes of similar design having two 
tiers of nine branches each with perforated grease-pans. 
Cherub-head finial with silk tassel below. 

The one to the west is inscribed " The Gift of M. Winefrid 
EUwood to the Parish Church of St. Mary Magdalen's Bermond- 
sey Anno Do 1699." 

The one to the east is inscribed : " The Gift of M. Winefrid 
EUwood to the Parish Church of St. Mary Magdalen Ber- 
mondsey the 24 day of December 1703." 

Illustrated : Historical Monuments Commission, East 
Lo-ndmi, Plate 7. 

Camberwell (St. Giles). 

Former. In nave a vase with two tiers of apparently six 
branches each and dove finial appears in two views of the 
interior by G. Prosser published in 1827. This was probably 
destroyed when the old church was burnt down in 1841. 

Chiddingfold (St. Mary). 

Existing, i. In nave was^ with one tier of twelve branches. 
Finial of rococo leaves. Terminal knob wreathed with a tiny 
floral garland. Inscribed on globe : "J. Fielder, Killinghurst 
1786." A ledger in the floor of the nave directly beneath is 
inscribed : " Mr. John Fielder Died the 28th day of April 
1791. Aged 71 years." Killinghurst is an estate in the 
parish. (See Plate III.) 

^ J. G. Taylor, Our Lady ofBatersey, 1 10 and 191. In the seventeenth 
and eighteenth centuries chandeUers were called " branches," a term 
now applied to the arms which carry the lights. 


This fine example bears a strong likeness to the pair of 
vases in Winchester Cathedral dated 1756, of which one is 
illustrated in Plate X of Mr. Oman's article. 

2 and 3. In chancel pair of small globes of foreign design 
with two tiers of six branches each ornamented with highly 
stylized fish masks. They do not appear in a view of the 
interior in 1868 ^ and were probably introduced after the 
restoration of 1870. 

Chobham (St. Lawrence), 

Existing, i. In nave globe with two tiers of six branches 

each. Cherub-head finial. Round the globe is inscribed : 

"The Revd. Mr. Rich^. Vincent Minister. 

Anth^. Beauchampl ^1 , j 
„ „,.„ ^ ^Churchwardens. 

Geo. Stillman J 

Anno Dom. 1737." 

2. In nave to west of i, of which it is a modern copy, globe 
inscribed in memory of Rosamond Acworth, daughter of a 
former vicar, who died April 6th, 1899. 

3. In chancel, large plain globe with two tiers of eight 
branches each. Ring finial. A modern addition. 

Clapham (Holy Trinity). 

Existing. In nave vase with two tiers of eight branches 
each. This is the worse for wear, but even in its original state 
could not have been beautiful. It is disproportionately high 
owing to the unusual elongation of the upper portion of the 
attenuated stem with its curious trumpet-shaped ending from 
which the finial member has apparently been removed. The 
branches have been inverted for electric light and their grease- 
pans and sockets removed, while the terminal knob is missing. 
The style points to the last quarter of the eighteenth century. 

Former. The vestry minutes for 1753 record the gift of a 
" brass branch for candles presented to the Church by Sir 
Thomas Hankey." This was the former church, pulled down 
in 1774. 

The donor was a London banker who lived at Clapham. 

1 III V.C.H., Surrey, opp. p. 12. 


Chiddingfold Church, 

Holy Trinity Church, Guildford. 

jacing page 36] 


Cobham (St. Andrew). 

Existing, i. In chancel large globe with two tiers of seven 
branches each. Dove finial. Suspended by wrought-iron rod 
with a scrolled cross. 

Two water-colour sketches of the interior by E. Hassell 
dated 1827 show it in the nave. 

This elegant example contains several sophisticated features 
unusual in this type, such as the flattened globe with moulded 
base and the scrolling of the branches carried across the 
initial curves, which are suggestive of a late pattern, probably 
after 1720. 

2 and 3. In chancel to east of i, two small globes each witli 
one tier of eight branches. Modern additions. 

Crowhurst (St. George). 

Existing. In chancel small globe with two tiers of six 
branches each. Ring finial. Apparently a modern addition. 

Croydon (St. John Baptist). 

Former. A lithograph drawing of the interior of the old 
church by J. C. Anderson c. 1850 shows a large globe suspended 
from a rose in the nave. This probably perished in the fire of 
1867 which wrecked the church and most of its contents. 

Dorking (St. Martin). 

Former. A view of the nave of the earlier church after an 
oil painting shows a large globe with two tiers suspended from 
the roof by a scrolled pendant. This nave, which was built 
in 1837 3-^^d belonged to what is called the Intermediate 
Church, was demolished in 1872. A print of the interior of 
the chancel c. 1845 in Rowe's Hand-Book of Dorking shows 
two globes, with two tiers each, hanging from the roof and a 
cross-beam respectively. One of these is no doubt that shown 
in the painting referred to. 

The fate of these two examples is uncertain. They were 
probably ejected in 1866, when the chancel was rebuilt, or in 


Dunsfold (St. Mary and All Saints). 

Existing. In chancel three small globes inserted in modern 

I and 2 are of similar design and have two tiers with seven 
branches each. 

3, near the altar, has two tiers, the lower with six and the 
upper with three (but fitted for four) branches. This is older 
than I and 2 and Dutch in appearance. 

East Clandon (St. Thomas of Canterbury). 

Existing. In chancel, large globe with three tiers of six 
branches each and ornamental scrolls between the branches. 
Finial a two-headed eagle. Gadrooning applied to base of 
globe. Of Flemish design and said to be a copy of one made 
at Liege and to have been presented at the restoration of the 
church in 1900. 

Epsom (St. Martin). 

Existing. At east end of nave two globes of identical pattern 
each with one tier of six branches fitted as electroliers. These 
are modern and were made from designs by Sir Charles 
Nicholson when the church was partially rebuilt in 1907-8. 

Ewell (St. Mary). 

Former. Two water-colour sketches of the interior of the 
old church by E. Hassell in 1830 show a chandelier in the nave 
which appears to be a vase with two tiers. This is doubtless 
the one to which the following entry in the Churchwardens' 
accounts for 1783 related : 

" Jany. 9 To Houseley as per Do. [i.e. as per Bill] 

for a new chandelier 21. 9. 6. 

To Liquor for men fixing Do. -. 6. -." 
" Houseley " may stand for John Horsley and Son, whose 
name appears in the London Directories over a period of years, 
including 1783, as that of brass founders at Haberdashers 
Walk, Hoxton. 

This specimen was transferred to the present church opened 
in 1848, but later was taken down and stored in the tower 
when gas lighting was installed, and afterwards sold. 











< 2 














[facing page 39 


Farnham (St. Andrew). 

Former. A water colour by E. Hassell of the interior of the 
church in 1828 looking west shows Q.'globe with two tiers in the 
nave. Another water-colour of the same date by the same 
artist looking east shows a globe at east end of nave — apparently 
a second one. 

Godalming (Sts. Peter and Paul.) 

Existing. In chancel, formerly in nave, globe with two 
tiers of eight branches each. Dove finial. Scrolled pendant. 
Inscribed : 

" This Branch was made in the year 1722 John Woods 
& John March Churchwardens." 

It was originally fitted with a tier of ornamental scrolls 
between the tiers of branches to relieve the plain baluster 
stem, but these have been removed. The branches are square 
in section — an unusual feature — and have a double angle 
break which is not uncommon. (See Plate IV.) 

Guildford (Holy Trinity). 

Existing, i and 2. In nave two vases of like pattern, each 
having one tier of twelve branches. Flame finial. The 
terminal ring is fixed to a bunch of grapes. The branches 
have been inverted and fitted with electric bulbs and the 
grease-pans replaced by metal leaves. These alterations mar 
the appearance of two good examples which also stand in need 
of cleaning and re-lacquering. (See Plate III.) 

They were purchased out of a fund raised by public sub- 
scription for furnishing the present church, which was opened 
for service on Sunday, i8th September 1763. In the account 
of this fund rendered by Peter Flutter, one of the church- 
wardens, the following items appear : 

" 1763 
Septr. 17 To Mr. Drawater by Do., 

[i.e. by bill] for the 

2 Branches Chain and 

pulpit Candlesticks after 

deducting the old 

Branches ;^38. 13. 2. 


Novr. 23 To Mr. Drawater by Bill o. 0.0. 

Deer. 14 To Mr. Drawater by Do. i. i. o."^ 

3 and 4. In south and north chancel chapels two globes of 
foreign pattern having three tiers of six and seven branches 
each respectively. Modern additions. 

Former. The mention of ' ' the old Branches ' ' in the above 
quoted extract points to the existence of two or more chande- 
liers in the previous church which had been destroyed by the 
collapse of the spire on the 23rd of April 1740. On the same 
date the sum of two shillings and six pence was expended " on 
the Men for Taking and Bringing downe the Branch in the 
Church and Moveing the Chests and Boxes out of the Vestry 
Roome to the Crown Inn when the Church fell in." ^ 

Guildford (St. Mary). 

Existing. In north chapel of chancel plain globe with two 
tiers of nine branches each. 

It is inscribed to the memory of Violet Sophia Maxwell, and 
was presented in 1914. 

Hascombe (St. Peter). 

Existing. This church has recently been equipped with 
seven small globes of foreign design and identical pattern, 
fitted as electroliers. Each has one tier of three short branches 
which terminate in large fish masks. 

Haslemere (St. Bartholomew). 

Existing. In chancel, small globe with two tiers of six 
branches each. A modern addition of foreign design. 

Horsell (St. Mary). 

Existing. In chancel globe with one tier of eight branches. 
Large globe, dove finial. 

The history of this is obscure, but it is shown in a photo of 
the church taken in 1890. 

Former. A sketch of the interior by E. Hassell in 1828 
shows a chandelier, apparently a vase, with two tiers of branches 
in the nave. 

^ Churchwardens' Accounts Vol. for 1 695-1 792. Flutter was mayor 
of Guildford on three occasions. 


Leatherhead (Sts. Mary and Nicholas). 

Existing. In north aisle, formerly in nave, large vase with 

two tiers of five branches each. Flame finial. The lower 

globe is inscribed : 

" The Voluntary Contribution of the Inhabitants of the 

Parish of Leatherhead A.D. 1763." 

The upper globe is inscribed : 

" This Chandelier was Repaired & Replaced James 

Barker A.M. Vicar A.D. 1836 

William Simmonsl ^, , , ,, 

T t_ ^ > Churchwardens. 

Joseph Green J 

This fine specimen bears evident marks of the vicissitudes 
it has passed through. In a view of the interior of the church 
in 1862, when it hung in the nave, it appears obscured with 
metal bands round the branch ends, no doubt a contrivance 
of the gas-fitter. A break in the stem at some period has been 
repaired by a metal band, but the most serious disfigurement 
is that caused by halving the original number of the branches 
in each tier, thereby producing the present bare and attenu- 
ated appearance. Fortunately, though now fitted for elec- 
tricity, the sockets and grease-pans of the remaining branches 
have been retained. (See Plate IV.) 

Leigh (St. Bartholomew). 

Existing. In nave. Small globe with two tiers of six 
branches each. The branches are ornamented with the 
stylized fish masks characteristic of foreign models. 

In chancel. 2 and 3. Two small globes of identical design 
with one tier of six branches. The globes and grease-pans are 
of open work bearing floral designs. These, like i, are of 
modern introduction and probably foreign work. 

No chandelier appears in E. Hassell's water-colour sketches 
of the interior dated 1829 and 1830. 

Lingfield (Sts. Peter and Paul). 

Existing. In nave, vase with one tier of twelve branches, 
which are hooked on to eyes attached to the globe. Flame 
finial. Suspended by a wrought-iron pendant ornamented 
with an oval medallion and scrolling. (See Plate IV.) 

Owing probably to its prominent position near the main 


entrance, more notice has been taken of this example than its 
intrinsic merits warrant. Its real interest lies in the fact that 
it is the only example of this particular pattern in the county. 
The body and branches are well designed, but the distinctive 
features are the absence of fluting and gadrooning indicating 
an early model, and the form of the terminal projection. This 
tapers to an unusual degree such as to produce an effect of lack 
of balance with the stem. In Shoreham Church, Kent, are 
two chandeliers of similar design. 

It was presented to the church by William Agate, a resident 
of Lingfield, a few months before his death in 1754.^ He is 
buried with other members of his family beneath a ledger 
in the chancel on which he is described as " citizen and merchant 
taylor of London." 

Newington (St. Mary). 

Existing. In nave at west end above the font, globe v/ith 
two tiers of eight branches each. Dove finial. Inscribed : 
" This Branch was given for the use of the Parish 
Church of St. Mary at Newington in the County of Surry 
in the year 1726." 
Former. "In the middle of the church hangs a fair brass 
branch for candles on which is this inscription : 

" The Gift of James Comber Esq. to the Parish of 
Newington Butts. 1705." ^ 
The present church in Kennington Park Road was built in 
1876 when the old one, which stood in Newington Butts, was 
demolished. 3 

Reigate(St. Mary Magdalene). 

Existing. In chancel, originally in nave, large globe with 
two tiers of eight branches each. Dove finial. Suspended by 
\vrought-iron pendant with coloured scrolling. Between the 
tiers is an intervening ring of scrolls and between the branches 
of the upper tier brass pins are inserted — two ornamental 
features not uncommon in this type. The globe is inscribed : 

1 History of Lingfield, by Haywood and Hazell, ig. 

2 V Aubrey, op. cit., 134. ^ IV V.C.H., Surrey, 76. 


" The Gift of the R*. Hon^^ie. Sir John Parsons Knight 
1704 then Lord Mayor of the City of London." 
The donor, who lived at Reigate Priory, was also at the date 
of the gift one of the members of parliament for Reigate 
Borough and a churchwarden for the parish. 

This is an excellent example of the globe that has survived 
unscathed, though it now requires cleaning and re-lacquering.^ 

Richmond (St. Mary Magdalene). 

Former. Two large vases of similar size and design with 
two tiers of branches formerly hung in the nave and are shown 
in E. Hassell's sketches of 1830, and in later views. They had 
flame finials and were enriched with gadroon and other orna- 

They were probably removed in 1866 during alterations to 
the interior of the church. 

Rotherhithe (St. Mary). 

Existing. 1. In nave large globe with three tiers, the 
lowest and middle of twelve branches each with a tier of 
scrolls between, the topmost of six branches. Dove finial. 
A good and probably early example of this type. 

2 and 3. In north and south aisles two plain vases of similar 
design each with one tier of twelve branches. Both are much 
discoloured and need cleaning and re-lacquering. 

Southwark (St. Saviour's Cathedral). 

Existing. In crossing beneath tower large globe with three 
tiers, the bottom and middle tiers having twelve branches 
each and the top tier six branches, now fitted for electric light. 
Dove finial. Inscribed : 

" The Gift of Dorothy Relict of Jn^. Applebye Esq. 
To ye Parish Church of St. Saviour Southwarke 1680." 

The massive pendant of wrought iron has two elaborately 
scrolled four-way crosses, the lower of which is adorned with 
a crown above and a mitre below. The donor and her husband 
were liberal benefactors to the parish and are buried beneath a 

^ It is the sole survivor of those mentioned in Aubrey's History. 


ledger in the cathedral. The gift was made in the same year 
as his death. ^ 

Illustrated Historical Monuments Commission, East London, 
Plate 7. 

This is the earliest surviving chandelier, and the best of its 
type, in the county. The design of the branches with their 
delicate scrolling is particularly fine, though the effect is at 
present marred by electrical wiring, while the grandiose 
pendant is unduly dominant. 

Southwark (Christ Church), Blackfriars Road. 

Former. A table of benefactors which was formerly set up 
in the church recorded the following among other gifts : 
" 1693 Mr. Thomas Johnson, late of this Parish, gave the 
Branch and sconces ".^ 

This table, like the chandelier, has long since disappeared. 

Tatsfield (Parish Church). 

Existing. In chancel, two small globes, one with two tiers of 
six branches each, the other with two tiers of seven branches 
each. Of foreign design and probably modern additions. No 
chandelier is figured in J. Hassell's sketches of the interior 
dated 1825 and 1828. 

Thorpe (St. Mary). 

Former. E. Hassell's sketch of the church in 1831 gives a 
glimpse of the interior through the north door and shows a 
fine vase with one tier of branches hanging in the nave. 

Existing. In nave two globes each with one tier of eight 
branches. That to the east has a flattened globe. Both have 
ring finials, a detail which points to design for secular use. 

Tooting Graveney (St. Nicholas). 

Former. In 1777 the Vestry " voted that public thanks be 
given to John Rogers Esq"", for his donation to the Church of 
an elegant chandelier, and that Morgan Rice be desird to 
express the grateful sense the parish entertain of their obligation 
to Mr. Rogers for the same."^ 

^ 22 S.A.C., I, etc. ^ III Manning and Bray, 541. 

^ W. E. Morden, History of Tooting Graveney, 174. 


Walton -on -Thames (St. Mary). 

Former. ' ' On a small Branch of Candlesticks in the Middle 
He in Capitals is this Inscription — ' Ex dono Recardus ^ Lyme 


Existing. Two vases of same pattern each with one tier 

fitted for twelve branches. Stems partly fluted and terminal 
portions gadrooned. Formerly hung in the nave, but dis- 
mantled in 1936 on the introduction of electric light and stored 
in the tower. The branches are missing. According to the 
Church Guide (published 1937) " They were fixed for gas in 
December 1865 and the old brackets [branches] lost." The 
same authority described them as " Two brass chandeliers 
with good wrought iron of early seventeenth-century work." 
They are, however, clearly attributable to the second half 
of the eighteenth century, while the wrought-iron pendants 
are modern work. Opinion in the parish is said to favour their 
restoration and they certainly deserve a better fate than to 
be left in their present unhappy plight. 

Illustrated in view III V.C.H., Surrey, opp. p. 474, when 
they were fitted for gas and still apparently retained their 
original branches. 

West Horsley (St. Mary). 

Existing. 1. In nave, small globe with one tier of six 
branches and ring finial. Round the globe is an inscription 
in French with the name of the donor and date, 1652, and 
below it the words : 

Fai a Namur par Pierre Rock Maistre Fondeurs 
DE Cuivere et Potix. 

An illustration appeared in Vol. 34 S.A.C., 106-7, with a 
note by Mr. G. C. Druce giving the full inscription. It is said 
in the parish to have been presented by William II 1. 2 The 
downward sweep of the branches is characteristic of foreign 
design, though not so pronounced as in many Dutch examples. 

2. In nave east of i a small vase with one tier of six branches. 
The lower globe is flattened and moulded while the stem is a 
plain hexagonal column slightly tapering, surmounted by a 
small lengthened globe. These and other features assign it 
to the closing years of the eighteenth century or even later. 

1 [Sic] III Aubrey, op. cit., 102. ^ m v.C.H., Surrey, 357. 


Weybridge (St. James). 

Existing. In south chapel, large globe with two tiers of 
eight branches each. Dove finial. It formerly hung in the 
nave and was probably installed in 1720. It was removed 
when the old church was destroyed in 1849 and was not 
restored until 1920.^ Illustrated 33 S.A.C., opp. p. 120. 

Witley (All Saints). 

Existing. Eleven globes all of like pattern and apparently 
modern are distributed about the church. Each has one tier 
of twelve branches and a cherub-head finial. Another similar 
example, which formerly hung in the nave, is now stored in a 
vault under the church. Round the globe of this is inscribed : 
" In memory of Walter John Foster only son of John 
H. Foster who entered into rest October 25th 1885." 

Wonersh (St. John the Baptist). 

Existing, i to 5. This attractive little church contains a 
pleasing array of glittering brass-ware, all of which is of recent 
introduction and, with the exception of one piece, modern 
work of Belgian manufacture. 

Ranged in a line across the nave are three small globes, the 
two outer having two tiers of six branches each and the centre 
three tiers of six branches each. Two similar two-tier globes 
hang in the north chapel and under the tower. 

6. In the chancel is a large and handsome globe with two 
tiers of six branches each and ring finial. The branches are 
elliptical in section and have the large grease-pans and wide 
drooping sweep typical of Dutch models of the seventeenth 
and eighteenth century. The vase-shaped figure in the stem 
is a common Dutch and Flemish motif seen also in Nos. i to 5. 
It was purchased at a sale of the effects of Mr. J. Wickham 
Flower, F.S.A., of Great Tangley, who died in 1904. 

Woldingham (St. Agatha). 

Existing. In nave, Gothic chandelier of early sixteenth- 
century form, but of uncertain age and new to this church, 
having two tiers of six branches each. The baluster stem 

^ 33 S.A.C., 120, note by Dr. Eric Gardner. 


swells into an embryo globe below and is surmounted by an 
image of the Virgin and Child. Beneath the globe is an animal 
mask pierced for the terminal ring which is at present missing. 

My indebtedness to Mr. Oman will be apparent to all who 
are acquainted with his paper, and I must acknowledge his 
kindness in giving me his opinion on two of the chandeliers 
in the list. My thanks are also extended to Sir Charles 
Nicholson, Bart., Mr. E. L. Sellick, Mr. J. R. Warburton, 
F.S.A., and Mr. C. S. Willis for information concerning par- 
ticular examples, to the clergy who have permitted the spiders 
in their churches to be photographed and to others too numer- 
ous to mention by name who have assisted me in various ways. 




TWO deeds relating to these ironworks have recently come 
to light. They are a conveyance of land from Sir 
Edward Bray and his son Reynolde to Johne Thorpe of East 
Grinstead, in English, and a Defeazance of a Recognizance 
or Statute Staple, in Latin, releasing a mortgage of the same 
property with precisely the same descriptions by John Griffith 
of Shere and Henry Pranell, dated respectively nth and 13th 
November 1580. 

Shere Vachery had been left to Edmund Bray in 1503 and 
passed to Sir Edward Bray, his grandnephew, who died in 


The deeds are now in the possession of Mr. Julian Marks 

of Snoxhall, to whom I am indebted for much information. 
Mr. J. B. Waldy has also helped. So very few documents 
relating to this industry, then so important to the realm, 
are now extant that these are of great interest. The detailed 
descriptions enable us to identify the divisions with the 
present boundaries, which have changed very little. This is 
especially the case in regard to the Hammer Pond. Hitherto 
this has been supposed to have been upon the site of the 
present Vachery Pond, which was assumed to be an enlarge- 
ment of it. but on reference to the map it will be seen that this 
is not the case. Whitwell's map of Surrey of 1603, and Speed's 
of 1610, show a couple of ponds with their longest axis east 
and west. These probably represent the Hammer Pond and 
the Stews. This latter was mentioned in the thirteenth 
century, and is just below the moated site of the ancient 
manor. Such ponds were then of great value. 

The present Vachery Pond, of 42! acres, has its axis north- 
east and south-west, and forms a striking feature in the land- 



scape from the hills in the north. It was made about 1813 
to supply the Wey and Arun Canal, but where the stream 
from it reaches and flows beside the canal near Alfold Cross- 
ways it is apparently at a lower level, so that the water must 
have been raised by some means to fill the canal. 

There is no record of when the works were started, but as 
early as June 1557, Owen Bray let Abinger Hammer to Thomas 
Elrington, who had married his sister. 

This being a forge only, its pig iron was probably obtained 
from Vachery. 

In the reign of Henry VIII much complaint was made as to 
the consumption of fuel by the ironworks, and in I. Elizabeth, 
1558-59 an Act was passed prohibiting felling of trees one foot 
square at the stub for ironmaking, within 14 miles of the sea 
or any navigable river. In Surrey, Charlwood, Newdigate 
and Leigh were excepted. There was also a special exception 
granted to Elrington, against whom an information had been 

The first date recorded as to Vachery is that of a complaint 
against John Gardyner als Lambert of Cranley and Richard 
West of Rudgewick that they on and after 15 November 1572 
felled and made charcoal of 837 trees of i foot square at the 
stub, growing within 14 miles of Pulborough. The writ for 
West was not returned, but John Gardyner appeared and 
disputed the summons — apparently nothing came of it. 

When all the Wealden ironmasters were warned to appear 
and give bonds not to sell cannon abroad, John Gardyner als 
Lambert was the first outside London to be visited, on 17th 
February 1574, as working a forge at Cranley for the Lady 
Bray. He also worked a forge for Isabel Ashburnham, 
probably Kitchenham. 

On 6th June 1577, he took a lease of the works, perhaps 
then in partnership with John Duffield, a prominent ironmaster 
of East Grinstead, but at the date of the deeds John Thorpe, 
also of East Grinstead, who worked Warren Furnace and 
Woodcock Hammer in 1574, was the nominal owner. 

In 1581 Thorpe and Gardyner were again summoned for 
having felled 400 trees of illegal size in Ewhurst parish, within 
14 miles of Arundel River at " Polingham Kaye." Thorpe 
appeared and objected, again nothing was done. 



There is no later record, possibly the supply of coppice wood 
was insufficient to keep the furnace going. 

The conveyance is in English, and the release in Latin, this 
follows the conveyance word for word. They are far too 
long to reproduce, being complicated by the fact that each 


1580 names thus: SHURLOCKS 
Modern ;y Hammer 

Scale of one half mile 


division is separately defined and bounded, as shown in the 
annexed map, founded on the Tithe Map of 1841. 

In the case of Hammer Farm the estimated acreage is 
given, which as will be seen agrees very well with the tithe 
apportionment of 1O41, before it was disturbed by the railway. 
At Snockshill, however, the area of only one division is 








given, so that reliance can only be placed on the field-names. 
The land conveyed is described as follows : 

Shurlocks, 30 acres, " separated from the land called 
Snockshill by a certen ditch leading towards the 
Vachery orchard." This ditch is still extant and 
runs north of " The Island," now part of Snockshill 
Farm. There are 8 fields, totalling 
This is the main portion of the Hammer Farm. 

2\ acres, part of the Old Park. — This is field No. 1141a 
on the map, south of the farm .... 

Waterbridge Land, No. 1151, 85 acres 

Hamer Pond (say 14 acres). — ^On the tithe map are 
5 adjacent fields, Nos. 1140, 1141, 1148, 1149 and 
1 150, named as " Pond." One was still called 
4 acre pond a few years ago, and another is still 
named 2 acre pond ...... I4-I74 ,, 

Stedmans Lawn, 10 acres, south of pond, is now 

called Coneybury ...... 8-543 ,, 

Haywards, 16 acres. Is Nos. 1138, 1139, 1142 and 

1143 16-522 „ 

Total as deeds, 77 acres .... 75-699 „ 

Snockshill Farm, a corruption of St. Knock's Hill, has 
retained its name. As there are no acres given in deeds, this 
cannot be checked like Hammer Farm. It was bounded on 
the north by Frogley Mead, still so called. There were also 
to the north, cited as bounds, but not as part of the farm, 
Whethered Lake Mead, Little Help ah. Poor Help, the Common 
Wood, \sic\ Collyers Croft and a field sometime part of Wynmill 

In the north-west we find " 3 acres towards the comon 
wood and to the lane." This is Furze Field, No. 1003. 
Next to the east is Knole Hill field, or Neat Hill field. 
No. 1002 on the tithe map. This may be one of the Maple- 
crofts, which appear in plural in the deeds. In the next row 
is Maplecroft, still so called, and Whetheredlake field, which 
in 1841 was called White Lake, now Kiln field. To the east 
of the house is Home Mead, now Holm Tree field, and further 
east Snockshill fields als. Wynmill fields. 

The Lyon is west of the house, the present Lyonfields are 
on the other side of the lane, in a different property, but it is 
quite likely that the name occurred on the east side also. The 
farm did not extend to the west of the lane. 




H. B. FANT. 

ABOUT William Belitha, who lived at Kingston-upon- 
Thames, Surrey, in 1732/ not a great deal is known. 
He was a chartered member of the Georgia Trust, but of all 
the original Trustees he took the least active part in the 
actual administration. 

His surname, spelled variously as Beletha,^ Belitho, Bolitho, 
and Belitha,^ may have come down from " belliter " or " bell- 
yetter," meaning bell-founder.^ It may be of no significance 
that there was a Roger le Belleyetere in the thirteenth century 
at Exeter and a William le Belyetere at Canterbury in the 
fourteenth ^ ; or that Belet was a name in the Middle Ages 
associated with a manor of Combe, near Kingston.^ 

In the registry of the Bishop of London there is an allegation 
of 18 January 1630-1 of Edward Belitha to marry Mary Copp.' 
This may have been a forbear of the Trustee. Two other 
seventeenth-century traces are probably of lesser value : 
Belitha is a name that occurs about 1650 in Buckinghamshire 

^ The Gentleman' s Magazine, II, 1032. 

2 Colonial Records of the State of Georgia (hereinafter cited as C.G.), 
I (Atlanta, 1904), 14. 

^ Diary of Viscount Percival, Afterwards First Earl of Egmont. 
Manuscripts of the Earl of Egmont. Edited by R. A. Roberts for 
the Historical Manuscripts Commission (hereinafter cited as E. D.), 
Ill (London, 1923), index, p. 384. 

* Notes and Queries, loth S., VI, 250. 

^ Ibid., VI, 206-07. For a Belliter's Gate at Exeter in 1563, see 
ibid., VI, 298. 

^ W. D. Biden, The History and Antiquities of the Ancient and Royal 
Town of Kingston-upon-Thames (Kingston, 1852), 96. 

' R. M. Glencross (Ed.), A Calendar of the Marriage Licence Allegations 
in the Registry of the Bishop of London (The Index Library), Vol. I, 
1597-1648 (London, 1937). Qi- 



documents ^ ; and when the London Directory of 1677 was 
compiled, the goldsmith John Bolitho " at the Golden Lion 
in Lumbard Street " kept " running Cashes." ^ 

At the opening of the eighteenth -century Edward Belitha, 
" a freeman of London," was living at Kingston. Among his 
children were Anne, Hannah, Elizabeth and William. Anne, 
after marrying Sir Swinnerton Dyer, Bart., died 21 August 
1714 ; Hannah married Samuel Cox ; but Elizabeth remained 
unmarried in 1725, when the two surviving sisters brought 
suit against their only and younger brother William, the 
executor of their father's will.^ 

For the then size of Kingston — it had a population of 3,295 
in 1725 * — there were a surprising number of endowed charities, 
some going back to the sixteenth and even earlier centuries.^ 
Kingston already had Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School,^ 
the oldest known English school to be called in set terms a 
Public School.' But with the fashion all over England during 
the first quarter of the eighteenth century favourable to the 
setting up of so-called charity schools,^ Kingston was to be 
still further benefited from the bequests of public-spirited 

^ Notes and Queries, CLXXII, 329, citing Lipscombe " Bucks," iv, 

^ A Collection of the Names of the Merchants Living in and about the 
City of London (London, 1677), reprinted as The London Directory of 
i6yy (London, 1878). 

^ Notes and Queries, CLXXIII, 87, note by James Seton- Anderson. 
Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, 4th S., V, 181. Robert Masters, 
The History of Corpus Christi College (Cambridge), II (Cambridge ?, 
c. 1755), 279. 

* H. E. Maiden, " Answers Made to the Visitation Articles of Dr. 
Willis, the Bishop of Winchester, from the Parishes in Surrey, Excluding 
the Peculiars of Canterbury, 1724-25 " (abridged and annotated from 
the manuscript formerly at Farnham Castle and now in the Cathedral 
Library, Winchester), Surrey ArchcBological Collections (1931), XXXIX, 

* See Biden, " Charities— Charitable Institutions," Ch. VII in The 
History and Antiquities of the Ancient and Royal Town of Kingston-upon- 
Thames, 71-90. 

* Where the future historian Edward Gibbon was sent in his ninth 
year, January 1746. Edward Gibbon, The Autobiography of Edward 
Gibbon, ed. by Oliphant Smeaton (Everyman's Library), (London, 
n.d.), 26. 

' V. C. H. Surrey, II 155. 

* See M. G. Jones, The Charity School Movement (Cambridge, at the 
University Press, 1938). 


On one of the pillars in the middle aisle of the church of 
St. Dunstan in the East, London, appeared a marble tablet 
with this inscription : 

Near this Place lieth interred, expecting the joyful Resurrection 
(whose Works shall follow him) Edward Belitha, Esq. ; Citizen of 
London. He died April the ist 1717, in the 76th Year of his Age.^ 

By will of 26 March 1717 Edward Belitha left £400 for the 
bailiffs and freemen of Kingston to purchase lands and tene- 
ments in the vicinity of Kingston as an investment, the proceeds 
to be used in " employing some honest reputable woman, a 
legal inhabitant of the said town, who should be able to read 
and work plain work well, to teach twenty poor persons' 
daughters of the said town to read and work plain work well." 
The school was established before Edward Belitha's death ; 
and it was his wish that his executor, his son William, should 
support the school by retaining the ;(^4oo and paying interest. ^ 

William Belitha, who seems to have been made Sheriff of 
Surrey for 1720, ^ carried out his father's direction. And in 
1724 or 1725 when Kingston had a separate charity school for 
thirty boys, the charity girls were about twenty-five in number, 
"entirely supported by Mr. William Belitha by the interest 
of ;^4oo." * His sisters Hannah and Elizabeth evidently did 
not agree with the way in which he executed Edward Belitha's 
will, for William was made defendant in an action of 1725 
involving the paternal property.^ 

A bridge across the Thames at Kingston connected Surrey 
and Middlesex. On the Middlesex side lay the parish of 
Teddington where the Reverend Dr. Stephen Hales, scientist 
and inventor, served his distinguished rectorship from 1709 
to 1761.^ Hales though a minister had much of the entre- 
preneur's initiative ; and it was probably through his influence 

^ Robert Seymour, A Survey of London and Westminster, Borough 
of Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, I (London, 1734), 298. 

" Biden, op. cit., 78. 

^ (6 George I), O. Manning and W. Bray, The History and Antiquities 
of the County of Surrey, I (London, 1804), xlii. 

* Maiden, op. cit., Surrey Arch. Collections (1931), XXXIX, 95. 

* Year 1725, Cox and Belitha v. Belitha, 2 P.W. 272, cited in " Genea- 
logical Digest of Old Cases," Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, 4th 
S., V. 181. 

* See the biography of Hales : A. E. Clark-Kennedy, Stephen Hales, 
D.D., F.R.S. (Cambridge, 1929). 


that his Kingston neighbour William Belitha happened to 
become one of the original Associates of Dr. Thomas Bray, 
founded about 1724 to perpetuate Bray's interest in converting 
negroes and establishing parochiaJ libraries in the British 
plantations in America. ^ Bray, of course, had been a leading 
organizer of the two more famous English missionary societies 
— the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge and the 
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. 
Other than Hales, Belitha, and Bray, the remaining first 
Associates were John Lord Percival and a brother of the 
Teddington rector. ^ 

Again no doubt it was mainly through his friendship with 
Hales, and through the Associates that William Belitha was 
led to become one of the persons who petitioned for the Georgia 
Charter,^ in which Belitha was named one of the nine first 
members of the Common Council of the Trust. ^ 

After attending seven of the early official meetings of the 
Council, 5 Belitha found that coming in from the country a 
dozen to fourteen miles was a burden that would affect the 
regularity of his attendance.^ The official minutes give ill 
health as the cause of his resignation from the Council,' 
15 March 1733, at the Anniversary Day of the Georgia Trust. ^ 
He continued as a Trustee, doubtless relying upon Hales to 
keep him in touch with what was going on ; for, including 
the Council meetings, Belitha attended a total of only 32 
Georgia meetings while Hales attended 300.^ 

^ V. W. Crane, art. " Bray, Thomas," Dictionary of American Bio- 
graphy, II, 610-11. V. W. Crane, art. " The Philanthropists and the 
Genesis of Georgia," American Historical Review, XXVII, 63-69. 
Rev. Richard Rawlinson, " A Short Account of the Life and Designs 
of Thomas Bray, D.D.," in B. C. Steiner, Thomas Bray, His Life and 
Selected Works Relating to Maryland, Maryland Hist. Soc. Fund 
Pubhcation, No. 37 (Baltimore, 1901), 40. 

^ E. D., II (London, 1923), 173. See also Manuscripts of the Earl of 
Egmont, H.M.C. yth Report, App. I, 242. 

^ Cal. of State Papers, Col. Series, Am. and W.I., 1730 (ed. by Cecil 
Headlam) (London, 1937), 357- 

* C. G., I, 14. 

^ J. R. McCain, Georgia as a Proprietary Province (Boston, 191 7), 
35. See the index to E. D., III. 

* Rev. William B. Stevens, A History of Georgia, from its first Discvvery 
by Europeans to . . . MDCCXCVIII, I (New York, 1848), 465. 

' C.G., II (Atlanta, 1904), 36. * E.D., I (London, 1920), 343. 

^ McCain, Georgia as a Proprietary Province, 31-39. 


Though he participated but little in the administration of 
Georgia affairs, Belitha nevertheless aided the Trust financially 
more than did many of his colleagues. Besides collecting 
Trust subscriptions from two or three benefactors, Belitha 
personally contributed around fifty pounds in no less than 
five separate donations, ^ one of which he sent in by Hales. ^ 

William Belitha was a member of the Society for the Propa- 
gation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts as early as 1735 and as 
late as 1758, and also perhaps during the intervening years. ^ 

On 26 February 1735 he was one of the persons who became 
trustees for County Surrey of the premises of the former White 
Lion Inn at St. George, Southwark, used for a county gaol 
and house of correction.^ 

As the executor of Edward Belitha's will, William Belitha 
until 1758 paid five per cent interest on the £400 left for 
support of a charity school for girls. At this date, the principal 
with a balance of ;^20 12s. 6d. " then in hand " was converted 
into £500 three per cent Consols.^ The Belitha Charity is 
probably still in existence," but in 1930 no documents concern- 
ing it were known other than those in the Kingston Municipal 

William Belitha's address in 1741 and 1742 was given as 
Kingstreet, Surrey ^ ; but this is evidently a mistaken way of 
meaning Kingston. He at one time leased the Manor House 

^ C.G., III (Atlanta, 1905), passim. 

2 Ibid., Ill, no. 

' John Chamberlayne, Magnas Britannise Notitia or the Present State 
of Great Britain (hereinafter cited Chamberlayne) (1735), ii-iii, 239 ; 
(1736) ii-iii, 167. William Belitha's name was among S.P.G. members 
listed in connection with the following printed sermons — " A Sermon 
Preached before ..." (the S.P.G., 21 Feb. 1745) by Matthew (Hutton) 
Lord Bishop of Bangor (London, E. Owen, 1745), pp. 60-73 '< " A Sermon 
Preached before ..." (the S.P.G. , 23 Feb. 1759), by Anthony Ellis, 
Lord Bishop of St. David's (London, E. Owen, 1759), pp. 80-98. 

* W. H. Hart, " Further Remarks on Some of the Ancient Inns of 
Southwark," Surrey Arch. Collections (1865), III, 205. 

* Biden, op. cit., 78. 

* In 1852 the dividends were being used in educating thirty children. 
Ibid., 78. 

' Miss D. L. Powell, Records of Schools and Other Endowed Institutions 
(Guide to Archives and Other Collections of Documents Relating to 
Surrey), Surrey Record Society No. XXXI (Kingston and London, 
1930). 93. footnote. 

* Cardanus Rider, An Exact List . . . (1741), 37 ; (1742), 38. 


of Teddington,^ across the river, but whether as his own 
residence or for business reasons is not clear. Since Dr. Hales 
was so long connected with the locality and since it is clearly 
established that he and Belitha were friends, other details 
about this founder of Georgia may come to light in any close 
investigation of Hales material. 

Belitha probably outlived the Georgia Trust. ^ Because of 
the shift in the investment funds of the Edward Belitha Charity 
in 1758,3 one may conclude that William Belitha died about 
that year.* 

1 Clark-Kennedy, op. cit., 44. 

^ The Trust records do not indicate that he ceased being a Trustee 
before the Charter was surrendered. C.G., I, 27. 

3 Biden, op. cit., 78. 

* In 1736 the Spaniards seized a vessel, the Don Antonio, of which 
a Warren Behtha was commander and owner. Cat. of Tr. Books and 
Papers, ly 42-124^ (London, 1903), 139. On 25 April 1740 a Warren 
Belitha was commissioned a lieutenant in the Royal Navy. Chamber- 
lay ne (1741), ii-iii, 157. 




ASHTEAD in Roman times was the centre of an extensive 
tile-making industry, and more recent times have 
witnessed the manufacture of bricks near by. 

A link between these two periods was made when, in the 
summer of 1939, the writer discovered a mediaeval site at which 
pottery and tiles were manufactured. 

The site lies beside the main Southern Railway line almost 
half a mile east of Ashtead Station, and is situated on a bunga- 
loid building estate,^ whose rapid development was responsible 
at once for its discovery and destruction. The spot is marked 
on the accompanying sketch map and plan (Figs, i and 2), 
which could have been more accurately drawn but for the 
regrettably unhelpful attitude adopted by the builder, who 
at the last moment refused a tracing of the estate plans. 

The subsoil is a heavy clay, and in a natural state would 
bear a dense woodland vegetation ; and these two circum- 
stances must be responsible for the situation of the kiln at 
a spot otherwise so dank and uninviting. In addition, I am 
informed by Mr. A. W. G. Lowther, F.S.A., and Mr. A. R. 
Cotton, F.S.A., that Craddocks Lane ^ {see Fig. i) was the 
old highway before the construction of the present turnpike 
road in the eighteenth century. 

At the time of discovery the site had already been ruined 
by building. Soil from the foundation trenches had been 
removed and thrown into an old field ditch. This heavy soil 
was much blackened by charcoal, and contained very large 
quantities of pottery. Information from workmen and indica- 
tions in the trenches showed that the centre of the dark area 
was beneath the houses Nos. 14 and 15 Newton Wood Road 

1 The Loraine estate. 2 ]sjow Craddock's Avenue. 


the: site 


•a"""v £ N U £ 

SCALE: peer 

aos J»o 40» 













•.':.• c E M e n't : -PAT H ■••;: 




m n 


. I. 
















where a layer of cement, already spread, precluded any archae- 
ological investigation. The workmen, however, though vague, 
said that there had been some kind of hard floor encountered 
there, and it seems certain that this was a kiln ; for only 
thus can the large quantity of wasters and burnt debris be 

Investigations, carried out with the help of the Epsom 
College Archaeological Society, especially Messrs. A. C. and 
R, G. Swan and A. J. Hucker, were therefore confined to the 
rescue of pottery already exposed, the examination of the 
drain trenches, and the supervision of other building excava- 


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 



I I I I I M I I I I I 



I I I I I I I I I I I ^r 

=ls FIZT 




I. Humus. 2. Clayey soil with charcoal and sherds. 3. Clay Subsoil. 

tions in the neighbourhood in case of fresh discoveries. Pottery 
did occur, though sparsely, up the slight rise eastwards, and 
between the second and third houses (Nos. 17 and 18) was a 
chalk floor, perhaps of a barn. Near by were recovered one 
or two fragments of Roman brick and of Reigate stone — a 
hint that somewhere near ran the Roman road from the villa 
on the Common. 

Only one drain trench [see Fig. 2, A-B) showed any feature. 
This section A-B (Fig. 3) showed a distinct black layer very 
full of sherds, six inches thick, separating the humus from 
the subsoil. At its base was a slight channel. 

The Pottery. 

Large quantities of sherds were recovered, more than 99 per 
cent of them being of a very coarse gritty pink or greyish 
ware, evidently made on the spot. Several definitely warped 
and overfired pieces occur, and it is probable that much of 




the remaining pottery consists of broken wasters. It is difficult 
to account otherwise for the presence of more than 450 rims 
of closely similar vessels recovered, these being but a small 
proportion of the total still remaining unexcavated. 

The remaining i per cent belongs to a higher class of ware, 
and exhibits the characteristic thirteenth- and fourteenth- 
century green glaze. These vessels were no doubt imported 
from elsewhere for the use of the potters. They are too 
fragmentary for illustration. 

The coarse ware embraces three chief types of pot, the 
most numerous (80 per cent) being a jar with flattened rim 
with square profile, and often an upright neck. The second 
type (15 per cent) is a shallow dish with oblique, or occasionally 
upright, side and flattened rim. Far less frequent is a finer 
jug (4 per cent). 

Decoration is of two main kinds, vestigial raised pinched 
ribs vertical or arched, and streaks of barbotine white slip. 
The former appears restricted to the jars, the latter perhaps 
to the jugs. A small percentage of the bases are fingered in 
the manner characteristic of the period, and the handles are 
stabbed, a device as much auxiliary to proper firing as 

In the illustrations the rarer forms loom necessarily as large 
as the common, but taking the bulk of the pottery together 
one cannot suppress the reflection that, alike in artistic reper- 
toire and general competence, the Ashtead potters were far 
below the most degenerate of even Romano-British potters. 

A selection of sherds has been examined by Mr. G. C. 
Dunning, F.S.A., and his notes have been incorporated 
herein. The writer would also like to acknowledge the assis- 
tance of Mr. Bernard Rackham, F.S.A. 

Note : The pieces here illustrated and a selection of sherds 
have been given to the Guildford Museum. A second selection 
is preserved at Epsom College. 

1-10. Cooking pots. Nos. i, 2, 4, 5, 6, and 10 are varying 
shades of brick red, the others dirty grey, i, 2, 4, 5, 6, and 9 
are decorated with poorly executed raised bands. The others 
perhaps had this decoration too ; but the total quantity of 
fragments bearing raised bands is not great enough to allow 
of all the jars having had them. Certain distinctions of form 












may be made. 5 and 6 have upright necks, 2, 3, and 7 are 
noticeably lacking in necks, the shoulders curving straight in 
to the angle. 9 is recurved, betraying itself only in the bevelled 
interior, i has a warped shoulder. 

Sometimes the lip is ridged, as on i, 4, 8 (and 3 slightly) 
as though to receive a lid. A noticeable feature is that the 
inside of the neck is flattened in almost every case, and in 
3 is actually faceted. 

It has been unfortunately impossible to recover the complete 
profile of any jar, but they appear to have been of a short 
baggy form. A very similar vessel, with complete profile, was 
found in the Rye Kilns {Sussex A.C., LXXIV, p. 63, no. 5). 

11-15. Jugs of varying form, paste, and decoration. 

11. Hard-baked, well moulded, brick coloured, undecorated. 

12. Dark brown, containing the normal substantial grit ; 
decorated with horizontal bands of white slip (indicated by 

13. Dark core, brick to grey surface, decorated with hori- 
zontal band of white slip partially filling up a moulded hollow, 
below which is dark green glaze. 

14. Moulded rim and part of stabbed handle, in white gritty 
paste, undecorated. 

15. Brown paste, coated inside and out with a patchy 
white slip. 

The only common feature here is the flattened rim, in two 
cases (11 and 15) slightly concave. 

These jugs resemble some of similar date found at Guildford 
{S.A.C., XLV, p. 144). 

16. Rim of storage-jar with internal ledge for lid ; decorated 
with vertical raised rib. Interior brick, exterior dirty brown. 
Very roughly moulded. The profile is sagging, and in this 
it resembles the large storage- jar from Fawkham, Kent {Ant. J., 
XIX, July, 1939, p. 309 and Fig. 6). 

17. Base of a pipkin standing on three legs. Grey-brown 
gritty paste, internal green glaze. 

18. Base of heavy jug in very coarse gritty dark grey ware, 
heavily thumbed so that there are slight internal bulges. The 
frilling of the base appears to reach the lowest level of the 
sagging base, a feature known as early as the mid-thirteenth 
century (vid. S.A.C., XLV, p. 142 and references). 


19-24. Shallow dishes, usually with sagging bases. The 
simple straight-walled dish (23) is present, but normally there 
is a flattened rim, usually everted. ^ 21 (whose rim is slightly 
concave) represents the pattern, and the carelessness of the 
workmanship is nowhere better seen than in the attempts 
like 19 and 22, with their arched walls and feebly moulded 
lips, to attain the standard. The paste in each case is the 
normal gritty ware, the colour varying slightly. 24 and 
possibly 22 have remnants of green glaze towards the base. 
The clay soil of the site has in all cases proved corrosive of 
the local attempts at glazing {e.g. 13, 17, and 24). There is 
one example with profile like 20, with the normal brick gritty 
paste, but with a fine cream slip regularly applied both inside 
and out. 


25, 26. Handles of skillets, hollowed to form a socket for 
a wooden handle. 25, brown and gritty, is completely per- 
forated, while 26, redder and more sandy, is hollowed each 
end. A very similar vessel occurred in the Rye kilns {Sussex 
A.C., LXXIV, p. 59, PI. XI, 4). 

27. Hour-glass shaped lump of brick, gritty, ware, which 
Mr. Dunning considers to be a saggar, or prop for supporting 
pots in the kiln. 

28-33. Handles. 

28. Jug handle in hard white sandy ware, with traces of 
green glaze : decorated with scored lines and conical stabs. 
This belongs to a high-class jug, and may not be locally made. 

29. Jug handle in brick-red gritty ware : ribbed and 
decorated with scored lines and stabs. 

30. Jug handle with single rib ; decorated with shallow 
stabs and white slip each side of rib. 



31. Pipkin handle in creamy gritty ware. 

32, 33. Jug handles in dirty brown gritty ware, ribbed 
and slashed. The two flanking ribs are cabled (especially 
seen on 32). These two are so nearly identical that it was 
at first thought they were the same handle. But the wall of 
the vessel is in each case pieced at the top of the handle, 
showing that the lip of the jug is not far distant. It is possible 
that these handles belong to a two- or even three-handled 
flagon, but the writer has not been able to find a parallel. 

Besides these pottery forms, the Ashtead potters, as did 
those of Rye, manufactured tiles, both for roof and floor. 
Unlike the Sussex site, however, no elaboration was here 
attempted. The floor tile fragments are plain slabs of brick, 
i^ inches thick, while the roof tiles are thinner, (about ^ inch), 
in one case certainly curved (probably semicylindrical, like 
the Roman imbrex), to sit along the ridge. They are in the 
ordinary brown gritty clay, undecorated and unglazed. 

For the dating of this series the writer is greatly indebted 
to Mr. G. C. Dunning, F.S.A., who indicates that a date in 
the closing years of the thirteenth century suits all its features, 
though it could possibly be as late as the first half of the 
fourteenth century. In the absence, then, of written evidence 
in the records of Ashtead,^ we may ascribe the kiln's activity 
to about the year a.d. 1300. It is greatly to be hoped that 
this series of associated, and approximately dated, types will 
prove useful when the mediaeval antiquities of the district 
come to be investigated. Excavation in this field is long 

^ Mr. A. R. Cotton, F.S.A., has kindly undertaken to investigate this 

FROM 1730 TO 1753. 


CHARLES J. MARSHALL, F.R.LB.A. {retired.) 

I HAVE recently had the opportunity of looking over the 
rate book of the Parish of Cheam for the years 1730 to 
1753, which is in the possession of one of the inhabitants of 
Cheam. It seems that two rate books had been kept, one 
intended to be used for the half-year Lady-day to Michaelmas, 
and the other from Michaelmas to Lady-day, but actually the 
Overseers were very careless in their accounts. For several 
years both accounts appear in one book, but in 1731 and 
from 1743 to 1753 the details of the rates received do not 
appear at all, and presumably they were in the other book, 
but fortunately the minutes of the Vestry Meetings for these 
years are in this book, and they usually contain the balance 
sheet for the year, or similar details that show what the rates 

Cheam at that time was a very small place. There were 
65 rateable properties on the rate list, of which 11 were for 
land, leaving 54 for houses. Allowing 5| persons to each 
house, this gives 300 inhabitants. Sutton, its nearest neigh- 
bour, was only about two-thirds the size of Cheam and had 
about 200 inhabitants. They were both off the main roads 
to London, Cheam' s way to London being by the Epsom- 
London road, which was reached from Cheam by a track 
going past Cheam Park gates, and across Cheam Common, 
joining the main road near where the " Victoria " Inn now 
stands. The present Maiden Road was not made till 1780. 
Sutton's way to London was via Mitcham. Cheam Road was 
not made till 1755, and the way from Cheam to Sutton was 
along Park Road and Love Lane, past the " Boney Hole " 
and along what is now Tate Road into West Street. Sutton 



was a village with about forty houses all situated just north 
of St. Nicholas' Church, which was the most southerly building 
in the place on the edge of the Downs and fields. Brighton 
Road was not made till 1755, though there would be a track 
between Sutton and Banstead, probably much in the same 
position as the Brighton Road. There seems to have been 
little communication between Cheam and Sutton, as the 
registers show little intermarriage between the inhabitants of 
the two villages, and in 1639 and 1642, when plague was 
raging in Cheam, the registers show no increase in the deaths 
in Sutton, while in 1666 when plague was raging in Sutton, 
no deaths from plague were registered in Cheam. Sutton is 
only twice mentioned in this rate book. 

The rate book shows that there were three large farms in 
Cheam, probably Cheam Court Farm (demolished in 1929 and 
the barns reconstructed to form St. Alban's Church), Church 
Farm (still standing behind St. Dunstan's Church and known 
as Cheam Farm House), and a farm at Lower Cheam which 
stood near the angle of Tate Road and Gander Green Lane. 
There were five smaller farms. 

Of large properties West Cheam Manor stood in the centre 
of the village in the ground now occupied by the War 
Memorial. This was formerly the residence of Lord Lumley, 
and in 1730 belonged to the Rev. and Honble. Robert 
Lumley Lloyd, who was rector of St. Paul's, Covent Garden, 
and who died in that year. The Rev. Lumley Lloyd left the 
Manor to the patron of his living, the Duke of Bedford. After 
1730 the Duke of Bedford paid the rates on the Manor, but 
there is no record of his ever having lived there, and most 
probably it was occupied by Mrs. Jane Pattinson, whose 
tombstone in the churchyard records that she was waiting 
woman to the Duchess of Bedford, that she attended the 
Duchess in her last illness, and that on the death of the Duchess 
the Duke gave her a pension of £500 a year, which was paid 
to her quarterly till she died twenty years afterwards. Mrs. 
Pattinson lived in Cheam, and was very generous to the Parish, 
some of the Church plate still existing was given by her. 

The Rectory stood very much as it stands at present. 
Cheam School, recently pulled down, had been built in 1718, 
only a few years before the rate book begins, and was flourish- 


ing under the headmastership of Dr. Sanxay (the original of 
Dr. Syntax). The old Tudor house "Whitehall" where the 
school was held before 1718, had again become a private 
residence, but it may be identified with the " Old School 
House " mentioned among the rateable properties. A some- 
what mysterious building called "the Beanor " may have 
been a class room that was built in connection with Cheam 
School when it was at " Whitehall," which has, within the 
last few years, had an upper storey put to it and been made 
into a private residence now called " Necton " in the Maiden 
Road. It is difficult to see what a " Beanor " was, but it 
has been suggested that it may have been a sort of Parish 
Room where ' ' beanfeasts ' ' were held. 

The only property named in the list of assessments is " Little 
Grove," the position of which is not known, but it may have 
given the name to the present " Grove Road." 

The " Poor Lands " (and possibly the " Almshouses ") may 
have been the land and cottages that Samuel Pierson of " The 
White House " had left for the poor of the parish, which 
charity is still administered by the " Consolidated Cheam 

In the list of the assessment of rates the properties are 
only mentioned under the names of the owners, with no clue 
as to where they were situated or what was the occupier's 
business, except in one case where there were two Thos. 
Rokes, one put down as a carpenter and the other as a labourer. 
However, in the various items of expenditure the trades of 
several of the ratepayers can be identified, such as the inn- 
keepers, the tailor, shoemaker, etc. The names are not put 
down in alphabetical order, or in order of value, though the 
larger properties are more towards the beginning of the list 
and the smaller ones later on, and in each year the order is 
nearly the same. It is possible that they may roughly be in 
geographical sequence, and working on these lines it is possible 
to identify some of the properties, and to get the plan of 
Cheam at that time. The names of the landlords of the three 
old inns, the "Red Lion," "Harrow" and "Plough" can 
be identified, and serve as a guide, but it cannot be proved 
which inn they kept, though it seems certain that HoUey 
kept the " Red Lion." There is no mention of the brewery 


which had stood in Cheam since the twelfth century, but it 
may be included in one of the farms. The " Red Lion " still 
stands as it originally did but has a new front. The " Harrow " 
has been rebuilt recently. It stands on the site of a thirteenth- 
century pottery kiln. The " Plough" has now disappeared, 
but it originally stood at the corner of Maiden and Cheam 
roads, and was pulled down about 1900. Cheam Court Farm 
immediately adjoined the village and probably the brewery 
was attached to it. There was a large house at the corner 
of Ewell Road and Park Lane, the paving of the stable yard 
of which has recently been found in the garden of one of the 
houses in Parkside. On the south side of the High Street 
was a Tudor house with good chequer work of chalk and 
flints which has only recently been pulled down. On the 
north side of the High Street a Tudor house with chequer 
work walls is still standing. A shop next to it is a sixteenth- 
century house which has been refaced on the street side. This 
had been built on the site of a thirteenth-century pottery 
kiln. Park Lane on its south side was much the same as it is 
now, but the north side of the lane had a red-brick wall about 
12 feet high, which was the garden wall of West Cheam Manor. 
On the 15th of May a fair is held in this lane, as it has been 
since the fair was instituted in 1259. This part of Park Lane 
was formerly known as " the Market Furlong." It is a most 
inappropriate place now for a fair, but it can only be done 
away with by Act of Parliament. To do away with this fair 
after it has been held annually for nearly 700 years would 
be a great pity, but as there is now so much recreation ground 
belonging to the Borough, it might be possible to find some 
other spot to hold it. There are no references to the fair in 
the Rate Book, which is surprising, as the inhabitants at that 
time seem to have objected to noise, for instance — 

Oct. 23 1753 — To a woman with 4 children verey noisey — i/-. 

Evidently to help an undesirable vagrant to go on to another 
parish. Another time one of the Overseers went to Croydon 
to complain to the Constable about the noise. 

At East Cheam or Lower Cheam was the East Cheam Manor 
House, more recently known as Lower Cheam House, which 


has recently been pulled down. There was a farm there and 
several other houses, a few of which still remain. 

The Parish Meetings were held Iwice a year in December 
and May and the accounts were balanced and signed by the 
Overseers. In several cases one or two of the Overseers signed 
with a mark, although they had property that was assessed at 
a high value. Two of the Overseers kept the accounts of the 
spending of the money. It would seem that they did not 
actually keep the books themselves but paid someone to do 
it, as the entry " paid for making the book " (i/-s. or 2/-s.) 
constantly appears. Most of the writing is far from good, 
and in some cases, possibly where the Overseers kept the books 
themselves, the writing is almost unreadable. On the other 
hand in a few cases the writing is excellent. The book was kept 
very painstakingly. Nearly every item on the debit side is 
prefaced with the word " paid for " (often " pade for ") or 
"disbursed for" (generally " disburst for"). Women are 
described as " Goody," " Dame," or " Widow " (usually spelt 
" Widdo "). Only on a very few occasions is " Mrs." used. 

Until 1746 the old church with its two aisles and tower was 
standing, but in that year most of the church was pulled down 
and rebuilt, and in this period of rebuilding the Overseers' 
meetings were held in the tower (which was not pulled down) 
or in the " Red Lion." In each half-year one of the first 
entries on the ' ' disbursement ' ' side of the ledger is the entry 
" paid Mr. Holley at the vestry meeting " various sums usually 
two to four shillings. These seem to refer to refreshments 
supplied to the Overseers at the meetings at the expense of 
the ratepayers. The rates were almost entirely spent on the 
relief of the poor except an annual charge (fixed by the Justices 
at Petty Sessions) for the High Constable, " for goals {sic) and 
Hospital and for moving vagrants," an occasional charge for 
" the repair of the Almshouse," and for " repair of the stocks." 
The only charges made for education is 2d. expended in buying 
a " primer " for one of the Franklin boys, and for about three 
years zd. a week to Dame Blewett for teaching Tanner's boy, 
afterwards raised for i year to ^d. a week and for about 6 
months to 4d. The only other expense for public works is 
in 175 1 when money was paid 

For building a Hutt for Dame Purver att the Field Gate — 6/8d. 


Probably Dame Purver's duty was to open and shut a gate 
on the track which is now the Cheam Road, or on the one 
from Cheam to the Ewell-London road. 

The Overseers had to do a certain amount of travelling in 
connection with transferring paupers to their proper parishes. 
For instance — 

1735. June 5 — For going to London about Tho Sherwood — 13/3 
Aug 4 — Going to Epsom and London a bout Thos 

Sherwood — -15/2^ 
Aug II — Going to Epsom for ye order — 5/4 

25 — Carrying Tho Sherwood with ye order — 9/6 
Oct 2 — Going to London a bot Tho Sherwood & a 
horse — 13/- 
Paid to William Smithers & Allen Wells going 
to London about T. Sherwood — 6/8 

In this case the Overseers appear to have been successful 
in getting Thos. Sherwood transferred to another parish, but 
sometimes other parishes were able to get their paupers 
transferred to Cheam. For instance — 

1732. Nov. 22 — For a speceal warrant and sumans and other 
expenses at Epsom for Bringin in John Cole 
For the Corts fees at St Margritshill and our 
own Expences for Bringin in John Cole — 

The Overseers frequently went to Epsom to get a warrant, 
and they also had often to go to Croydon to the Petty Sessions 
with regard to the recovery of rates that were in arrear, or 
for the prosecution of troublesome vagrants. Sometimes 
they had even to go to London to recover a rate. For 
instance — 

1753. March 28 — Ex Fences att Tending the Peetey Sessons and 

other Ex Fences — 19/- 
Nov. — To the Justes Seeten for the moneys for the 

Deuke of Bedford's Rate — 2/6 
To London then to geet the Rate att Blumsbery 
of Mr. Perkudy and expences — 5/- 
Nov. 27 — To London to the Justes att Midelsex to sine 
Mr. Miller's Bill, Justes Cocks Clark maken 
the Bill 2/6 
To Saint Ans Sahoo Parash for the money — 5/- 

The place where he got the money at last seems to have 
been Saint Anne's, Soho Parish. 


One great object that the Overseers always had before them 
was to prevent vagrants settling in the parish and becoming 
a charge on the rates, so they were always trying to get them 
to move on to another parish. The item "gave to a poor 
man to go on " frequently occurs. The Overseers were also 
much afraid of any children of vagrants being born in the 
parish, as they would then be responsible for the child for the 
rest of its life, so many items show that a possible mother 
was moved on as quickly as possible. 

Someone in the Parish was evidently appointed as local 
constable, for there are several items showing money having 
been paid to a local resident for " his work as constable." 

Another expense to the parish was the constant occurrence 
of small-pox. Over and over again deaths are stated from 
this disease, or payments made for nursing people with it. 
It was probably brought by vagrants, of whom there were a 
great number. In October 1742 Jacob Broughton (who paid 
rates on a house rated at £5) was paid " ye small-pox Bill — 
£2-12-6." Possibly he was acting as a sort of health inspector. 
In 1741 on July 23rd is the item 

Paid for two trusses of straw for a woman's child sick with the 
small-pox — i/- 

and on August ist. 

Paid the Parson and Clark for burying the woman's child that 
had the small-pox — 3/- 

To Robert Bratton for coffin for the child — 3/6 

For a shroud — ']d. 

For Necessaries for the child while sick— 5/2 

The two trusses of straw might either be for the child's 
bed, or more probably for burning with an idea of disinfection. 

There were several deaths the year before, and as more 
than usual was spent on beer for the bearers it is possible 
that the deaths were due to infectious diseases, 


May 26 — The Minister and Clark for the Burying of Bridget — 3/- 
4 men carrying of her to the ground — 2/- 
Spent on the 4 men — dd. 

June 1 1 — To the Parson and Clark for buyring Bridget's child — 3/- 
To William HoUey for beer for the burial Bridget's 
child— I/- 


In 1742 there are 31 deaths mentioned in the Register 
instead of the usual average of 6 or 7. 

On May 5, 1738, when Thos. Wells and Robert Broughton 
kept the accounts, the last item is 

Paid my son a bill oi £^-i6-j. 

This entry about " my son " does not appear again in the 
accounts till 1740, but from December 1740 to March 1741 
the item ' ' paid Son Tom for goods ' ' appears over and over 
again. In two cases the word " Son " has been crossed out 
and " Smith " written. The names of the Overseers keeping 
the accounts at this time are not given, but the name " Smith " 
does not occur elsewhere in the Rate Book, so it is possible 
that " Tom " may have been the son of the scribe who kept 
the book. " Son Tom " seems to have kept a shop, as the 
items are all for goods supplied, meat, bread, malt and milk, 
beer and hops. One item is, however, not so clear — 

March 7th 1741 — -A pint of wine for Son Tom — i/- 

The books were taken to Croydon once a year to be audited 
and signed by two Justices of the Peace. The auditing of 
the books seems somewhat perfunctory, for there are many 
mistakes in the accounts that have passed the auditor, chiefly 
money received (for rates or otherwise) being put down among 
the disbursements. On one occasion however, in May 1750, the 
Justices refused to sign the accounts. The books were taken to 
Croydon by Thos. Hickson, one of the Overseers who could not 
write but who signed with a mark a declaration on oath that 
the accounts were correct. However, the Justices would not 
certify them, and they had all to be written out again, and 
brought back in the following October when they were duly 
certified. Looking at the accounts one feels that the Justices 
were fully justified in acting as they did, since they are very 
badly written and have many obvious mistakes in favour of 
the Overseers showing that they had spent more money than 
they really had done. In justice to Thos. Hickson this was 
probably done in ignorance, and not by intention. 

The hospital appears to have been at Croydon, as shown 
by this item : 


April 24, 1747 — Paid for Cart and Horses to Croydon with a 
Poor man with a Broken Leg and other 
expenses — ;^o-i9-6. 

The weekly amounts allowed to the different families was 
not large : 

Nov. 14, 1746 — Agreed on by the Vestry to allow Old William 
eighteen pence per week, and the widow 
Broughton 6d 

As a rule a widow appears to have received i/6 a week and 
another 6d. for each child, and in several cases the widow's 
rent is paid. If the child is an orphan, i/6 or 2/- is paid for 
their board, until they reach 12 years old. 

Some of the families can be traced for several years. Ann 
Dancer first received 1/3 a week in January 1733 which was 
soon raised to 1/6. In 1734 Thos. Dancer was summoned 
before the Justices, and is not again mentioned, but Ann 
Dancer's family appear in the books up to 1753. Ann Dancer 
had several children as her pension rose from year to year 
up to 3/-. The entries for clothes show that the family 
consisted of two girls and a boy John. Ann Dancer died 
in 1739 and the three children were boarded at George Plow- 
man's at 2/- a week each. One of the girls died of small-pox 
in 1742, and in 1743 the other went to London, probably to 
go into service, but there are items for her clothing up to 
1747, which seems to show that her wages were paid to the 
Overseers. In November 1746 she came back to the parish 
and Thos. Crockford received 2/- a week for her board, till 
she died in April 1747. In 1748 the boy, John Dancer, went 
out to work at 3/- a week. His wages were paid to the 
parish, but he received a certain amount of clothing. The 
name of Dancer disappears from the book after 1749, when 
he probably came off the care of the parish, but after that 
up to 1753 the name of John Dancer appears as being paid 
for clothes for the poor, so it is likely that he became a tailor. 

Another family whose history can be traced for several 
years is the Franklin family. Daniel Franklin was a ratepayer 
up to 1738, living in a house rated at £3 a year. He must 
have died about this time as Widow Franklin first appears in 
the accounts in June 1739, when she regularly received 3/- a 
week. She died of small-pox in 1742, leaving three boys, 


Daniel, James and John. In July 1745 Daniel Franklin was 
apprenticed to some trade — 

July 28, 1745 — Paid at the Sineng of Danell Francklings indentors 

— 2-1 
Sept I . Paid Mr Miller for macking the indentors — 7/6 

He was taken from the parish on May 18, 1746. As the registers 
show that he was baptized on Dec. 5, 1733, he would be 13 
years old when the parish ceased to be responsible for him. 
The two other boys seem to have been boarded with Widow 
Jupp till 1747, when one of them disappears from the book, 
but the other one went to work in 1748 when he was about 
10 years old at a wage of £2 a year. This wage is paid to the 
parish. He still lived with Widow Jupp, his board being 
paid from the rates, and he is supplied with clothing until 

Another interesting story that can be traced is that of " the 
girl at Jupps." This entry constantly appears from 1742 to 
1751. Up to 1742 George Jupp paid rates on a house of a 
rateable value of £2 per annum. He died in 1742 and his 
widow boarded children, one of whom is always known as 
the girl at Jupps. It is not till 1751, when Widow Jupp 
died that the entry is altered to Kate Brooks, who got 1/6 
a week and her clothing. Kate Brooks was an illegitimate 
child, born in the parish and christened on March i 1736. 
In March 1752, when Kate Brooks was 16 years old, appears 
the entry " For 4 journeys to London with Brooks to Dr. 
Ward £1-0-0." Probably she was taken up to see about a 
situation, which she got and was away for a time, though 
money is paid for her clothing. These expenses for clothing 
appear till the last entry in the book on May 4th, 1754, but 
as the balance sheet of the last year is not in this book it 
cannot be seen if her wages were paid to the parish. The 
items of clothing given to her are interesting. In 1750 3/- 
was paid for " Linnen." In 1751 she had a coat for 3/6, 
two pairs of shoes for 3/6 and 2/6, a gown for 6/6, and a pair 
of stockings for 9^. In 1752 she had a pair of stockings for 
Tod., a gown at 7/-. In 1753 she had a " pette cote," for 
3/-, an apron for 2/1, a pair of stockings for 1/4 and the 
shoemaker was paid 8/10 for her shoes and mending. The 


last entry in tlie book about her is that on March 25, 1754, 
she had new clothes to the value of 10/6. 

Another name that constantly appears in the rate book 
from January 1738 to May 1754 is that of Edward (or Ned) 
Goldsmith, upon whom large sums were paid for clothing, 
amounting in the 16 years to over £50, out of all proportion 
to what was spent on the poor of the parish, and large amounts 
were paid at one time, for instance — 

Aug. 4, 1745 — Paid for cloth for Edward Goldsmith Close and 
hats— /2-8-8 
Paid Georg King for making — 11/- 
do for a pare of Stockengs & Gloves — 3/4 
do for 12 Eles of Cloth and Chiterlings — 15/6 
do paid Mr Miles for a pare of new shoes 4/8 

which amounts in all to ;£4-3-2 

Nov. 9, 1742 — Paid a Tayler's Bill for Edward Goldsmith — 

April 24, 1748 — Paid for Close for Edwd Goldsmith — /6-10-6 
Sept. 4, 1750 — Paid for a pr of Breches for Edwd Goldsmith — 

Mar. 31, 1 75 1 — Paid Mr Miles (the shoemaker) Bill for Edwd 

Goldsmith — ;^i-2-i i 
Aug. 30, 1752 — Paid for J a yard of Rushey Drab for Edwd 

Goldsmith — id. 
Oct. 7 — For Rushey Drab & buttons and thread for Ed 

Goldsmith — 6/3 
Dec. II — For mending a pr of Breeches and lining for Ed 

Goldsmith — 3 /3 
For 4A yards of Rushey drab & buttons & thread 

For 6 Ells of Dowlass Button and making i pr. 

Stockings — 8 /6 
12 Ells Dowlass & Button for Ed. Goldsmith — 

Dec. 29, 1753 — Ed Goldsmith had 2 pair of new shoes and 
Buckles — 10/8 

There were several families with the name of Goldsmith 
among the ratepayers — two of them, Thomas and Edward, 
paid rates on large properties, and besides these there was 
William who paid rates on a property of a rateable value of 
£13, and Henry who paid on a house rated at £2 a year. This 
Henry seems to have fallen on evil times, for in February 
1752 he began to receive a dole of 2/6 a week, which later 
was raised to 3/- and then to 4/-. 


It is possible that the Edward Goldsmith, upon whose 
clothes so much was spent, may have been the Parish Beadle, 
and that the clothes were his uniform. The shoes with buckles, 
the breeches and waistcoats that were provided for him, rather 
look like it. He may have been a relation of one of the 
other Goldsmiths that we know resided in the parish. 

Many of the entries relate to money given to the ' ' Random 
Poor," and many to entries about fuel, which chiefly consist 
of hundreds, half hundreds or quarter hundreds of " bavins " 
(often spelt " babens "), i.e. bundles of faggots which cost on 
an average i6/- a hundred. Occasionally a bushel of coal is 
given at a cost of 1/2 or 1/4 a bushel. A bushel of coal 
weighs 80 lb., which would make the cost about £1-17-4 ^ 

A very remarkable incident occurred in 1750. On March 
22nd is the entry — 

Paid then and before to Wm. Thomson and Thos. Wells for 
Monies expended by them in several Journies into Oxfordshire & 
Middlesex to search the Register and find out Witnesses to prove 
the Marriage of James King to a former Wife before his pretended 
Marriage to Ann Austin who was removed by an Order from Sutton 
to Cheam, & charges in bringing the Witnesses to the Qr. Sessions 
upon an appeal against the said Order — £^9-^-5 

Paid to Mr Acton the Attorney his Bill for carrying on the 
Prosecution of the said Appeal — £\ 2,-10-0 

Ann Austin first appears in the book on June 14th, 1749, 
when Mrs. Badger is paid £2 for Ann Austin, and various 
other payments are made to Mrs. Badger on Ann Austin's 
account till March 9th 1750 when there was paid to her 16/6 
being " the Remainder of the Money due to her for nursing 

In the register of baptisms is the entry ; 

Thomas son of Ann Austin a bastard baptised June i8th 1749, 

It would appear that Ann Austin had been sent to Cheam 
from Sutton in June 1749, as she claimed to be the wife of a 
certain James King. Cheam contested the order sending her 
there, and spent £32-18-5 in legal expenses, in addition to 
the £6-19-6 already spent in nursing her, making a total 
expenditure on her account of £39-17-11. 

It does not appear who this James King was that Ann 


Austin claimed as her husband. The Rev. James King was 
Rector of Cheam at that time, but jt was not likely to have 
been he. There were other families of the name of King 
in the parish at that time — George King, a tailor, was a rate- 
payer, his house being valued at £5 a year. The parish seems 
to have won its case, as after March 9, 1750, Ann Austin's 
name does not appear again in the book. However, all these 
expenses had to be paid for, the legal expenses alone requiring 
a rate of gcf. in the £. Accordingly we find that the rates for 
1749 are the highest recorded in the book, being 6d. in the £ 
(bringing in £27) for the first half of the year and 1/3 in the £ 
(bringing in {^(^y) for the second half, making 1/9 in the £ 
(bringing in a total of £()/\) for the whole year. 

The next highest rates were in 1739 when the two rates 
were 6d. and i/- respectively, bringing in a total of £So, but 
this was accounted for by heavy expenses in repairs to the 

There was only one rate in 1734, which was at 4^. in the £, 
and the next lowest rates were in 1733 when the first rate was 
3^. in the £ and the second 2d., making 5^. for the year. In 
1735 they were 6d. In 1736 they rose to 'jd., in 1737 to M., 
and 1738 to 10^. After the rise to 1/6 in 1739 they fell a 
little in 1741 to i/- and rose again in 1742 to 1/3. In 1743 
the first rate was 6d. in the £, but the balance sheet for that 
year and the amount of the second rate does not appear in 
the book, and all the accounts for 1744 are missing, so pre- 
sumably they were in the second book. In 1745 the two rates 
amounted to i/- in the £, in 1746 to i/-, in 1747 to 11^., in 
1748 to I/-, in 1749 to 1/9. In 1750 there was one rate at 9^., 
but no record of a second rate. In 1751 it was 1/3, and in 
1753 i/i. This is the last balance that appears in the book. 

The actual rateable values of the properties are not given, 
but they can be obtained by reckoning the amounts from the 
amount of the rates collected. In 1734 the actual rateable 
value of the properties in the parish was ^^1,023, in 1742 it 
was £1,059, ^^^ ii^ 1753 it was ;^i,036. The difference in the 
rateable value was probably from rates not being received, 
as the values of the properties remained the same, at any rate 
up to 1742, when two or three new ones were added. 

There are two cases in which there are items for the whole 


expenses of marriages having been paid out of the rates. The 
first is on May 24th 1752 : 

Paid for the Marige of Eliz. Mitchell & a ring & other Exspenses — 


Eliz. Mitchell's name first appears on April 17th, 1752, when 
she received 1/8, and after that she had a weekly allowance 
of 1/6 till May 17th, a week before she was married. The 
name of the man she was married to is not given. There 
was another marriage on August 24th, 1753. 

The Hole expense of John amnion an Elizabeth Simkin marred 

The name of Eliz. Simkin first appears in January, 1742, 
eleven years before her marriage, when she was receiving 1/6 
a week, and her rent which amounted to £1-14-6 for nine 
months. She then had a child which died of small-pox and 
was buried at the expense of the parish, and Thos. Walters 
is paid 1/6 for carrying Simkin to Sutton. Her name does 
not appear again till November, 1750, when she again receives 
an allowance of 1/6 a week and her rent until her marriage. 
Unfortunately in the Cheam marriage register the entries for 
1752 and 1753 are all missing. 

The rate-book shows how all the money collected by rating 
property was expended on the relief of the poor. This Poor 
Rate was instituted in the reign of Elizabeth for that purpose 
and was intended to be a tax on people's incomes. There 
was no method at that time for computing people's income, 
so it was assumed that everyone expended one-tenth of their 
income on their house. Therefore if you taxed the house it 
was the same thing as taxing the income. 

Since the time of this rate-book, many things have been 
added to what the rates were to defray, things that were 
never even thought of in the time of Elizabeth, police, educa- 
tion, street-lighting, fire-protection, public works, etc., and the 
cost of all these is still made a charge on the value of the 
house lived in, although the income of everyone is now 


The following assessment of the Parish of Cheam in 1734, 
with the balance sheet for the year, shows expenditure and 
amount received from the rates and the declaration of its 
correctness by the Justices of the Peace. 

An Assesmt made by the Inhabitants of the Parish of Cheam for 

the collecting of Money for the relief of the Poor att 4^ in 

the Pound 1^34. 
* Rateable 

60 His Grace the Duke of Bedford i- o- o 

14 Mr Wyatt 0-4-8 

15 Mrs Cresset o- 5- o 
25 Mrs Sanxey (The new school built 1715) 0-8-4 

— Mr Matthews . _ _ _ 
3 Mr Weller o- i- o 
5 Mr Stanton 0-1-8 
5 Mr Dubois 0-1-8 

160 Jno Bartholomew for the Parsonage 2-13- 4 

3 Do for my Lady Petree's land o- i- o 
56 Do for His Grace the Duke of Bedford's 0-18- 8 
10 Do for Mrs Parkests land o- 3- 4 
28 Erasmus Saunders 0-9-4 

59-10-0 Jno. Heath for his farm i- i-io 

19 Do for His Grace the Duke of Bedfords land o- 6- 4 

no Jno: Tatnall 1-16- 8 

28 Tho: Gouldsmith 0-9-4 

55 Tho: Wells for his farm 0-18- 4 

2 Do for the late Mrs Parsons land o- o- 8 

5 Do for the late Widow Shakeshaft 0-1-8 

12 Robt Broughton o- 4- o 

1 Do for His Grace the Duke of Bedfords land o- o- 4 
12 The Widow Cole for the Lady Petree land o- 4- o 
12 Do for His Grace the Duke of Bedfords land o- 4- o 
47 James Badger for his farm 0-15- 8 

2 Do for Little Grove o- o- 8 
10 Bartholomew Gouldsmith 0-3-4 

— Mrs Higgs o- o- o 
46 Edward Gouldsmith 0-15- 4 

2 Do for Mr Bartletts Barne 0-0-8 

10 Willm Smithers for Mrs Scarwins land o- 3- 4 

4 Do for Beaner 0-1-4 
12 Do for the Schoolhouse o- 4- o 

* These rateable values were added afterwards in 1841 by someone 
with initials C. J. 




CHEAM, 173 

0-5 3- 




Allen Wells 

0- 7- 4 

t 8 

Tho. Borer 



0- 2- 8 


William Holley 



0- 4- 


Tho. Lancashire 

0- 6- 


Tho. Walters 

0- 3- 4 


Nicholas Bartlett 

0- I- 8 


Nicholas Bartlett for Mrs Bartlett 

0- I- 8 


Sthephen Blundle 

0- 3- 


J no. Bishop 

0- 5- 4 


Crispin Chambers 

0- 0- 8 


Richard Latham 

0- 0- 8 


Tho. Roke (Carpenter) 

0- 0- 8 


Abraham Phipps 

0- I- 4 


Jonathan Head 



Henry Gouldsmith 

0- 0- 8 


Tho. Baston 

0- 0- 8 


William Beams 

0- 0- 8 


William Heath 

0- 4- 4 


Do for Bucks barn 

0- 0- 4 


Richard Gouldsmith 

0- I- 4 


Francis Purver 

0- I- 


Mathew Roke 

0- 0- 8 


Joseph Heath 

0- I- 

Tho. Roke (Labourer) 

- - - 


Tho Badger 



0- 3- 4 


The Lady Petree 

0- 3- 


Jno. Gouldsmith 

0- 0- 4 


Mark Skinner 

0- 0- 8 

Tho. Gouldsmith Junr. 

- - - 


George Jupp 

0- 0- 8 


Daniel Franklin 

0- I- 4 


Jno. Tanner for Mrs Barnes 

0- I- 4 


In all 

0- 7- 4 

17- 3- 2 


Received of the last Overseers 

I- 8- 3 

;^I8-II- 5 

April 7. 1735 These accpts then examined and signed by us at a 
Vestry held at the Parish Church at Cheam. 

Tho. Pickern, Curate. 
T. Bartholomew! ,^, 1 j 
T.W. The mark of Tho Wells. | Churchwardens. 

Erasmus Saunders. 
John Tatnell. 
Wm. Weller. 

f Occupation inferred from items in accounts. 


Note at the end of the " disbursements " from April 21st, 1734, 

to April yth, 1735. 

April yth, 1735 — ^These Accpts. then passed by us at the Vestry — 

Thos. Pickern, Curate. 
T. Bartholomew! ^, , j 
T.W. The mark of Tho. Wells | Churchwardens. 

Erasmus Saunders. 
Wm. Weller. 
John Tatnall. 

Disbursd. — /21-10-5 
Assessmts — 1 8-1 1-5 

Rem. due to the Overseers 2-19-0 
Declaration by the Justices of the Peace. 

May 3rd, 1735. 

The Accts for the maintenance of the Poor of Cheame have been 
seen and allowed by us his Majties Justices of the Peace whose names 
are hereunder written and there appears to be due to the Accomptants 
on the said accts the sum of two pounds nineteen shillings. Given 
under our hands the day and year abovesaid. 

Denis Onslow. 
Herbt. Price. 




THE following description of the close-helmet hanging in 
St. Mary's Church, Stoke d'Abernon, was written 
at the request of Lady d'Abernon who brought it to me 
to examine at Hertford House in October 1938. At that 
time the helmet was covered with a thick coating of mastic 
varnish, which must have been applied fairly recently with 
the commendable intention of preserving the metal from further 
oxidization. This gave the helmet an unnaturally sleek, 
chocolate-coloured appearance and concealed traces of the gilt 
floral decoration commonly applied to helmets when adapted 
for funerary purposes. At my suggestion this was removed 
and a dressing of vaseline substituted. The accompanying 
photograph (Plate V) was taken at the same time. 

It is safe to say that the majority of helmets surviving in 
English churches have received no care or attention since the 
day they were hung above the tomb of the deceased three 
or more centuries ago. The opposite extreme, and one equally 
to be avoided, is overcleaning, in the erroneous belief that 
the surface of the helmet should be of bright steel. At the 
time they were installed church helmets were usually painted a 
dark slate colour, to which gilt floral decoration was added, 
especially on the visor. If simply oiled from time to time with 
vaseline, deterioration by rust can be easily prevented. 

It should not be forgotten that the helmet and accompanying 
insignia (gauntlets, spurs, sword, tabard and escutcheon) are 
part and parcel of the monument to which they belong and 
should receive equal care and respect. They were carried by 
the heralds behind the bier in the funeral procession as symbols 



Funeral Helmet of Sir Thomas Vincent showing Fragment 

OF Crest in Position. 

Jacing page 84] 


of an earthly state which the deceased had left behind him for 
a world where no such distinctions exist. The practice still 
survives at Royal funerals and to some extent at military 
ones, where the cap and sword are placed on the coffin 
and followed by the deceased's charger with the boots reversed 
in the stirrups. Some helmets may have actually belonged to 
the deceased in their lifetime, but the furnishing of a herald's 
funeral was usually supplied by the undertaker, when the 
helmet would be bought and paid for as part of the funeral 
expenses. This accounts for the fact that helmets are often 
of a considerably earlier date than the funeral ceremony in 
which they took part. The helm of the Black Prince, which 
still hangs over his tomb in Canterbury Cathedral, is the 
earliest surviving example in this country of a church helmet 
in situ. 

The present instance, although made up from parts of two 
different helmets, dates from seventy or more years prior to 
the death of Sir Thomas Vincent in 1613. The two parts 
must then have been put together, painted and gilt, and a 
spike added for the crest. The crests on funeral helmets are 
usually made of wood,^ painted according to their heraldic 
tinctures. They are often carved with some spirit, as for 
example the life-like bulls on the Nevill helmets at Birling, 
Kent, or the eagle on the helmet of Sir John Cost wick at 
Wilmington, Bedfordshire. Unfortunately in this case only a 
portion of the crest survives. 

The skull and visor, though approximately contemporary, 
belong originally to two separate headpieces of the second 
quarter or first half of the sixteenth century. The skull has a 
keel-shaped central ridge, with a longitudinal groove along the 
top, and is pierced with a key-slot for attaching a crest. When 
adapted for funeral purposes at a later date an iron spike 
has been fixed about an inch in front of this to carry the 
wooden funerary crest. The skull is articulated three times 
at the back by means of two narrow lames and one longer 
neck-plate. This articulation at the back of the skull, instead 
of lower down on the neck, is unusual. Other instances of 
this feature occur on an Italian helmet with bellows visor in 

1 This would be too top-heavy for actual wear. Surviving crests 
of tournament helms are usually of moulded parchment or leather. 


the Musee de rArmee at Paris (No. G. 33) and a similar one 
in the Vatican. It also occurs on an Italian " casquetel " 
in the Wallace Collection (No. 234), and the probability is that 
the Stoke d'Abernon helmet was made in Italy. The long 
neck-plate has a central ridge, its edges are turned over on 
the inside, and it is evident that originally it extended to a 
point at the back, which has since been cut off square. There 
is a row of holes for lining rivets inside the brow, on the top 
of the neck-plate (hidden on the outside by the lame above, 
and with the rivets still in place), and a group of three holes 
in the centre of the neck lower down. 

The chin-piece, or lower bevor, is pivoted at the same points 
as the visor. It is embossed with a ridge round the jaw which 
corresponded with the lower edge of the visor originally made 
for it. The edge in front is turned over and there is a square 
piece cut out in front opposite the mouth. There are a row 
of lining rivets round the upper and lower borders, the latter 
hidden by the gorget plate. The chin-piece was secured to 
the skull by a catch on the right side, at the point where a 
slot is cut in the former. To the lower edge is riveted a 
gorget plate, which has been taken from a helmet of later 
sixteenth-century date. It has a sunk border and roped lower 
edge, which has subsequently been cut off square like the 
back. The top edge is bevelled and cut in an invecked pattern 
in front. 

The visor is formed of one piece of metal, pointed in front, 
with two horizontal sights cut in the upper part, their lower 
edges being rolled over on the inside. Its form indicates a 
date within the first half of the sixteenth century, since later 
visors are usually made in two parts, the visor proper containing 
the sight, and the ventail or upper bevor covering the face. 
It is pierced with seven small circular breaths on the left side 
(upper part) and seven and thirteen similar holes respectively 
on the upper and lower parts of the right side. The present 
pivot holes at the sides are not the original ones, which were 
placed further back, and their former position can be discerned 
where the ends have been cut off short to adapt the visor to 
the existing skull. There are traces on the visor, gorget and 
chin-piece of the gilt floral decoration which it was customary 
to add to a funeral helmet. 


The crest of carved wood has been much damaged by beetle 
and only a fragment remains. It -took the form of a bear's 
head, painted grey (argent), rising from a ducal coronet gilt 
(for Vincent). It would have been supplied for the purposes 
of the funeral. Of the other insignia carried by the heralds 
behind the bier and subsequently hung up in the church over 
the tomb only the tabard now remains. The illustration in 
Mr. Cripps-Day's chapter on Church Armour in Sir G. F. 
Taking's Record of European Armour and Arms, 1920-22, 
Vol. v., fig. 1759, shows the tabard as it was before recent 

The monument of Sir Thomas Vincent, with his reclining 
effigy in armour and his lady beside him under an arched 
canopy, has been described and illustrated by the late Mr. 
Philip Johnston in his account of the church in Surrey 
ArchcBological Collections, Vol. XX (1907), pp. 51-2, pi. x. 


[Under this heading the Editor will be pleased to insert notes and 
short articles relative to discoveries and other matters of interest to the 
history and archcBology of the county. All communications intended 
for this section should be addressed to Castle Arch, Guildford.] 

The Farnham Prehistoric Museum. — This museum was opened 
by the Farnham Urban District Council at the Chestnuts, East 
Street, on Midsummer Day, 1939 ; the intention of the Museum 
Committee to transfer the museum to more suitable and com- 
modious quarters in the following autumn was, unfortunately, 
frustrated by the outbreak of war. 

The founding of this embryonic museum marked the success 
of a movement inaugurated by a few enthusiasts to preserve local 
prehistoric material and to demonstrate the unique prehistoric 
importance of the Farnham district. 

. The museum is housed in one room and consists of selected 
material from collections made locally, notably by C. E. Borelli, 
Canon F. O'Farrell, Dr. J. H. Gibson, J. A. Patterson, H. Smither, 
W. F. Rankine and the late Rev. H. F. Edge. This material, 
augmented by ample illustration and description, illustrates the 
whole range of local prehistory, viz. Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and 
Neolithic periods. Bronze Age and Iron Age and, incidentally, 
gives a unique cross-section of the prehistory of South Britain. 

All the material discussed in the recent Farnham Volume ^ 
(Mesolithic and Neolithic Studies) may be inspected here and, in 
addition, there is a complete mesolithic industry as recovered from 
the local pit dwellings. 

W. F. Rankine. 

Slate Artefacts. — The accompanying figures illustrate an interest- 
ing, selected series of slate artefacts collected by Mr. L. S. V. 
Venables from the surface at Sprcakley, Frensham. These bear 
signs of polishing and shaping and they are published here in the 
hope that consequent finds may, eventually, be correlated with 

^A Survey of the Prehistory of the Farnham District (S.A.C.), i939- 



90 NOTES. 

them and so, possibly, produce some dating evidence. In each 
instance the slate appears to be of Welsh origin — blue and purplish 
in colour, fine in texture and, in the instance of Nos. i, 3 and 6, 
remarkably smooth. 

Fig. I. A plano-convex type of implement with inverse retouch 
forming a decided facet (ia) ; the polishing on dorsal surface 
shows longitudinal striation. 
Fig. 2. A pointed type, asymmetrical with a well-developed 
back striated longitudinally (2b) ; the curved edge is 
smoothed (2A). 
Fig. 3. Another pointed type, carefully fashioned ; the 
smoothed sloping edge shows oblique striation ; inverse 
retouch at point (3B) was produced by horizontal polishing. 
Fig. 4. A very convincing artefact. 
Fig. 5. Evidently a spindle whorl. 

Fig. 6. This resembles Fig. i in type — plano-convex ; very care- 
fully smoothed longitudinally on dorsal surface with inverse 
retouch forming three facets at the point ; under surface 
also smoothed. 
Figs. 2, 3 and 6 bear some resemblance to slate objects from 

Harlyn Bay, Cornwall. 
All the specimens are deposited, on loan, in the Farnham 
Prehistoric Museum. 

W. F. R. 

Bronze Age Hone. — A well-smoothed hone (23" x |" X yV') of 
micaceous schist, perforated at one extremity and broken at the 
other, was recovered from the foundations of St. John's Church, 
Churt, during structural repairs. 

It is now deposited in the Farnham Prehistoric Museum. 

W. F. R. 

A Neo B Sherd from Badshot Long-Barrow Site. — A sherd 
(2" X i|" X I") bearing V pattern and definitely belonging to 
the bowl recovered from the secondary silting of the northern 
ditch, figured on Plate XI of the Farnham volume, was picked 
up on the ploughland where the northern ditch was filled in after 
the 1937 excavations. 

It is now in the Farnham Prehistoric Museum. 

W. F. R. 

Neolithic Pottery from Badshot Long -Barrow. — The sherd 
here illustrated was found on the surface near the Badshot Long- 



Barrow, Famham, in September, 1939, a short distance from 
cutting B3 (see plan : Farnham volume, p. 134). 

The sherd is of hard pottery with medium flint backing, the 
paste being dark grey and the exterior surface baked to a light 
brick colour. The interior surface, baked a rich brown colour, 
is smoothed, and through it flint grits protrude. The exterior 
surface shows traces of wear, but the fractured edges still exhibit 
an angularity which makes it improbable that the sherd has been 
lying on the surface for long. It may perhaps have been lost 
from the excavation of the Barrow in 1936, but more probably 
is to be laid at the door of one of the unreported depredations to 
which the unexcavated portions have since been subjected by 
local collectors. 


Scale f 

The sherd displays decoration consisting of portions of three 
rows of opposed finger-tip impressions, which recall the Early 
Bronze Age Holdenhurst Ware 1 distinguished by Dr. Clark. 
But, taking into account the circumstances of the find, it seems 
safer to ascribe it to the Neolithic B, where, as Mr. Piggott has 
pointed out,^ it is not unparalleled. Indeed, an examination of 
the Neolithic B pottery excavated from the barrow's ditches shows 
that the technique was employed on the largest bowl (op. cit., 
PI. XI and Fig. 58). The probability is therefore suggested that 
the sherd here figured is actually a fragment of the bowl, and 
comes from near the base where the published drawing shows 
a portion missing. The measurements agree, and a comparison 

1 Proc. Prehist. Soc, II (i), p. 20, and III (i), pp. 11-12. 
^ S.A.C., Farnham Volume, p. 143. 



with the pot in Guildford Museum has confirmed identity of paste, 
decoration, and colouration. 

A. C. Swan. 

An Early Bronze Age Burial at Epsom College. — On September 
29, 1938, while Air Raid Precaution trenches were being dug 

Ixnkl 100 O 

Fen lao s 


Reproduced from the Ordnance Survey zyinch Map with the sanction of the Controller of H.M. Stationery 


during the Munich crisis, a party of boys came upon human 
bones in the grounds of Epsom College. The site lies in the 
large field immediately in front of the College, at a point 331 ft. 


Fig. 2. — S.W. Corner. 

Scale indicated by trowel. 

Fig. 3. — S.E. Corner. 
Early Bronze Age Grave at Epsom College. 

I facing page 93 

NOTES. 93 

from the west end of the retaining wall of the terrace in front 
of the Headmaster's House, 323 ft. from the Northern corner of 
the West end of the Chapel, and 329 ft. from the extreme south- 
eastern corner of the Pavilion, the magnetic bearings from the 
three points reading respectively, 314°, 224° and 146°. The exact 
position of the grave (Fig. i) is Lat. 51° 19' 30" N., Long. 
0° 14' 47" W., and it falls on the Ordnance Survey 6-in. sheet 
Surrey, XIX, NW. The grave was naturally disturbed consider- 
ably, before official attention was attracted ; but eventually the 
remainder was carefully excavated by Messrs. A. E. Ellis and 
J. C. Gaman, and the writer. The skeleton, which must have lain 
in a crouching position, was far from complete ; and though the 
trench dump was carefully sifted, much of the spinal column, 
ribs, arms, and the skull are missing. 

The grave was orientated roughly NW. and SE., the feet at the 
latter end, and measured 4 ft. 8 in. by 3 ft. 8 in, ; it was faced on 
three sides with a packed walling of undressed flint (Plate VI, 
Figs. 2 and 3). It is said that the grave had a covering of 
flints also, but this is more likely to have been collapsed 
walling than a lid, for it will be seen that the grave had been 

No grave goods or archaeological objects, apart from one or two 
nondescript flint flakes 10 inches from the surface and two pot- 
boilers from the very bottom, were recovered ; but down among 
the interstices of the stone packing, where the earth was very 
loose, were found large quantities of various species of snail shells, 
whose occupants had clearly imagined it a suitable spot for 
hibernation or aestivation. The significance of their presence will 
be noticed below, and it is important to realize that they can only 
have reached this position before the surface soil over the burial 
had regained its normal hardness, in fact that they and the burial 
are contemporary. 

The absence of grave goods at first suggested a Saxon date for 
the inhumation ; but soon it was realized that this could have 
no significance, for the grave had clearly been disturbed, as was 
indicated by the absence of many essential bones. We can best 
explain this as being due to ploughing ; for those bones which 
were preserved were not deeper than i ft. 9 in. or 2 ft., and the 
upper portions would have been carried away, together with any 
pottery, by ploughing in mediaeval or early modern times. An 
air photograph now preserved in the School Museum shows distinct 
traces of furrow lines beneath the present turf. 

The remains of the skeleton were kindly examined by Professor 
J. E. S. Frazer, D.Sc, F.R.C.S., who expressed his opinion that 



they were those of an adult male of unknown age, about 
5 ft. 4 in. high. 

The absence of both skull and grave goods would have left us 
with only the inhumation rite and sepulchral typology as criteria 
of date, were it not for the snail shells which occurred in abundance 
and were collected by Mr. EUis. Mr. A. S. Kennard, to whom 
they were submitted, states that they are typical of scrub con- 
ditions in a probably damper climate than at present, and adds 
that such a series is characteristic of the Early Bronze Age. 

Concordant with this date is the use of the inhumation rite, 
while the flint-lined grave can be paralleled in the tumulus of 
unknown though probably pre-Roman date on Limlow Hill, Lit- 
lington, near Royston,i and in one on Therfield Heath, ^ in which 


was a " cist . . . lined with large flints " : this latter, however, 
contained a cinerary urn. 

Accordingly, a trial section was dug from the further end of 
the A.R.P. trench in which the grave was discovered to connect 
it with a neighbouring trench, giving an over-all length of exposed 
section of 66 ft., in order to test for the presence of an encircling 
ditch of a barrow (Fig. 4). No ditch was discovered, and there 
can thus have been no genuine barrow here ; but it seems probable 
both from the elaborate nature of the construction and from the 
presence of what was probably collapsed walling just below the 
present surface, that the grave was originally covered by a small 
mound scratched up from surface earth around. 

^ Cyril Fox, Arch, of the Cambs. Region, p. 194. 
Grahame Clark for this reference. 

* Op. cit., Appendix III, number 47 (p. 328). 

I am indebted to Dr. 


■ CMS.I 

:h6S. I . 

Late Bronze Age Hoard froim Banstead. 

[facing page 95 

NOTES. ► 95 

The surface of the chalk hereabouts is not uniformly level, but 
contains fissures filled with a well compacted light brown sandy 
earth, usually running in an east and westerly direction. These 
appeared in section on the sides of the A.R.P. trenches, and were 
at first mistaken for a complex of post-holes. It seems that the 
grave itself had been dug into one of these flaws. 

The remains are preserved in the School Museum, together with 
photographs of the grave and site. 

Appended is a list ^ of non-marine mollusca identified by A. S. 
Kennard, A.L.S., F.G.S., and A. E. Ellis, M.A., F.L.S. 

Pomatias elegans (Miiller), in great quantity. 

Vallonia excentrica Sterki. 

Cecilioides acicula (Miill.). 

Cochlicopa luhrica (Miill.). 

Gonyodiscus rotundatus (Miill.). 

Marpessa laminata (Montagu). 

Helicella itala (L.). 

Trichia hispida (L.). 

Helicigona lapicida (L.). 

Cepaea nemoralis (L.), about sixty shells. 

Retinella pura (Alder). 

Retinella nitidula (Draparnaud) . 

Oxychilus cellar ius (Miill.). 

Vitrea crystallina (Miill.). 
The following have been kindly identified by Miss Dorothea M. A. 

Sorex aranens, common shrew : portion of skull with teeth. 

Microius agrestis, short-tailed vole : palate with teeth, mandi- 
bular rami and limb bones. 

Frog or Toad : limb bones. 

Sheppard Frere. 

A Late Bronze Age Hoard from Banstead. — The re-discovery 
of a Bronze Hoard from Banstead is a sad illustration to the 
archseologist of how many antiquities must each year be discovered 
and allowed to pass unnoticed owing to ignorance of their nature. 

The discovery of a burial at Epsom College led Miss Joan Hughes 
of Culgaith House, Banstead, to submit some amorphous lumps 
of metal which had been dug up in the garden some six years ago 
by the gardener, since dead. They were happily preserved in a 
cupboard by the owner, the Rev. W. Birkbeck, whose wisdom 
deserves our thanks. 

The find consists of nine lumps of bronze (Plate VII), six of which 
^ A. E. Ellis, Journ. Conchol., 21, 1939, p. 90. 

g6 NOTES. 

form rough segments of circles or disks of diameter between 8 and 
10 inches. In section these segments are wedge-shaped, and 
towards the centre of the disks the usual thickness is about 2 inches. 

These lumps of metal clearly were once part of a " cake " or 
" cakes," such as are often found in Late Bronze Age Founders' 
Hoards. They belonged perhaps to some travelling smith or 
peddler of bronze implements, and were buried at the hint of some 
danger which appears to have engulfed their owner. In the present 
instance, the cakes have been broken up into convenient sizes 
ready for casting axes or swords. 

Unfortunately the exact site of the find was not noted at the 
time of discovery, and, as Mr. Bickerstaff, the gardener at 
Culgaith House, who dug up the hoard, has since died, it has proved 
impossible to mark the position with accuracy. It is thought, 
however, to have been found in the western comer of the garden, 
the co-ordinates of which are Lat. 51° 19' 437" N., Long. 0° 13' 38-2* 
W., and will be found on the 6-inch Ordnance Survey sheet, Surrey, 
XIX, NE. (Fig. I). 

A trial trench 12 ft. long, parallel to and 30 ft. from the southern 
boundary hedge of the garden, was dug by the writer to examine 
the nature of the subsoil and to test for the presence of any further 
remains. It disclosed that the surface of the chalk is hereabouts 
very irregular, and is capped by a layer of tertiary clay containing 
nodules of flint. At the western end of the trench there was 
10 in. of humus, 18 in. of clay, and 6 in. of loose chalk, before solid 
chalk was encountered ; while at the eastern end the layers were 
as follows : 10 in. of humus, 6 in. of clay, and 10 in. of increasingly 
compacted chalk. No archaeological remains were found below 
the humus, and the clay was a discouragement to further digging. 
The garden, however, produces frequent pot-boilers, and one or 
two nice flint flakes have also been recovered. 

I would like to express my gratitude to Mr. Birkbeck for his 
courtesy in allowing the investigation, and the hope that one day 
the rest of the hoard — for rest there must surely be — will reward 
the spade of archaeologist or gardener. 

Mr. Birkbeck has kindly deposited the hoard, together with 
a well-preserved groat of Edward III, also from his garden, on 
loan with the Epsom College Archaeological Society, for the School 
Museum. The Society has for reference lent two of the lumps, 
for the duration of the Loan, to the Museum of the Surrey Archaeo- 
logical Society at Guildford, and the remainder is preserved at 
Epsom College. 

Note. — Since the above was written, and too late for inclusion 
in the photograph, a further piece was discovered by Mr. Birkbeck 



I o«« Feet too 




(Reproduced from the Ordnance Survey 6-inch Map with the sanction of the Controller of H.M. Stationery 




98 NOTES. 

in his cupboard, which brings the total to ten pieces. Fig. 2 is a 
drawing of this piece in profile and section, the latter showing a 
somewhat crystalline formation in the interior. 

Sheppard Frere. 

The London-Lewes Roman Road. — A trench for pipes in the 
field west of Sparrow's Den, just south of West Wickham, recently 
(July 1939) cut through the Roman road, almost at right angles, 
about 300 yds. west of the cross-roads north of West Wickham 
church. This is exactly on Mr. B. F. Davis's line {Surrey Arch. 
Coll., XLIII, 61 et seq.). The section exposed in the trench, about 
10 yds. north of the Addington-Hayes road, showed 24 in. of 
turf and silt (the site is in the bottom of the valley), and some 
9 in. of solid flint in the middle. The total depth of flint may be 
greater, as the bottom of it could not be seen, owing to the pipes 
being already laid and earth rammed down on either side of them. 
Among the flints thrown out in digging the trench a little gravel, 
and some chalk, was visible. The trench was filled in a few hours 
after I examined it. In the hedges of the Addington-Hayes road, 
two uprooted tree-stumps, one on the north side and one on the 
south, show a quantity of flint and gravel embedded among their 
roots. The tree in the north hedge grew almost over the centre 
of the Roman road : the other on its western edge. Both were 
evidently shallow-rooted, having probably failed to penetrate 
the flint bed. 

James Graham. 

Supposed Roman Road in EweU. — A few years ago I was asked 
to go and see a human burial which had been unearthed when 
a bunker was being made on the Cuddington Court Golf Course. 
I got there within an hour, but was too late. The burial had been 
disturbed, the bones scattered and the skull used as a football 
and destroyed. The hard core on which the body had been laid 
was moved and piled up in a heap, but I found it consisted of 
unworked flints, a quantity of Roman flue tiles (scored with a 
sort of basket-work pattern), roofing tiles and a few pieces of 
rough pottery. The burial was on the highest point near there 
and I concluded it was a Saxon burial, and that the body had been 
laid on a bed formed of fragments from the ruins of a Roman house 
that had stood near by. The Roman house could not have been 
at that spot because it was on chalk, and no water could have 
been obtained there. It must, therefore, have been somewhere 
near on the water-bearing Thanet sands, which were a few hundred 
yards away. The body was that of a young man of about 25 years 

NOTES. 99 

of age. For years I looked for the site of the Roman house, without 
success, but at last I found two men, who had worked on the farm 
for many years, who said that a former farmer had had a great 
deal of trouble with a piece of land which would not grow deep- 
rooted crops. He did all he could with it without success and at 
last called in the Ministry of Agriculture, who said that the only 
thing that would account for it was that there must be an imper- 
vious layer below it. For another year or two the farm was all 
down in shallow-rooted crops, and this bit of bad land did not 
show, until in 1937 it was sown with oats, and then there was an 
H-shaped piece very clearly showing. I got permission to dig 
and got a squad of volunteer diggers to work on it, and later had 
the assistance of some of the Universities Archaeological Society 
students to help during the Christmas vacation. Unfortunately 
the ground was very dry and hard after the dry autumn and 
progress was very slow, and we did not meet with much success, 
but enough to show that work had been done on the ground a long 
time ago. Two feet down we found a layer of flints 9 in. to i ft. 
thick running roughly north and south, and this layer of flints 
was 20 ft. wide. Within about 10 ft. of this layer of flints on the 
west side, we found a deep hole had been dug right down to the 
chalk which was piled up round it. Some distance north of where 
we were digging a new road was being made, and this intersected 
a similar layer of flints 20 ft. wide. Then the Vacation came to 
an end and I lost the help of the students, and I myself was laid 
up with illness and could not organize things. One digger was at 
work for some time, though he was hampered by the dry summer 
which made the ground very hard, but we found enough to show 
that the layer of flints, looking much like a Roman road, ran in a 
direction roughly from the gates of Nonsuch Palace on the Epsom- 
London road (Old Stane Street) towards the Church at Banstead. 
The site is in the parish of Ewell, and is situated south of Cud- 
dington Court Farm, and the " road " is close to the south-west 
angle-post of the football field just south of the farm. The ground 
is now being laid out for building, and work on it would be worth 

Charles J. Marshall. 

The Sites of Two more Thirteenth Century Pottery Kilns 
at Cheam. — Last winter I was walking along a newly-made road, 
Harefield Avenue in Cuddington, when, looking down, I found 
I was walking on quantities of fragments of thirteenth century 
pottery, exactly like what was in the mediaeval pottery kiln I 
discovered in Cheam in 1923, which is described and illustrated in 


Surrey ArchcBological Collections, Vol. XXXV. The road was on 
the side of a hill and material had been brought there to level 
it up. I made inquiries and found the contractor who had done 
the work, and he sent the lorry driver, who had shot the material, 
to meet me on the spot. He said he had brought the stuff from 
the excavation of the car-park at the Harrow Inn, Cheam. This 
excavation had been done with a mechanical digger and no one 
had noticed anything unusual. On going to the Harrow Inn 
I found the banks of the car-park full of fragments of the same 
pottery as that found in 1923, so there must have been a kiln or 
a. waste heap there at one time. 

There had also been another kiln near the Harrow Inn on the 
site of a house (now a fishmonger's) on the other side of Cheam 
High Street. Three years ago some pottery was brought to me 
that had been dug up in making an addition at the back of the 
fishmonger's, but most of it had been broken up and used for 
concrete. We got permission to dig at the back of the house, 
and there found many fragments of pottery similar to that I found 
in 1923 but not quite so well made. The handles were not quite 
so well secured to the pots, and many had come completely away, 
while in the 1923 kiln we had found no handles broken away from 
the pots. We also found quantities of ashes and worked clay. 
The fishmonger's house is a seventeenth-century house refronted 
on the street side, which must have been built on the site of a 
thirteenth-century pottery kiln. 

Charles J. Marshall. 

Brass in Lumley Chapel, Cheam. — With reference to the brass 
of a civilian in the Lumley Chapel, Cheam, which is illustrated 
in S.A£., XXVI, p. 52, and which Mr. Mill Stephenson dated 
about 1390, I would add the following note : 

When the old church of Cheam was pulled down in 1864 (the 
Lumley Chapel being the only portion of the old church left stand- 
ing), all the monuments and brasses were removed and placed in 
the Lumley Chapel. Among the brasses so removed was a floor 
brass to a civilian. The stone slab in which the brass was set was 
broken by the workmen, but it was re-set in a new stone. The 
brass measured 4 ft. by 4I in., but unfortunately a piece 8| in. 
long had been lost from the middle. The plate is in good preserva- 
tion ; there appears to have been a short inscription beneath the 
feet of the figure. It originally lay on the floor of the south aisle, 
near the west end of the Church. According to legend this is 
supposed to be the memorial of William de Cheyham. Mr. H. Victor 
Smith of the Guildhall has recently made some researches into the 


history of William deCheyham, and states that his history appears 
to have been as follows : 

" William de Cheyham seems to have been an important Citizen 
of London and his Company the ' Corders.' They were rope- 
makers, but the Company has long since died out. 

" William married twice, first to Katherine and after her death 
to Agnes. 

" In 1320 he and his first wife Katherine granted to Alice de 
Espicer, widow, a tenement formerly belonging to her husband, 
called the Horner, in the parish of St. Dunstan West, Fleet Street, 
to hold the same for life by way of her dower. 

" Four years later, on 28th October 1324, he and his second wife 
Agnes took a lease of a brewhouse, shop and house in Bread Street 
for 24 years at the rent of 33s. p. a. 

" In 1316 he formed part of a deputation to the Lord Mayor and 
Aldermen and obtained an Ordinance forbidding strangers to sell 
corn and requiring Cornmongers to sell only at the four appointed 
places in the City, viz. Billingsgate, Gracechurch, Queenhithe and 
Newgate Street ; and in 1320 he was a member of the Jury on an 
inquisition to try the case of a wife for supposed sequestration of 
her husband's goods whilst he was abroad. 

" Fourteen years later he was one of the sureties appointed to 
raise 1,200 marks, viz. 1,000 marks for the pay of the men and 
200 marks for Edmund Flambard their leader — for furnishing 100 
horsemen and the same number of foot soldiers, for Scotland. 
The last note I have made occurred in 1346/7 when he was chosen 
by the best and wisest men of his Ward to assess the inhabitants 
of the City for raising 3,000 marks which the Mayor and Aldermen 
agreed to raise for the King, and later his name appears among 
those who paid their quota in full. He died between October 1347 
and March 1348, as on the 12th March 1348 his widow Agnes came 
before the Mayor and Aldermen and acknowledged herself guardian 
of Margaret, Lucy and Agnes, her daughters, and of their property 
under the Will of her late husband, and William de Cheyham 's Will 
is dated October 1347. To his wife he left the remaining term of 
Thomas de Bokhara's apprenticeship, a tenement in Fleet Street 
for life, and after her decease a portion to be devoted to a Chantry 
in St. Dunstan's West, Fleet Street, and other pious uses and the 
residue to be divided among his children. To Johanna his daughter, 
one mark annually and to Juliana his daughter, a nun, a tenement 
in the parish of St. Giles Cripplegate. No doubt these last two 
daughters were by his first wife and of age and we can be almost 
certain that he left no son and heir." 

Charles J. Marshall. 


Shere. — In the course of recent repairs to the roof of the parish 
church of St. James the eastern tie-beam of the nave was found 
to bear some unusual features. The top and bottom edges of the 
west face were rebated throughout their whole length, and on the 
same face a large dove-tailed recess occurred near the centre on 
the lower edge and signs of a similar though smaller recess some 
2 ft. 3 in. from the north wall. Mr. Aymer Vallance, F.S.A., whose 
opinion was sought, thinks that the lower rebate was for a 
tympanum, and the upper one possibly for an ornamental brattish- 
ing, and that the larger recess was for the head of the Great Rood. 
The beam was much decayed by ravages of the beetle and had 
to be removed, but sections showing the features mentioned have 
been cut from it for preservation at the Church. ^ 

W. H. 

Wren Font in Kingston Parish Church. — This font was erected 
in 1939 in the East Surrey Regiment War Memorial Chapel, having 
been restored to its rightful usage thanks to the knowledge and 
research of Dr. W. E. St. L. Finny. 

The bowl of the font was designed by Christopher Wren at the 
Restoration. The stem of the same period — possibly it was the 
original stem which was lost many years ago — was discovered 
recently by Dr. Finny, when he was inspecting a private collection 
of marble works, which was being dispersed. 

During the Civil War, the Parliamentary troops came to Kingston, 
and used the Parish Church as a stable. They wrecked the pews, 
and smashed the ancient font, which disappeared. After the 
Restoration Christopher Wren designed a font, known as the 
Restoration period font, which was of white marble, with typical 
carving of the age. One of the fonts was given to Kingston Parish 
Church, where it remained until about forty-five years ago, when 
it was discarded in favour of a new font, given by two ladies. 

When the late Canon Hyslop became vicar, in 1918, Dr. Finny 
told him that the Restoration font bowl was in the Vicarage Garden, 
where it was being used as a bird-bath. He had the bowl put 
back into the church, where it lay near the organ until recently, 
when Dr. Finny came across a stem of the same period and carving, 
and fitted it to the bowl. The font is now in its original condition. 

The cost of restoring the font and mounting the stem on a black 
marble base, was met by Dr. Finny, who is a member of the Church 


^ For the rood screen formerly in the Church, see article by Mr. Vallance 
in Memorials of Old Surrey (1911), pp. 11 5-1 7. 

NOTES. 103 

The foregoing particulars have been taken from the Surrey 
Advertiser and County Times of 15th July 1939. 

Additions to List of Transcripts of Surrey Parish Registers. — 

Ash. MS. Ba. 1548-1899, M. 1550-1899, Bu. 1549-1899 (K. V. 

Elphinstone, The Athenaeum, S.W.i). 
AsHTEAD. TS. 1662-1812 (Church, Bodleian, Guildhall Library, 

Beddington. TS. Ba. and Bu. 1673-1812, M. and Banns 1673- 

1837 (Church, Bodleian, Guildhall Library, London). 
Leatherhead. TS. Ba. 1623, 1626, 1647, 1649, 1656-1812, 

M. and Bu. 1656-1812 (Church, Bodleian, Guildhall Library, 

Walton-on-the-Hill. MS. 1581-1800 (W. P. D. Stebbing). 

B. Campbell Cooke. 

Extracts from the Diary of William Bray. — Miss H. S. Pitman 
who has lived many years in Guildford, has kindly supplied the 
following information which throws some light on many of the 
places in Guildford mentioned in the Diary. 

The Artillery Ground was situated on the right of Woodbridge 
Road and, before the present houses were built, was used as a 
nursery garden. New roads were cut across to Stoke Road and 
one was named Artillery Road. 

Cross Lanes was the name given to narrow lanes leading from 
London Road up to Epsom Road and a continuation to what is 
now Warren Road. 

The Bowling Green must be the ancient Bowling Green of the 
Castle, still in use. 

There was a copse known as Ganghill, two miles out on the 
London Road beyond Boxgrove, and a building estate now bears 
that name, so probably Ganghill Common was in that direction. 

Miss Pitman had never heard of Velvet Walk, but from the 
mention of Warwick Bench at the same time, she thinks that Velvet 
Walk must have been near there and in the direction of Pilgrims' 
W^ay, Shalford. 

The hopground may have been in some of the fields belonging 
to the farm in the valley. 

She has been trying to find out the origin of the name of Warwick 
or Warwick's Bench, but no one seems to know from what the name 
is derived. 


Woodcuts from Russell's " Guildford." — Most of the woodcuts 
illustrated here appeared in a book entitled Guildford, a Descriptive 
and Historical View of the County Town of Surrey from original 
drawings, many of which were by C. C. Pyne, afterwards drawing 
master at the Royal Grammar School, and were engraved by 
Thomson. The book was published in 1845 by G. W. & J. Russell 
of Guildford. The book is an octavo of 212 pages and was written 
for Messrs. Russell by a Mr. F. Lawrence in 1842. It is full of 
interest and long since out of print. A copy of the book is in the 
Society's Library. 

The woodcuts have been presented to the Guildford Corporation 
by Mr. Edward Stent, whose family succeeded the Russells. 

Fredk. H. Elsley, 


1. Guildford Castle. Keep of the Castle which dates from the 
eleventh century and is now termed a " shell keep." King John stayed 
here in 1200 on his way to London to be crowned. 

2. Castle Arch. This print shows the Castle Arch before the addition 
to the Town Museum was carried out in 191 1. 

3. The Hospital of the Blessed Trinity, commonly known as Abbot's 
Hospital (founded 1619 by Archbishop Abbot). 

4. Crown Inn (now National Provincial Bank). It still retains its 
sign. It was a coaching-house back in 1836 and ceased to be a licensed 
house in the late forties. Anno 34 Eliz. : " The market and place for 
buying and selling and uttering of all kinds and sorts of oat-meale 
and bread upon market daies against the messuage or inne called 
' The Crowne ' on the North side of the street." 

5. George Abbot's birthplace. Now demolished. 

6. Baker's ancient Market House. (This building occupied the 
present open space in front of Holy Trinity Church, Guildford.) It 
was demolished about 1758. 

7. Original Front of Messrs. Stent Clarke, Booksellers. The author 
of Russell's History of Guildford lived here. He was four times Mayor 
of Guildford. His son, John Russell, R.A., was born in this house. 




Woodcuts from Russell's Guildford. 

Woodcuts from Russell's Guildford. 

m i LUu ri ii ii n ni m nn i n m i m innn]^ 


n . i i i i ii niiii u n ii in i iu Tn uj iiiii i i n i nin i i i i i i iTii mmmi i ni i i iii 

E0OKSELI^I!:]^s pri>:tI':rs statioiveks bookbinders 


Woodcuts from Russell's Guildford. 


The Empress Maud . By the Earl of Onslow. James Clark & Co. , 
los. 6d. net. 

The learned President of the Surrey Archceological Society has 
filled a conspicuous blank in English historical biography by 
writing this erudite and detailed account of the hfe and work of 
the Empress Maud. His task has been a far from easy one for, 
as he himself says, " she flourished 800 years ago, and the records 
of those days are scanty." Nevertheless, by means of a careful 
collection from numerous contemporary sources of all the scraps 
of information that they impart, and in the light of recent historical 
investigation, he has succeeded in compihng a very complete account 
of her adventurous and distinguished career. 

Maud, or Matilda, as she is more commonly called, was daughter 
of Henry I of England and mother of Henry H. At the age of 
twelve (a.d. 1114) she was married to the Emperor Henry V, who 
was twenty-one years her senior. For eleven years she was the 
centre of a brilUant German court, without rival the first lady in 
Europe. Then, in a.d. 1125 she was left a childless widow. Her 
father urgently recalled her to England, for his only legitimate 
son, William, had been drowned in the wreck of the White Ship, 
and he was much concerned respecting the succession. He had 
to consider not only the English kingdom but also the Norman 
duchy which the French king was eager to secure. To safeguard 
this precious possession with its appendant county of Maine he 
determined that his daughter, the widowed Empress, should marry 
Geoffrey, son of Count Fulk of Anjou, the ancient enemy of the 
Normans, whose alliance with the French king it was necessary 
at all costs to prevent. Hence in a.d. 1128 the haughty and 
dignified Empress, aged nearly twenty-six, was married to the 
youthful Plantagenet, who had not yet reached his fifteenth year. 
The marriage was, as might have been expected, for a time a 
desperately unhappy one ; but the Angevins as a House were 
inured to domestic infelicity. Moreover, although it did secure, 
after Henry I's death in a.d. 1135, the consolidation of Normandy, 
Maine, Anjou and Touraine, and so frustrated the designs of the 
French king, it gravely imperilled the Empress Maud's chances 



of securing the crown of England. For neither the Norman barons 
settled in England, nor the Enghsh people, were prepared to accept 
the rule of a woman, more German than English, married to a 
boy more quarrelsome than wise. 

The greater part of Lord Onslow's biography deals with the 
struggle for the English monarchy that filled the years a.d. 1137 
to 1 153. It has never before been described in so much detail. 
We learn much not only concerning the rivals, the Empress Maud 
and her cousin, Stephen of Blois, but also concerning all their 
leading supporters. During the course of the conflict the condition 
of the country became one of appalling anarchy. Men said openly 
that " Christ and the Saints slept." The Empress lived, however, 
to see the triumph of her cause in the accession of her son Henry II 
(a.d. 1154). She lived, indeed, until a.d. 1167, and played a con- 
spicuous and honourable part in the administration of her son's 
Continental dominions until the time of her death. 

If a second edition of this scholarly monography is published 
there are a few printer's errors that call for correction, the most 
serious of which occurs in the genealogical table on page 203 where 
Malcolm III of Scotland is shown as the brother, instead of the 
husband, of Saint Margaret. The addition of an index would also 
be an advantage. F. J. C. Hearnshaw. 

The Locks of Norbury. The story of a remarkable family in the 
eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, by the Duchess of Sermoneta. 
London : John Murray, 1940. i8s. 

Norbury Park, Mickleham, was bought by William Lock the art 
patron in 1774, and was inhabited by him and his family until 
sold by his son in 1819. Then the scene shifts from Surrey to the 
Continent, and it is by the Lake of Como that the Duchess of 
Sermoneta, William Lock's great-great-great-granddaughter has 
written the delightful book of nearly 400 pages which she has 
based on much unpublished material. Only a quarter of the 
volume is devoted to Surrey, and if the book is more gossipy than 
scientific so are the persons that people its pages. The dozen 
dehghtful illustrations are from portraits mostly in private posses- 
sion, and there is an undated engraving of the mansion which may 
or may not show the house as the Locks knew it. 

The story opens with the mystery of William Lock's birth, and 
the author states that round Mickleham (where she says the Locks 
are still remembered) there is a legend that William was a natural 
son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, or even of George II. We may, 
however, attach little credence to these unnamed super-centenarians 
who knew Norbury 120 years ago, and even less to the Itahan 


medium who was tapped for information (somewhat violently, on 
the top of her head) . The author is not precise in her identification 
of place-names, but it appears that the earliest known of the 
Norbury Locks was buried at Ropley near Alresford, Hampshire, 
in 1614, and that the bachelor father of the first Wilham of Norbury 
lived at Binsted near our Surrey Farnham, being buried in St. 
Paul's " covered garden " (Covent Garden ?) in 1761 aged 74. . The 
author presumes that William was born in 1732, but on her own 
showing the father could not have been then aged 55 as she states. 
William, then living in Cavendish Square, London, with his supposed 
mother, Mary Wood, inherited the large fortune represented by his 
father's freehold and copyhold land, together with his pictures and 
books. In 1766 William married at Marylebone 17-years-old 
Frederica Augusta Schaub, and during lengthy travels on the 
Continent the couple had built for themselves the house in Portman 
Square that is now the Netherlands Legation. But by about 1780 
town life and travel were given up owing to a financial failure, 
and we find William installed with his wife at Norbury Park, with 
his French mother-in-law not far away at Hampton Court, where 
she lived till her death in 1793. Lock had acquired the estate in 
1774 while in Italy, and wrote from Rome to his architect Sandby, 
apparently the Thomas of that name who had drowned the Surrey 
hamlet of Harpsford when laying out Virginia Water. A house 
was built on a new site commanding the fine views which the 
author mentions, though what are the Downs of Chessington 
mentioned in the same breath as Box Hill ? Until the new house 
was finished the Locks lived in the low-lying old building " which 
still exists, . . . with its lofty room that was a refectory in the 
old priory days." But Norbury never knew any old priory days, 
and the author quite rightly concentrates on its diary days, en- 
shrined in the works of Evelyn, Farington, and Fanny Burney. 
The former mentions the walnut trees, many of which were felled 
by Wilham Lock's immediate predecessor for gunstocks used against 
the American rebels in such exciting engagements as that depicted 
on the south wall of Great Bookham Church. The overrated Druid's 
Grove is mentioned, and it would be interesting to know on what 
evidence some of the trees are stated to be well over a thousand 
years old. 

Though the mansion has been much altered it still retains the 
Painted Saloon, with its landscapes by George Barrett, its grisaille 
statues by Giambattista Cipriani, and its cattle by Gilpin, " Lock's 
friend," all in the taste correct and pure approved in verse by 
William Gilpin in his poem on landscape painting. The author's 
shyness of Christian names leaves us in the dark as to the identity 


of the first-named Gilpin, but the latter was the writer and painter, 
WilUam Combe's " Dr. Syntax," to whose son at Cheam School 
were sent the three elder boys of the house, William II, Charles, 
and George Lock. 

The connexion with Fanny Burney began in 1784, when at the 
age of 32 she first came to stay at Norbury. She had got to know 
the Locks through her sister, Mrs. Molesworth Phillips, who until 
1795 lived at the sharp bend in the road in Mickleham village : it 
was at the Locks' house that Norbury Phillips was born when his 
mother was paying a call. In 1792 the French refugees came to 
Juniper Hall, and in the following year Fanny Burney married 
General d'Arblay at Mickleham Church. It was about this time 
that Mrs. Lock sent Madame de Stael a dozen muffins to console 
her for a row with the landlord of Mickleham Hall. 

The Locks' family physician was Dr. John Moore, author of 
" Zeluco," and father of Admiral Sir Graham Moore and the famous 
Sir John Moore. It was probably Graham Moore who introduced 
Wilham II and Charles Lock to the Ogilvie family in 1794. Charles 
married Ceciha Ogilvie, daughter of the Duchess of Leinster and a 
Scottish schoolmaster, the honeymoon being spent at Boyle Farm, 
Thames Ditton. Charles died at Malta in 1804 when his wife was 
staying with his mother at Wimbledon. In the following year the 
youngest brother, Frederick, died unmarried at Madeira, and the 
author repeats the erroneous tradition that the big (really pre- 
Roman) snails of Mickleham were imported from Italy to cure him 
of consumption. Why they lived to breed is not stated. George 
Lock became rector of Mickleham when only 24, and later went 
to Lee near Blackheath. Wilham II married the lovely Ehzabeth 
Jennings and lived much at Norbury, and his sister AmeHa married 
John Angerstein. Augusta, the other daughter, married Sir George 
Martin, but not before an attachment to Graham Moore, " a friend 
of all the Locks." A letter from him, headed " Brook Farm," is 
printed in the book, but the author does not say that Brook Farm 
is the estate on Cobham Tilt which Moore bought in 1807 with the 
prize-money of captured Spanish treasure ships. An oak planted 
by his brother John still stands near the site of the house. 

The elder William Lock died at Norbury in 1810, and, like his 
mother, had a walking funeral to Mickleham Church. The widow 
and her children gave up the estate in 1819. Little Amy Lock, whose 
tears saved her mother's hfe on the Lake of Como, was buried in 
her great-grandfather's vault in Mickleham churchyard in 1833. 

The sources of the author's information are not always clearly 
indicated, and several Surrey items are unindexed, such as the 
reference to Leatherhead's annual autumn fair and its Norbury 


Park booth, to stock which the Locks would work for months 
beforehand — the buying-up of the stock of the Chertsey toyshop — 
and the harehunting on horseback. T. E. C. W. 

Abinger Parish Church. By J. A. Gibbs, M.A. 24 pp. A. A. 
Tanner & Son, Dorking, is. 6 Plates and 2 Plans. 

The authors of Church guides too often treat the subject in 
vacuo by confining their attention to the building and omitting 
any reference to the environment, including that important adjunct 
— the churchyard. In the case of Abinger Church the surroundings 
add much to its interest and attractiveness, and a guide that 
ignored them would be incomplete. In this booklet Mr. Gibbs has 
dealt adequately with both aspects. The Introduction contains a 
useful note on the physical and historical setting. This is followed 
by a detailed description of the building which supplements previous 
accounts in several respects. 

The section devoted to the Churchyard gives evidence of the 
same thoroughness. Abinger is one of a number of Surrey parishes 
in which the custom known as Church Marks formerly obtained. 
Reference is made to this and to the interesting fact that the 
initials of the parties liable for the upkeep of the enclosing wall 
may still be traced on some of the oldest portions. Mention is 
also made of the old-fashioned wooden inscribed rail or " bedhead " 
of which 12 specimens still exist, and which, it may be added, 
was, according to Aubrey, the only type of graveyard memorial 
to be seen when he perambulated the County in 1673. 

The booklet is well illustrated, and is indispensable to all who 
wish to gain a sativSfactory understanding of the Church. 

W. H. 

History of St. Peter's Church, Petersham, Surrey. By 

Charles D. Warren. 168 pp. Sidgwick & Jackson, Ltd., 1938. 
7s. 6d. 16 Plates. 

It is good to have this carefully written and well documented 
history of what, though perhaps one of the less well known, is by 
no means one of the less interesting of the ancient churches of 
Surrey. Were it only on account of the numerous noble families 
who have been connected with Petersham and its neighbourhood, 
and many of whose names appear in the register throughout the 
centuries, the history of the parish would be of especial interest. 
But apart from that the fabric of the church itself has many 
features of interest. Its ground plan with its short nave and 
chancel, and long and wide north and south transept is unusual. 
A churcli in Petersham is mentioned in the Domesday survey, 


Mr. Warren states, although we may hesitate to accept without 
qualification the assertion he quotes of learned authorities that 
the term " ecclesia " in the survey always indicates a church which 
had been restored. There may at least be some reason for accepting 
the opinion set out by the late Mr. H. E. Maiden that a church 
is only named in Domesday if possessed of land or forming part 
of the landed estate of some landholder who was in possession of 
the presentation. However this be, although it is stated on the 
cover of the first volume of the parish register that the church 
was built in 1505 there is evidence in the north wall of much earlier 
building going back to the twelfth or early thirteenth century. 

We have called Mr. Warren's history well documented, although 
he has to regret the loss of nearly all the church and vestry papers 
and records apart from the register and other bound books prior 
to the beginning of the present century. The curious history of 
the parish may partly account for this loss, for it is only from 1891 
that Petersham has existed as a separate parish. Prior to this 
from the year 1788 it had been a joint parish with Kew, a peculiarly 
inconvenient arrangement it would seem with the large parish of 
Richmond intervening. In earher times it appears as one of the 
chapelries of Kingston. 

Nevertheless, in spite of this lack of earlier records, it is an 
extremely readable and connected account that Mr. Warren has 
been able to produce from all the materials available to him, and 
he has dealt very fully with the general history of the church, its 
fabric, the entries in the register, such vestry and parish records 
as exist, and much interesting information respecting the ministers 
and vicars, the parish clerks and other officials and concluding 
with a detailed account of the churchyard in which many noble 
and famous persons are interred, amongst them the explorer 
Captain George Vancouver. A useful plan of the churchyard with 
a complete index to the graves in it is appended. 

It was inevitable no doubt that with so many well-known families 
recorded in it, Mr. Warren could not have refrained from printing 
very copious extracts from the parish register, though in general 
we must deprecate the practice of picking out and printing the 
plums from a register as likely to deter a future enthusiast from 
printing it in full as every early register should be in time. 

An interesting piece of history is concerned with the genuineness 
or not of the certificate of the marriage at Petersham on 30 July 
1664 of Prince Rupert and Lady Frances Bard, daughter of Lord 
Bellamont, found more than two centuries after the event recorded 
in the possession of a descendant of Lord Bellamont. Mr. Warren 
devotes a chapter to the discussion of this certificate. The page 



or pages of the register in which the marriage would have been 
recorded had it actually taken place are now missing, but have 
been deliberately cut out as though by one who had an interest 
in concealing whatever they may have contained. On the other 
hand, the character of Henry Bignell, the officiating minister who 
has signed the certificate, is not above suspicion. On the whole 
Mr. Warren is content to leave the mystery as likely to remain for 
ever unsolved in the improbabihty of any further evidence coming 
to light. A photograph of the certificate is exhibited in the church 
and is reproduced in this book. 

In addition to the plan of the churchyard and this certificate, 
there are excellent reproductions of early drawings of the exterior 
and interior of the church, a portrait of Vancouver with a photo- 
graph of his grave and other illustrations. Altogether the work 
is one worthy of being on the shelves of all interested in the history 
of the county. M. S. G. 

South Eastern Survey. {The Face of Britain series). By 
Richard Wyndham. B. T. Batsford, Ltd. 8s. 6d. net. 

Mr. Wyndham lives at Tickerage Mill in the centre of the three 
counties of Surrey, Sussex and Kent which he describes ; he is 
talking of country which he both knows and loves. He calls his 
book a travel-book rather than a guide book, the outcome of 
journeys at haphazard but for the most part on side roads only 
and through villages and lesser towns ; unluckily, owing to the 
outbreak of war, he was unable to complete certain districts, 
particularly Surrey, as he would have hked. His first chapter 
deals with The Vanished Forest, and explains very briefly the 
geological formation and general history of the Weald ; how it 
began as a single hump joining the North and the South Downs ; 
how the peak was denuded to a ridge of sand standing in a plain 
with chalk ridges to North and South ; how the Piltdown skull 
recalls its earliest human habitation ; how the Britons had their 
camps and villages on the downs ; how the Romans stationed a 
legion a few miles South of the author's valley ; how the Saxons, 
being expert woodmen, settled at the foot of the downs with small 
forest clearings where the swineherds had their huts ; how the 
Wealden iron industry developed greatly in Elizabethan times and 
flourished until the close of the eighteenth century but thereafter 
decayed, and how the bungalows and arterial roads of recent years 
have had only a restricted influence and leave the side roads for 
the most part undisturbed. The only chapter dealing exclusively 
with Surrey is the seventh, entitled " Beauty Spots," which treats 
very briefly of Box Hill and Norbury Park, of the Hog's Back, of 


Frensham and Hindhead, of Leith Hill and the Silent Pool. There 
are, however, some most attractive photographs, the author's own, 
inter alia of an Elizabethan monument in Stoke D'Abernon church, 
of the Old Lock-up at Lingfield, of Restoration brickwork at Godal- 
ming, of the Norman Church Interior at Compton, of the Village 
Pump at Newdigate, of Old Cottages and the Georgian Fa9ade at 
Betchworth and of Windmills at Outwood. 

There are an index and maps of Sussex and South Surrey and 
of Kent and East Sussex. 

This review, being exclusively concerned with the archaeology 
of Surrey, cannot do justice to the book, which is interesting and 
varied ; the author seems particularly attracted by the various 
" Follies " erected by eccentric persons to perpetuate their memory ; 
the photographs include " Brighton Crooner " and " The 'Grid ' 
Crossing the Sussex Downs " no less than " Detail of the Saxon 
Font at St. Martin's Church, Canterbury." 

A Walk through Surrey. By John Moore. Chapman & Hall 
Ltd. 5s. 

The author at the suggestion of his publishers took a six-days' 
walk through Surrey, a county of which he previously knew little. 
His route was chiefly in the S.W. portion of the county, from 
Guildford by Puttenham to Frensham Ponds and Grayshott, from 
Hindhead to Cranleigh, a day in Hurt Wood, then over Leith Hill 
to Dorking, from Dorking by Reigate to Epsom, Oxshott and Stoke 
D'Abernon and back over the N. Downs to Guildford. He was 
blessed with hot weather and enjoyed his trip, but his bent was 
not archaeological ; botany, butterflies, village cricket and the 
people whom he encountered on his way were his chief interests ; 
he also has something to say of inns and hotels (for some of which 
he has hard words) and of the survival of old English speech. 
The Pilgrims' Way of course reminds him of Chaucer's poem, but 
the portion near Farnham would hardly be included in a pilgrimage 
from London to Canterbury ! It is rather " a walk in Surrey " 
than " a walk through Surrey." Perhaps another time Mr. Moore 
will start from Bagshot over Chobham Ridges and end at Lingfield 
or Limpsfield Chart. The illustrations by Mr. Barrington Browne 
bear only a slender relation to the text ; the artist evidently does 
not share the author's attitude towards " famous beauty spots " ; 
witness his picture of Friday Street, of which the author only says in 
a footnote on page 81 that he " avoided it." A competent piece of 
journaUsm and a readable book for an hour's train journey, but with 
the vividness of first impressions rather than the knowledge of the 
expert. The book has an index and a summary with sketch-maps. 


The Geometrical Arrangement of Ancient Sites : A develop- 
ment of the Straight Track Theory. By Major F. C. Tyler, 
O.B.E. 45 pp. 4 Plates. Simpkin Marshall Ltd. 1939. 2s. 6d. 

This little monograph, which is based on a lecture delivered by 
the author, develops the " straight track " theory enunciated by 
the late Mr. Alfred Watkins, by seeking to show that ancient sites 
are arranged on a geometrical plan or " grid." The author accepts 
as fully established the conclusion that many of these sites in all 
parts of the country conform to a system of alignments, though 
unable to adopt Mr. Watkins' belief that the alignments originated 
from ancient tracks. His own contribution is to show that these 
sites not only follow straight lines but often fall on the circumference 
of concentric circles, " each circle taking up two or more sites " 
whence he infers purposeful arrangement according to a geometrical 
form. He illustrates his arguments with a number of examples 
chiefly taken from south-west England. Surrey is only referred 
to incidentally ; in the chapter on Road AUgnments a diagram 
is given of the Pilgrims' Way to illustrate the proposition that in 
its different stretches the Way " displays . . . the phenomena of 
' The Old Straight Track '." 

Whatever one may think of the theory it at least has the merit 
of working. This booklet is suggestive without being dogmatic, 
and those interested in the subject will find it worth reading. 

W. H. 

List of Antiquities in the Administrative County of Surrey 
with a general Introduction and Photographic Illustrations. 

84 pp. 3rd Edition. Surrey County Council. 1939. 

This is a new and greatly expanded edition of the List of Antiq- 
uities which was first published by the County Council in 1934 
and reached a second edition in the following year. The List has 
been retained and added to but the Antiquities instead of being 
set out as before in one alphabetical sequence are here arranged 
under five areas based on a grouping of the districts into which the 
County is now divided for purposes of local government. The 
many new features that have been added have transformed the 
List into a handbook of treble its former size. 

The work commences with a general introduction which briefly 
surveys the various periods ending in 1800. In addition, each area 
is prefaced by introductory notes on the Antiquities comprised in 
it, and there are a number of excellent illustrations together with 
two very attractive maps, one a reproduction of Moll's Map of 
Surrey, 1724, the other John Ogilby's Road Map of London to 
Arundel, reproduced from his Britannia, 1675. The Records and 


Ancient Monuments Committee of the County Council and Mr. Scott 
Henderson, its Chairman, deserve to be heartily congratulated on 
their enterprise in planning and producing this useful little volume 
and the courage shown in publishing during war time. The List 
has already had a salutary influence : in its new and improved 
form it should help still more to stimulate appreciation of the many 
important ancient monuments that the County still possesses and 
check the depredations of owners and local authorities, which are 
often due to ignorance rather than to dehberate vandalism. 

In a co-operative work of this wide range, some mistakes are 
to be expected. Yet several of the more obvious that occur, of 
which the following are examples, could have been avoided by more 
careful editing. The house of Friars Observant of Richmond 
founded by Henry VH is described at p. 17 as a Convent of Carmelite 
Friars founded by Edward IV, though correct particulars of it are 
given in the list of Religious Houses at p. 34. The statement at 
p. 16 in reference to Chertsey Abbey that^ — " Hardly a trace of 
the structure, other than the foundations, exists to-day, though 
portions of the walls and outbuildings are still standing " seems 
self-contradictory. The Wick, Richmond Hill, which was the 
work of Robert Mylne, the Scottish architect and engineer, is dated 
"circa 1760" in the Introduction (p. 31), while correctly dated 
1775 in the List (p. 45). Special attention is drawn to Slyfield 
House in the Introduction (p. 25) and again in the Notes on the 
Mid-Eastern Area (p. 48), where it is correctly placed in Great 
Bookham Parish, whereas in the List it is placed in the North- 
Eastern Area under Stoke D'Abernon Parish. In the Notes on 
the South-Eastern Area (p. 75) Dry Hill, Linglield, is referred to 
as the one Iron Age Camp in this Area though, as the List which 
follows shows, the Area comprises three other important camps 
of that Age, namely Holmbury Hill Camp, Anstiebury and the 
Camp at War Coppice, Caterham. The Old Town Hall, Godalming, 
and Wray Common Mill, Reigate (misnamed in the List " Redhill 
Windmill, Wray Common ") are good examples of their age and 
type, but as both were erected after 1800 — the Town Hall in 1814 
and the Mill in 1824 — they are outside the time-limit set for the 

The compilers seem to have been in two minds whether to 
schedule the Antiquities under the old parishes or modern local 
government areas which, as a result of the recent revision, often 
comprise more than one parish or parts of several parishes. This 
has led to some inconsistency of arrangement. Thus the Antiquities 
of Gatton and Merstham appear under those parishes, though the 
first and larger part of the second are now embraced by Reigate 


Borough. The Antiquities of Kew, Petersham and Mortlake, on 
the other hand, are included under the Boroughs of Richmond and 
Barnes of which those parishes now form part. It would seem 
preferable to adopt the civil parish as the unit in every case, and 
ijnsert below, the name of the borough or urban district, where it 
happens to be incorporated in either of such areas. 

W. H. 

Dulwich Village : Chapters in the History of the Hamlet 
and Parish. By D. H. Allport. (Dulwich, 1937.) 

This httle book is of a kind which could and might with advantage 
be produced in many places : being an amateur's account of the 
history of the place in which he hves ; not attempting in general 
more research than can be done in a good Library, but bringing 
together very usefully for the benefit of fellow inhabitants the 
principal facts which form the framework of Local History ; perhaps 
reveahng to one or two the possibility of pursuing such studies 
themselves ; and certainly doing valuable archaeological work in 
removing some of the ignorance which is so often the excuse for 
unnecessary destruction. 

If I may mingle a little criticism with appreciation there is one 
common but mistaken tendency which finds occasional illustration 
in Mr. Allport's work : that is the tendency to write imaginatively, 
not to be contented with mentioning some occurrence in the past 
but to try to describe the impression created by it ; and it is a 
mistake, because such a description would only be truthful if the 
describer could observe the fourteenth century with the eyes, and 
feelings, and experience of the fourteenth century — which few, if 
any, of us are competent to do. It is a dangerous tendency, too, 
because it may sometimes tempt an author beyond his depth in 
the interpretation of technicalities, such as those of Court Rolls : 
and it uses valuable space. 

One other point on which I would offer a suggestion is the omission 
in this work of any mention of the Authorities consulted : even in 
the most modest of volumes some kind of note on this subject is 
possible and its usefulness is not confined to the reviewer. I fancy, 
by the way, that our author might find material he would think 
worth while in the pubHcations of the Surrey Record Society. On 
the other hand, he must be congratulated on the inclusion of a 
somewhat unusual and most welcome ' Historical Directory ' to 
Road Names in his Parish : he has probably salved here much local 
knowledge which might otherwise have perished. 

H. J. 



Accessions during the year with the names of their donors 
include : 

A small exquisite spinning-wheel, Miss K. Dell ; 

Sussex fire-back (not identified), Mrs. I. Houston ; 

Part of supposed iron frame of a Roman pack-saddle, discovered 
in 1938 in the metal of Stane Street as it descended to the 
Ford on the south side of the River Mole, S. E. Winbolt ; 

Two steelyards with weights, S. E. Watney ; 

Engraving of St. Catherine's Fair, Mrs. E. A. Judges ; 

Print of Guildford Castle and Print of Trinity Hospital, Guildford, 
R. H. Tribe (Mayor) ; 

Framed rubbing of the Abbot Brass in Holy Trinity Church, Sir 
Alfred Bingley, K.C.LE., C.B. ; 

Framed sampler worked by H. Artell of Guildford in 1812, E. W. 
Denty ; 

Trader's token of John Martin (Guildford), 1652, S. Allden ; 

Trader's token of D. Garraway (Croydon), 1797, Edwin HolHs ; 

Portrait of John Russell (four times Mayor of Guildford). Drawn 
in 1797 by his son John Russell, R.A., Dr. G. C. WilHamson, 

JP. ; 

Carved tobacco stopper, believed to have been carved by John 
Russell, the elder, Frank OUver ; 

Curious bedwarmer and Chippendale period bellows, Frank Oliver. 

Ancient hone from Chaldon described in Vol. XXXVII, S.A.C., 
p. 90, Edwin Hart, F.S.A. ; 

Saxon spear-head and knife from Farthing Downs, Coulsdon, J. 
Wilson-Haffenden . 



Presentations to the Library 

Besides the usual volumes received in exchange from other 
Societies, the following amongst other works have been presented 
to the Library : Eighty-nine original drawings ofOxted and Limpsfield, 
by the late Arthur Keen, F.R.I.B.A. ; The Place Names of Wiltshire, 
by J. E. B. Gover, A. Mawer and F. M. Stenton, 1939 ; On Surrey 
Hills, by A Son of the Marshes, (Denham Jordan) 1891 ; Leather- 
head, Surrey, typed copy of all the entries in the Parish Registers, 
1656-1812, copied by W. H. Challen ; Typed copy of The Church 
in Mortlake from Earliest Times to i860, compiled by R. C. Gill ; 
Annals of an Old Manor House (Sutton Park), by F. Harrison, 
1899 ; The Portsmouth Road, by C. G. Harper, 1923 ; List of 
Antiquities in the Administrative County of Surrey with a General 
Introduction and Photographic Illustrations (3rd edition), published 
by the Surrey County Council, 1939. 


Hon. Curator: Mr. G. C. B. Poulter, F.S.A.{Scot.), F.S.A.G. 

(Australia), F. I. A. G. [U.S. A.) 

The Frimley and Camberley Urban District Council's Museum 
and Reference Library remained open throughout 1940, although 
the room was in occupation each morning by the W.V.S. New 
showcases were installed in the previous year, and these now hold 
the whole of the Council's collection of prehistoric implements, 
Roman relics, coins, and other exhibits up to the Victorian Age. 
There are about 150 flint implements, all of which have been ex- 
amined by experts at the British Museum. These include a very 
fine polished flint Neolithic axe, found in St. Michael's Churchyard, 
Camberley, in 1932, Neolithic leaf-shaped spearheads from Sign 
Ford at Blackwater, perforated Iron Age loom weight found at 
Camberley, pointed hand-axe of St. Acheul period. Palaeolithic 
hand-axes, Mesolithic or early Neolithic flakes found on Barossa 
Common, flint axe of Neolithic period (Danish adze type) found 
on Hartford Bridge Flats in 1930, and Neolithic Scrapers of black 
flint, given by Mr. A. R. Edwardson. 

The Roman collection comprises a large quantity of bricks and 
tiles from Wickham Bushes and Caesar's Camp near Easthampstead, 
a hand from the Roman statue found in Charters Pond, a coin of 
Claudius Tiberius Drusus Nero (a.d. 41-54) found in St. Mary's 
Road, Camberley, a coin of Diocletian minted at Alexandria 
(284-285) from Cromwell Road, Camberley, and Roman pottery 
from Rapley's Farm, Bagshot. 

The following Roman coins dug up at Minden Barracks, Deepcut, 
were added during the year : (i) Emperor Trajan a.d. 98-117, 


minted at a Phoenician City, (2) Roman Coin struck in Egypt 
about A.D. 250, (3) Emperor Aurelian a.d. 270-5, (4) Emperor 
Probus A.D. 276-81, (5) Byzantine Empire, Anastasius, a.d. 491-518, 
40-nummia piece, minted at Constantinople, and (6) Justin II and 
Sophia, 565-78, 40-nummia piece, minted at Constantinople. 

Later exhibits include clay pipe {c. 1700) found intact in plaster 
when the King's Arms Inn was demoHshed at Bagshot, a farthing 
of Charles II, 1674, dug up by Mr. F. W. Copas in his garden at 
Bagshot, a horse-shoe, stirrup-iron, pottery and other relics from 
the old Golden Farmer Inn on Bagshot Heath, old metal powder- 
flask presented by Mr. G. Christmas, two leather powder flasks and 
a complete tinder-box. 

Also a pike-staff found at Frimley, the Yorktown Parish Con- 
stable's rattle and staff, two Highwaymen's pistols, an hour-glass 
brought to Yorktown by Mr. John Stallwood in 1810, Charles 
Kingsley's tobacco-jar and Bret Harte's inkstand. 

The Department of Manuscripts includes title-deeds of the old 
Post Boys Inn at Yorktown and other documents relating to the 
Frimley Park estate. All manuscripts are indexed, and have 
produced to date no fewer than 417 local place-names and 1,373 
personal names of former inhabitants of the district. 

Arthur Bonner, F.S.A., 1861-1939. 

Mr. Bonner's death on nth July robbed the Society of one of its 
most active and honoured members, and his friends of a charming 
personaHty. He joined the Society in 1906, served as Honorary 
Treasurer from 1920 to 1935, and was elected a Vice-President in 

Mr. Bonner was well known in the printing trade and established 
the business of Bonner & Co., Ltd., periodical printers ; but he 
had many interests outside business, foremost among them in later 
life being archaeology, to which, as an ardent walker and moun- 
taineer, he was attracted by the opportunities it gave him of com- 
bining physical and mental recreation. He specialized in the study 
of place-names and dene holes. The volume on Surrey Place- 
Names published by the English Place-Names Society was made 
possible by and largely based on the material collected by him 
through years of patient research. He was an inveterate foe of 
facile theorizing and all speculation that was not grounded on 
thorough investigation. His method is well illustrated by his 
study of the origin and significance of the name Coldharbour, in the 
course of which he examined all the 6 inch O.S. maps of England 
and collected over 340 examples of the name, and in addition con- 
sulted leading philologists both at home and abroad. His con- 
tributions to our Collections, though few in number, are marked by 
scholarship and research and throw fresh light on the subjects 
treated. He was also in request as a leader and speaker at the 
Society's excursions, a role for which he was well equipped by 
reason of his wide knowledge of the County and its antiquities, a 
knowledge, it may be added, which he gladly imparted to any who 
sought his help. 

His home life was singularly happy and his interests were fully 
shared by his wife, who was the younger daughter of Charles 
Bradlaugh. Mrs. Bonner's death in 1935, shortly after the cele- 
bration of their golden wedding, was for him an irreparable loss. 

W. H. 



Lord Farrer of Abinger, 1859-1940. 

The passing of Lord Farrer, though his many activities have been 
the subject of suitable comment in more than one connexion else- 
where/ must not be allowed to go without some special mention in 
these Collections : for though his personal contribution to our pub- 
lications never, I think, went beyond the matter for an occasional 
note, he played in other ways a very great part in the active work 
of the Society and in the shaping of its policy ; and that for an 
exceptionally long period ^ and without cessation up to the time 
of his final illness. 

Lord Farrer, as he was fond of telling us (especially if he could 
make it the cover for shrewd comment on some practical aspect of 
our affairs), was a Yorkshireman ; and. Family History being one 
of the lines along which his natural bent for study developed readily, 
he did not forget it. But residence and other circumstances made 
him a Surrey man too, and emphatically he did not forget that 
either. The position of our County, and the consequent urbaniza- 
tion of large parts of it, the breaking up of big Surrey Estates and 
the migration and disappearance of Surrey Families, have made it 
increasingly difficult in recent years to secure that special kind of 
support, from Members qualified either by long family connexion 
with the County or by close association with its modern adminis- 
tration to sponsor movements for the conservation of its Antiquities 
and the spread of knowledge of its History, which facilitates the 
Archaeologist's work elsewhere. It was precisely this help which 
Lord Farrer gave so generously during his long connexion with us. 
Public Service was for him a natural part of life, and History one 
of its great interests. Convince him (he required to be convinced) 
that a particular activity, publication or piece of research was 
practical and useful public work in the interests of Surrey and 
Surrey History, and he would spare no personal pains — he was not 
content with the mere addition of his name to a list of supporters — 
to ensure that it should be successfully launched and effectively 
carried on. 

It was thus that he associated himself with that Archaeological 
activity in our County in which he was afterwards most prominent ; 
though he took a part in all and was particularly interested in 
establishing and maintaining a connexion between the Archaeo- 
logists and the Local Authorities, especially the County Council.^ 

1 A sympathetic obituary notice appeared in The Times of April 13, 1940. 

2 He joined the Society in 1901 and became a Vice-President in 1902. 

' He was a member of the Records and Ancient Monuments Committee of 
the Surrey County Council from its inception in 191 1, and its Chairman from 
191 3 till his death. 


This was the foundation in 1913 of a separate organization to take 
over from the Archaeological Society, and prosecute on a larger 
scale, the task of publishing Surrey Records. He allowed himself 
to be persuaded to sign the letter which proposed this, presided at 
the Meeting at Burlington House which brought the new Society 
into existence, and remained, until he died, its President ; a Presi- 
dent who, even when he was most shaken by illness, did not think 
a Council Meeting in London too unimportant for his personal 

Lord Farrer's conviction that for our purposes the County of 
Surrey must be the old administrative County, before so much of 
it was carved away by modern legislation, was particularly valuable 
to those who had to shape the policy of both Societies in regard to 
publication. His personal researches were in the direction rather 
of the Parish and the Family. So early as 1901 (when such interests 
were not common) he had himself investigated and listed the con- 
tents of the Parish Chest at Abinger and this list was printed in the 
Third Report (1919) of the Royal Commission on Public Records : 
in connexion with his own family history he published in 1923 Some 
Farrer Memorials and in 1936 a good Calendar and Index of the 
1700 Farrer ^ Wills and Administrations between 1309 and 1852 
which he had so far discovered. At the Council of the Record 
Society his own predilections led him naturally to dwell on the 
importance of Parish Registers and of the later Feet oj Fines, as yet 
uncovered by any Surrey volume : but recognizing and approving 
the pohcy of restricting its energies in the main to the publication 
of documents of general County interest he only allowed his desire 
for Parish publications to take the generous form of subsidizing 
them, which he did on two occasions. The Feet of Fines volume 
was a difficult problem for other reasons, but it is a source of great 
satisfaction that before his death he saw the problem solved and 
the volume on its way. 

By most Members Lord Farrer will be remembered best as a 
genial presence at Annual Meetings, a Chairman who had the gift 
of creating the feeling of a family party on an occasion devoted 
primarily to rather dull routine : his personal allusions (not exclud- 
ing friendly objurgation of carefully chosen subjects) combining 
with quotations which were always apt and alwa3^s unexpected to 
cheer the most arid business. Many also will recollect with pleasure 
the happy deploying of the same qualities at the hospitable lunch 
t.o Members of Council which often preceded these Meetings : and 
his letters were like his speeches^ — he would criticize an antiquarian 

* He was liberal in his admission of variants on the name. 


project with a Greek hexameter or a quotation from Goethe and 
enhven his remarks about a Committee with an interpolated dis- 
quisition on his favourite Jonathan Oldbuck. Personahty is a thing 
for which there is no substitute : and the loss of Lord Farrer's will 
be felt by all who worked with him. 

H. J. 


Abernon, d', Lady, 84 

Abinger, flints from, in Museum, 
Church, excursion to, viii, xix ; 
Abinger Parish Church, re- 
viewed, 112 
places in : Broomy Down, xix ; 
Hammer, xix, 49 ; Hatch, 
xix ; Manor, xix ; Padding- 
ton Farm, xix ; Raikes Farm, 
xix ; Raikes Lane, xix ; site 
of Roman villa at, xix 

Acton, Mr., attorney, 78 

Acworth, Rosamond, 36 

Addington Church, candlesticks 
and branch in, 31 

Addington-Hayes road, 98 

Adlers Lane, see Mickleham 

Agate, William, of Lingfield, 42 

Aires, Robert, canon of Reigate, 
24 ; brass of, formerly in 
Reigate Church, 24 

Albury, flints frcyn, in Museum, xii 
Farley Heath in, Roman Temple 
site, excursion to, ix, xx ; 
excavations at, xxiv 

Albyn, George Curzon alias, see 

Alfold Crossways, 49 

AUden, S., 119 

Allen, Lt.-Col. L. A., re-elected 
Hon. Auditor, xvii, xxvii 

Allport, D. H., his Dulwich Village 
reviewed, 118 

Alston, Edmund, canon of St. 
Mary Overie, Southwark, 25 

Alyng (or Alynger), William, abbot 
of Waverley, 17 ; will of, 18 ; 
provisor of St. Bernard's Col- 
lege, Oxford, 18 ; possibly 
rector of Yoxall, 18 

America, British plantations of, 
association for converting 
negroes, etc., in, 55 
— see also Georgia 

Ammon, John, 80 

Ancient Monuments Dept., of 

Office of Works, i 
Andwell Farm (Hants), excursion 

to, ix 
Ansfrig, 2 

Anstiebury, see Capel 
Antiquities in Administrative 

County of Surrey reviewed, 

Apperdele, John, 3 

Roger, 3 
Applebye, J no., his wife Dorothy, 


Arblay, General d', iii 

Artell, H., of Guildford, 119 

Artington, St. Catherine's Chapel 
in, 5 
St. Catherine's Fair, engraving 
of, 119 

Arundel River, 49 

Ash, parish register, addition to 
List of Transcripts, 103 
chapelry of, see Frimley 

Ashburnham, Isabel, 49 

Ashcombe, Lord, i 

Ashtead, mediaeval Pottery found 
at, XXV, 58-66 ; the site, 58- 
60 ; kiln, 60 ; the pottery 
described, 60-66 ; evidence of 
bad workmanship, 62 ; tiles, 66 
Church, branch candlesticks in, 

parish register, addition to List 

of Transcripts, 103 
places in : Craddocks Lane 

(Craddock's Avenue), 58 ; 

Newton Wood Road, 58 ; 

Loraine housing estate, 58 n. 
Atkinson, R. L., M.C., xiii, 

elected to Council, xxvii 
Audsley, G. C, xx 
Augustinian canons, see Merton, 

Newark, Reigate, Southwark, 





Austin, Ann, 78, 79 ; her son 

Thomas, 78 
Aylmore, Alderman, J. P., xviii 

Bacon, Walter, gives an address on 
Waynflete's Tower, xvii 

Baddesley, South (Hants), the 
chapel of, incumbent of, see 

Badger, James, 81 
Mrs., 78 
Tho., innkeeper, 82 

Badshot, see Farnham 

Bagden Farm, see Mickleham 

Bagshot, see Windlesham 

Bailey, William, of Coventry, 
draper, 28 

Ball, Henry, monk of Sheen, 19 

Banstead, Late Bronze Age Hoard 
from, 95 

Barber, Mrs., xii 

Bard, Lady Frances, 113 

Bardney (Lines.), a monk of, see 

Bargman, Mr. Donald, 11 

Barker, James, vicar of Leather- 
head, 41 

Barlow, Norris & Jenkins, Messrs., 
XXV i 

Barnard, Nicholas, monk of 
Waverley, afterwards vicar of 
Boldre and incumbent of 
South Baddesley chapel, 19 

Barnes, L. Hickman, ix 
Mrs., 82 

Bartholomew, J no., 81 

T., churchwarden of Cheam, 82, 


Bartlett, Mr., 81 
Mrs., 82 
Nicholas, 82 

Baskerville, Geoffrey, on the Dis- 
possessed Religious in Surrey, 

Baston, Tho., 82 

Bate, Miss Dorothea M. A., 95 

Battersea, St. Mary's Church, 
chandeliers in, 33, 34 

Battill, William, monk of Waver- 
ley, 18 

Beacon Hill (Hants), xxi 

Beams, William, 82 

Beauchamp, Anthony, church- 
warden of Chobham Church, 36 

Beaulieu (Hants), abbey of, pen- 
sion list of, 13, 18 
abbot of, see Browning 

Beddington, Parish register, ad- 
dition to List of Transcripts, 
rector of, see Benese 

Bedford, Dukes of, and rates on 
West Cheam Manor, 68, 72, 81 

Bedfordshire, see Millbrook ; 

Beletha, see Belitha 

Belets, the, of Combe, 52 

Belitha (Beletha, Belitho, Bo- 
litho) : 
family of, in Buckinghamshire, 

Anne, see Dyer 
Edward, to marry Mary Copp, 

Edward, freeman of London, at 
Kingston, 53 ; children of, 
53 ; tablet to, in St. Dun- 
stan's in the East, 54 ; will of, 
54 ; Charity of, at Kingston, 

54. 56. 57 
Elizabeth, 53 
Hannah, see Cox 
John, goldsmith, of London, 53 
Warren, commander and owner 

of the Doyi Antonio, 57 n. 
William, a trustee for Georgia, 
H. B. Fant on, 52-57 ; par- 
entage of, 53 ; Sheriff of Sur- 
rey, 54 ; administers his 
father Edward's will, 54, 56 ; 
a petitioner for the Georgia 
trust, 55 ; attendance of, at 
Georgia meetings, 55 ; aids 
the trust financially, 56 ; 
leases manor house at Ted- 
dington, 57 ; probable date of 
death of, 57 
Bell, Allen, bishop of Chichester, 
Mrs., xviii 
Bellamont, Lord, 113 
Belleyetere, Roger le, of Exeter, 52 
Belyetere, William le, of Canter- 
bury, 52 
Benedictine monks, see under 

Benese, Richard, canon of Merton, 
afterwards prebendary of Far- 



Benese, Richard (continued) 

rendon, precentor of Hereford 
Cathedral, rector of Bedding- 
ton, All Hallows, Honey Lane, 
London, Long Ditton, Long 
Leadenham, Pyworthy, 21, 
22 ; will of, 22 
Berkshire, see Bisham ; East- 
hampstead ; Hurley ; Midg- 
ham ; Peasemore ; Thatch- 
am ; Warfield ; White Wal- 
tham ; Windsor 
Bermondsey abbey, Cluniac monks 
in, at the dissolution, 16, 17 
abbot of, see Warton 
prior of, see Gele, Richard 
rector of, see Gele, Richard 
St. Mary Magdalen Church, 
chandeliers in, 35 
Betchworth, St. Michael and All 
Angels Church, chandelier in, 

Bexley (Kent), vicar of, see Py- 

Bickerstaff, Mr., 96 
Bidder, Lt.-Col. H. F., F.S.A., 

elected to Council, xiii 
Bignell, Henry, 114 
Bingley, Lt.-Gen. Sir Alfred, 

K.C.I.E., 119; on Museum 

Committee, xii, xxvi 
Birkbeck, Rev. W., 95, 96 
Birkett, Rev. H. J., M.A., xxvi 
Birling (Kent), 85 
Bisham (Berks.), abbot of, see 

priory, pensions from, 14, 15 ; 

monks of Chertsey trans- 
ferred to, 14 
Bishop, Jno., 82 
Bishop's Bank (boundary of Hants 

and Surrey), xxi 
Bisley, Church of St. John the 

Baptist, excursion to, vii 
Blackheath, flints from, in 

Museum, xii 
hundred of, xxi 
see Wonersh 
Black Prince, the, 85 
Blackwater, Sign Ford at, 120 
Blake, Mr., i 
Blande, Alyn, canon of St. Mary 

Overie, Southwark, 25 
Blewett, Dame, 71 

Bloxam, R. N., xx 
Blumsbery, see London, Blooms- 
Blundell, William, canon of New- 
ark, afterwards curate of Rip- 
ley, 23 
Blundle, Stephen, 82 
Bocking (Essex), dean of, see Py- 

Bodmin (Cornwall), prior of, 13 w. 
Bokham, Thomas de, loi 
Boldre (Hants), vicar of, see Bar- 
Bolitho, see Belitha 
Bonner, Arthur, F.S.A., death of, 
xxvii, xxxi ; obituary notice 
of, 122 
Mrs., 122 
Bookham, Great, Church, no 
Polesden Lacy in, 3, 4, Capel- 
land and Bowetts Farms in, 4 
Slyfield House, 117 
Borelli, C. E., 88 ; conducts party 
round old houses in Farnham, 
Borer, Tho. (innkeeper), 82 
Bourne Mill, see Farnham 
Bo wile, John Ramsay alias, see 

Box, Mr. and Mrs. F. E., xxvi 
Boxgrove, see Guildford, 103 
Box Hill, see Mickleham 
Box Hill Preservation Committee, 

I, II 
Boyle Farm, see Thames Ditton, 

Bradlaugh, Charles, 122 
Brambletye (Sussex), Chantry of, 

incumbent of, see Stevenson 
Bramley, deeds relating to, xxvi 
Brass chandeliers in Surrey 

churches, 29-47 
Bratton, Robert, 73 
Braun, Hugh, F.S.A., A.R.I.B.A., 
supervision of work on West 
Humble Chapel by, 2 ; his 
report, 6-ii 
Bray, Edmund, 48 
Sir Edward, 48 
Francis E., elected to Council, 

Lady, 49 
Owen, 49 
Reynolde, 48 



Bray {continued) 

Dr. Thomas, association of, for 
converting negroes, etc. in 
— • America, 55 

William, Diary of, some Guild- 
ford place names in, identi- 
fied, 103 
Bright, Edmund, scrivener, 28 
British Archaeological Society, xii 
British Records Association, xxvi 
Brodhurst, Thomas, vicar of Chob- 

ham, 24 
Bromley, John, monk of Sheen, 20 
Bronze Age Hone from Churt, 90 
Early, ware, 91 ; burial at 
Epsom College, 92 ; contem- 
porary snail shells found in, 94 
Late, hoard from Banstead, 95 
Brook Farm, see Cobham 
Brooks, Kate, 76 
Broomy Down, see Abinger 
Broughton, Jacob, 73 
Robert, 74, 81 
Widow, 75 
Browning, — , abbot of Waverley, 

afterwards of Beaulieu, 17 
Bruges (Belgium), 20 
Brunton, Rev. J. du V., vicar of 

Cobham, xx 
Buckinghamshire, Belitho family 
in, 52 
see Chalfont St. Peter ; Hamble- 
den ; Newport Pagnell ; Tap- 
Bucks, — , 82 
Buck's Green (Sussex), ix 
Burford Bridge, see Mickleham 
Burney, Fanny, no, in 
Buttes, John, monk of Chertsey, 

Buxted (Sussex), vicar of, see 

Byssater, Stephen, ? alias London, 
canon of St. Mary Overie, 
Southwark, 25 

Caesar's Camp (near Easthamp- 

stead, Berks.), 120 
Calton, Thomas, monk of Sheen, 


Camberley, Barossa Common, pre- 
historic finds on, 120 
Charters Pond, Roman find in, 


Camberley {continued) 
Cromwell Road, 120 
Deepcut at, Roman coins from, 

Municipal Museum, exhibits in, 

St. Mary's Road, 120 
St. Michael's churchyard, fiint 
axe from, 120 
Camberwell, St. Giles' Church, 
chandeliers in, 31, 35 
vicar of, see Gele, Richard 
Camilla Lacy, see Mickleham 
Canterbury (Kent), 52 

archbishop of, 12 ; see also 

Cranmer ; Parker 
Cathedral, Black Prince's helm 

in, 85 
prerogative court of, 22 
Capel, Anstiebury in, Holmbury 
Hill Camp at, 117 
Church, excursion to, viii 
Cardigan, prior of, see Hore 

the taper of, 16 w. 
Carisbrooke, I.o.W., vicar of, see 

Carpenter, John, monk of Waver- 
ley, 18 
Carshalton, Iron Age camp, ex- 
cavations at, xxiii 
Stag Hill, xxiii 
Carthusian monks, see Richmond 
Caterham, War Coppice Camp, 117 
Chaffen, Robert, monk of Sheen, 

Chaldon, hone from, in Museum, 

Chalfont St. Peter (Bucks), vicar 

of, see Dorman 
Chambers, Crispin, 82 
Chandeliers, brass, in Surrey 
churches, 29-47 '• literature 
upon, 29, 30 ; Gothic type, 
31 ; Reformation type, 31 ; 
foreign makes, 32 ; London 
make, 33 
Channels Brook Farm (Sussex), 

earthwork at, viii 
Chapel Farm, see Mickleham 
Charlwood, felling of trees in, 49 
Charters Pond, see Camberley 
Chatley Heath, see Cobham 
Cheam, old way to London from, 




Cheam [continued) 

plague in, 68 

Rate book of parish of (1730- 
1753). 67-83; auditing of, 
74 ; fees for vagrants, 72, 73, 
for clothing, 75-78, for fuel, 
78, for marriages, 80 ; high- 
est and lowest rates, 79 ; 
assessment for 1734, 81 

St. Alban's Church, 68 

St. Dunstan's Church, 68, 71 ; 
Lumley Chapel in, brass to a 
civilian in, 100 

sites of two 13th century Pot- 
tery Kilns at, 99 

transfer of vagrants from, 72, 73 

places in : almshouses, 69, re- 
pairs to, 79 ; " Boney Hole," 

67 ; brewery, 69, 70 ; Cheam 
Court Farm, 68, 70 ; Cheam 
Park, 67 ; Cheam School, 
68, 81, III ; Church Farm 
(Cheam Farm Flouse), 68 ; 
Common, 67 ; East Cheam 
Manor House (Lower Cheam 
House), 70 ; East, or Lower, 

68 ; Ewell Road, 70 ; Gander 
Green Lane, 68 ; Grove Road, 

69 ; Harrow Inn, 69, 70, 100 ; 
Little Grove, 69, 81 ; Love 
Lane, 67 ; Market Furlong, 

70 ; Park Lane, 70 ; Park 
Road, 67 ; Plough Inn, 69, 

70 ; Rectory or Parsonage, 
68, 81 ; Red Lion Inn, 69, 70, 

71 ; Tate Road, 67 ; Victoria 
Inn, 67 ; West Cheam Manor, 
68, 70 ; West Street, 67 ; 
" Whitehall " (Old School 
House), 69 

curate of, see Pickern 
rector of, see King 
Chertsey, Abbey, 117 ; dispos- 
sessed monks of, 14-16 
abbot of, see Cordrey 
vicar of, see Mylist 
Cheshire, see Chester 
Chester (Cheshire), 27 

dean of, see Man 
Chevening (Kent), rector of, see 

Cheyham, William de, loo-ioi ; 
his wives, Katherine and 
Agnes, loi ; his daughters, loi 

Chichester (Sussex), excursion to 
places of interest in, xviii, 

Chiddingfold, Killinghurst in, 35 
St. Mary's Church, chandeliers 
in, 35. 36 

Chignal (Essex), rector of, see 

Chilworth, see St. Martha 

Chobham, St. Lawrence Church, 
chandeliers in, 33, 36 
places in : Brook Place, excur- 
sion to, vii ; Old King's Head 
Inn, viii ; White Hart Inn, 
vicar of, see Brodhurst ; Wood 

Chorleton, William, parson of 
Witherley, 27 

Christian Knowledge, Society for 
promoting, see Societies 

Christmas, G., 121 

Chubb, Rev. H. P. B., presenta- 
tions to Museum by, xii 

Church, John, monk of Chertsey, 

Churt, see Frensham 
Cistercian monks, see Waverley 
Clandon, East, St. Thomas of 
Canterbury Church, chande- 
lier in, 38 
— rector of, see Hawthorne 
Clapham, A. W., President of 

Society of Antiquaries, xxxi 
Clapham, Holy Trinity Church, 

chandeliers in, 36 
Clare, De, 3, 4 

Clark, Rev. Charles, rector of St. 
Stephen's, Walbrook, ix 
Justice Cocks, 72 
Dr. J. G. D., xi, 91 
Mrs. J. G. D., xi 
Clement, John, monk of Sheen, 

Cluniac monks, see under Ber- 

Cobb, Sir Cyril, xii 
Cobden, William, prior of Guild- 
ford, 26 
Cobham, Brook Farm at, 1 1 1 
Chatley Heath, semaphore 

tower on, xx 
Church (St. Andrew's) excur- 
sion to, XX ; chandeliers in, 37 
Church Stile House, xx 



Coggin, Capt. T. G. C, conducts 
excursion from Epsom to Bur- 
ford Bridge, xix 
Coins, English : groat of Edward 
III, 96 ; silver penny of 
Henry VIII found in West 
Humble Chapel, 10 ; farthing 
of Charles II, in Camberley 
Museum, 121 
Roman : various, in Camberley 
Museum, 120, 121 ; found at 
Bagden Farm, 4 
Colchester (Essex), 16 

St. Leonard's, rector of, see 

Gele, Thomas 
St. Mary Magdalene's hospital. 
Warden of, see Gele, Thomas 
Cole, John, 72 

Widow, 81 
Colekitchen Combe, see Shere 
Colley Hill, see Reigate 
Collins, A. P., conducts excursion 

to Chilworth and district, xx 
Collyers Croft, see Cranleigh 
Colson, Thomas, alias Godman- 

chester, canon of Merton, 21 
Combe, Mrs. E., xx 
Combe, see Kingston 
Comber, James, 42 
Combridge, Mr., conducts excur- 
sion, xxiii 
Common Wood, see Cranleigh 
Coneybury (Stedman's Lawn), see 

Cooke, B. Campbell, xxvii ; on 
additions to List of Tran- 
scripts of Surrey Parish Regis- 
ters, 103 
Copas, F. W., 121 
Copp, Mary, see Belitha, Edward 
Corders Company, loi 
Cordrey (Corderoy , Cordray) , 
John, abbot of Chertsey, 13 ; 
vicar of Egham, 13 n., 14, 
will of, 13, 14, 17, abbot of 
Bisham, 15 
Cornmongers, in London, loi 
Cornwall, see Bodmin ; Harlyn Bay 
Cottingham (Yorks.), rector of, see 

Cotton, A. R., F.S.A., 58, 66 n. ; 
re-elected Hon. Treasurer, 
xvii, xxvii ; as hon. treasurer 
of Wayneflete Tower fund, xiii 

Coulsdon, Farthing Downs, Saxon 

finds from, in Museum, 119 
Coventry (Warws.), 28 
Cox, Samuel, his wife Hannah 

Belitha, 53, 54 
Coy (or Quoy), John, monk of Ber- 

mondsey, 17 
Crabtree, John, monk of Sheen, 

Craddocks Lane, see Ashtead 

Cranleigh (Cranley), forge at, 49 
places in : Collyers Croft, 51 ; 
the Common Wood, 51 ; 
Frogley Mead, 51 ; Furze 
Field, 51 ; Hammer (Hamer) 
Pond, 48, 51 ; Hammer 
Farm, 50, 51 ; Hay wards, 51 ; 
Home Mead (now Holm Tree 
field), 51 ; Knole (Neat) Hill 
field, 51 ; Little, or Poor, 
Help, 51 ; Lyons, the, 51 ; 
Lyonsfields, 51 ; Maple- 
crofts, the, 51 ; Shurlocks, 
51 ; Snockshill (St. Enock's 
Hill, Snoxhill, Snoxhall), 48, 
50, 51 ; Stedman's Lawn 
(Coneybury), 51 ; Stews, the, 
48 ; Vachey Pond, 48, 49 ; 
Waterbridge Land, 51 ; 
Whethered Lake Mead, 51 ; 
Whetheredlake Field (White 
Lake, now Kiln field), 51 ; 
Wynmill Fields, 51 
Vachery Ironworks in, 48-51 ; 
deeds relating to, 48, land 
conveyed in, 51 ; Acts of 
Parliament affecting, 49 ; Old 
Park, 51 

Cranleigh School Archaeological 
Society, ix 

Cranmer, Thomas, archbishop of 
Canterbury, register of, 21 

Craven, Sir Charles, viii 

Crawley (Sussex), viii 

Cresset, Mrs., 81 

Cripps-Day, Mr., 67 

Crockford, Thos., 75 

Cromwell, Thomas (afterwards 
Earl of Essex), spy of, see 

Crowhurst, St. George's Church, 
chandelier in, 37 
Place, excursion to, viii 

Croydon, 74 




Croydon [continued) 

a trader's token of, in Museum, 

Petty Sessions at, 72 
St. John Baptist's Church, 

chandelier in, 37 
Old Palace, excursion to, vii 
Whitgift Hospital, excursion to, 
Cubitt estates, i 

Cuddington, John, canon of Mer- 
ton, afterwards curate of 
Merton, 21 ; possibly John 
Mantill, q.v. 
Cuddington, Court Golf Course, 
Harefield Avenue in, 99 
Nonsuch Park in. Iron Age pot- 
tery found in, xxv 
Currie, L. C. E., xxvii 
Curry Rivell (Som.), vicar of, see 

Curzon, George, alias Albyn, canon 
of Merton, 13 «., 21, rector 
of Taplow, 21 
Thomas, 21 
Cutbert, John, monk of Bermond- 

sey, 17 
Cutler, John, rector of St. George's, 
Southwark, 17 

Dale, William, friar of Guildford, 

Dammartin family, 2, 3 

Dancer, Ann, 75 
John, 75 
Thos., 75 

Davis, B. F., 98 

Debenham, John, sub-prior of 
Merton, afterwards incum- 
bent of free chapel of St. 
Mary Magdalene, 20, 21 

Deepcut, see Camberley 

Dell, Miss K., 119 

Dent, Thomas, and his wife, 28 

Denty, E. W., 119 

Derby, prior of, see Gainsborough 

Derbyshire, see Derby 

Devonshire, see Exeter ; Py- 

Dewey, John, 3 

Dewsnapp, William, rector of 
Fenny Drayton, afterwards of 
Sibson, 28 

Ditchling (Sussex), vicar of, see 

Ditton, Long, churchyard, 22 

— rector of, see Benese 
Ditton, Thames, Boyle Farm, 

Dobson, Thomas, 27 
Dominicans, see Guildford 
Dorking, excursion to, viii 

St. Martin's Church, chandeliers 

in, 37 
Dorman, Edmund, vicar of Chal- 

font St. Peter, 22 ; ? alias 

Honybee, q.v. 
Dorset Natural History and 

Archaeological Society, xii 
Downham (Dowman), ? alias 

Edmund Honybee, q.v. 
Dowtie, Richard, canon of Rei- 

gate, 24 
Draper, William, and his wife, 28 
Drawater, Mr., 39, 40 
Druce, G. C, 45 
Druid's Grove, see Mickleham 
Drynker, John, canon of St. Mary 

Overie, Southwark, 25 
Dubois, Mr., 81 
Duffield, John, ironmaster, 49 
Dithuich Village, History of, re- 
viewed, 118 
Dunning, G. C, F.S.A., xxvi, 62, 

65, 66 
Dunsfold, St. Mary and All Saints' 

Church, chandeliers in, 38 
Dyer, Sir Swinnerton, bart., his 

wife Anne Belitha, 53, 54 

Easthampstead (Berks.), Caesar's 
Camp at, excursion to, vii 
Roman finds near, 120 
Edge, Rev. H. F., 88 
Edmonds, John, 19 
' Edwardson, A. R., 120 
Effingham, Robert, monk o 

Waverley, 18 
Effingham, 5 

Church, brass candlesticks and 
branch in, 31 
Egham, 27 

Virginia Water in, no 
Harpsford in, no 
vicar of, see Cordrey 
Ellis, A. E., 93, 95 
Ellwood, M. Winefrid, 35 



Elmbridge, Hundred of, Court of, 


Elphinstone, K. V., 103 
Elrington, Thomas, 49 
Elsley, Fredk. H., Librarian, on 
woodcuts from Russell's 
Guildford, 104 
Emlyn Stream, 6 
Epsom, 72 

excursion from, xix 
St. Martin's Church, chandeliers 
in, 38 
Epsom College, Early Bronze Age 
burial at, 92 
— Archaeological Society, 60, 
62, 96 
Esher, Esher Place, xviii 

St. George's Church, excursion 

to, xviii 
Waynfiete's Tower, xxii ; ex- 
cursion to, xviii ; appeal for 
funds, xiii, xvii 
Espicer, Alice de, loi 
Essex, see Bocking ; Chignal ; 
Colchester ; Halstead ; Lach- 
ingdon ; Laver (High) ; 
Layer Marney ; Stansted 
Montfichet ; Thaxted 
Evelyn, John, no 
Eversley (Hants), rector of, see 

Ewell, a supposed Roman road at, 
Iron Age pottery from, xxv 
Purberry Shot, xxv 
Roman and Iron Age finds in, 

Roman flue tiles from, 98 
St. Mary's Church, chandelier 

in, 33. 34. 38 
Saxon burial at, 98 
Ewhurst, Church, excursion to, ix 
felling of trees in, 49 
Roman brickworks, site of, 
visited by Society, viii 
Exeter (Devon), Belliter's Gate at, 
52 n. 

Fairclough, John, monk of Waver- 
ley, 18 

Falkner, Harold, F.R.I.B.A., con- 
ducts party round Farnham 
Castle and old houses, xviii, 

Fant, H. B., on William Belitha, a 

trustee for Georgia, 52-57 
Farington's Diary, 110 
Farley Heath, see Albury 
Farnham, Badshot Long-Barrow 
site, Neo B sherd from, 90 ; 
Neolithic pottery from, 90 
Bourne Mill, excursion to, xvii 
Castle, excursion to, xviii 
No. 10 Castle Street, xix 
Mesolithic site, excavations at, xi 
Moor Park, Stella's Cottage and 
Mother Ludlam's Cave, ex- 
cursion to, xvii 
paleolith collection from, in 

Museum, xii 
Prehistoric Museum opened, 88 ; 

exhibitions in, 90 
St. Andrew's Church, chande- 
liers in, 39 
old Park and Chase, xxi 
Sandford House, xix 
Wilmer House, xix 
Farrendon, prebendary of, see 


Farrer of Abinger, Lord, F.S.A., 

on Museum Committee, xii, 

xxvi ; death of, xxvii ; 

obituary notice of, 123-125 ; 

his work for the Society, 123, 

for the Records and Ancient 

Monuments Committee, 123W., 

for the Surrey Records Society, 

124 ; his publications, 124 

Farthing Downs, see Coulsdon 

Fawkham (Kent), pottery from, 64 

Felbridge (in par. of Godstone and 

Tandridge), excursion to, viii 

Fellowe, Stephen, monk of Ber- 

mondsey, 17 
Fenny Drayton (Leics.), parson of, 

see Dewsnapp 
Fetcham, 3 

Fielder, John, of Killinghurst, 35 
Finny, Dr. W. E. St. L., F.S.A., 
xiii ; elected to Council, 
xxvii ; reads paper on Fren- 
sham Church, xviii ; enter- 
tains officers of Society at 
Kingston, xxxi ; gives an 
address on Church of the 
Coronations at Kingston, 
xxxi ; restores Wren font to 
Kingston Church, 102 



Fitzwilliam, Sir William, Waver- 
ley abbey granted to, 17; 
Earl of Southampton, Lord 
Privy Seal, 18 
Flambard, Edmund, loi 
Fleet (Hants), xx 
Fleetwood, Edmund, monk of 
Sheen, afterwards rector of 
Woolpit, 20 
Flower, J. Wickham, F.S.A., 46 
Flutter, Peter, churchwarden and 
mayor of Guildford, 39, 40 n. 
Forge, J. W. L., xxiii 
Fort, John, friar of Guildford, 26 
Foster, John H., 46 

Waiter John, 46 
Fowle, Bartholomew, alias Lin- 
sted, canon of Leeds, Kent, 
afterwards prior of St. Mary 
Overie, Southwark, 25 
Foxe, John, Acts and Monuments 
of, 25 
Richard, bishop of Winchester, 
register of, 18, 25 
Franckling, see Franklin 
Franklin (Franckling), Cheam 
family, 71, 75 
Daniel, 75, 76, 82 
James, 76 
John, 76 
Widow, 75 
Frazer, Prof. J. E. S., 93 
Fredley (Fridley), see Mickleham 
Freeman, Dr. Williams, describes 
Caesar's Camp, Easthamp- 
stead, vii 
Frensham, slate artefacts from, 88 
Church, excursion to, xviii 
St. John's Church, Churt, 
Bronze Age hone from 
foundations of, 90 
Spreakley at, 88 
Frere, S. S., excavates at Ashtead, 
XXV, at Nonsuch Park, xxv 
Frere, Sheppard, on a Mediaeval 
Pottery at Ashtead, 58-66 ; 
on an Early Bronze Age burial 
at Epsom College, 92 ; on a 
Late Bronze Age hoard from 
Banstead, 95 
Fridley (Fredley), see Mickleham 
Frimley Church, chapelry of Ash, 
John Stopham's chantry in, 
incumbent of, see Snelling 

Frimley Park estate, documents 

concerning, in Camberley 

Museum, 121 
Frimley and Camberley Museum, 

exhibits in, 120 
Frogley Mead, see Cranleigh 
Funeral helmet, of Sir Thomas 

Vincent, 84-87 
Furze Field, see Cranleigh 

Gainsborough, Thomas, monk of 
Bermondsey, afterwards prior 
of Derby, 16 

Gaman, J. C, 93 

Gardiner, Roger, monk of Waver- 
ley, 18 
Stephen, bishop of Winchester, 
12 ; visitation (1541) of, 14, 
21, 26 

Gardyner, John, als. Lambert, of 
Cranley, 49 

Garland, Thomas, canon of 
Newark, 24 

Garroway, D., trader's token of, 

Gatton Park, xix 

Gele (Gile), Richard, prior of Ber- 
mondsey, 13 n., 16; rector of 
Bermondsey, 16 ; vicar of 
Camberwell, 16; rector of 
Layer Marney, 16 
Thomas, monk of Bermondsey, 
afterwards vicar of Halstead, 
warden of St. Mary Magda- 
lene's hospital, Colchester, 
and rector of St. Leonard's, 
Colchester, 17 

Georgia, U.S.A., trustees for, 52, 
55, records of, 55, 57 n. 
and see Belitha ; Hales 

Gibbs, J. A., M.A., his Abinger 
Parish Church, reviewed, 112 

Gibson, Dr., xxi 

Dr. J. H., 88 ; conducts excur- 
sion, xi 
Mrs. J. H., elected to Council, 
xiii ; leads excursion into 
Hampshire, ix ; conducts ex- 
cursion to Puttenham, Hill- 
bury and Farnham, xvii ; into 
Hampshire, xx 

Giffards, family of, xxi 

Gile, Richard, see Gele 



Giuseppi, J. A., F.S.A., Hon. 

Editor, X ; elected Hon. Edi- 
tor, xiii, xvii, xxvii 
Miss M., Hon. Editor, xxii ; 

re-elected Hon. Editor, xiii, 

xvii, xxvii 
Gloucester, prebendary of, see 

Gloucestershire, see Gloucester 
Godalming, Old Town Hall, 117 
SS. Peter and Paul Church, 

chandelier in, 33, 39 
Godman, William (or John), of 

Egham, 27 
Godmanchester, Thomas Colson 

alias, see Colson 
Godstone, Woodstock Hammer in, 

Godwin, William, canon of St. 

Mary Overie, Southwark, 25 
Godwin-Austen, Major R. A., xii 
Godwin-Austen Collection of 

deeds, xii 
Gold, Thomas, monk of Sheen, ig 
Goldsmith (Gouldsmith), Bar- 
tholomew, 81 
Edward, 77, 78, 81 
Henry, 77, 82 
John, 82 
Richard, 82 
Thomas, 77, 81 
Tho., junior, 82 
William, 77 
Gomshall, see Shere 
Goodchild, R. G., xx 

R., excavates Roman temple on 
Farley Heath, xxiv 
Goodman, Robert, canon of St. 

Mary Overie, Southwark, 25 
Gospel, Society for the Propaga- 
tion of, in Foreign Parts, see 
Gostwick, Sir John, 85 
Gouldsmith, see Goldsmith 
Graham, James, on the London- 
Lewes Roman road, 98 
Grave, John, prior of Newark, 23 
Green, Joseph, churchwarden of 

Leatherhead, 41 
Greenwood, John Saling alias, see 

Greywell (Hants), St. Mary's 

Church, excursion to, ix 
Griffith, John, of Shere, 48 

Grinstead, East (Sussex), 48, 49 
Guildford, A Descriptive and His- 
torical View of, woodcuts 
from, 104-107 
Guildford, a trader's token of, in 
Museum, iig 

Abbot's birthplace, woodcut of, 
104, 107 

Abbot's Hospital (Hospital of 
Blessed Trinity), xvii ; wood- 
cut of, 104, 106 

Artillery Ground in, position of, 

Artillery Road, 103 

Baker's ancient Market House, 
woodcut of, 104, 107 

bishop of, xviii 

bird sanctuary in, xvii 

Bowling Green in, position of, 

Castle, excursion to, viii ; re- 
pairs to Keep, viii ; the Keep, 
woodcut of, 104, 105 

Castle Arch, woodcut of, 104, 


Cross Lanes in, 103 
Guildford, Crown Inn at (now 
National Provincial Bank), 
40 ; woodcut of, 104, 106 

Dominican friars of, at the dis- 
solution, 26 

Ganghill Common, position of, 

Holy Trinity Church, Abbot 

brass in, rubbing of, pre- 
sented to Museum, 119 ; 

chandeliers in, 33, 39 
Library, presentations to, xii, 

xxvi, 120 
mediaeval pottery from, 64 
Muniment Room, additions to 

deeds in, xii, xxvi 
Museum, Committee, xii, xxvi ; 

presentations to, xii, 119; 

pottery sherds from Ashtead 

presented to, 62 
prints of, presented to Museum, 

priory, prior of, see Cobden 
St. Mary's Church, chandeliers 

in, 40 
Stoke Road in, 103 
Velvet Walk, probable position 

of, 103 



Guildford (continued) 
Warren Road in, 103 
Warwick Bench, 103 
Wood bridge Road in, 103 

Hacker, Simon, monk of Beaulieu, 

Hackhurst Downs (in Shere and 

Abinger par.), xix 
Haddon, John, 27 
Hales, Dr. Stephen, rector of Ted- 

dington, 54, 55, 57 ; a brother 

of, 55 ; a Georgia trustee, 55, 


Halstead (Essex), vicar of, see 
Gele, Thomas 

Halstow, Upper (Kent), rector of, 
see Paynter 

Hambleden (Bucks), 15 

Hamer Pond (Hammer), see Cran- 

Hammer Pond, and Hammer 
Farm, see Cranleigh 

Hampton Park, see Seale 

Hampshire, see Andwell ; Bad- 
desley (South) ; Beacon Hill ; 
Boldre ; Carisbrooke ; Evers- 
ley ; Fleet ; Greywell ; Hart- 
ford Bridge ; Hurstbourne 
Tarrant ; Lasham ; Nateley 
Scures ; Odiham ; Up Nate- 
ley ; Warnborough ; Wield ; 

Hankey, Sir Thomas, 36 

Harlyn Bay (Cornwall), slate ob- 
jects from, 90 

Harpsford, see Egham 

Harris, Major A., D.S.O., viii 

Hart, Edwin, F.S.A., xxvii, 119; 
conducts Saturday excur- 
sions, viii, xxiii, to Titsey 
and Crowhurst, viii, to Worth 
and Oakwood, viii, to Abin- 
ger, Holmbury St. Mary, 
Rudgwick Church, etc., viii ; 
conducts whole-day excur- 
sions, X, xxiii ; historical note 
on West Humble Chapel by, 

Harte, Bret, relic of, in Camberley 
Museum, 121 

Hartford Bridge Flats (Hants), 120 

Hascombe, St. Peter's Church, 
chandeliers in, 40 

Haslehurst, Rev. R. S., xviii 
Haslemere, St. Bartholomew's 

Church, chandelier in, 40 
Hassell, E., drawings of chande- 
liers by, 37-44 passim. 

J- 44 

Hawley, C. D., F.R.I.B.A., xxii ; 
describes Bisley Church, vii. 
Brook Place, Chobham, viii ; 
elected to Council, xiii ; 
secures option for purchase of 
Waynflete's Tower, xiii ; 
conducts excursion to Esher, 

Hawthorne, John, monk, after- 
wards curate of Waverley and 
rector of East Clandon, 18 ; 
his son John, 18 

Hayward, John, canon of Merton, 
William, grocer, 28 

Haywards, see Cranleigh 

Head, Jonathan, 82 

Headley, xix 

Hearnshaw, Prof. F. J. C, review 
by, 108 

Heath, Jno., 81 
Joseph, 82 
Miss O. M., xxiv 
William, 82 

Hede, John, monk of Waverley, 18 

Helmet, funeral, of Sir Thomas 
Vincent, in Stoke d'Abernon 
Church, description of, 84- 
87 ; possibly Italian, 86 ; 
crest, 86 
of Black Prince, 85 
of Sir John Gostwick, 85 

Helmets, Italian, 85, 86 
of Nevill family, 85 

Help, Little, or Poor, see Cran- 

Henderson, W. Scott, 117 ; elected 
to Council, xiii 

Hendon, Thomas, alias London, 
canon of St. Mary Overie, 
Southwark, ? rector of Staple- 
hurst, 25 

Hereford, bishop of, see Warton 

Hereford cathedral, precentor of, 
see Benese 

Herefordshire, see Hereford 

Hertfordshire, see North Church ; 
Royston ; Therfield 



Hickson, Thos., 74 

Higgs, Mrs., 81 

High Laver, see Laver, High 

Hillbury, see Puttenham 

Hipwoocl, J. W., viii 

Hodgson, Lawrence, monk of 

Chertsey, 14 
Holdenhurst Bronze Age Ware, 


Holford, Sir John, chaplain, 27 

Holley, WilUam, Cheam inn- 
keeper, 69, 71, 73, 82 

HolUs, Edwin, 119 

Holm Tree field, see Cranleigh 

Holmbury St. Mary (in par. of 
Abinger, Cranleigh, Ewhurst, 
Ockham, Ockley and Shere), 
excursion to, viii 

Holtye Common (Sussex), Roman 
road at, excursion to, viii 

Home Mead, see Cranleigh 

Hone, Rev. E. E., rector of St. 
George, Esher, 

Honybee, Edmund, canon of Mer- 
ton, ? alias Downham or Dow- 
man, 22 

Hooper, Dr. Wilfrid, F.S.A., Hon. 
Secretary, 5 ; conducts ex- 
cursion, X ; re-elected Hon. 
Treasurer, xvii, xxvii ; con- 
ducts walking excursions in 
Reigate and Abinger dis- 
tricts, xix, xxiii ; on brass 
chandeliers in Surrey churches, 
29-47 ' on Shere Church, 102 

Hopkins, Thomas, friar of Guild- 
ford, 26 

Hopwood, James, 27 

Hore, Thomas, prior of Cardigan, 

Horley, Rev. C. M., rector of Bis- 

ley Church, vii 
Hornby, George, monk of Sheen, 
afterwards rector of Chignal, 

Horner, see London, St. Dunstan 


Horsell, St. Mary's Church, chan- 
deliers in, 40 

Horsley (Houseley), John, and son, 
brass founders, 38 
Robert, monk of Sheen, 20 

Horsley, West, St. Mary's Church, 
chandeliers in, 30, 45 

Houston, Mrs. L, 119 

Howard, family, and Reigate 
Priory estates, 4 

Hoxton (Middx.), Haberdashers 
Walk, 38 

Hucker, A. J., 60 

Hughes, Miss Joan, 95 

Humble, West, see Mickleham 

Huntley, John, prebendary of 
Gloucester, 26 ; ? John Ling- 
field, q.v. 
John Lyngfeld alias, seeLingfield 

Hurley (Berks.), priory of, cell to 
Westminster Abbey, 15 

— vicar of, see Roke 
Hurstbourne Tarrant (Hants), 

vicar of, see Merevale 
Husee, William, 3 
Hynds (or Hyndeby), Thomas, 

monk of Sheen, 19 
Hyom, John, friar of Guildford, 26 
Hyslop, Canon, 102 

Iron Age, see also Prehistoric 

— finds at Ewell, xxiv 

— pottery, from Carshalton, 
xxiii ; from Nonsuch Park, 


razor, found at Ewell, xxv 

Jackson, G. O., elected Hon. 

Auditor, xxvii 
Jenkinson, Hilary, F.S.A., xiii ; 

elected Vice-President, xiii, 

John, King, 104 
Johnson, Thomas, of Christchurch, 

Southwark, 44 
Johnston, Philip M., 87 ; on church 

chandeliers, 30 
Judges, Mrs. E. A., 119 
Juniper Hall, see Mickleham, Frid- 

ley in 
Jupp, George, 76, 82 
Widow, 76 

Kanam, Robert, canon of Reigate, 
? Robert Kenham of St. Bar- 
tholomew, Smithfield, 24 

Kendall, Thomas, canon of Rei- 
gate, transferred to St. Mary 
Overie, Southwark, 24, 25 



Kenham, Robert, ? Kanam, q.v. 

Kennard, A. S., 94, 95 

Kensell, Thomas, vicar of Caris- 
brooke, 25 

Kent, see Bexley ; Birling ; Can- 
terbury ; Chevening ; Fawk- 
ham ; Halstow (Upper) ; 
Leeds ; Leigh ; Penshurst ; 
Shoreham ; Staplehurst ; 

Tonbridge ; Wickham, West 

Kenyon, Miss K., F.S.A., xvii, 
xxiv, xxvii 

Kery, John, monk of Waverley, 
transferred to Beaulieu, after- 
wards probably curate of 
Puttenham and Lasham, 18 

KilUnghurst, see Chiddingfold 

Kiln field, see Cranleigh 

King, George, tailor, of Cheam, 

77. 79 

James, 78 

Rev. James, rector of Cheam, 79 

King-Church, Miss D. M., on 

Museum Committee, xii, xxvi 

Kingsley, Charles, relic of, in 

Camberley Museum, 121 
Kingston-upon-Thames, annual 
meeting of Society (1940) held 
at, xxi 

bridge over Thames at, 54 

Church of All Saints, Wren font 
in, 102 

Church of the Coronations at, 

Combe manor in, 52 

free chapel of St. Mary Magda- 
lene, 20, 21 ; incumbent of, 
see Debenham 

population of (1725), 53; en- 
dowed charities of, 53 ; be- 
quest of Edward Belitha to, 

54. 56. 57 
Public Library and Museum, 

Queen Elizabeth's grammar 

school, 53 
William Belitha at, 52 
Kissan, B. W., elected to Council, 

Kitchenham forge (Sussex), 49 
Knight, Robert, monk of Chert- 
sey, 15 
— canon of Merton, ? after- 
wards vicar of Buxted, 22 

Knole Hill, see Cranleigh 
Kylbery, William, see Rylbery 
Kynder, John, sub prior of Ber- 
mondsey, afterwards rector of 
Walton-on-the-Hill, 17 
Kyrton, Margaret, widow, 28 

Lachingdon (Essex), rector of, see 

Laking, Sir G. F., his Record of 

European Armour and Arms, 

Laleham (Middx.), curate of, see 

Lambert, see Gardyner 
Lancashire, Tho., 82 
Langley, Ralph, 27 
Langstone, Mrs., xii 
Langton, Christopher, 28 
Laose, Ralph, see Lawes 
Lasham (Hants), curate of, see 

Latham, Richard, 82 
Laver, High (Essex), rector of, see 

Lawes (Laose), Ralph, vicar of 

Curry Rivell, 15 
Lawrence, F., his Guildford, 104 
John, spy of Thomas Cromwell, 

Lady, i 
Layer Marney (Essex), rector of, 

see Gele, Richard 
Leadenham, Long (Lines.), rector 

of, see Benese 
Leatherhead, SS. Mary and Nich- 
olas Church, chandeliers in, 

33. 41 

fair, III 

parish register, addition to List 
of Transcripts, 103 

Leeds (Kent), canon of, see Fowle 

Leicestershire, see Fenny Dray- 
ton ; Sibson ; Thurcaston ; 

Leigh, St. Bartholomew's Church, 
chandeliers in, 41 
felling of trees in, 49 

Leigh (Kent), curate of, see Payn- 

Leinster, Duchess of, iii 

Leveson-Gower, R. H. G., elected 
to Council, xiii 

Liddell, Miss, ix 



Limpsfield Common, excursion to, 

Lincoln Cathedral, prebend of 

Farrendon in, 21 
Lincoln, diocese of, institution 
books for, 28 
— pension return of (1554-5), 20 
Lincolnshire, see Bardney ; 
Leadenham (Long) ; Lincoln 
Lingfield (Lyngfeld), John, alias 
Huntley, prior of Tandridge, 
rector of Oxted, 13 w., 26 ; 
formerly canon of St. Mary 
Overie, 25 ; afterwards of 
Woodmansterne, 26 ; ? pre- 
bendary of Gloucester, 26 
Lingfield, Dry Hill Camp, 117 
Old Surrey Hall, excursion to, 

SS. Peter and Paul's Church, 
chandelier in, 41 
Linsted, Bartholomew Fowle alias, 

see Fowle 
Lipscombe, Richard, prior of 
Newark, afterwards rector of 
Eversley, 23 
L'Isle, Lord de, vii 
Little, J. W., F.R.I.B.A., conducts 
excursion in Tonbridge, vii 
Mrs., vii 
Littleworth, Thomas, canon of St. 

Mary Overie, Southwark, 25 
Lloyd, Rev. and Hon. Robert 
Lumley, rector of St. Paul's, 
Covent Garden, owner of 
West Cheam Manor, 68 
Lock, family, of Norbury Park, 
Mickleham, 109 
Amy, III 
Charles, iii 
George, rector of Mickleham, 

William, 109-111 
London, Stephen Byssater, ? 
alias, see Byssater 
Thomas Hendon alias, see Hen- 
London, bishop of, registry of, 52 
London, Augustinian houses, Rei- 
gate canons in, 13 
churches and parishes in : All 
Hallows, Honey Lane, rectors 
of, see Benese, Paynell ; St. 
Andrew's Undershaft, 19, 27, 

London {continued) 

parson of, see Ryley ; St. 
Dunstan in the East, memor- 
ial tablet in, 54 ; Smithfield, 
St. Bartholomew's, 24 ; St. 
Dunstan West, Fleet Street, 
Horner tenement in, loi ; 
tenement in St. Giles, Crip- 
plegate, loi ; Soho (Sahoo), 
St. Anne's in, 72 ; Walbrook, 
St. Stephen's Church, visited 
by Society, ix, xxiii 
places in : Billingsgate, loi ; 
Bloomsbury (Blumsbery), 72 ; 
Bread Street, loi ; Grace- 
church, 10 1 ; Grocer's Hall, 
visited by Society, ix, xxiii ; 
Lombard Street, " Golden 
Lion " in, 53 ; Newgate 
Street, loi ; Queenhithe, loi 

London Lane, suggested route of, 


London-Lewes Roman Road, 98 
Loraine housing estate, see Ash- 

Lovelace family, 15 
Lowe, Thomas, monk of Sheen, 


Lowther, A. W. G., F.S.A., 58 ; 
on Museum Committee, xii, 
xxvi ; edits Farnham volume, 
xxii ; excavates at Scale, 
xxiv ; excavates Roman tem- 
ple on Farley Heath, xxiv 

Lucas, Peter, rector of Chevening, 
17 ; see also Luke 

Luke, Peter, chanter of Bermond- 
sey, perhaps Peter Lucas, 
rector of Chevening, 17 

Lumley, Lord, 68 

Lymden, John, prior of Reigate, 
formerly canon of St. Mary 
Overie, Southwark, 24 

Lyme, Richard, 45 

Lyngfeld, John, see Lingfield 

Lyons, the, and Lyonsfields, see 

MacAndrew, Miss, xx, 4 

Maiden, H. E., 113 

Maiden Road, 67 

Man (Manne), Andrew, 28 ; his 
son William, student in Ox- 
ford, 28 



Man (Manne) (continued) 

Henry, prior of Sheen, 19 ; will 
of, 14, 19, 27, 28 ; dean of 
Chester, bishop of Man, rector 
of Sibson and vicar of Thur- 
caston, 1 9 ; said to be mar- 
ried, 19 
— his cousin Henry Manne, 27, 

William, canon of St. Mary 
Overie, Southwark, 25 

Man, bishop of, see Man, Henry 

Man, Isle of, 27, 28 

the Peele in, revenues of, 27 

Manlield, Thomas, monk of Sheen, 

Mann, James G., F.S.A., on the 
Funeral Helmet of Sir Thomas 
Vincent in Stoke d'Abernon 
Church, 84-87 

Mantill, John, curate of Merton, 
21 ; his widow presumably 
Alicia, 21 

Maplecrofts, see Cranleigh 

March, John, churchwarden of 
Godalming, 39 

Margary, I. D., F.S.A., describes 
Roman Road at Holtye Com- 
mon, viii 

Marks, Julian, of Snoxhall, 48 

Marriage, ecclesiastics deprived 
for, 16, 17, 22 

Marshall, Charles J., on the Rate 
Book of the Parish of Cheam 
(1730-1753), 67-83 ; on a 
supposed Roman road at 
Ewell, 98 ; on the sites of two 
13th century pottery kilns at 
Cheam, 99 ; on the Brass in 
Lumley Chapel, 100 
Sir John, resigns from Council, 

John, monk of Bermondsey, 1 7 
Robert, monk of Sheen, 19 

Martin, John, trader's token of, 
John, canon of Newark, (?) 
afterwards vicar of Putten- 
ham, 24 

Matthews, Mr., 81 

Maulth Way, the, xx 

Maxwell, Violet Sophia, 40 

Mediaeval Pottery, a, at Ashtead, 

Mediaeval pottery from Ashtead, 
xxv ; from Scale, xxiv ; sites 
at Cheam, 99 
tiles from Ashtead, 66 
Merevale, John, canon of Merton, 
presumably afterwards vicar 
of Hurstbourne Tarrant, 22 
Merton (Morton), Robert, friar of 

Guildford, 26 
Merton, curate of, see Cuddington ; 
prior of, see Ramsey 
priory, Augustinian canons of, 
at the dissolution, 20-23 

— Chapel Farm in Mickleham, 
owned by, 2, 3 

— leases granted by, 13 
Mesolithic, see Prehistoric 
Mickleham, de, family of, 2 

John, 2, 3, 4 
Mickleham, Church, 2, 3, 6 

manor of, 3 

rector of, see Lock 

places in : Adlers Lane, 6 ; 
Bagden Farm, 5, Roman 
coins found at, 4 ; Box Hill, 
6 ; Burford Bridge, 5, excur- 
sion to, xix, XX ; Burford 
Lodge, 6 ; Camilla Lacy, 5 ; 
Chapel Farm, 2, 3, 5, 6 ; 
Chapel Lane, 6 ; Druid's 
Grove, no; Fridley (Fred- 
ley), 6, history of, 3, Meadows, 
Praybridge in, 5, 6 ; Juniper 
Hall, xix, 4, III ; Mickleham 
Hall, III ; Norbury, owners 
of, 2, 3, 5 ; Norbury Park, the 
Lock family and, 109-112 ; 
Praybridge, 5, 6 ; Polesden, 
6 ; West Humble Manor, 
owned by Reigate Priory, 2, 
3, 4 ; West Humble Street, 

West Humble Chapel, historical 
note on, and report on ex- 
ploration of, by Edwin Hart 
and Hugh Braun, i-ii ; de- 
scription of, 6-7 ; ecclesiastical 
character established, i, 2 ; 
possible pilgrim use of, 4, 5, 
6 ; literature referring to, 
4-6 ; evidence of maps on, 
5-6 ; possibly erected as 
chapel-of-ease to Mickleham 



Mickleham {continued) 

Church, 6 ; clearance of 
vegetation around and mark- 
ing of sites in, 9-10 ; silver 
coin of Henry VIII found in, 
10 ; skeletons found in, 10 ; 
pottery found in, 10 

Middlesex, see Hoxton ; Laleham ; 

Midgham (Berks.), chapelry of 
Thatcham, curate of, see 

Mildmay, Mr., xx 

Miles, Mr., 11, 77 

Millbrook (Beds.), rector of, see 

Miller, Mr., 72, 76 

Mitchell, Elizabeth, 80 

Thomas, canon of Merton, 22 

Mole, river, at West Humble, 4, 

Molesey, West, chapelry of Wal- 

ton-on-Thames, curate of, see 


Money, J. H., xxiv 

Moor Park, see Farnham 

Moore, Admiral Sir Graham, iii 

John, his Walk through Surrey, 

reviewed, 115 

Dr. John, iii 

Sir John, iii 

Morpeth, John, monk of Bardney, 

John, canon of St. Mary Overie, 

Southwark, 25 
Morton, Robert, see Merton 
Mylist, John, monk of Chertsey, 
curate of Laleham, after- 
wards vicar of Chertsey, 15 
Mylne, Robert, 117 
Mylton, John, of Egham, 27 

Namur (Belgium), chandelier 

from, 45 
Nateley Scures (Hants), St. 
Swithun's Church, excursion 
to, ix 
National Trust, the, 2 
Neat Hill, see Cranleigh 
Neolithic pottery from Badshot 
Long-Barrow site, 90 
see also Prehistoric 
Nevill, family, helmets of, 85 
Humphry, i 

Newark, prior of, see Grave ; 
priory, Augustinian canons of, 
at the dissolution, 13 n., 23, 

Newdigate, felling of trees in, 49 

NewiU, Ven. Archdeacon E. J., 

Newington, St. Mary's Church, 

chandeliers in, 42 
Butts, 42 

Kennington Park Road in, 42 
Newport Pagnell (Bucks.), vicar 

of, see Potter 
Newton Wood Road, see Ashtead 
Nicholson, Sir Charles, Bt., 38, 47 
Nonsuch, see Cuddington 
Norbury, see Mickleham 
Norfolk, see Norwich 
North Church (Herts.), curate of, 

see Rolfe 
Norwich, deprivation and pension 

returns for (1555), 22 

Oakwood, see Okewood 

Observant Franciscans, see Rich- 

Ockham Church, excursion to, xx 

Ockley, excursion to, viii 

Ode, Richard, see Wood 

Odiham (Hants), ix 

Odo, 2, 4 

O'Farrell, Canon F., xxi, 88 

Ogilvie, Cecilia, iii 

Okewood, Oakwood (in par. of 
Abinger, Ockley and Wotton), 
mediaeval chapel at, viii 

Old Surrey Hall, see Lingfield 

Oliver, Frank, iig 

Oman, C. C, on brass chandeliers, 

30, 32, 47 
Onslow, Denis, J. P., 83 

Richard, 5th Lord, F.S.A., ix, 

xxi ; re-elected President, 

xvii, xxvii ; his The Empress 

Maud, reviewed, 108 
Orford (Suffolk), chantry priest of, 

see Saling 
Oskyn, John, 27 
Oswald, Norbury in Mickleham 

owned by, 2 
Oxford University, scholar at, see 

— , student in, 28 



Oxford University {continued) 
Keble college, 23 
St. Bernard's Cistercian college, 
provisor of, see Alynz ; schol- 
ars of, 18 
St. Mary Magdalene's church, 18 
Oxfordshire, see Oxford 

Paddington Farm, see Abinger 

Page, John, scholar at Oxford, 
canon of Merton, 22 

Pains Hill, see Walton-on-Thames 

Palaeolithic, see Prehistoric 

Parish Registers, additions to 
Lists of Transcripts of, 103 

Parker, John, monk of Waverley, 
possibly curate of Wan- 
borough, 18 
Matthew, archbishop of Canter- 
bury, register of, 24 

Parkest, Mrs., 81 

Parsons, Rt. Hon. Sir John, Kt., 
Lord Mayor of London, M.P. 
for Reigate, and church- 
warden, 43 
Mr., ix 
Mrs., 81 

Patterson, J. A., 88 

Pattinson, Miss Jane, 68 

Paynell, Thomas, canon of Mer- 
ton, afterwards rector of All 
Hallows, Honey Lane, Lon- 
don, 22 ; will of, 23 ; rector 
of Cottingham, 23 

Paynter, William, monk of Ber- 
mondsey, afterwards curate 
of Leigh, Kent, and possibly 
rector of Upper Halstow, 17 

Peasemore (Berks.), vicar of, see 

Peddar, William, monk of Waver- 
ley, 18 

Penshurst Place (Kent), excursion 
to, vii 

Perceval, Gen. Sir Edward, xix 
Lady, xix 

Sir John, ist Viscount Perceval, 
afterwards ist Earl of Eg- 
mont, associated in mission- 
ary work in America, 55 

Percy Sladen Trust, xi 

Perkudy, Mr., 72 

Petersham Church, excursion to, 

Petersham Church (continued) 
— , History of St. Peter's Church, 

reviewed, 112 
Petree, Lady, 81, 82 
Phillips, Mrs. Molesworth, iii 
Phipps, Abraham, 82 
Pickering, W. J., xiii ; elected to 

Council, xxvii 
Pickern, Tho., curate of Cheam, 

82, 83 
Pierson, Samuel, 69 
Piggott, Stuart, F.S.A., 91 
Pilgrims' Way, excursion along, 

xix ; suggested branches to 

West Humble in Mickleham, 

Piper, A. Cecil, xix 
Pitman, Miss H. S., 103 
Plowman, George, 75 
Polesden, see Mickleham 
Polesden Lacy, see Bookham, 

Polesdon, Walter de, 3 
" Polingham Kaye," 49 
Polstead, Suffolk, rector of, see 

under Saling 
Postford Farm, see St. Martha 
Potter, Thomas, monk of Chert- 

sey, possibly vicar of Newport 

Pagnell, 14 
Pottery, see Iron Age ; Mediaeval ; 

Neolithic ; Roman 
Pranell, Henry, 48 
Praybridge, see Mickleham, Frid- 

ley in, 5 
Prehistoric, finds, in Camberley 

Museum, 120 
museum at Farnham, 88 
Price, Herbert, J. P., 83 
Privy Seal, Lord, see Fitzwilliam 
Prosser, G., 35 
Pulborough (Sussex), 49 
Purberry Shot, see Ewell 
Purefoy (Purfew), Robert Warton 

alias, see Warton 
Purfrey, Michael, 28 
Purver, Dame, 71 

Francis, 82 
Purvis, Rev. J., F.S.A., resigns as 

Archivist to Muniment Room, 

Puttenham, Hillbury in, Romano- 
British camp at, excursion to, 




Puttenham {continued) 

Shoelands, site of mediaeval 

buildings, excursion to, xvii 
curate of, see Kery 
vicar of, see Martin 

Pyne, C. C, 104 

Pyrford, chapelry of Woking, 
curate of, see Thetcher 

Pysaunt, John, monk of Sheen, 
afterwards vicar of Bexley 
and Thaxted, rector of Lach- 
ingdon, dean of Bocking and 
vicar of Stansted Montfichet, 

Pyworthy, Devon, rector of, see 

Quoy, John, see Coy 

Rackham, Bernard, F.S.A., 62 
Radcliffe, Richard, receiver of the 
revenues of the Peele in the 
Isle of Man, 27 
Raikes, see Abinger 
Ramsay, John, alias Bowlle, prior 
of Merton, afterwards canon 
of Windsor, 20 
Rankine, W. F., xi ; excavates at 
Scale, xxiv ; on the Farnham 
Prehistoric Museum, 88 ; on 
Slate Artefacts, 88 ; on a Neo 
B Sherd from Badshot, 90 ; 
on a Bronze Age Hone from 
Churt, go 
Ranmore Common, 5 
Ratcliff, Thomas, see Rokeley 
Rate book, of Cheam (i 730-1 753), 

Records and Ancient Monuments 
Committee, Lord Farrer's 
work on, 123 n. 
Red Hill, see Walton-on-Thames 
Reigate, excursion to, xix 

St. Mary Magdalene Church, 

chandelier in, 42 
— , brass of Robert Aires for- 
merly in, 24 
priory, 43 

— tenements in Mickleham 
owned by, 2-4 

— dissolution of, 12 

— Augustinian canons of, at the 
dissolution, 24 ; see also Ken- 

Reigate priory (continued) 

in London houses, 13 

places in : Colley Hill, xix ; 
Reigate Heath, xix ; Wray 
Common, xix ; Wray Com- 
mon Mill, 117 

Religious, the Dispossessed, in 
Surrey, by Geoffrey Basker- 
ville, 12-28 

Rice, Morgan, 44 

Richard of Tonbridge, Norbury in 
Mickleham, owned by, 2, 4 

Richmond (Sheen), St. Mary Mag- 
dalene Church, chandeliers in, 


— excursion to, xix 

Observant Franciscans of, 26, 

prior of, see Man 
priory (Carthusian) of, monks of, 
at the dissolution, 19, 20 ; 
Marian priory of New Sheen, 
19, 20 ; bequest to, if re- 
erected, 28 
Green, xix 
Hill, The Wick, 117 
Old Palace, xix 
Ripley, see Send 

Roads, Roman : London-Lewes 
road, 98 
a supposed, at Ewell, 98 
see also Stane Street 
Rock, Pierre, brass founders, 45 
Rogers, Elizabeth, late of Chester, 
John, gift to Tooting Graveney 
Church, 44 
Roke, Mathew, 82 

Tho., carpenter, 69, 82 
Tho., labourer, 69, 82 
William, monk of Chertsey, 
vicar of Hurley, 15 
Rokeley (or Ratcliff), Thomas, 

monk of Bermondsey, 17 
Rolfe, John, monk of Chertsey, 
curate of North Church, 
Herts, 14, rector of Mill- 
brook, 15 
Roman, brick, fragments, from 
Ashtead, 60 
finds, in Camberley Museum, 
120 ; at Walton-on-the-Hill, 
flue tiles at Ewell, 98 



Roman {continued) 

pack-saddle, portion of, pre- 
sented to Museum, 119 
pottery, from Carshalton, xxiii ; 

found at Ewell, xxv 
see also Coins ; Roads 

Rose, John, canon of Newark, 
rector of Wield, 13 n., 23 ; 
(?) vicar of Ditchling, 23 

Rotherhithe, St. Mary's Church, 
chandeliers in, 43 

Royal Archaeological Institute, 

Royston (Herts.), Limlow Hill, 
Litlington, tumulus at, 94 

Rudgwick (Sussex) Church, ex- 
cursion to, viii 

Rugys, William, monk of Chert- 
sey, presumably curate of 
Midgham, 15 

Rupert, Prince, reputed marriage 
of, 113 

Russell, Rev. G. W., vicar of S. 
Nicholas's, Thames Ditton, 
G. W. and J., of Guildford, 104 ; 
their book Guildford, wood- 
cuts from, 104-107 
John, R.A., xii, 104, 119 
John, mayor of Guildford, 104 ; 
portrait presented to Museum, 

Ryde, Kenneth A., conducts ex- 
cursion to Croydon, vii 

Rye (Sussex) kilns, 64, 65, 66 

Rylbery (or Kylbery), William, 
monk of Sheen, 20 

Ryley, Edward, parson of St, 
Andrew's Unflershaft, 28 

Sackvile, Mr., and Polesden Lacy, 

Sadleir, R. J., re-elected Hon. 

Auditor, xvii 

Sahoo, see London, Soho 

St. Asaph, bishop of, see Warton 

St. Catherine, see Artingdon 

St. Margaret's Hill, see Southwark 

St. Martha, Chilworth, excursion 

to, XX 

Postford Farm, xx 
Sale, Henry, 28 

Saling, John, alias Greenwood, 
canon of Merton, afterwards 

Saling, John (continued) 

Chantry priest of Orford and 
(?) rector of Polstead, de- 
prived for marriage, 22 

Sandby, Thomas, no 

Sanxay, Dr., 69 
Mrs., 81 

Saunders, Erasmus, 81, 82, 83 

Sawnders, John, 27 

Saxon, burial at Ewell, 98 

spear head and knife from 
Farthing Downs, in Museum, 

Scales, Sir Edward, mayor of 
Kingston, xxi, xxvii 

Scarwin, Mrs., 81 

Scale, Hampton Park, xxiv 

Early Mediaeval sites in, excava- 
tion at, xxiv 

Secretan, S. D., describes Rudg- 
wick Church, ix 

Sellick, E. L., 47 

Send, Ripley Church, excursion to, 


— curate of, see Blundell 

— stipendiary of, see Wood 
Sermoneta, Duchess of, her The 

Locks of Norbury, reviewed, 
Shakeshaft, Widow, 81 
Shalford, 103 

deeds relating to, xxvi 
Sheen, see Richmond 
Shere, Colekitchen Combe in, xix 
flints from, in Museum, xii 
St. James's Church, discoveries 

during repairs to roof, 102 
Gomshall in, xix 
manor of Shere- Vachery in, 48 
Sherwood, Thos., 72 
Ships, Don Antonio, 57 n. 
Shoelands, see Puttenham 
Shoreham Church (Kent), chande- 
liers in, 42 
Shurlocks, see Cranleigh 
Sibson (Sybesdon, Sybston) 
(Leics.), bequests to, 27 ; 
rector of, see Dewsnapp, Man 
Simkin, Elizabeth, 80 
Simmons, William, churchwarden 

of Leatherhead, 41 
Skerwhitt, Simon, monkof Waver- 

ley, 18 
Skinner, Mark, 82 



Slate Artefacts, from Frensham, 88 
Smith, H. Victor, loo 

Thomas, monk of Sheen, 19 
Smither, H., 88 
Smithers, WiUiam, 72, 81 
Snail shells, of Bronze Age date, 

94. 95 

Snelling, Thomas, canon of New- 
ark, afterwards incumbent of 
chantry in Frimley Church, 24 

Snockshill (Snoxhill, Snoxhall), see 

Societies : 

for Promoting Christian Know- 
ledge, 55 
for the Propagation of the 
Gospel in Foreign Parts, 55, 

Somerset, see Curry Rivell 

Southampton, Earl of, see Fitz- 

Southwark, Christchurch, chande- 
lier in, 44 
St. George's parish. White Lion 
Inn in, trustees for, 56 ; 
rector of, see Cutler 
St. Margaret's Hill court house 

(St. Margritshill), 72 
St. Saviour (St. Mary Overie), 
chandelier in, 30, 43 ; Augus- 
tinian canons of, 24, at the 
dissolution, 25 ; prior of, see 

Spaniards, the, seize the Don 
Antonio, 57 n. 

Spreakley, see Frensham 

Stael, Madame de, iii 

Stafford, Philip, friar of Guildford, 

Staffordshire, see Yoxall 

Stag Hill, see Carshalton 

Stallwood, John, 121 

Stanbank, Thomas, monk of Ber- 
mondsey, afterwards rector of 
High Laver, 17 

Stane Street, 99, 119 ; from Tyr- 
rell's Wood to Juniper Hall, 
excursion along, xix 

Stansted Montfichet (Essex), vicar 
of, see Pysaunt 

Stanton, Mr., 81 

Staplehurst (Kent), rector of, see 

Stebbing, W. P. D.. 103 

Stedman's Lawn, see Cranleigh 

Stent, Edward, 104 

Stent Clarke, booksellers, of Guild- 
ford, woodcut of, 104, 107 

Stephenson, Mill, 100 

Stevenson, Edward, monk of 
Chertsey, possibly incumbent 
of Brambletye and vicar of 
Willingdon, 15 

Stews, the, see Cranleigh 

Stillman, George, churchwarden 
of Chobham church, 36 

Stoke d'Abernon, St. Mary's 
Church, funeral helmet of Sir 
Thomas Vincent in, 84-87 

Stopham, John, chantry of, see 

Straker, Ernest, F.S.A., on the 
Vachery Ironworks, 48-51 

Strickland, R. W., Hon. Excur- 
sions Sec, xxxi ; re-elected 
Hon. Excursions Secretary, 
xvii, xxvii ; describes Guild- 
ford Castle, viii ; conducts 
excursion to Chichester, xviii 

Stydolf, family, 3, 4 

Thomas, 4 ; his wife Isabel, 3 

Suffolk, see Orford ; Woolpit 

Surrey Archaeological Society : 
accounts (1938), xiv-xvi ; 

(1939), xxviii-xxx 
annual general meeting (1939). 

ix ; (1940), xxi 
excavations and preservation 

work, xi, xxiii 
excursions and meetings : Abin- 
ger and neighbourhood, xix, 
xxiii ; Abinger, into Sussex, 
Ewhurst and Farley Heath, 
ix ; Bisley and Chobham, vii, 
xi ; Chichester, xviii, xxiii ; 
Chilworth and district, xx ; 
Cobham, Ockley and Ripley, 
XX ; Titsey, Crowhurst and 
Holtye Common, viii ; Croy- 
don, vii, xi ; Epsom to Bur- 
ford Bridge, xix ; Esher and 
Thames Ditton, xviii, xxiii ; 
Farnham and Frensham, ex- 
cursion to, xviii, xxiii ; from 
Fleet (Hants) to Farnham, 
XX ; Greenwich, National 
Maritime Museum and 
Queen's House, xi ; Grocers' 



Surrey Archaeological Society {con- 
Hall and St. Stephen's 
Church, Walbrook, ix, xxiii ; 
Guildford Castle, viii, xi ; 
into Hampshire, ix ; Pens- 
hurst and Tonbridge, vii, xi ; 
Puttenham, Hillbury and 
Farnham, xvii ; Reigate and 
neighbourhood, xix, xxiii ; 
Richmond and Petersham, 
xix ; into Sussex, Oakwood 
and Capel, viii ; Titsey Park, 
Crowhurst, Holtye Common 
and Old Surrey Hall, Ling- 
field, viii 
finances and membership, xiii, 

publications : Collections, Vol. 
XLVI, X, xxii ; Survey of the 
Prehistory of Farnham Dis- 
trict, X, xxii, xxvii ; Pros- 
pectus, new edition, x ; 
Rocque's Map of Surrey, x, 
rules, amendment to Rule VI, 
xxxi, xvii ; to Rule VII, 
survey of domestic architecture, 

war records, local, to be pre- 
served, xxii 
Surrey, Chantry certificates (1548) 
of, 13, 20 
The Dispossessed Religious in, 
by Geoffrey Baskerville, 
Sheriff of, see Belitha 
trustees for, of White Lion, 

Southwark, 56 
west, documents relating to, 
Surrey Place-names, Mr. Bonner's 

work on, 122 
Surrey Records Society, Lord 

Farrer's work on, 124 
Sussex, see Brambletye ; Buck's 
Green ; Buxted ; Chichester ; 
Crawley ; Ditchling ; Grin- 
stead, East ; Holtye Com- 
mon ; Kitchenham forge ; 
Pulborough ; Rudgwick; 
Rye ; Warren Furnace ; Wil- 
lingdon ; Worth 

Sutton, St. Nicholas' Church, 68 ; 
plague in, 68 

size of, in i8th century, 67, 68 ; 
road to London and neigh- 
bouring places, 67, 68 
Swan, A. C, 60 ; on Neolithic 
pottery from Badshot, 90 
R. G., 60 
Swayne, T. Gatton, xiii ; elected 

to Council, xxvii 
Sybesdon, Sybsdon, Sybston, see 

Symonson, Anthony, monk of 
Chertsey, 15 

Tandridge, prior of, see Lingfield 
priory of, dissolution of, 12 

Tanner, Jno., 82 
— , of Cheam, 71 

Taplow (Bucks.), 21 ; church of, 
21 ; rector of, see Curzon 

Tatnell (Tatnall), John, 81, 82, 83 

Tatsfield Church, chandeliers in, 

Techer, William, see Thetcher 

Teddington (Middx.), manor house 

of. 56, 57 ; rector of, see Hales 
Temple, Sir William, xvii 
Thames Ditton, St. Nicholas's 

Church, xviii 
Thatcham (Berks.), 15 
Thaxted (Essex), vicar of, see 

Therfield Heath (Herts), tumulus 

on, 94 
Thetcher (Techer), William, 

canon of Newark, afterwards 

curate of Pyrford, 23 
Thomson, William, 78 

— , engraver, 104 
Thornton, E., xvii, xxiv 
Thorpe, John, of East Grinstead, 

48, 49 

Thorpe, St. Mary's Church, chan- 
deliers in, 44 

Thurcaston (Leics.), vicar of, see 

Thurlby, Robert, monk of Sheen, 

Tiles, mediaeval, from Ashtead, 66 

Tilford, tithing of Farnham, 
Roman site at, xi 

Titsey, Lodge Farm, viii 
Park, excursion to, viii 



Todd, Richard, alias Windsor, 

canon of Merton, 21 
Tonbridge (Kent), Church, Castle 

and Port Reeve's House, ex- 
cursion to, vii 
Tooting Graveney, St. Nicholas 

Church, chandelier in, 44 
Tribe, R. H., Mayor of Guildford, 

ix, 119 
Tyldesley, Richard, monk of 

Sheen, 20 
Tyler, Major F. C, his Geometrical 

Arrangement of Ancient Sites 

reviewed, 116 

Up Nateley (Hants), St. Stephen's 
Church, excursion to, ix 

Upper Halstow, see Halstow, 

Vachery, see Cranleigh and Shere 
Vallance, Aymer, F.S.A., 102 
\"ancouver, Capt. George, tomb of, 

Venables, L. S. V., 88 
Vincent, Rev. Richard, of Chob- 

hani Church, 36 
Sir Thomas, his funeral helmet, 

description of, 84-87 ; death, 

85 ; monument, 87 

Wachett, Ralph, monk of Chert- 

sey, 15 
Waldy, J. B., 48 
Walker, T. E. C., xxvii ; conducts 

excursion to Cobham, xx 
Walter, John, monk of Chertsey, 
presumably priest of War- 
field, 15 
W'illiam, monk of Chertsey, 14 
Walters, Thos., 80, 82 
Walton-on-the-Hill, Roman site 
discovered at, xxvi 
parish register, addition to List 

of Transcripts, 103 
rector of, see Kynder 
Walton-on-Thames, St. Mary's 
Church, chandeliers in, 45 
Pains Hill Park and Bridge, xx 
Red Hill, XX 

chapelry of, see Molesey (West) 
Wanborough, curate of, see Parker 
Wandsworth, 15 

Wanford Mill (Sussex), excursion 
to, i.x 

Warburton, J. R., F.S.A., xiii, 47 ; 
elected to Council, xxvii 

Ward, Dr., 76 

Warfield (Berks.), priest of, see 

Warnborough, North (Hants), 
Lodge Farm, excursion to, ix 

W^arren, Charles D., his History of 
St. Peter's Church, Petersham, 
reviewed, 112 

Warren Furnace (in par. Worth, 
Sussex), 49 

Warton alias Purefoy (Purfew), 
Robert, abbot of Bermondsey, 
afterwards bishop successively 
of St. Asaph and Hereford, 16 

W^arwickshire, see Coventry 

Waterbridge, see Cranleigh 

Wateville, Robert de, 3, 4 

Watkins, Alfred, 116 

Watney, S. E., 119 

Waverley, Abbey (Cistercian), dis- 
solution of, 12 ; monks of, on 
the pension list of Beaulieu, 
12, 13 ; at the dissolution, 
17-19 ; excursion to, xviii 
abbot of, see Alyng ; Browning 
curate of, see Hawthorne 

Waynfiete, William of, bishop of 
Winchester, xviii 

Waynllete's Tower, see Esher 

Wealden ironmasters, pledged not 
to sell cannon abroad, 49 

Weller, Mr., 81 
William, 82, 83 

Wells, Allen, 71, 82 

Tho., churchwarden of Cheam, 
74, 78, 81, 82, 83 

West, Richard of Rudgwick, 49 

West Humble, see Mickleham 

Westminster Abbey, cell to, see 

Wey and Arun Canal, 49 

Weybridge, St. James's Church, 
chandelier in, 46 

Whethered Lake Mead, see Cran- 

Whetill, Richard, the elder, 28 

White, Nicholas, canon of Newark, 
afterwards curate of West 
Molesey and (?) vicar of 
Peasemore, 23 



White Lake (now Kiln field), see 

White Waltham (Berks.), a Chert- 

sey living, 16 
Wickham Bushes (near East- 

hampstead, Berks.), 120 
Wickham, West (Kent), Sparrow's 

Den, Roman road at, 98 
Wield (Hants), rector of, see Rose 
William III, King, 45 
Williams, Henry, S.T.B., 21 

Llewellyn, xviii 
Williamson, Dr. G. C, 119 
Willingdon (Sussex), vicar of, see 

Willis, C. S., 47 
Wilmington (Beds.), 85 
Wilson-Haffenden, J., xi, 119 ; 

co-opted to Council, xiii 
Winbolt, S. E., 119 
Winchester (Hants) Cathedral, 

chandeliers in, 36 
Bishop William de W^ykeham, 

of, and tenements in Mickle- 

ham, 3 
bishop of, see Foxe ; Gardiner ; 

Waynfiete ; Wolsey 
Windlesham, Bagshot, excursion 

to, vii ; King's Arms Inn, 

121 ; Rapley's Farm at, 

Roman pottery from, 120 
— Heath at, Golden Farmer Inn 

on, 121 
Windsor, Richard Todd alias, see 

Windsor (Berks.), canon of, see 

Wisley Church, 7 
Witherley (Wytherley) (Leics.), 

parson of, see Chorleton 
Witley, All Saints' Church, chan- 
deliers in, 46 
Wode, Richard, see Wood 
Woking, Yorktown in, finds from, 

in Camberley Museum, 121 ; 

Post Boys Inn at, 121 
chapelry of, see Pyrford 

Woldingham, St. Agatha's Church, 

chandelier in, 46 
Wolsey, Thomas, archbishop of 

York, register of, as bishop of 

Winchester, 24 
Wonersh, St. John the Baptist's 

Church, chandeliers in, 46 
Blackheath, xx 
Great Tangley in, 46 
Wood (Wode," Ode), Richard, 

canon of Newark, stipendiary 

of Ripley, 23 ; instituted to 

Chobham, 24 
William, monk of Sheen, 20 
Mr., chairman of Box Hill 

Preservation Committee, and 

work on West Humble 

Chapel, I, 2 
Woods, John, churchwarden of 

Godalming, 39 
Woodstock Hammer, see Godstone 
Woolpit (Suffolk), rector of, see 

Worth (Sussex), Saxon Church, 

excursion to, viii 
Wray Common, see Reigate 
W^ren, Christopher, font designed 

by, in Kingston Church, 102 
Wyatt, Mr., 81 
Wydewson, family of, 3 
Wykeham, WiUiam de, and tene- 
ments in Mickleham, 3 
Wymeldon, Ralph, 3 

William, 3 
Wyndham, Richard, his South 

Eastern Survey, reviewed, 114 
Wynmill Fields, see Cranleigh 
Wytherley, see Witherley 

Yate, John, 28 

York, archbishop of, see Wolsey 
Yorkshire, see Cottingham 
Yorktown, see Woking 
Younger, Col. J. A. C, viii 
Yoxall (Staffs.), rector of, see 

DA Surrey Archaeological Society 
^^^ Surrey archaeological 

S95S9 collections